of 102 /102
THE ARTICLE 1. Fill in the blanks with articles wherever necessary a) 1. During their holidays they went o n … cruise on … Black Se a and …  Mediterranean. 2. They made calls at ports, in … Turkey, … Greece, and … Italy. 3.  Then they made … trip to … Moldavia and … Transylvania. 4. In … Cluj they put up  at … Transilvania Hotel. 5. In … lobb y of … hotel there was a newsstand w ere all  kinds of … newspapers were on … sale. 6. In … Cluj they met … very lovely English  family … Browns who were spending their  holidays visiting … Romania. 7. They also  made … trip to … Carpathians. 8. … Danube is … large river in … Europe. 9. It rises  in … Germany, crosses … Austria, … Hungary, … Bulgaria, … Roman ia , and it then flows into … Black Sea. 10. … English as spoken by … English is somewhat different  from that spoken by … Americans. 11. … Bucharest is … capital of … Romania.   b) 1. … iron is … hard metal. 2. … ink is used for writing. 3. … wheat is … cereal. 4. … ink in my inkpot is blue. 5. Strike … iron while it is hot. 6. In … winter … water  freezes into … ice. 7. He was … first to break … ice. 8. … coin is made of … silver.  9. … speech is … silver but silence is … gold.  c) 1. He goes to … bed very late at … night. 2. … bed is in … bedroom. 3. … goods  were taken to … market. 4. We are in … market for … synthetic fibres and yarns. 5.  … ship left … harbour. 6. They were in … town. 7. We went for … walk outside … town. 8. … children often take … walk after … school. 9. Opposite … school there is  … library. d) 1. We have …  breakfast at 7 oclock. 2. … lunch costs me 20 cents. 3. … supper is in  … basket. 4. We are allowed … hour for … dinner.  e) 1. In … spring … trees burst into … blossom. 2. If … winter comes can … spring be far behind? 3. One swallow does not make … summer. 4. … autumn is … season of  … ripe fruit and … grain crops.  f) 1. … owl sleeps by … day. 2. We have … lunch at … noon. 3. They set out at …  midnight. 4. In … morning you must hurr y otherwise you may be late for … school. 5.  … night was setting in. 6. He studied … night after … night. g) 1. Who is at … fault? 2. … goods are stowed on … deck. 3. You can reach … place   by … bus. 4. Put all these on … paper. 5. … wares are loaded on … board.  2. Fill in the blanks with definite or indefinite artic les a) 1. He sold … apples by … pound. 2. They rent … house by … year. 3. … eggs are   bought by … dozen. 4. They are paid by … day. 5. … cloth is sold by … yard.   b) 1. … poor live in squalid houses. 2. … sick must get medical attendance. 3. … rich  seldom care for … needy. 4. … unemployed received unemployment benefits.  c) 1. Who was … first to arrive? 2. George was … last who came in … time for …  beginning of … lecture. 3. … others were late and did not attend it. 4. … dog is …  useful animal. 5. … third chapter of … novel is … most interesting. 6. He is … younger of … two. 7. Do you play … violin? 8. … whale is … mammal. 9. … earth  moves round … sun.  d) 1. He is … teacher wh ile his wife is … economist. 2. My brother is … e ngineer. 3. I  opened … door and saw … stranger. 4.  There is … book on … table. 5. He became … turner.

GGalateanu-Farnoaga-exercitii Gramatica Limbii Engleze

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  • 5/19/2018 GGalateanu-Farnoaga-exercitii Gramatica Limbii Engleze


    1.Fill in the blanks with articles wherever necessarya) 1. During their holidays they went on cruise on Black Sea and Mediterranean. 2. They made calls at ports, in Turkey, Greece, and Italy. 3.

    Then they made trip to Moldavia and Transylvania. 4. In Cluj they put upat Transilvania Hotel. 5. In lobby of hotel there was a newsstand were allkinds of newspapers were on sale. 6. In Cluj they met very lovely Englishfamily Browns who were spending theirholidays visiting Romania. 7. They alsomade trip to Carpathians. 8. Danube is large river in Europe. 9. It risesin Germany, crosses Austria, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania , and it thenflows into Black Sea. 10. English as spoken by English is somewhat differentfrom that spoken by Americans. 11. Bucharest is capital of Romania.b) 1. iron is hard metal. 2. ink is used for writing. 3. wheat is cereal. 4. ink in my inkpot is blue. 5. Strike iron while it is hot. 6. In winter waterfreezes into ice. 7. He was first to break ice. 8. coin is made of silver.

    9. speech is silver but silence is gold.c) 1. He goes to bed very late at night. 2. bed is in bedroom. 3. goodswere taken to market. 4. We are in market for synthetic fibres and yarns. 5. ship left harbour. 6. They were in town. 7. We went for walk outside town. 8. children often take walk after school. 9. Opposite school there is library.d) 1. We have breakfast at 7 oclock. 2. lunch costs me 20 cents. 3. supper is in basket. 4. We are allowed hour for dinner.e) 1. In spring trees burst into blossom. 2. If winter comes can spring befar behind? 3. One swallow does not make summer. 4. autumn is season of ripe fruit and grain crops.

    f) 1. owl sleeps by day. 2. We have lunch at noon. 3. They set out at midnight. 4. In morning you must hurry otherwise you may be late for school. 5. night was setting in. 6. He studied night after night.g) 1. Who is at fault? 2. goods are stowed on deck. 3. You can reach placeby bus. 4. Put all these on paper. 5. wares are loaded on board.

    2.Fill in the blanks with definite or indefinite articlesa) 1. He sold apples by pound. 2. They rent house by year. 3. eggs arebought by dozen. 4. They are paid by day. 5. cloth is sold by yard.b) 1. poor live in squalid houses. 2. sick must get medical attendance. 3. richseldom care for needy. 4. unemployed received unemployment benefits.

    c) 1. Who was first to arrive? 2. George was last who came in time for beginning of lecture. 3. others were late and did not attend it. 4. dog is useful animal. 5. third chapter of novel is most interesting. 6. He is younger of two. 7. Do you play violin? 8. whale is mammal. 9. earthmoves round sun.d) 1. He is teacher while his wife is economist. 2. My brother is engineer. 3. Iopened door and saw stranger. 4.There is book on table. 5. He became turner.

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    e) 1. What nice present they gave you! 2. What idea! 3. What interesting bookhe wrote! 4. He showed me such amusing magazine. 5. This is rather surprisingresult. 6. rather unexpected answer has been received. 7. They have quite nicehouse. 8. She is not so good student as you. 9. Many man would be glad tohave such opportunity.

    f) 1. They are of age. 2. You can see it at glance. 3. stitch in time saves nine.3. Translate into English the following sentences using phrases given at the end of theexercise, paying attention to the use of indefinite articles

    1. Ca rsplatpentru silina lor studenii foarte buni pleac n tabere i excursii. 2.Tabloul se vede mai bine de la distan. 3. Vorbete tare ca s te pot auzi. 4. El estetotdeauna grbit. 5. Copii au nceput s-l ndrgeascpe vrul lor. 6. Nu face atta cazde fleacuri. 7. E pcat s-i iroseti timpul cu astfel de chestiuni. 8. n vederea realizriiacestui plan au fost alocate sume importante. 9. n medie sunt 20 de studeni ntr-ogrup. 10. Am avut prilejul s vd multe peisaje frumoase n cursul excursiei.to have an opportunity; at a distance; as a reward; in a loud voice; to be in a hurry; to

    take a fancy to; to make a fuss; its a pity; with a view to; on an average.4. Translate into English using the phrases given at the end of the exercise paying attentionto the use of definite articles

    1. Deocamdat nu putem da un rspuns definitiv la scrisoarea clientului. 2. Ei vor reuin cele din urm s obin rezultatul dorit. 3. Trebuie s le rspundei cel mai trziu pnla 1 octombrie. 4. n Marea Britanie circulaia se face pe stnga i nu pe dreapta. 5. Pede o parte va trebui s acordm o atenie sporit gramaticii iar pe de altparte foneticii.6. Dimineaa lum micul dejun la ora 7. 7. Ei vor petrece cteva sptmni la ar. 8. Peansamblu rezultatele obinute sunt mai bune. 9. La drept vorbind el are dreptate. 10. nsituaia dat nu putem accepta comanda. 11. Aceast metod a trecut proba timpului.for the time being; in the long run; at the latest; to the left (right) side of the road; onthe one hand; on the other hand; on the whole; in the morning; in the country; on thewhole; to tell the truth; under the circumstances; to stand the test.

    5.Place the definite article in each sentence in the right place1. I have read article in todays newspaper. 2. All guests left early. 3. I have read both ofbooks you mentioned. 4. Quite best thing for you is to study medicine. 5. Half bottle wasempty. 6. We paid double value. 7. Whole garden was in bloom.

    6.Place the indefinite article in each sentence in the right place1. He has worked there for whole week. 2. Such beautiful tree should be protected. 3. Itwas too difficult task to be performed in short time. 4. I bought half basket of nuts. 5. Wehave read quite number of plays by Shaw. 6. What beautiful performance. 7. Such storm isvery seldom met in those areas.

    7.Answer the following questions paying attention to the use of articles1. Where does the Danube rise? 2. What countries does it cross? 3. What sea does it flowinto? 4. What important tributaries has the Danube in our country? 5. What foreignlanguages did you learn in high school? 6. What is the capital of Holland? 7. What rangeof mountains crosses our country? 8. Mention some mountain peaks in our country.

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    8.Make sentences according to the model using the following phrases:by car, by mail, bytrain, by phone, by plane, by bus, by motor vessel, by boat, by steamer, by radio.Model: I sent the letter by air mail.

    9.Make up sentences with one of the nouns given below used as part of a nominal predicate.Mind the use of the indefinite articleModel: I am a teacherPhysician, composer, bricklayer, research worker, student, driver, turner, economist,accountant, engineer.

    10.Make up sentences with the words or phrases from the list given below, minding the use ofthe definite article.

    Model: He is in the classroomAt the blackboard, at the map, at the door, at the window, by the fireplace, near the desk,at the university, to break the ice, to take the trouble, to tell the time.

    11. Turn into the singular. Mind the use of articles1. Horses are useful animals. 2. Sparrows are birds. 3. Empty bags cannot stand upright. 4.Blind men will not thank you for looking-glasses. 5. Warm evenings may be followed bycold mornings.

