Hakim 7 (sore) Nervus Cranialis

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    12-Apr-2017

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Nervus CranialisR.F. HakimNervus CranialisOlfactorius (sensorik) Opticus (sensorik)Oculomotorius (motorik)Trochlearis (motorik)Trigeminus (Gabungan)Abducens (motorik)Facialis (gabungan)Vestibulocochlearis (sensorik)Glossopharyngeus (gabungan)Vagus (gabungan)Acessorius (motorik)Hypoglossus (motorik)PenghiduPenglihatanGerak bola mata Selain M.OS dan M.RL, miosis, akomodasiM. obliquus superior (Bawah Lateral)3 divisiM. rectus lateralis (abduksi/ke lateral)2/3 anterior lidah (S), Otot Wajah (M)Keseimbangan dan Pendengaran 1/3 posterior lidah (S), Menelan (M), glandulaparotid (SkM)Visceralotot palatum & larynx (Rc-M) , M.SCM & M.trapezius (Rs-M)Otot lidah keculai M.palatoglossusDivisi N.trigeminusTempat KeluarForamina et lamina cribrosa ossis ethmoidalis (I)Canalis Opticus (II)Fissura orbitalis superior (III, IV, VI dan V.1)Foramen rotundum (V.2)Foramen ovale (V.3)Meatus acusticus internus - canalis facialis - foramen stylomastoideum (VII)Meatus acusticus internus (VIII)Foramen jugulare (IX, X dan XI)Canalis Hypoglossus (XII)Tractus OlfactoriusSerabut N.I - Bulbus olfactorius (sel mitral, sel rumbai, sel granular) - stria olfactorius - area olfactorius corticis cerebri (34)Tractus OpticusMacula lutea N.II - chiasma opticum - tractus opticum - corpus geniculatum lateral & nucleus pretectalis (refleks cahaya) - radiatio optica - korteks visual (17)Tractus Oculomotoriusnuclei nervi occulomotorius - N.III - ototTractus TrochlearisNucleus nervi trochlearis - N. IV - M. obliqus inferiorTractus TrigeminusSensorikNucleus sensorius principalis nervi trigemini, nucleus spinalis menyilang di median - lemniscus trigeminalis - nucleus ventralis posteromedialis thalami - Gyrus postcentralisMotorikNucleus corticonuclear, formatio reticularis, nucleus ruber, nucleus tetum, fasciculus longitudinalis medialis, nucleus mesencephalius radix motorik - N.V - M. digastricus, M. mylohyoideus, M. tensor tymphani, M. tensorueli palatiniTractus AbducensNucleus corticonuclear, fasciculus longitudinalis medialis, nucleus tectobulbar nucleus nervi abducens - N. VI - M. rectus lateralisTractus FacialisSensorikGanglion geniculatum (nucleus tractus solitarii) menyilang di median - nucleus ventralis posteromedialis thalami - corona radiata - gyrus postcentralisMotorikNucleus nervi fasciali - otot wajahSekretomotorik parasimpatisnucleus tractus solitarii - nucleus salivatorius superior - glandula salivaTractus VestibulocochlearisVestibularUtriculus dan saculus (posisi kepala), canalis semicircularis (gerakan kepala) - ganglion vestibulare - nuclei vestibulares - pedunculus cerebellaris inferior - cerebellumCochlearisCochlea Ganglion spirale cochlea - nucleus cochlearis posterior dan anterior - nucleus posterior corporis trapezoidei, nucleus olivaris superior - lemniscus lateralis - nucleus lemniscus lateralis - nucleus colliculi inferior, corpus geniculatum mediale - radiatio acustica - korteks auditorius primer (41,42)Tractus glossopharyngeus(315)Sensorikganglion superior nervi glossopharyngeus - nucleus tractus solitarii - nuclei thalami - gyrus postcentralisMotorikNucleus Ambiguus - N.glossopharyngeus [N.IX] - M. stylopharyngeusSekretomotorik parasimpatisnucleus salivatorius inferior - ganglion oticum - Glandula parotideaTractus Vagus(317)Sensoriknucleus tractus solitarii - menyilang di median - nuclei thalami - gyrus post centralisMotoriknucleus ambiguus - N.X - otot kontriktor pharynx dan intrinsik larynxParasimpatis nucleus dorsalis nervi vagi - N.X - otot involunter Tractus AccessoriusRadix cranialisnucleus ambiguus - N.XIRadix spinalis Nucleus spinalis (VC I VC V) - N.XITractus Hypoglossusnucleus nervi hypoglossi - N.XII - otot lidah