50703370 Gramatica Limbii Engleze Timpurile

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    UNIT I

    THE INDICATIVE MOOD

    PRESENT TENSE

    ExercisesI. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense.

    1. Mary (see) Peter standing at the bus stop.Mary: Hello, Peter. What bus you (wait) for?Peter: Hello, Mary. I (wait) for an 18 or a 17.

    2. Mary: You usually (go) to work by car, dont you?Peter: Yes, but the car (belong) to my mother and she sometimes (want) it. She (use)it today to take my son to the dentist.

    3. Mary: I usually (go) by car too. John (takes) me because he (pass) my office on hisway to the headquarters of the ING Bank. But this week he (work) in the local branchin the opposite direction: so I (queue) like you.

    4. Peter: Heres an 18 now. You (come) on it or you (wait) for a 17?Mary: I (think) Ill take the 18. If I (wait) for a 17 I may be late, and if you (be) late atmy office everyone (look) at you.

    5. The cashier used to do the accounts and I used to check his figures; now the computer(do) it all.And who (check) the computer?No one. The computer (not need) a second opinion.And what (happen) if the computer (make) a mistake?The computer never (make) a mistake.

    II. Complete the sentences using one of these verbs: get, change, ri se, fal l , increase.

    You dont have to use all the verbs and you can use a verb more than once.

    1. The population of the world very fast.2. Bill is still ill but he better slowly3. The world . Things never stay the same. 4. The cost of living . Every year things are more expensive. 5. The economic situation is already very bad and it worse.

    III. Complete using one of the following:

    I apologise, I insist, I promise, I recommend, I suggest

    1. Its a nice day. we go out for a walk. 2. I wont tell anybody what you said. 3. (in a restaurant) You must let me pay for the meal. 4. for what I said about you. It wasnt true and I shouldnt have said it.5. The new restaurant in Hill Street is very good. it.

    IV. Complete the sentences using the most suitable form of BE. Sometimes you

    must use the simple (am/is/are) and sometimes the continuous is more suitable

    (am/is/are being).1. I cant understand why so selfish. He isnt usually like that.

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    2. Tom very nice to me at the moment. I wonder why. 3. Youll like Jill when you meet her. She very nice. 4. Normally you are very sensible, so why so silly about this matter?5. Why isnt Daniel at work today? ill?

    V. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct tense.1. We (plan) a mail shot to launch our new product.2. The advertising campaign for sports shoes usually (target) younger consumers.3. This watch (not/be) a genuine Rolex. It (be) a counterfeit.4. When you (travel) by plane, you can choose to sit by the window or in an aisle seat.5. If you always (buy) the same brand, people (say) you (be) loyal to that brand.

    VI.Put the verbs in brackets in the correct tense.1. Ann: Ive got a letter from our German partners. They (say) they (come) to Bucharest

    next week and (want) us to meet and sign the new contract.2. Jones and Co. (have) a sale at the moment. Shall we look in on our way home?

    Id love to but Im afraid I wont have time. I (meet) Tom at 5.30. You (go) out with Tom often?

    3. Englishmen very seldom (talk) in the underground. They (prefer) to read theirnewspapers.Those two men in the corner (talk).But they (not/talk) English.

    4. The building opposite our company (be pulled) down. Thats why we (use) theback entrance at present. If you (go) out by the front door you (get) covered withdust.

    5. These apples (cost) 15p a bag. You (think) that is expensive?It (depend) on the size of the bag.

    UNIT II

    PASTTENSE

    Exercises

    I. Identify the types of Past tenses in the following sentences and explain their use:1. What were you doing before you came here?2. What did you do before you came here?3. What were you doing in my room?4. I was wondering if you wanted to come to the theatre.5. I picked up a cake and bit a piece off to see how it tasted.6. He walked into the bar and ordered a vodka and tonic.

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    7. When Mary came in I was telephoning Harry.8. When she arrived I telephoned Harry.9. I lived in Paris for seven years when I was a child.10.When did you last see her?