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    1. State the simple and compound nouns in the list below:

    country; classroom, conference; blackboard; laboratory; doorway; afternoon;newcomer; lecture; weekend; day flight; sister-in-law; highway; freedom; friendship;department; passer-by; welcome; faculty; merry-go-round; forget-me-not; flower;threshold; sunshine; agency; wireless; butterfly; windmill; looker-on; record drawback;statesman; cars; penknife.

    2. State how the nouns below are formed: (convertion; contraction; abbreviation; affixation;deflexion)Romanian; driver; the Pacific; UNO; outlaw; song; expectation; native; the present; failure;car; loss; white; translator; pen; HP; suggestion; the Mediterranean; bus; building; theancients; the moderns; writing; captain; enlargement; gvt; guidance; the poor; the rich; exam;

    Dr; strength; ad; self-administration; vac; superstructure; breadth; co-partner.3.Form sentences according to the model, choosing the appropriate noun in column two:e.g. A Romanian is a native of Romania.Frenchman EnglandItalian FinlandEnglishman JapanGreek ItalyFinn ChinaSpaniard EgyptBelgian Poland

    Dane GreecePole FrancePortuguese BelgiumSwede DenmarkChinese SpainEgyptian SwedenJapanese Portugal

    4.Make up sentences according to the model, choosing the appropriate noun in column two:e.g. The language spoken by the people of England is EnglishRomania IndianDenmark BulgarianFrance ChineseGermany TurkishHolland PortugueseNorway FrenchPoland GermanPortugal RomanianBulgaria DanishTurkey Dutch

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    India NorwegianChina Polish

    5.Attach the appropriate prefixes (b) to the following nouns (a)a) father; offer; management; structure; president; print; title; neutron; arrangement;

    postulation; shore; mobility; action, summer; intervention; realism; suppositon;rector; afforestation; seller.b) self-; mis-; dis-; in-; pre-; under-; counter; vice-; anti-; im-; neo-; re-; co-; super-;sub-; fore-; non-; pro-; mid-; ex-.

    6.Attach the appropriate suffixes (b) to the following words (a)a) write; debt; pay; engine; percent; utter; prefer; tend; examine; free; child; host;real; book; English; improve; great; friend; depart; leaf.b)ee; -ance; -ation; -ess; -man; -ship; -or; -age; -ency; -hood; -let; -ness; -ure; -er;-cer; -ence; -dom; -ism; -ment.

    7. Transform the underlined prepositional phrases into juxtaposed nounse.g. a hostelfor students a student hostela coursefor the summera collector of stampsa campfor childrena teacher of foreign languagesa shelffor booka tablefor writinga singer of pop musican enthusiastfor sportsa sattelite of the earth

    8.Form nouns with the following roots:man; read; kind; drive; broad; long; young; free; high; active; boy; useful; possible;act; girl; warm; fellow; good; secretary; author.

    9.Answer these questions by changing the verbs into derived nouns. (Make all the othernecessary changes as in the model)

    e.g. Do youprefer spring or autumn?I have nopreference for either.1. Can yousuggest a way out of this trouble?2. Does he intend to tell her the truth?3. Can you describe him the rules of the game?4. Can they achieve such a goal?5. Have you informed them about the trip?6. Can you examine all these students today?7. Can heguide the group to the forest?

    10. Give the abstract nouns of:partner; child; to fail; clean; noise; humid; to discover; proud; to know; long; toexpend; craftsman; to register; illiterate; friend; to lose; to deliver; supreme; to

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    perform; apprentice.

    11. Change the underlined nouns into the plural. Make the other necessary changes1. Theprice or this item has gone down. 2. We like the cloth you produce. 3. OurEnglish teacher is very young. 4. What a beautiful bush grows at your entrance door!

    5. Ajudge is always impartial. 6. The blackboard is not clean. 7. Lets hurry; the busis in the station! 8. There is a shortage in one box. 9. The Danube flows on theterritory of our country. 10. My life has changed in the last years. 11. This newfactoryproduces modern equipment. 12. This class was very interesting. 13. The conference isheld on Monday. 14. The roof of that house is damaged. 16. The goods are left on thewharf. 17. We had lunch together. 18. This is not a toy! 19. This library is wellsupplied.20. I shall go along thispath.

    12. Write the plural of the following nouns according to the models (A) and/or (B) arrangingthem on two colums:potato; photo; soprano; tomato; solo; echo; Negro; casino; hero; concerto; mosquito;

    volcano; motto; studio; salvo; portfolio; grotto.(A) cargo cargoes (B) piano pianos

    13.Make up sentences with the nouns given below according to the model:She knows that the plural of crisis is crises.basis; phenomenon; erratum; hippopotamus; formula; bureau; series; analysis;bacterium; datum; oasis; minimum; thesis; stadium; species; criterion; genius; addendum;memorandum; gymnasium; sanatorium.

    14. Give the singular of the following nouns:children; allies; brethren; shelves; mice; buses; women; men; flies; dashes; geese; feet;lunches; cups; teeth; mouths; countries; oxen; classes; loaves; dice; gulfs; wharves.

    15. Turn the following sentences into the plural making all the necessary changes:1. As a student you should wait for your teacher in the classroom. 2. I am looking atthe blackboard in front of me. 3. The white butterfly is dangerous for the cabbagecrop. 4. My school mate is a brilliant person. 5. This goods train must arrive in time. 6.The passerby has stopped in front of the beautifully dressed shopwindow. 7. Hersister-in-law is a pleasant woman. 8. My daughter enjoys looking at a merry-go-round.9. A forget-me-not is a blue, delicate flower. 10. There is a finger post at the corner ofthis street. 11. This sportsman has been awarded a gold medal. 12. I think that I havelost at least one penknife in my life. 13. His fellow-traveller had a good knowledge ofthe event. 14. She prefers being examined by a woman doctor. 15. This shoolmaster isa person of broad experience. 16. They hoped that there was at least one on-looker. 17.That person in front of the shopwindow seems interested in our grods.

    16. Translate the following sentences into Romanian paying attention to the differentmeanings of the plural form

    1. I like her paintings because of their light colours.2. They have been waiting for the two presidents with colours flying.3. His opinion was that the compasses were out of order.

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    4. He received a pair of compasses as a birthday present.5. The Bank of England preserved many of its old customs.6. You have to pay customs duties for these items.7. In that case the damages were very serious.8. As the company was insured it received important damages.

    9. Dont be so impressed because of some stage effects!10. The personal effects are duty free.11. TheLetters of Credit should arrive in time.12. He is a famous man of letters.13. I have been waiting for you for more than 10 minutes.14. One of us should write down the minutes of our meeting.15. They started from goodpremises.16. We shall meet on thepremises of our company.17. His life covered three quarters of the century.18. I think that I shall shift my quarters.19. We have received the receipts in good time.

    20. Their company obtained important receipts for its sales.21. The gross returns are very important this year.22. During the first two terms of the year they met several times for discussing.23. You should not try to reckon your happiness in terms of wordly success.

    17. A. Give the Romanian translation of the plural form of the following nouns payingattention to their possible double meaning

    commodity; facility; glass; manner; number; pain; work; scale; spectacle; ground.B.Practice the two possible meanings of the plural form of the above mentioned nouns,using them in pair sentences of your own.

    18. Chose one of the two plural forms given in brackets:1. Some time ago their companies employed a significant number of (staffs; staves);2. One of the (staffs; staves) I bought yesterday was broken. 3. We should replace theold (dies; dice). 4. The (dies; dice) are cast. 5. Now we have to draw up the (indexes;indices) for these books. 6. In this exercise there are some mistakes regarding the(indexes; indices). 7. In the forehead and the eye the (index; indices) of the mind doeslie. 8. For many years he lived in different social (mediums; media). 9. Nowadays weenjoy a multitude of mass (mediums; media). 10. The salesman showed us various(clothes; cloths) to choose from for our dresses. 11. The (clothes; cloths) she wears arealways very smart.

    19. Translate into English:1. Iat o veste care te-ar putea interesa. 2. Aceste veti au fost o surprizpentru el. 3.Care este sfatul tu n aceast situaie? 4. Sfaturile bune trebuie transmise mai departe.5. n camer nu erau prea multe mobile. 6. Cred c aceast mobil este de calitatebun. 7. Informaiile nu sunt exacte. 8. Informaia sosit la timp este util. 9.Cunotinele de gramatic ne sunt foarte folositoare. 10. Toate bagajele mele au rmaspe peron. 11. Acest bagaj este foarte greu. 12. Care sunt ultimele tiri primite laredacie? 13. Banii sunt depui la banc. 14. Scrisorile de afaceri bine ntocmite sunt ocerin a comerului modern. 15. Diferitele firme ce funcioneaz sub acest nume sunt

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    aproape falimentare.

    20. Use the verb in brackets in the singular or plural form (present tense) as required by thesubject1. Our faculty foot-ball team (to play) in your town today. 2. My family (to be) on a

    trip in the mountains. 3. The government of this country (to agree) to take thenecessary steps in the problems under discussion. 4. When the audience (to be) in thehall the performance begins. 5. Our group (to be) always the first in foreign languages.6. The crowd (to gather) in front of the theatre door. 7. After more than 50 yearsmankind (not to forget) the horrors or WW II. 8. The crow (to be) on board TheMures. 9. The Parliament (to be) summoned in session. 10. People (to like) going ontrips in summer time. 11. The cattle (to enter) the farm-yard in the evening. 12. Myfolk (to live) in the country.

    21. Choose the correct form of the verb out of the two given in brackets:1. I can see the trout that (move / moves) among the stones. 2. Poultry (is / are)

    grown on this farm. 3. The sheep (was / were) spread all over the field. 4. Mathematics(is / are) a very useful science. 5. The pack of cards (was / were) lying all aroundthem. 6. Their class (is/ are) the best in the school. 7. (Is / are) there any fish in thisriver? 8. The foot and the horse of a country (was / were) important in thedevelopment of historical events. 9. The means of locomotion (was / were) old. 10. Ahuge iron works (is / are) coming into being in our town. 12. The theatre had a corpsof ballet which (was / were) famous. 13. No thanks (is / are) needed.

    22.Arrange the following nouns on 4 columns:A: nouns which have a pluralmentioned here in the singular (give the plural form);B: noun which have no pluralmentioned here in the singularC: nouns which have no singularmentioned here in the pluralD: nouns with a different meaning in the singular mentioned here in the plural.e.g. A B C Dday-days health politics peoplesbook; damages; fruits; comfort; customs; cheque; cattle; auspices; payee; aircraft;economics; fishes; quiz; epoch; headquarters; merchandise; thanks; steels; income; story;scales; wools; produce; wages; proof; cybernetics; sands; progress; wharf; rubbers; spectacles;half; strength; greens; zero; happiness; ashes; costs; music; contents; peace.

