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The Persian Wars. The Persian Empire Cyrus the Great

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The Persian Wars Slide 2 The Persian Empire Cyrus the Great Slide 3 The Persian Empire Cyrus the Great ~ The Rise of Persia (559 530 BCE) Led Persians in revolt against Medes (ca. 550 BCE) Conquered Babylonian Empire (539 BCE) Establishes the greatest empire in the world to date! Slide 4 The Persian Empire Slide 5 Cambyses ~ son of Cyrus (530 522 BCE) Conquers Egypt (525 BCE) A drunken lunatic? Problem ishow to rule such a huge empire? The Persian Empire Slide 6 Darius I (also the Great) Slide 7 The Persian Empire Darius I (the Great) ~ 522 486 BCE Organized empires provinces Kept provincial governors under control Maintained communication throughout empire Slide 8 The Persian Empire Darius I (the Great) ~ 521 485 BCE Policy of tolerance toward peoples customs and religions Kept local rulers in power Worked hard for economic prosperity King as divine Slide 9 The Persian Wars Main factors: Persian expansion into Western Asia Minor Athens holds land in this area, and is concerned about threats to its grain route Ionian Greeks revolt (499 BCE) Slide 10 The First Persian War Battle of Marathon (490 BCE) Slide 11 The Persian Empire Xerxes ~ 485 465 BCE Son of Darius Prepared huge fleet and army to punish the Greeks Slide 12 The Second Persian War 480 479 BCE Greek League Athenian leader Themistocles recommends building up navy Slide 13 The Second Persian War Important battles & events Crossing the Hellespont Battle of Thermopylae Athens is sacked & burned Battle of Salamis Battle of Plataea Slide 14 The Second Persian War Slide 15 The Persian Wars: Results Greek pride, sense of accomplishment; country secure to continue its development Expansion of Athenian power Barrier between Greece & the Near East

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