    II. Put the verbs in brackets into the past simple:1. Police (say) they (arrest) Olivia because her statements (not/add up).2. We (try) to find new services which (be) sophisticated and (have) added value.3. When (you/meet) the company accountant?4. It was hard work carrying the bags. They (be) very heavy.5. The bank recently (open) a branch in Germany.6. She (have) a stressful job as a sales representative.7. He (not/accept) this reply as valid.8. When (you/be) in this house last?9. The company (not/disclose) how much it expects to gain from the two deals.10. My friend (be) hungry, so we (drive) to a shopping mall to get some food.11. How long ago (you/return) from your trip to Egypt?12. I (look) everywhere for ideas.13. They recently (fail) to negotiate a mutually acceptable new contract.14. He (go) to the small stable where his horse (be), (harness) it, (mount), and (ride) out

    to the beach.15. They (not/want) to go against the wishes of their government.16. You (feel) out of place in your suit and tie.17. She (walk) back to the table and (sit) at the nearest of the two empty places.18. The discussion (take place) in a famous villa on the lakes shore.19. I (not./mean) to upset you John said. 20. She (be) barefoot and stones (dig) into her feet. Ouch, ouch, she (cry).

    III. Complete this description using the verbs given in the past simple :Long before jogging in Central Park (1)(become) the fashion, intellectuals on the

    tropical island of Pala (2). (put in) a couple of hours hard digging every day. They (3) (not/be) obliged to. But the Palanese (4) (very/be) advanced in matters of hea lth: they(5) (not/separate) minds from bodies, venerating brains at the expense of the whole humanorganism. In economic matters too, Palanese thinking (6) (very/be) advanced. Exportcrops (7) (be) discouraged: the islanders (7) (be) fed first. Money (8) (be wasted)neither on status symbols nor on weapons. The government (9) (buy) no armaments: there(10) (be) no army.Where (11) (this utopia/be)? Only, unfortunately, between the covers of Island AldousHuxleys final novel.

    IV. Complete the conversations using the present perfect simple or the past simple of

    theverb in brackets.

    1. I know Mr. Robinson. Really? How long (you/know) him? Oh, for quite a long timenow. When (you/first/meet) him? I (meet) him at Christies eight years ago.

    2. (Its 10 oclock in the morning) (you/see) Mrs. Carter this morning? Yes, I (see) herwhen I (arrive) in the office, but she (go) out soon afterwards.

    3. (you /ever/visit) Switzerland? Yes, I (visit) it twice. I (visit) it two years ago, and oncewhen I (be) a child.

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    4. (Its the middle of the afternoon) Im really hungry. I (not/have) any breakfast thismorning and I (not/have) time to go out for anything to eat this afternoon.

    V. Choose the correct form of the verbs .1. My sister has been/was interested in medicine ever since she has been/was a child.2. Its nearly twenty years since I have seen / saw him.3. Of the 59 committee members, 40 have been / were against the legislation, 13 have been /

    were in favour and the remainder have been / were undecided.4. We havent been / werent to a conference for over a year.5. The last time I have been / went swimming was when we were in Spain.6. You havent tidied / didnt tidy this room for weeks.7. After the meeting, the ministers have issued / issued a robust affirmation of their faith in

    the European Monetary System.8. James has been / was to Scotland last Friday.9. Last year the Government have mishandled / mishandled the whole affair.10.Ages ago, there have been / were deserts where there is now fertile land.

    VI.Continue the following sentences. Use the past progressive.1. My next door neighbour burnt his hand while he 2. The television was on but nobody 3. Her parents helped with child care while she 4. We saw an accident while we 5. For a ruin it was in good condition, as though the place 6. When the rain began they 7. Marianne was tempted to turn the large rooms into traditional French style salons, while

    she 8. The doorbell rang while I 9. Dave fell asleep while he 10.Somebody followed her while she

    VII. Complete the following paragraph with suitable verbs. Use either the past simple

    or past progressive tense.

    I had a terrible time last Sunday. It was rather cold, but quite sunny, so after lunch I (1) into town. I (2) to buy a pullover. I (3) in the window of a clothes shop when someone(4) my wallet. While I (5) home, it (6) to rain and I arrived home cold andmiserable. I (7) to have a bath. I (8) ready to have my bath when the doorbell (9) . Itwas a salesman and it took me several minutes to get rid of him. Unfortunately, all the timehe (10) to me the water (11) . You can imagine the state of the bathroom!

    VIII. These paragraphs begin three stories: a love story, a western and a horror story.Complete the paragraphs using the past progressive or the past simple of the verbs in

    brackets.

    It was midnight and I was alone in the house. Outside it (rain) very hard. I (get) readyto go to bed when I suddenly heard a strange noise outside my room in the corridor. Then,when I looked at the door, I noticed that someone (turn) the handle! I (rush) over to the doorand q