    23. Translate into Romaniana bunch of flowers; a stack of wood; a crowd of people; a series of events; a chain ofmountains; a lump of sugar; a slice of bread; a piece of meat; a cake of soap; an itemof news; a spell of fine weather; a flight of steps; a fleet of ships; a team of workers.

    24. Translate into English paying attention to the agreement between subject and predicate1. Comitetul consta din 15 persoane. 2. Comitetul a ajuns la un punct de vederecomun. 3. Aceast lucrare se adreseaz unui public larg. 4. Publicul este rugat s nufumeze n sala de spectacol. 5. Corpul didactic era foarte numeros n universitatea lor.6. Este de ateptat ca ntregul corp didactic s aib o nalt calificare. 7. Progresele eila matematic sunt cu totul remarcabile. 8. Simeam cum puterile mprseau. 9.

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    Tunetele i fulgerele brzdau cerul. 10. Un fulger ne-a luminat calea. 11. Etica sepreocup de principiile moralei. 11. Etica sa este fr cusur. 12. Acustica studiazsunetele.13. Acustica acestei sli nu las nimic de dorit. 14. Studenii se plimbau nparc cte unul sau cte doi. 15. Marfa aceasta vine din Grecia.

    25.Arrange the underlined nouns in the following sentences on four columns correspondingto their gender:Model:1) Masculine 2) Feminine 3) Common 4) Neuterman woman cousin book1. Thisstudent has got only high marks. 2.Boys andgirls often walk together in thepark. 3. Myfriend often writes letters to hisfather and mother, to his brothers andsisters and even to all his other relations. 4. I think that the author of this novel cannotbe old. 5. What a charming actress! 6. Of the two characters in The Citadel, thedoctor and his wife, I prefer the latter. 7. I didnt know that hisparents were so old! 8.This bird must be either agoose or agander. 9. Although Vanity Fair is a novel

    without a hero, somepeople consider Becky as its heroine. 10. Beginning with the15th of September this year, herson will be apupil. 11. Pride andPrejudice is afamous novel which you should read. 12. We shall never forget our colleagues andteachers!

    26. Give the feminine corresponding to the following nouns of the masculine gender:a) boy; son; father; brother; uncle; husband; man; lad; tutor; bachelor; bull; dog;drone; stallion;b) actor; ambassador; author; doctor; heir; lion; master; negro; poet; proprietor;steward; tiger; waiter;c) administrator; director; hero; chauffeur; prosecutor;d) grandson; male patient; airman; chairman; cock pheasant; he-bear; clerk.

    27. Give the corresponding words denoting the masculine gender for the following nouns inthe feminine:

    mayoress; protectress; shepherdess; empress; benefactress; aviatrix; executrix;undergraduette; usherette; czarina; bride; lady; niece; madam; witch; widow; ewe; dow;barmaid; saleswoman; hen sparrow.

    28.In the texts below insert the appropriate pronouns (he, she, it, his, her, its) for thecorresponding gender of the nouns:

    1. The sun come up upon the left.Out of the sea came (-)And (-) shone bright, and on the rightWent down into the sea (Coleridge)2. When sunset came we stopped in the valley waiting for the moon to rise. At ten(-) came up beautiful and serene as ever. Suddenly we felt that a lion came nearer:(-) dreadful roar made us shudder with anger. We all knew that only about aquarter of a mile out lay a boat, with (-) sails half down.(Hemingway)

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    3. The brave little insect never remained there; (-) came out in search of (-) friends.(John Lubbock).4. Great Britain is an island; (-) capital is London.5. Romania has considerably developed (-) trade.6. The Danube crosses the territory of our countruy; (-) springs in Germany and

    flows into the Black Sea.7. The storm unleashed in the evening; (-) prevented us from leaving the house.8. Our friendship is a very strong feeling; (-) will last as long as we live.9. The Carpathians are mountains of a medium height; however (-) peaks are coveredwith snow even in summer.

    29. Translate into English1. Romnia i-a trimis reprezentantul su la conferina regional. 2. Dac ntrebi peoricine de pe strad acesta i va arta unde locuiete medicul de familie. 3. Soarele serotete n jurul axei sale odat la 25 de zile. 4. Aceast cntrea este o artist deprima clas. 5. Vnztoarele din acest magazin sunt foarte politicoase. 6. n general

    conductoarele auto sunt foarte atente. 7. Profesoara este foate iubit de elevii si. 8.Maina i vaporul sunt ea pentru ofer i marinar. 9. Cmila este de nenlocuit nlungile cltorii prin deert, pentru marea sa putere de adaptare. 10. Publicul, plin deentuziasm i-l exprima fr rezerve, aplaudnd acea interpretare unic.30. Use the Synthetic Genitive, instead of the Propositional Genitive whenever possible:1. The task of a student is to learn. 2. The song of the birds was heard up the hill. 3.The young man took no notice of the advice of his father. 4. Clothes are made in theworkshop of a tailor. 5. I shall never forget the green of the grass in my garden. 6. Webuy cigarettes at the shop of a tobacconist, vegetablesat the shop of a greengrocer,meatat the shop of a butcher, breadat the shop of a baker. 7. I have to mention thehighly satisfactory activity of these students in the language laboratory. 8. The coverof this book has a pleasant blue colour. 9. The landscape of Romania is reallyimpressive in some regions. 10. The newspaper of today has a lot of interesting news.11. We skated on the frozen surface of the river. 12. They fought for the defence oftheir liberty and independence in many wars. 13. We had to stop after a journey of oneday. 14. The life-boats of the ship were launched for a drill. 15. The offices of thecompany are on the 2nd floor. 16. We cant solve the problems of the world. 17. Youshall observe the rules of this Club.

    31. Turn the Synthetic Genitive in the sentences below into the plural, wherever possible1. I dont remember this childs name. 2. Entering the roomI saw that the boys bookswere spread all over the table. 3. A months holiday is what he mostly desires. 4. Thiswaitress smile is quite pleasant. 5. Todays journey was very confortable. 6. Hisfathers job is interesting. 7. That mans seat is no longer vacant. 8. Charles familyleft the town for a short trip. 9. The teachers remark should be taken into account. 10.A weeks holiday will be really pleasant.

    32.Justify the use of the Synthetic Genitive in the following sentences:1. We had a marvellous two hours walk along the sea coast. 2. Asummers day inDevon is quite special with all its unusual softness. 3. A window blazed like a jewel inthesuns last raysbetween the poplar trees. (Galsworthy). 4. We wandered to the

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    Pine Forest / That skirts the oceans foam (Shelley). 5. Our countrysgeography mustbe well known by the students. 6. A twenty yards distance separates our houses. 7. Idont think that this parcel is more than a pounds weight. 8. This book is two poundsworth. 9. We have seen Shakespeares plays Loves Labours Lost and TheWinters Tale. 10. Yesterdays mailbrought me the long expected letter. 11. The

    vessels crew were on the deck. 12. I shall spend this week-and at the Smiths. 13. Thecommission is interested inAfricas problems. 14. He had a hairs breadth escape. 15.Who elses proposal shall we consider now? 16.Londons traffic is heavy at peekhours. 17. We are interested in nobodys problems.

    33. A.Look up the following Synthetic Genitives and translate them into Romanian:- at ones fingers end - a birds eye view- out of harms way - a needles eye- her hearts desire - a pins head- at a stones throw - the journeys end- at ones wits end - at swords point

    B. Use them in sentences of your own

    34.Explain the difference in meaning between the two forms of Genitive:1. This film is a description of Dickens.2. The short excerpt is a description of Dickens.1. This painting is aportrait of Sargent.2. This masterpiece is aportrait of Sargents.1. Cezar Petrescu wrote a novel of Eminescu.2. Cezara is a novel of Eminescus.1. He told us the story of Hemingway.2. I read a story of Hemingways.

    35.Replace the following Prepositional Genitives by a compound nounModel: a writer of prose a prose writerThe cover of the book; the equipment of a farm; the meaning of the letter; the pocketof the trousers; the waves of the ocean; the bank of the river; the coast of the sea; the level ofthe water; the satellite of the earth.

    36. Choose the form which is recommended out of the two forms given below:1. She is my brothers friends wife.2. She is the wife of my brothers friend.1. Kates parents visit pleased us very much.2. The visit of Kates parents pleased us very much.1. In the light of the moon we could see the big house in front of us.2. In the moons light we could see the big house in front of us.1. The houses front door was unlocked.2. The front door of the house was unlocked.1. We went in the sounds direction.2. We went in the direction of the sound.

    37. Study the following sentences paying attention to the different uses of the Genitive case

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    (The Saxon Genitive or the Prepositional Genitive). Explain the structures.

    1. The students return interrupted our conversation. 2. The smoke or a wood-firewent up in the air. 3. The students hostel is comfortable and cosy. 4. They werewelcomed with a feeling of joy. 5. Several of the students got very good results. 6. Inthe city of Bucharest there are a lot of parks and gardens. 7. All of his books have

    beautiful bindings. 8. Ill be back in a few minutes time. 9. This is the well-knownAmerican composer George Gershwins chief work Porgy and Bess. 10. I havefound in your library one of Lewis, Smith and Wilsons works. 11. Receive thispresent, with Marys and Janes compliments! 12. Everybody expected the jurysverdict. 13. He went into a shop and bought a pounds worth of chocolates. 14. I methim after two months absence from his job. 15. Last week I saw the play AMidsummer Nights Dream. 16. She was reading the day befores paper. 17. We areoften astonished in front of Natures many wonders. 18. The ships mast was brokenby the storm. 19. We were walking along one of Londons parks. 20. The courage ofyoung people is wellknown. 21. This man is the father of the child I am going toexamine tomorrow. 22. The language of the Sports Bulletin reporter is often obscure

    to the layman. 23. The achievements of a modern democratic state speak forthemselves.

    38. Translate into English:1. Notele acestui student au fost foarte mari pe acest semestru. 2. Invitaii copiilor austat pn seara trziu. 3. Nepotul soiei fiului lui Ion ne-a fcut o vizit n ianuarie. 4.Fiul profesorului meu de matematic este n acelai an cu mine. 5. Camera lui Mihai ia lui George este la etajul doi. 6. Ziarul de azi scrie despre dezbaterile din cadrulONU. 7. Tutungeria este la prima staie. 8. Clima Angliei este destul de ploioas. 9.Dup cteva zile de drum am ajuns n oraul natal. 10. Cabana cea mai apropiat estela o deprtare de 3 km. 11. Luna ianuarie este cea mai friguroas lun a anului. 12. Petoi ne ncnt vemintele policrome ale toamnei. 13. El este un prieten al unchiuluimeu George.

