Hakim 7 (sore) Nervus Cranialis

  • Published on
    12-Apr-2017

  • View
    287

  • Download
    7

Embed Size (px)

Transcript

<p>Nervus CranialisR.F. Hakim</p> <p>Nervus CranialisOlfactorius (sensorik) Opticus (sensorik)Oculomotorius (motorik)Trochlearis (motorik)Trigeminus (Gabungan)Abducens (motorik)Facialis (gabungan)Vestibulocochlearis (sensorik)Glossopharyngeus (gabungan)Vagus (gabungan)Acessorius (motorik)Hypoglossus (motorik)PenghiduPenglihatanGerak bola mata Selain M.OS dan M.RL, miosis, akomodasiM. obliquus superior (Bawah Lateral)3 divisiM. rectus lateralis (abduksi/ke lateral)2/3 anterior lidah (S), Otot Wajah (M)Keseimbangan dan Pendengaran 1/3 posterior lidah (S), Menelan (M), glandulaparotid (SkM)Visceralotot palatum &amp; larynx (Rc-M) , M.SCM &amp; M.trapezius (Rs-M)Otot lidah keculai M.palatoglossus</p> <p>Divisi N.trigeminus</p> <p>Tempat KeluarForamina et lamina cribrosa ossis ethmoidalis (I)Canalis Opticus (II)Fissura orbitalis superior (III, IV, VI dan V.1)Foramen rotundum (V.2)Foramen ovale (V.3)Meatus acusticus internus - canalis facialis - foramen stylomastoideum (VII)Meatus acusticus internus (VIII)Foramen jugulare (IX, X dan XI)Canalis Hypoglossus (XII)</p> <p>Tractus OlfactoriusSerabut N.I - Bulbus olfactorius (sel mitral, sel rumbai, sel granular) - stria olfactorius - area olfactorius corticis cerebri (34)</p> <p>Tractus OpticusMacula lutea N.II - chiasma opticum - tractus opticum - corpus geniculatum lateral &amp; nucleus pretectalis (refleks cahaya) - radiatio optica - korteks visual (17)</p> <p>Tractus Oculomotorius</p> <p>nuclei nervi occulomotorius - N.III - otot</p> <p>Tractus TrochlearisNucleus nervi trochlearis - N. IV - M. obliqus inferior</p> <p>Tractus TrigeminusSensorikNucleus sensorius principalis nervi trigemini, nucleus spinalis menyilang di median - lemniscus trigeminalis - nucleus ventralis posteromedialis thalami - Gyrus postcentralis</p> <p>MotorikNucleus corticonuclear, formatio reticularis, nucleus ruber, nucleus tetum, fasciculus longitudinalis medialis, nucleus mesencephalius radix motorik - N.V - M. digastricus, M. mylohyoideus, M. tensor tymphani, M. tensorueli palatini</p> <p>Tractus AbducensNucleus corticonuclear, fasciculus longitudinalis medialis, nucleus tectobulbar nucleus nervi abducens - N. VI - M. rectus lateralis</p> <p>Tractus FacialisSensorikGanglion geniculatum (nucleus tractus solitarii) menyilang di median - nucleus ventralis posteromedialis thalami - corona radiata - gyrus postcentralis</p> <p>MotorikNucleus nervi fasciali - otot wajah</p> <p>Sekretomotorik parasimpatisnucleus tractus solitarii - nucleus salivatorius superior - glandula saliva</p> <p>Tractus Vestibulocochlearis</p> <p>VestibularUtriculus dan saculus (posisi kepala), canalis semicircularis (gerakan kepala) - ganglion vestibulare - nuclei vestibulares - pedunculus cerebellaris inferior - cerebellum</p> <p>CochlearisCochlea Ganglion spirale cochlea - nucleus cochlearis posterior dan anterior - nucleus posterior corporis trapezoidei, nucleus olivaris superior - lemniscus lateralis - nucleus lemniscus lateralis - nucleus colliculi inferior, corpus geniculatum mediale - radiatio acustica - korteks auditorius primer (41,42)</p> <p>Tractus glossopharyngeus(315)</p> <p>Sensorikganglion superior nervi glossopharyngeus - nucleus tractus solitarii - nuclei thalami - gyrus postcentralis</p> <p>MotorikNucleus Ambiguus - N.glossopharyngeus [N.IX] - M. stylopharyngeus</p> <p>Sekretomotorik parasimpatisnucleus salivatorius inferior - ganglion oticum - Glandula parotidea</p> <p>Tractus Vagus(317)Sensoriknucleus tractus solitarii - menyilang di median - nuclei thalami - gyrus post centralis</p> <p>Motoriknucleus ambiguus - N.X - otot kontriktor pharynx dan intrinsik larynx</p> <p>Parasimpatis nucleus dorsalis nervi vagi - N.X - otot involunter </p> <p>Tractus Accessorius</p> <p>Radix cranialisnucleus ambiguus - N.XI</p> <p>Radix spinalis Nucleus spinalis (VC I VC V) - N.XI</p> <p>Tractus Hypoglossusnucleus nervi hypoglossi - N.XII - otot lidah</p>