Expansion of the Persian Empire
• This is a picture of the Persian capital, Persepolis.
The Ionian Revolt
• This is a relief of the Persian king Darius I.
• Subjects had to pay annual tribute to the king
• The Ionians revolted against Darius.
• Many Greek City-States aided the Ionians with supplies.
• Darius decided the Greeks needed to pay for their acts of war.
The Battle of Marathon
• This is the Battle of Marathon.
• Darius brought the might of the huge Persian Empire to take over all of Greece
• The Greeks are in Red and the Persians in blue.
• The Greek leader Miltades learned the Persians had sent their cavalry ahead to Athens.
• The Persians were defeated at Marathon and forced to turn around and go back to Persia.
• A runner ran 26 miles from Marathon to Athens to spread the news, “Nike!” which means “victory!”
Return of the Persians
• Darius passes away before he can complete raising the Persian Army to attack Greece again.
• His son, Xerxes, picked up where his father left off. He was raised to defeat the Greeks.
• Athens and Sparta again worked together; Athens led the Navy and Sparta the army.
The Battle of Thermopylae
• This is a drawing of the Battle of Thermopylae.
• The Persians are not in ranks and the Greeks are in the Phalanx formation.
• The Spartan led army stands its ground until it is eventually defeated.
The Battle of Salamis
• The is the naval battle of Salamis.
• The Athenian led navy defeats the Persian Navy.