    39.Fill in the blanks with the prepositions to, for, of, from, as required by a Prepositional Dative1. Give my best regards your friend. 2. I snatched the handkerchief Georgeshand to wave at the newcomers. 3. I inquired Dan what the subject for debate at theseminar was. 4. I have bought a present my mother. 5. This is an activity thatrequires great precision the workers. 6. He got a sum of money equivalent thequality of his work. 7. What did you ask the students? 8. Ive got a ticket mybest friend. 9. What is your attitude art? 10. The child begged pardon hisparents. 11. Mary called a taxi her daughter.

    40. Change the following sentences using the for Prepositional Dative:Model: He brought Mary some flowers.He brought some flowers for Mary1. I buy my daughter interesting books. 2. The teacher is choosing his students a newtext. 3. We found our parents good seats in the train. 4. The student got her friend aticket for the show. 5. I booked my sister a roon at the hotel. 6. The whole groupbought their colleague a bottle of wine in celebration of his birthday. 7. We have made

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    the guests a warm reception. 8. Cut this little girl a slice of bread! 9. We must orderthat company some new equipment.

    41. Translate into English using the two forms of the Dativewith or without prepositionwherever possible.

    1. I-am fcut lui George o aluzie n sensul celor discutate. 2. Au fost de acord cupropunerea noastr. 3. Am cerut un autograf de la autorul romanului nou lansat. 4.Profesorul explic studenilor cuvintele noi. 5. I-am oferit lui Dan prilejul de a nensoi n excursie. 6. I-am servit pe invitai cu prjiturile fcute de mine. 7. Profesoruldicteaz studenilor un text necunoscut. 8. El a permis studenilor folosireadicionarului. 9. Intenionez s o prezint prinilor mei pe cea mai bunprieten a mea.10. Preedintele a nmnat diplome i premii ctigtorilor concursului. 11. Supunempropunerea aprobrii adunrii generale.

    42. Choose the right preposition in the brackets:A. 1. Read the letter (to/for) your father because his glasses are broken. 2. I have to

    repeat the questions (to/for) my students as they could not hear them because ofthe noise outside. 3. My sister cooks some dinner (to/for) her son. 4. He left someflowers (to/for) his mother on the table. 5. Speak (to/for) the audience now! 6. Wehave to get plane tickets (to/for) our guests from abroad.B. 1. Do you prefer going (by/with) car or (by/on) foot? 2. We use to write our letters(in/with) ink not (in/with) pencil. 3. I prefer my cardigan made (by/with) machine.4. We must open this tin (by/with) a tin-opener. 5. They have listened to the news(on/at) the radio. 6. This dress is made (of/from) silk.

    43. Choose the corect form out of the two given in brackets.1. Mary is the student with black (hair/hairs) who lives in our mansion. 2. Did youhave a good (travel/journey) from London? 3. Dont forget to buy (a bread/somebread) when coming back home. 4. Id like to take some notes, have you got (apaper/some paper)? 5. There (is/are) a lot of (traffic/traffics) in the city at the peakhours. 6. He is trying hard to find a (work/job) at present, but, Im afraid, there(isnt/arent) much (work/works) availabe. 7. (Is/are) good(accommodation/accommodations) easy to find in your town? 8. Ive got a problemand I need some (advice/advices). 9. I like the (furniture/furnitures) in your room. 10.Some (information/informations) you can give us, about the hotels in London (is/are)useful. 11. My (luggage/luggages) (is/are) on the platform. 12. The (news/new) (is/are)depressing.

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    1. Change the adjectives below into their antonyms with the help of the following prefixes:up-, in-, (il -, im-, ir), non-, dis-, misable,academic, accurate, active, capable, changeable, competent, competitive,

    connected, consistent, dependent, developed, economical, efficient, employed,expensive, experienced, fair, formal, honest, interested, logical, official, pleasant,productive, profitable, qualified, resolute, satisfied, similar, skilled, understood,willing, welcome.

    2. Complete the sentences using the adjective related to the noun or verb given in brackets:1. Productivity can be defined as the ratio of (value) output to input. 2. To ensure high(organisation)productivity, creativity and innovation should permeate every job. 3.(Increase)productivity has a (benefit) impact on (economy) stability and on the (life)standard. 4. From an (individual)point of view, increased productivity is bothpsychologically and financially (reward). 5. (Skill) responsible management and

    (height)productivity are inseparable. 6. A manager, in addition to being technically(qualify), must be a (respect), people-oriented leader, (skill) in the techniques of(behaviour) science and sound business practice. 7. (Aid)by the rapid spread of(industry) robots, the (manufacture) industry has steadily become more effective andmore (product). 8. Early to bed and early to rise makes you (health), (wealth) andwise.

    3.Fill in the blanks distinguishing between:livelivelyaliveliving

    1. We have debates during our seminars. 2. Our farm has had a record increase in stock and in wheat crops. 3. This is a broadcast, not a recording. 4. He thinks

    himself the greatest man 5. Increassed productivity leads to higher standards.economiceconomical1. Productivity growth is the linchpin of the 1980s.2. Electrical heating is no longerhistorichistorical

    1. Our presidents latest speech was a event for our company.2. The group of tourists were shown the most important monuments.lastlatestlatter

    1. During our first Systems seminar of Monday, we talked about the developments in computer science. 2. Your record is excellent; we hope it wont beyour 3. There were two suggestions for the weekend: seeing a film or going on a

    trip; of course we preferred the to the former. 4. Our teacher told us that the halfof the course would be much more interesting.crediblecreditable1. Yours is a attempt and we will support it.2. Her story is hardly humanhumane

    1. Artificial intelligence will never replace the brain. 2. Be and people will loveand respect you!

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    4. Use compound adjectives in the following sentences and make the necessary changes:Model: Those devices saved labourbecomes: Those were labour-saving devices.1. These new machines save brain work. 2. These tools process data. 3. Odoblejaswork was neglected for a long time. 4. The rules of logic are built in the computersystem. 5. COBOL is a computer language which is oriented towards business. 6.

    Many schools were keen to acquiresoftware to handle information, like packages toprocess wards. 7. General learning programmes assisted by computers were alsoattracting a great deal of attention. 8. These students are brainy, but they work hard,too. 9. Mysister is 20 years old, she has hazel eyes, auburn hair, a fair complexion,hersmall features are cleanly cut you wont fail to recognize her. 10. We need moreeffective methods of production in relationship to coststheres too much waste.

    5. Choose the right indefinite adjective from the ones in the brackets. Sometimes both areright.

    1. (Many, a large numer of) strikes are caused by bad management. 2. Is there(much, a great deal of) unemployment in Romania? 3. There are hardly (any, no)

    mistakes in the paper. 4. We went to only (one, other)party in (some, several)months, but we enjoyed (every, each) minute of it. 5. Is there (any, some) commonthread linking statistics and accounting? 6. They expected us to come with (much,many) solutions, but we could think of (none, any). 7. Our teacher gave us (much, alot of) advice from the beginning. 8. Ive got (few, a few) English books onmanagement and I can lend you (some, any).Thank you,but I cant read (no, any)books in English since I know (no, any) English at all. 9. (Both, either) my roommates have won scholarships. 10. (Both, either)buses stop in front of the A.S.E., soyou may take (any, either)bus.

    6.Fill the blanks with the right quantitative adjective, according to the meaning.1. There are words that I dont know and there is grammer problem that Ihavent studied. 2. Have you got so spare time? I thought you are snowed up inwork. 3. Very ideas get farther than theinventor. 4. Have you seen good filmsrecently?Yes, quite 5. Will you have tea? No, thank you, Ive drunk cupssince morning. 6. Ther is too flour left for the cake; will you go and buy some? 7.We can do without things, but we cant do without water. 8. They think moneyis the source of happiness. 9. Quite of employees have gone on strike. 10. There arefar weapons in the world.

    7.Rewrite each sentence beginning as shown, so that the meaning stays the same. Usecomparatives:

    1. Dan is not as fast as Will. Will is 2. I have an older sister, Mary. Mary is 3. Silver is less valuable than gold. Gold is 4. This is the earliest train. There arent any 5. Thats the best price we can quote. We cant quote a; there is no 6.Bravo! Youve worked less chaotically than before. Bravo! Your work is 7. Do youagree that a Ford is safer, more economical and more comfortable than any other car?Do you agree that no other car is ? 8. If you run a lor, youll get fitter. The more9. The e-mail seems to be the cheapest, the fastest and most reliable means ofcommunication at present. There doesnt seem to be a Any other means ofcommunication is 10. This story is by far the funniest most interesting at all. Ive

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    never heard a All the other stories Ive heard are

    8.Fill in the blanks with the right degree of comparison of the adjectives in the margin:a. The teacher asks the pupils about the effects of heat and cold.Heat makes things and cold makes things says Dan.

    Quite right, says the teacher. Can you give an example? longIn the summer, when its hot the days are but in winter, when its shortcold, the days are , answers Dan. bigb. What is the word in English? smallSmiles. It is a mile between its first andlast letter.c. Which word becomes when you add a syllable to it?Short.

    9. Use the adjectives in brackets in the right form of comparison, paying attention to theirregular forms:1. She is (ill) than we thought; she fell ill on Wednesday and she was (ill) on Friday,

    when she was taken to hospital. 2. (Late)but not (little), there comes the maths exam.3. Jim is a (little)boy; he is my (young)brother, much (young) than I am; actually Iam (old)brother, 15 years (old) than Jin, so Im suppose to look after our (little) ones.4. We worked on our project with no (little) single-mindedness than skill. 5. This is(good)book I have read for a long time. 6. They provided us with (far) information asagreed. 7. My (good) friends (late) novel was a (good) seller and it wont be his(late) one. 8. The (late) half of May was (rainy) than the first. 9. Mine is the (far)house fron the ASE and Pauls is the (near). 10. Upon (far) consideration theydecided to answer the latter without delay. 11. Youd better get off at the (near) stopand ask where the (near)pharmacy is.

