04 persian empire and persian wars

  • View
    338

  • Download
    1

Embed Size (px)

Text of 04 persian empire and persian wars

  • The Persian Empire and Persian WarsPersia vs. Greece

  • The Extent of the Persian Empire

  • The Religions of PersiaZoroastrianism Zoroaster, a Persian prophet Struggle between evil and good, all are involved Monotheistic: Ahura Mazda Popular amongst Roman militaryJudaism

  • Remember Cyrus?Developed a vast Persian EmpireFirst emperor of PersiaConquered the Ionian Greeks

  • Cyrus LegaciesReligious ToleranceCyrus honored local religious customsWelcomed Jews to return to JerusalemCivility Armies did not loot conquestsKind toward conquered peoples

  • After CyrusDarius seizes throne in 522 BCECrushed revoltsExpands empire into Greece, farther into Egypt, farther north into central Europe

  • Key Player: Darius Under Darius Ionian Greeks rebelled against Persia to gain independenceAthens helped the Ionian Greeks by sending aidPersia stopped the Ionian rebels and wanted revenge on Athens for interfering with their personal business

  • Ionians lived here

  • As we read the selection, The Persian Wars, think about the causes of the wars, the important leaders and battles, and the effects of the wars.

  • The First Persian War: 491-490 BCE

  • Killing the messenger

  • Hoplite

  • Phalanx

  • Pheidippides running from Marathon

  • The Second Persian War 480-479 BCE

  • Xerxes

  • King Leonidas of Sparta at the battle of Thermopylae

  • Battle of Salamis

  • Battle of Plataea

  • The Aftermath: Effects of the WarBoth Athens and Sparta claim credit for victory over Persia = led to problemsSparta was still very weak after ThermopylaeAthens emerges as the most powerful city-state (bully)Athens creates the Delian League (alliance with other city states to protect themselves if Persia ever returns)Athens rebuilds their city-state better than ever, and they experience a GOLDEN AGE.