    10. Use the double comparative of the adjectives in brackets for the Romanian din ce n cemai:

    1. Your English is getting (good). 2. Its becoming (important) to rely on our ownexperts. 3. We were so tired, that the top of the mountains seemed to be getting (far).4. As buses are becoming (fast) we are growing (idle). 5. The idea of spending thesummer at the seaside sounds (appealing). 6. (Great) attention is being paid tocomputer-assisted learning. 7. The students are growing (loud) and the noise(unbearable). 8. Computer modelling seems to be (exciting), (challenging). 9. Itsbecoming (plain) that we are growing (involved) in it.

    11. Use the adjectives in brackets in the comparative form for the Romanian cu ct cuatt:

    1. The (hard) the task, the (great) the satisfaction. 2. The (funny) the stories, the(merry) we are. 3. The (little) time you spare for learning, the (little) satisfactory yourstudies and the (bad) result youll get. 4. The (fertile) the land, the (little) the amountof fertilizer given to it. 5. The (eager) the student, the (pertinent) the questions heasks. 6. The (high) the manufacturing costs, the (high) the selling price. 7. The (big) abusiness is, the (competitive) it is likely to be. 8. The (long) I have to wait for theresults, the (impatient) I become.

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    12. Translate into Romanian paying attention to the use of adjectives:1. Teacher: I wish you paid a little attention to my subject.Student: Well, I do. I pay as little attention to it as possible.2. Student: I dont think I deserve a zero.Teacher: Neither do I, but its the lowest mark I am allowed to give.

    3. English Poet: The poets of today put plenty of fire into their verses.Critic: The trouble with most of them is that they do not put enough of theirverses into fire.4. Father: Think of the future, my boy.Son: I cant. Its my best girls birthday and Ive got to think of the present.5. An Epitaph: Owen MoreGone awayOwin moreThan we could pay.

    13. The excepts below, taken from authentic presentations, are good examples of machine

    gunning (emphasizing a point through the enumeration and repetition of comparatives ofsuperiority). Unfortunately they have been mixed up, so you will have to match the two parts1-7 and a-g in order to make meaningful sentences. Then translate them into Romanian.

    1. In terms of performance were2. The home computer industry is likelyto be even3. The Middle Eastern market is probably4. The new cabriolet is5. As a company, were quite simply6. Our new sales manager seems to be7. The future of tourism in Romania hasnever lookeda. faster, sleeker, smoother, classier, racier,roomier and betterlooking thananything else on the marketb. more competitive, more creative, moreresponsive, non customerconscious andmore marketdriven than any of ourcompetitors.c. more motivated, more productive, moreprofitable, more efficient, more qualityconscious and generally more successfulthan ever.d. Bigger, better, freer, fairer, more liberaland more lucrative than any othermarket.e. More technologydriven, more costconscious, more pricesensitive, moreriskladen, more overcrowded and morevolatile that it is today.f. better, brighter, more promising, more

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    encouraging, more successful and moreprofitable then anyone would havethought possible a few years ago.g. younger, smarter, more efficient, moreexperienced, better-qualified and more

    customerorientated than the previousone.

    14.Match the types of adjectives in column A with the right adjective (s) in column B. Thefirst one is done for you: 1l, r.

    A. Type B. Adjective1. taste, smell, etc2. origin, place3. material4. size, length5. colour

    6. purpose, use7. opinion, attitude, quality8. age9. emotion, personality10. shape, width11. past participlea. silkb. bluec. walkingd. intustinge. diningroomf. knittedg. youngh. Scottishi. roundj. nicek. largel. sweetm. stainless steeln. full-lengtho. Chinesep. excitingq. narrowr. scenteds. expensivet. inquisitive

    15. Study the order of the adjectives in the following examples and complete the table belowwith the missing types (see ex.14) in the order which appears to be most common; then fill ineach column with the right adjectives from the examples. Add more adjectives in time.

    N.B.1. (subjective) opinion/attitude; adjectives usually come before all others

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    2. First, last usually come before numbers.3. Avoid using more than three adjectives together.Some examples have been done for you. (see table).1. a pretty blue wollen scarf 8. the most recent custom-made Swiss wrist watch2. a beautiful rectangular wooden table 9. the three-month money market rate3. a magnificent handwoven Persian rug 10. a brilliant second-year student

    4. a large smelly half-eaten lump of cheese 11. new hooded sweat-style jackets5. an excellent mature scottish whisky 12. fantastic brand-new menswearinspired office suits6. fabulous round mother-of-pearl beads 13. my best long cream-coloured velvet evening-dress7. old brown Spanish leather boots



    NOUN1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1. pretty2. .3. .4. .5. .6. fabulous7. .8. .9. .10. .11. .12. .13. .

    round... .. Blue .. WoollenMotherof-

    pearl.. Scarf


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    16. Unscramble the following sentences, putting the adjectives in their right order (see ex.15,Table). Note that the first and last words are in their right place.1. There was magnificent castle a mediaeval stone on the hill. 2. She carrying wasshopping her striped bag canvas vegetables of a heavy on full arm. 3. She remarkablywas a handsome young to introduced executive. 4.He wearing a jazzy smart business

    gray was with suit waistcoat. 5. They were a snazzy one-year old drivingFord. 6.Weve an exotic extremly oriental bought just carpet. 7.I a red received fragrantgorgeous rose. 8. Were attractive looking for an blue-and-white flowerpot. 9. Thelatest museum of the marble acquisition little Roman brownish this isstatue. 10. Theythe American prefer hard-sell aggressivestrategy.

    17.Adjectivespecial cases IThere are some adjectives that change the meaning of the sentence if they come before

    or after the noun.

    Study the pairs of sentences below and match the adjectives underlined with thecorresponding synonym or explanation from the list following the exercise. The first one is

    done for you:1. a. Jane is a very responsibleperson; you can rely on her to finish every asignmentin due time.b. The person responsible for the damage of goods in transit will be indicted.2. a. The concernedparents took their child to the doctor.b. The parents concerned have made an appointment with the headmaster.3. a. That was a long and involved explanation.b. Luckily, non of the people involved in the accident suffered any injuries.4. a. Thepresent members of the Board are all in favour of a major change in theSales Policy.b. All the memberspresent at the meeting voted for the flexitime scheme.5. a. In thisparticular instance, Im afraid you are wrong.b. Our english teacher is mostparticular about the way we communicate.6. a. You always have a ready answer,b. but are you ready with the business plan?7. a. Why are you always late?b. We are here today to honour the memory of the late C.E.O.8. a. As Chairman of the Board, he made an outstanding contribution to the success ofthe cmpany.b. There are five bills outstanding.9. a. The person youre looking for is in the shop directly opposite.b. They went off in the opposite direction.10. a. Snowdons a proper mountain, not a hillb. After a long walk through the foothills we reached the base of the mountainproper.

    across from; facing = 9areal, genuine =reliable, trustworthy =liable/accountable for; in control of =complicated =connected / having to do with =

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    current =unpaid =actually at / attending the meeting =the central / main part of smth =worried, anxious =

    remarkable =demanding, stringent =quick, spontaneous =this, but no other =prepared, waiting =not punctual =dead =to whom this applies =contrasting with each other, contrary =

    18.Attributive adjective position - Special cases II

    Fill in the blanks with the adjectives listed on the right; they may fit more than once.Note that some subclasses of adjectives can be used only before the noun.e.g.intensifying (pure, mere, total etc)- restrictive (the only, the very etc)- former, present, old, little etc.and others only after the nouns

    e.g.past participles

    a. The reason for abandoning the project was a financialone.b. The chairman concluded an agreement to set up a venture with a German company.c. The issues at the conference were very pertinent.d. Lets return to the point during our meeting.e. The goods last week havebeen sent by air.f. A feature of the new line is its appeal to the youth market.g. Both the president and the secretary have had a pressconference.h. All security cards from this office must be countersignedi. Its the solution all the people agreed on 1. former2. joint3. raised4. discussed5. last6. elect7. issued8. involved9. maps10. main11. present12. ordered13. general14. pure15. present16. only17. previous

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    19.Attributive and predicative positionUse the following adjectives in pattern a (attributive) or pattern p (predicative),

    bearing in mind that some adjectives can be used only attributively (see exercise 18) and

    others only predicatively, such as:- asleep;

    - afraid, ajar;- well, ill etc.Model: 1. (a)floating A (a) leaf(p) afloat The ships still (p)Model: 2. (a) true A (a) scientistA scientist is 3. very The studentThe student is 4. asleep They are fast sleeping The partners do not participate in the day-to-day management.5. utter destruction

    The destruction is 6.plain The truth.The truth is 7. mere He is a child.The child is 8. elder My brother is two years older than me. My brother is 9. hard He is a workerThe worker is 10. alive Its a concert.living There seems tobe no one live There are no beings in this area.11. ill She fell and died.sick Doctors look after the people.12. open They left the door ajar The door looked inviting.13. afraid He is a man, he isfrightened of everyone.14. awake Theyre wide The people.

    20.Adjective modification with adverbsA. Use the modifying adverbs from the box to intensify the meaning of the adjectives inthe following conversations.

    1. A. It was a good yearB. How good?A. good. As good as we could expect; sales were high.2. A. There was a small fall in output in the first quarters of the year.B. How small?A. small only about 5 per cent.3. A. The exhibition was successful

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    B. How successful?A. successful; we met very many prospective customers.High


    fullyentirelyextremelyhighlyveryfairlyreasonablyquitemoderatelyslightlya littleB. Rewrite the following descriptions of trends using nouns and adjectives (modified

    by intensifying adverbs):

    1. In March the sharesfell extremely dramaticallybecomes:In March there was a extremely dramatic fall in shares.2. In April they recovered slightly.3. In June they collapsed sharply.4. In July theyfell considerably..5. In August they recovered fairly steadily.6. In September and October they continued to improve moderately slowly.


    21.Position of noun modifiers and adjectivesWhich is correct? Choose the right phrase.

    1. - the booming car European industry or- the booming European car industry2. - the worlds biggest and most prestigious look fair or- the worlds look biggest and most prestigious fair.3. - a concrete cooperation proposal or- a cooperation concrete proposal4. - the business modern scene or

    - the modern business scene5. - a company interesting profile or- an interesting company profile.

    22. Scale and limit adjectivesStudy the scale below, contouring hot and cold words:Limit words BOILING, SCALDING +++hot ++

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    warm +Scale words tepidcool - -cold - - -Limit words FREEZING, GLACIAL -------

    a) Now, study the following lists of adjectives and build a scale similar to the oneabove:1. affluent, broke, prosperous, penniless, well-to-do, rolling-in-money. Low paid,living from hand to mouth, comfortably off, in line straits, in the red, bankrupt.2. big, broad, gigantic, extensive, immense, little, tiny, roomy, spacious, minute, vast,wide, tremendous, large, small.b) Build your own scale lists.

    23.Modifying adverbs with scale and limit adjectivesCorrect the following sentences where necessary; remember that NOT all modifiers gowith both scale and limit words.

    1. John is an absolutely clever pupil.2. You should wash pure wool in altogether tepid water.3. You were utterly right, the play was utterly marvelous.4. You are quite right, the task is quite impossible.5. Although this exercise seems very impossible, Im sure it is terribly useful. Imabsolutely pleased with the progress Ive made.6. He was nearly amazed at his daughters progress.

    24. Choose an emphasizing adjective from the box below to fill the gaps in the followingpostcards:

    absolute fascinating sheerblissful majestic specialcomplete marvelous spectacularentire outright terrificexcellent perfect trueexceptional positive utterexuberant realpure1. Dear Mary,Were having a holiday here at Swansea its bliss and we can finally have a rest. Weve spent the week on this beach!Love,Mihaela.2. Dear Mary,What a holiday! And only because of Mihaela! Shes ruined what could have beena holiday! Shes an love; she talks and talks, even to strangers! And she tells lies.Wish you were here instead,Love,Ioana.3. Dear Auntie,

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    It was delight to read your letter and hear that you are much better after youroperation. I gather it was a success, although the hospital food was ! Please comeround any time you feel up to it. Itll be to see you again.Take care,Anna.

    25.Adjectives or adverbs?Correct the sentences if necessary.

    1. She smiled friendly and he laughed silly.2. Martin seems happy but Tracy looks lonely.3. They grew angrily when they saw the disaster.4. Im taking the early flight to Paris so I can arrive early at the office.5. He is a very bad worker, and he has been working too hardly lately.6. So far this years energy costs have stayed fairly constant.7. We feel very confident about our move into the U.S. market.8. The contract we have negotiated sounds quite securely.

    9. Our new policy of energy conservation has proved very economical.10. The Directors grew anxious when the results were released.11. I dont want to sound over-optimistic, but I am certain that we have an all-timewinner with our new product.

    26. Complementation of predicative adjectives IFill in the blanks with the right preposition.

    1. The Finance Manager is answerable the Finance Director.2. Im due a rise soon.3. We are confident success and pleased her promotion.4. Im expert handling difficult customers.5. Were satisfied the quarterly results.6. We are all impatient delay.7. Shes always been interested fiscal policy.8. I am indebted my colleagues all their help.9. Tom is rather eager success.10. Students today are different students ten years ago.

    27. Complementation of predicative adjectives IIMatch the two halves of following sentences so that they make sense:

    (there may be several combinations)

    1. You dont look happy2. Im pleased3. Im glad4. Hes such a difficult person5. Were anxious6. It was nice7. She made it clear8. It is important9. Its worth10. Its surprising

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    a. to see meb. for her to get a scholarshipc. that she should get a scholarshipd. that you were able to camee. that she distrusted all of usf. to see you hereg. for us to move fasth. that we seem to agreei. to understand

    j. that we shouldk. going to London if you have the timel. how John cant keep deadlinesm. seeing you.

    28. Translate into English paying attention to the use of adjectives:1. Mulumesc din suflet. Ai fost deosebit de amabil.2. Cine a fost prima femeie care a cucerit Everestul?3. Urmtorul la cuvnt este dl. Smith.4. Proiectul a fost sortit eecului de la bun nceput, fiind costisitor, prost gndit ipresupunnd un mare consum de timp i energie.5. Cnd am promis c vom realiza un nou program pentru e-mail ne-am asumat osarcin mult prea dificil.6. Calculatorul urmrete orbete programul de instruciuni conceput de creieruluman, care este mult mai complex dect cel electronic.7. Dac vrei s ajungei la cel mai apropiat magazin universal, cobori la primastaie; este chiar prima cldire de lngpia.8. Mai avei i alte veti pentru noi?9. Fratele meu mai mare, care este cu 5 ani mai mare dect mine, este director dentreprindere.10. Cel mai mic lucru pe care-l pot face pentru tine este s-i mprumut manualul meupn data viitoare.11. Ultimul aspect al problemei este mai puin important dect celelalte, aa c l poiomite.12. Balana comercial nu este acelai lucru cu balana de pli.13. La New York, chiria nu este att de mare ca la Londra.14. Cu ct firma este mai mare, cu att este mai competitiv i mai puternic.15. Am observat c, n ultimul timp, studenii sunt din ce n ce mai bine pregtii imai hotri s se angajeze ct mai repede.

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    1. Give the correct forms of the personal pronouns in brackets:a) Would you, please, lend (I) 10.000 lei until tomorrow?What do (you) need the money for?

    (I)ve found the course-books our teacher told (we) to buy and (I)ve left mymoney at home.Here (you) are. But dont forget to give (it) back to (I) tomorrow.Of course (I) wont. Thank (you) very much. b) Who is (it)?(It)s only (we).Whos (we)?(I) and my friend, George.c) Was (it) (she) Mary was telling (they) about?(I) think so.What do (you) think (she) told (they)?

    Search (I).

    2. Choose the right personal pronoun (if both are possible sometimes, is there a difference in

    style or meaning?)

    a) 1. To my mind she is much more industrious than (I, me). 2. They all attended themanagement course except (she, her). 3. It was (he, him) they were talking about.4. It is my brother who goes in for economics, not (I, me). 5. She is much better inmaths than (we, us). 6. Was it (she, her) who knocked at the door? 7. We saw herat the concert; at least we thought it was (she, her). 8. It is (they, them) who are theexperts.b) A flea and a fly in a flue

    Were imprisoned, so what could (they, them) do?Said the flea: Let (we, us) fly.Said the fly: Let (we, us) flee.So (they, them) flew through a flaw in the flue.

    3. Choose the right relative-interrogative pronoun from the ones in brackets:

    a) 1. The student (who, which) is standing over there is my room-mate. 2. We mustorder the items (who, which) are out of stock. 3. I liked the book (that, which) yougave me for my birthday. 4. My best friend (what, whom) I havent seen for yearsis an economist now. 5. Bucharest the town in (that, which) I was born is thecapital city of Romania. 6. Forests (whose, of which) area covers about 26% of our

    land, must be protected. 7. All (which, that) glitters is not gold. 8. Is this thestudent (who, that) you so highly praized?b) 1. (What which) have they told you about it? 2. (What, which) of these lessons mustbe learned for the exam? 3. (Who, whom) did you hide from? 4. (Whose, which)was the paper that was awarded the first prize? 5. (Who, whose) are the bestresults? 6. (Who, whom) were you talking to when they called you? 7. We dontknow (which, what) is their opinion. 8. (What, which) do you call this in English?

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    4. Omit the relative pronoun wherever possible, making the necessary changes:

    1. The town which we are going to visit today is a very old one. 2. The clerkabout whom you are inquiring went on holiday yesterday. 3. They are not the kindof people to whom I like talking. 4. The definition which you gave to jointventures is the right one. 5. The business that he runs is very profitable. 6. They

    read all the meanings in the dictionary and finally found that which they wanted.7. What happened then was recorded in the documents of the time. 8. The prizewas awarded to the student who came out top in the professional competition. 9.All is well that ends well is a proverb that is worth remembering.

    5. Choose the proper possessive adjective or pronoun from the alternatives in brackets:1. Of course, this is (my, mine) book, but where is (your, yours)? 2. (Our, ours)is the only faculty which trains stock exchange brokers. 3. The complimentaryclose of a business letter reads: (Your, yours) faithfully. 4. Best wishes to youand (your, yours) from me and (my, mine). 5. I know (her, hers) favourite subjectis Trade, but whats (their, theirs)? 6. I see (your, yours) point, let me tell you

    (my, mine). 7. (Our, ours) stock situation is not as bad as (their, theirs). 8. Anassociate of (our, ours) has acquired 20% of (our, ours) shares. 9. Is this book(her, hers) or his? 10. Lets summon some students of (your, yours) group andsome of (my, mine) and give a helping hand with the cleaning of the hostel.

    6.Fill in the blanks with the indefinite pronouns some, any, none (or their compounds):1. Have you got any letters for me? Yes, there are 2. I found all the coursebooks I need in the library so I shant buy 3. wants to speak to you onthe phone, Dan. 4.Theres Id like to discuss with you. 5. Would you like milk? No, thank you, wont have 6. Have you any objection to mycontinuing the studies? No, I have 7. Could youlend me some money?Sorry, I havent got 8. Dont let disturb us while we are learning. Iassure you that will disturb you. 9. of these books are in English, but are in German.

    7. Answer the following questions using NO-compounds. (Remember: neither of two):1. How many exercises have you done today? 2. How much did this suit cost? 3.Who did you meet yesterday? 4. Which of these two courses have you attended?5. What are you doing next week-end? 6. How many classes did you miss lastweek? 7. Where did you go last night? 8. Which foot did you hurt? 9. Who missedmy point? 10. Which of you two missed my point? 11. Which of these filmshavent you seen yet? 12. What have you been doing lately? Where have you been? 13. How much of what he said could you understand? 14. Which of thesetwo sentences gave you trouble to translate?

    8.Fill in the blanks with the indefinite pronouns or adjectives: one(s), other(s), the other(s),another (one):

    1. We understood nothing and looked from to 2. Idont like this frock;please, show me 3. These shoes are too tight, could I try pair? 4. Somepeople like milk, like tea in the morning. 5. This group is as good as 6.These classes are as interesting as 7. We study in this reading room,

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    prefer 8. When we saw him last, he was carrying a suitcase in ... hand anda bag in 9. should always go for a walk after dinner. 10. One alwaysprides oneself on s achievements. 11. We stayed in the hostel, went out.12. Only two guests arrived in time; were late. 13. Do you like this tie? Yes,and I want like that. 14. These gloves look worn out; Ill need some

    9. Translate into English using ONE both as pronoun and as adjective:1. i vezi pe cei doi profesori? Unul pred cursul de economie mondial i cellaltpe cel de contabilitate. 2. Trebuie s-i faci datoria. 3. Nu se tie niciodat. 4.Prietenul meu mi-a fcut cunotin cu un oarecare Marian, prieten bun de-al lui.5. Care este persoana care se ocup de relaiile cu publicul? 6. Se cuvine ca fiecares-i susinpunctul de vedere. 7. Mi-am cumprat un alt curs, deoarece l-ampierdut pe cel cumprat ieri. 8. Nu-mi place aceast rochie; dai-mi-o, v rog, pecea roie de acolo. 9. Era un ora cu totul diferit fa de cel ce-l prsisem cudouzeci de ani n urm. 10. Unul dintre colegi a fcut lista cu cei ce particip lacercul de relaii economice internaionale.

    10. Translate into Romanian and say which of the pronouns are reflexive and which areemphatic:

    1. I wash myself every morning. 2. I myself wash up after lunch. 3. One cannot doeverything by oneself. 4. Whats wrong? You dont seem to beyourself today. 5.Im not feeling quite myself, indeed; I cut myselfbadly yesterday, you see. 6. Welearn to restrain ourselves as we grow older and wiser. 7. Did you enjoyyourselves in the students camp? 8. I myself gave him the document. 9. Is thisshirtyours? Yes, Ive made it myself. 10. The accountants themselves took themoney to the bank last night.

    11. Choose the right pronounreflexive or personal. (If both are possible, is there a changeof meaning or a risk of confusion?):

    1. We bought (him, himself) a CD for his birthday. 2. He bought (him, himself) aCD-player. 3. I hope you understand this is a secret between (us, ourselves). 4.She dressed (her, herself) and went to the faculty. 5. Children, behave (you,yourselves)! 6. Our tutor invited the group monitor and (me, myself) to visit thelaboratories. 7. Before choosing our research topic wed like to discuss thingswith (them, themselves). 8. They are not as keen and ambitious as (we are,ourselves). 9. She repeated the definition to (her, herself). 10. The umbrellaopened and shut (it, itself). 11. One can see for (one, oneself) the vast scale onwhich automation is being carried out. 12. I took it upon (me, myself) to convenethe meeting. 13. She knew that her friend was preferred to (her, herself). 14. Theyasked me to look after (me, myself).

    12. Choose the right pronoun(s) and translate into Romanian:a) 1. Using the final demand model and the input-output table (one, it) is possibleto obtain gross output levels. 2. (What, Which) will life be like in the year 2000?(One, it) will be as bad or as good as (we, ourselves) are willing to make it; (we,ourselves, one, oneself) create the world (that, which) we want to have. 3. (Allthat, everything which) youve just said sounds interesting, but (some of us,

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    several of us) may find (it, that) difficult to grasp.b) 1. (Everybody) thinks of changing humanity and nobody thinks of changing(himself, oneself). 2. I find TV very educationalwhen (somebody, anybody)turns it on I go into (another, other) room and read a book. 3. There was an oldmaid (who, that) drove (every, each) shoe clerk crazy: she never bought (nothing,

    anything)she just liked the sight of a man on his knees before (her, herself). 4.(What, which) shall we drink? (Whatever, Whichever) you please, only let (it,that) be champagne! 5. I hope you washed your hands before coming to lunchwith (us, ourselves). I hadnt time to wash them (both, all), mum, but Ill keep(another, the other) in my pocket!

    13. Translate into Romanian and point out the pronouns:a) 1. Knowledge without practice is nothing. 2. That comes of a cat will eat mice.3. He that travels far, knows much. 4. Learn wisdom by the follies of others. 5.Listen at the keyhole and youll hear news of yourself. 6. Great trees are good fornothing but shade. 7. Nothing is so necessary for travellers as languages. 8. He

    that brings good news, knocks hard. 10. If you run after two hares you will catchneither.b) 1. Teacher: I did not eat, you did not eat, he did not eat. Bill, repeat what Ihave said.Bill, No one has eaten.2. Teacher: Your paper on Manufacturing Industry is the same as your deskmates.Student: Oh, yes. Its the same industry.3. For every evil under the sun,There is a remedy, or there is none.If there be one, try and find it.If there be none, never mind it.4.Riddles:No need for brush.No need for broom.Its used a lotTo clean the room (Vacuum cleaner)5. Formed long ago, yet made today,Im most employed while others sleep;What none would like to give away,Yet no one likes to keep. (Bed)

    14. Translate into English paying attention to the use of pronouns:a)Trebuie s duc napoi la bibliotec aceste dou cursuri, deoarece nici unul numifolosete i trebuie s mprumut altele.- Atunci vin i eu cu tine. tii, nu am mprumutat nc nimic de la bibliotec i os te rog s m nvei cum sprocedez.Poate ai nevoie chiar de unul din acestedou cursuri.ntr-adevr, ambele sunt pe lista mea. Ce noroc!b) 1. Ce tii despre fluviul Dunrea?Este unul dintre cele mai mari fluvii dinEuropa.Prin ce ri trece i prin cte capitale? 2. Cine-i acolo?Eu.Care eu?Un foarte bun prieten de-al tu. Ghici cine-i? - Nu pot. M dau btut. 3.Caredintre voi mi poate spune ceva despre robotroni?Oricine, bine-neles; unii ami citit mult. 4.tie cineva cum se poate intra pe Internet?Da, fiecare dintre

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    noi tie. 5.Ce carte este cea de acolo?Este dicionarul de management care aaprut anul trecut i n care gseti tot ce te intereseaz. 6. Cine sunt cei pe care mii-ai recomandat?Sunt Dan i Paul, prietenii mei care au ctigat douburse destudiu acordate de AIESEC, amndoi vor pleca n Anglia pentru un an: primul laUniversitatea Lancaster i cellalt la Plymouth. 7. Al cui este acest curs?Al

    meu, mulumesc. 8.Cu cine ai vorbit char acum?Cu prietenul meu pe care nulmai vzusem de muli ani.Cel a crui sor este economist la noi?Chiar el.9.Mai vrei nite prjituri?Nu, mulumesc, am mncat destul.Atunci nu maidoreti puin ceai?Nu, nu mai vreau nimic, mulumesc. 10. Cine a spus: ipoipcli pe toi oamenii pentru ctva timp, i-i poi pcli pe unii tot timpul, dar nu-ipoi pcli pe toi oamenii tot timpul a avut mare dreptate.

    15. Translate the following sentences into English paying attention to the different uses of itand there:

    1.Ce este lng computer?- E un scanner, iar alturi e un fax.

    2. Este timpul s nvm s ne folosim de Internet.3. Crezi c este destul timp ca s terminm de rescris traducerea nainte dencheierea orei?4. Este timpul s servim ceaiul.5. Este timp i de servit ceaiul dac v grbii.6. Ci ani sunt de cnd ai terminat facultatea?Trei ani, dar mi pare mai mult.7. Ct este pn la pot?Cam 600 m. Este cldirea aceea mai nalt, de pe dreapta.8.Sunt deja 40 min. de cnd urcm; ct crezi c mai este pn n vrf?- Mai sunt vreo 20 min; mai avem de urcat cam un kilometru, dar nu este un urcuprea greu.9. Exist un loc i un timp pentru toate.10. tiu un loc unde se servete o pizza grozav.11. La tine m refeream.12. Este de ajuns pentru toat lumea, v rog s ateptai la rnd.13. Mi-e de ajuns.14. Este de ajuns c mi-ai spus mie.15. Nu este nimic de fcut, dect s lum lucrurile aa cum sunt.16. Nu are nici o legtur cu tine sau cu mine.17. Btea vntul cnd am plecat; era un vnt rece.18. Este cineva acolo?Nu-i nimeni.19. Cine-i?Eu, Ioana.20. Este uor s te rtceti n Veneia, nu-i aa?21. Sunt trei km. pn acolo.22. Mai sunt trei km. pn acolo, nu-i aa?23. Copernic este cel ce a descoperit cpmntul se nvrtete n jurul axei sale.24. neleg c nu suntei de acord cu propunerea mea.25. Are importan cine vorbete primul?26. Dup cum se tie, este cam o jumtate de secol de cnd s-au folosit primelecomputere.27. Dac nu cer prea mult, avnd n vedere c mi-ai permis s-mi fac lucrarea la

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    calculatorul d-voastr, aputea s-o i scot pe imprimant?28. Acolo unde se nalblocul acela turn era odat o biseric de lemn.

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    THE NUMERAL1.Read aloud the following: 1) numbers, 2) years, 3) dates, 4) room numbers, 5) telephonenumbers:1) 3179

    3149182535325897239.28787.5292) 1907191419181944

    196519853) January 11th 1945February 18th 1972March 29th 1930January 3rd 1936March 8th 19854) 1075138291003

    5) 610.49.18221.29.13611.39.53649.44.27777.36.28777.36.77

    2. Turn the following cardinal numerals into ordinal ones and use them in sentences of yourown:

    - 2, 3, 9, 11, 12, 19, 22, 100, 181

    3. Translate the following sentences into Romanian and state what kind of numerals are used:1. I shook my head as for the twentieth time since my arrival he held out hislottery tickets to me. (S.Maugham). 2. Four of the five shook their heads, but ourman spoke. (S.Maugham). 3. It will not cause a delay of more than five minutes.(S.Maugham). 4. That perhaps at first sight may appear not very momentous.(J.Swift),. 5. He was then past his prime being twenty-eight years and threequarters old. (J.Swift). 6. Ask my G.P. and he will tell you that half his job issympathizing with people. That is ten times as difficult as treating them.

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    (R.Gordon). 7. A few dozen young men had an afernoon intellectual chat with theexaminers. (R.Gordon)., 8. In a couple of years the Government is going to sendme on a pension. (R.Gordon). 9. Give twice and thrice and twenty times theirmoney. / And get your souls again. (W.B.Yeats).

    4. State the type of the following numerals:the first, five-eights, nine-fortieths, 3.25, 0.35, couple, brace, dozen, gross, single,triple (treble) for times, a hundred times, every ten days, by twos, two by two,several, (a) few, a lot of, a number (of).

    5. Translate into English:1. W. Shakespeare s-a nscut la 23 aprilie 1564 la Stratford-upon-Avon, un orella 92 de mile de Londra, fiind al treilea copil al lui John Shakespeare. 2. A fostdecorat de trei ori pentru meritele sale deosebite. 3. Pentru cpasiunea lui estevntoarea i-a cumprat o pereche de cini de vntoare. 4. Studenii au intrat nsala de examen unul cte unul. 5. Sute de oameni ateptau cu nerbdare rezultatul

    acestui meci de football, foarte important pentru campionatul mondial. 6. Avemseminar de limba englez de dou ori pe sptmn. 7. O treime din locuitoriioraului nostru a vizitat Muzeul de Art.

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    1. Look at sentences AH below. Decide which sentence concerns:1. permanent states, actions and situations2. current projects

    3. regular events, routines and frequency4. programmes and time tables5. facts, general truths6. actions in progress now7. temporary situations8. changes and developments.What tense is used in each?

    A. Our company produces computer software for business applications.B. Would you like to hold? Ms. Mellow is speaking on the other line.C. The sales people arrive at about 8.00 and we open at 8.30D. Miss Deal is ill, so Im dealing with all the correspondence.

    E. The British Ariways flight to Manchester departs at 20:00 and arrives at 23:30.F. The papers on the disk belong to our teacher.G. It is currently developing a new auditing department and negotiating with the Council formore office space.H. Stockbrokers deal in stocks and shares.

    2. Complete the information about 3Ms business activities with the verbs inthe box, in the

    right form; some may be used more than once:be, involve, see, have, range, put, give, export, spend, account, depend, bolster3M 1 the epitome of all that is best in corporate America. To stay on top, thecompany 2 its virtues to Europe Its 60.000 products 3 from medical imaging

    equipment to Scotch tape. It 4 more than 6% of its total sales on R&D. 3M .5 itsfuture as lying increasingly outside the U.S. Europe 6 for some 30% of its worldwidesales and one quarter of its employees. That 7 3M among the 300 largest companies inEurope. Although 3M 8 only 150 Americans working for the company outside the US,the language of EMATS is English. A vast data-base 9 employees instant access tocompany experts. Technical forums 10this process increasing the chances ofcrossfertilisation.Group Talks with Desi (n.b. Mr. Desimone) 11 the chairman directly inthis process. Its future 12 on how well the company has learnt to addpt to change.

    3. Talk about your daily programme and student life using the prompts below and your

    inventiveness:Model 1:Prompt: live / hostel?Student 1: Do you live at the hostel?Student 2: Yes, I do. / No, I dontModel 2:Prompt: Where / usually learn?Student 1: Where do you usually learn?

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    Student 2: I usually learn in the reading room.Prompts: What time / get up as a rule?- always walk to the faculty?How / do/ get to school as a rule?- have classes every morning?

    Which subject(s) of study / like best?When / do/ homework?- usually participate in professional competitions / scientific workshops?When / begin/ summer vacation?Where / usually go on holiday?

    4. Complete the dialogue using the verbs in brackets:

    x. Where (come) from?y.I (come) from China.x. (you / live) in Beijing?y. No, I (not), I live in Shanghai.

    x. What (you / do)?y. Im an accountant . I (work) for Coca-Cola.x. (you / travel) a lot?y. No, (I / not) at least not very often.

    5. Look at Exercise 4 again and ask and answer questions about Y in the 3rdperson:

    e.g. Where doesYcome from?

    6. Open the brackets and put the verbs in eithersimple present or present continuous.Note that verbs describing perception, states, beliefs, or which make a declaration

    are never, or rarely, used in the continuous aspect.

    1. We (think) of opening another office in Bucharest shortly. We (think) this willhelp us to improve our performance in Romania.2. Our records (show) that you (owe) us 1,000.3. CIF (mean) that insurance is included in the quotation.4. The consignment (measure) 2 x 1 x 15 and (weigh) 50 kilos.5. Our marketing people (try) to find a brand name that (sound) natural andsophisticated.6. I (taste) our new instant coffee and I (be) very pleased: it (taste) better than theolder one.7. Ms. Brown (not seem) to be in the office.8. I (not / know) what time Ill be with you, it (depend) on the traffic.9. I (agree) that payment terms should be changed; I (suggest) a 2.5% reduction.10. We (confirm) that we (spend) some weeks studying the German market.11. What trends (you notice) in this sales chart?12. It (seems) that stative verbs are not normally used in the progressive.

    7. Complete this news item with suitable verbs from the margin. It concerns the present time.treathelpapproach

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    playDANCING YEASTBritish gardeners to their plants, so why shouldnt some Japanesebakers music for their bread? Shikishima Banking Co., in Nagoya, that classical music to dance and up the taste ofits white bread. The bakery its dough in a freezer, then inBeethoven for three days to give the yeast a dash of verve. It the

    bread Pasco Adagio because, says Yukichi Minowa, Shikishimas salesmanager, the yeast slow, adagio-type music. It the breadmore body and a sweeter taste, he .Sake brewers are joining the fad. Ohara Shuzo brewery, in Fukushumaprefecture, its fermenting Kura Shikku (Classic) sake to Mozarttwice a day Music the microorganisms in yeast from dying, saysFumiko Ohara of the brewery. What next? Will Frank Sinatra wander thevineyards of Bordeaux, singing his great hits as the harvest ? Itshould be a very good year.

    8.Look back at Exercise 7 and ask a few questions about the text.e.g.How do British gardeners treat their plants? OrWho(m) do British gardeners talk to?

    9. A. Think about the way of life of people in Romania: how life is organize; education,customs, etc.Make generalisations about the groups below using verbs in the Simple Present and

    the generalising phrases from the box whenever appropiate:

    Example: Childrengo to school at the age of seven.Many people In general Most families Generally speaking Children On the whole The rich As a rule The poor usually The famous generally Young people never Old people Most women (Most) students You may add other categories.

    9. B. Then use these ideas to ask your foreign colleagues about their way of life.

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    Example: What do students usually do at weekends?9. C.1. Write five generalisations about the inhabitants of five different countries. Do notname the country and do not write about your own nationality.

    9. C.2.Now exchange lists with your partner, then with the entire class; try to guess whichnationalities they have written about. Discuss how true these generalisations are.

    10. Choose the correct form, simple or continuous, to give meaning to the dialogue below:John: Mike, what.(do you do / are you doing)Mike: I (read / am reading) a report on stress. According to this, life becomes / isbecoming) too stressful for some people. Scientists (just develop / are justdeveloping) a test to see what kind of personality responds to certain situationsinvolving stress.Speaking of stress, you know that man Woods (is moving / moves) to advertising.John: Yes, what about him?Mike: Well, he (is going / goes) to hospital for a check up tomorrow. Apparently he never

    (leaves / is leaving) the office before ten oclock every night. I hope we (dont get /arent getting) like that! I (work / am working) hard myself, but I certainly (know /am knowing) when to stop.John: I cant agree less, you know: All work and no play (makes / is making) Jack a dullboy.

    11. A colleague of yoursisters keeps telephoning her, but she doesnt want to speak to him,

    so she asked you to save her each time he rings.

    Use the verbs in brackets in the right form of the present tense, simple or continuous:1. Sorry I cant hear very well, Jean (use) the hairdryer. Just a moment. She (say) Coud you call back later?2. Im sorry, but she cant come to the phone. She (paint) her nails.3. Im sorry, but youve just missed her. She (go) to a Business English course onFriday evenings.4. Im sorry, but she isnt back yet. She (usually come) home at about 10oclock.5. Yes, shes back, but she (have) a bath. Hm. I know she had a shower earlier.She (always have) a shower before she (go) out and a bath before she(go) to bed. She (say) it (help) her to sleep.6. She (be) still in the bathroom, Im afraid, I think I can hear music, so Isuppose she (listen) to cassettes.7. Im terribly sory, but shes probably asleep by now. Yes, youre right its stillearly, but she (get up) at seven oclock so she always (go) to bed beforeeleven. Shall I ask her to call you tomorrow?

    12. Put the verbs in brackets in the present tense, simple or continuous, according tomeaning:

    a) This house, said the real estate salesman, (have)both its good points and its badpoints. To show you I (be) honest, Im going to tell you about both. Thedisadvantages (be) that there (be) a chemical plant one block south and astaughterhouse a block north.

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    What (be) the advantages? inquired the prospectivebuyer.The advantage (be) that you (can) always tell which way the wind (blow).b) Ive invented a computer thats almost human.You (mean) it (think)?No. But whenever it (make) a mistake it (can)put the blame on another computer.

    c) Two cangaroos were talking to each other and one said, I (hope) it (not rain)today, I just (hate) it when the children (play) inside.

    13. Talk about present actions (general, in progress and which started in the past, using the


    Model: A.Do you learn every day?B. Yes, I do.A.Are you learning (now)? or What are you doing (now)?B. Yes,I am, orIm learning at maths.A.How long have you been learning at maths?B. Oh, for two mouns, since I came back to the motel.

    Prompts:1. Watch television.2. Live at the motel.3. a) work on a report; b) in the laboratory.4. Study for the exams.5. Play basketball.6. Listen to music.7. Write letters.8. Think a) you have a gift for languages; b) of your future profession.9. See films10. Know a) him; b) statistics.(Note that verbs to think [meaning: a crede], to see, to know, do not take thecontinuous).

    14.Join the sentences with since or for plus a time expression to show that the presentaction started in the past and has been going on for some time now:1. Economic needs and priorities have always changed. They are still changing.2. When expert systems were developed, software grew more mature, but itsmaturity is a long way off.3. I first met Laura in September 1994, when we both came to ASE and we madefriends at once; we decided to share everything together and weve kept ourword.4. As a manager, I have to work quite long hours; I am used to it now. It was moredifficult at first, when I got this job.5. Understanding needs, finding solutions: this is how Alcatel constantly opens newpaths to progress in each country where it operates. This has always been itsmission.6. I am working at the computer and I am in a hurry to finish since I started earlymorning.7. She is busy e-mailing my report at the moment; I asked her to do it a couple ofminutes ago.

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    15. Put the verbs in brackets into the present perfect or the present perfect continuous tense.

    In some cases both could be used.

    1. We (walk) ten miles. 2. How long you (walk)? 3. We (walk) for three hours. 4.What you (do)? We (develop) a new computer system. 5. How many errors you(pick out)? We (pick out) ten errors. 6. I (test) every computer in this centre and

    I dont like any of them. 7. Since when he (sleep)? 8. He (sleep) since tenoclock. Its time he woke up. 9. What a lovely smell ! Mary (make) apple pie.10. The students (work) very well this term. 11. I only (hear) from him twicesince he went away. 12. I (hear) from her regularly. She is a very goodcorrespondent. 13. I (work) for him for ten years and he never once (say) Goodmorning to me. 14. He (teach) in this school for five years. 15. I (teach)hundreds of students but I never (meet) such a brilliant class as this. 16. Why you(be) so long in the garage? The tyres were flat. I (pump) them up. 17. I (pump)up three tyres. Would you like to do the fourth?

    16. Fill in the blanks with suitable verbs in the right tense: present perfect or present simple

    or co