JUJ Pahang SPM 2014 Biology K1 Set 2

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    INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES

    1. This question paper consists of two questions. Answer al l questions.

    2. Answer all the questions.

    3. Answer each question by blackening the correct space on the answer sheet.

    4. Blacken only one space for each question.

    5. If you wish to change your answer, erase the blackened mark that you have made. Then

    blacken the space for the new answer.

    6. The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale stated.

    7. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.

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    1 Diagram 1 shows the structure of an animal cell.

    Rajah 1 menunjukkan struktur satu sel haiwan.

    Diagram 1

    Rajah 1

    What is organelle X ?

    Apakah organel X ?

    A Nucleus B Centriol

    Nukleus Sentriol

    C Ribosom D Mitochondrion

    Ribosom Mitokondrion

    2. The following informations shows the organs in the human body.

    Maklumat berikut menunjukkan organ-organ dalam badan manusia.

    Which system consists of the organs?

    Sistem manakah yang mengandungi organ-organ berikut?

    A Excretory system B Digestive system

    Sistem perkumuhan Sistem pencernaan

    C Reproductive system D Respiratory system

    Sistem pembiakan Sistem respirasi

    Oesophagus Esofagus

    Stomach Perut

    Small intestineUsus kecil

    X

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    3.

    4.

    Diagram 2 is a plasma membrane.

    Rajah 2 adalah membran plasma.

    Diagram 2

    Rajah 2

    What is structure labelled X ?

    Apakah struktur berlabel X ?

    A Cholesterol B Carrier protein

    Kolesterol Protein pembawa

    C Pore protein D Phospholipid

    Protein berliang Fosfolipid

    Diagram 3 shows the movement of molecule P across the plasma membrane by

    process Q.

    Rajah 3 menunjukkan pergerakan molekul P merentasi membran plasma melalui

    proses Q.

    Diagram 3

    Rajah 3

    What is process Q? Apakah proses Q?

    A Osmosis

    Osmosis

    B Simple diffusion

    Resapan ringkas

    C Facilitated diffusion

    Resapan berbantu

    D Active transport Pengangkutan aktif

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    5. Which of the following represents the hydrolysis of triglycerides?

    Antara berikut manakah mewakili hidrolisis trigliserida?

    A Glycerol + Fatty acid Triglycerides

    Gliserol + Asid lemak Trigliserida

    B . Glycerol + Fatty acids Triglycerides + WaterGliserol + Asid lemak Trigliserida + Air

    C. Triglycerides Glycerol + Fatty acids

    Trigliserida Gliserol + Asid lemak

    D. Triglycerides + Water Glycerol + Fatty acids

    Trigliserida + Air Gliserol + Asid lemak

    6. Diagram 4 shows the optimum pH of an enzyme P in its reaction. Rajah 4 menunjukkan pH optimum suatu enzim P dalam tindak balasnya.

    Diagram 4

    Rajah 4

    What is enzyme P?

    Apakah enzim P?

    A Pepsin

    Pepsin

    B Rennin

    Renin

    C Salivary amylase

    Amilase liur

    D Trypsin

    Tripsin

    Rate of reaction / Kadar tindak balas

    Enzim P / Enzim P

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    7. Which of the following cells is the product of meiosis?

    Sel yang manakah adalah hasil meiosis?

    A C

    B . D

    8. Which of the following is not a characteristic of mitosis?

    Manakah di antara berikut bukan ciri mitosis?

    A Its result in genetic variations

    Ia menghasilkan variasi genetik

    B Mitosis is important for replacing dead cell

    Mitosis penting untuk menggantikan sel yang mati

    C Damaged cells can be replaced by production of identical new cells

    Sel yang tercedera boleh digantikan dengan penghasilan sel baru yang serupa

    D New cells produced are used for growth of multicellular organisms

    Sel baru yang terbentuk digunakan untuk pertumbuhan dalam organisma multisel

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    9. What are the products of light reaction of photosynthesis?

    Apakah hasil tindak balas cahaya fotosintesis?

    I Water / A ir

    II Glucose / Glukosa

    III Oxygen / Oksigen IV Carbon dioxide / Karbon dioksida

    A I and II B I and III

    I dan II I dan III

    C II and III D III and IV

    II dan III III dan IV

    10 . Diagram 5 shows gaseous exchange between alveolus and blood capillaries.

    Rajah 5 menunjukkan pertukaran gas antara alveolus dan kapilari darah.

    Diagram 5/ Rajah 5

    At which position of the blood capillary does the blood have the lowest

    concentration of oxygen?

    Pada kedudukan kapilari darah manakah darah mempunyai kepekatan oksigen

    yang paling rendah?

    A R B S

    C T D U

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    11 . Diagram 6 shows barnacles on the shell of a crab.

    Rajah 6 menunjukkan teritip yang terdapat pada cengkerang seekor ketam.

    Diagram 6

    Rajah 6

    What is the interaction between the barnacles and the crab?

    Apakah jenis interaksi antara teritip dan ketam itu?

    A Parasitism / Parasitisme

    B Mutualism / Mutualisme

    C Saprophytism / Saprofitisme

    D Commensalism / Komensalisme

    12 . Diagram 7 shows a food web.

    Rajah 7 menunjukkan suatu siratan makanan.

    Diagram 7

    Rajah 7

    Which organism is a secondary consumer?

    Organisma manakah merupakan pengguna sekunder?

    Barnacles / Teritip

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    A Fox and mice

    Musang dan tikus

    B Fox and rabbit

    Musang dan arnab

    C Fox and bird Musang dan burung

    D Bird and grasshopper

    Burung dan belalang

    13. Diagram 7 shows the respiratory system of an insect.

    Rajah 7 menunjukkan sistem respirasi bagi sejenis serangga.

    Diagram 7

    Rajah 7

    Which of the following is represented by M, N and O ?

    Manakah yang berikut diwakili oleh M, N dan O ?

    M N O

    A Trachea

    Trakea

    Tracheole

    Trakeol

    Spiracle

    Spirakel

    B Tracheole

    Trakeol

    Trachea

    Trakea

    Spiracle

    Spirakel

    C Spiracle

    Spirakel

    Tracheole

    Trakeol

    Trachea

    Trakea

    D Spiracle

    Spirakel

    Trachea

    Trakea

    Tracheole

    Trakeol

    M

    N

    O

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    14 . Structure X shown in Diagram 8 exists in veins.

    Struktur X yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 8 wujud dalam vena.

    Diagram 8

    Rajah 8

    It has the function of

    Ia mempunyai fungsi

    A causing the blood to flow downwards to the feet

    menyebabkan darah mengalir ke bawah ke bahagian kaki

    B preventing backflow of blood on its way back to the heart

    menghalang pengaliran balik darah dalam perjalanan pulang ke jantung

    C ensuring the muscles around it contract to squeeze the blood back to the heart

    memastikan otot di sekitarnya mengecut untuk menolak darah balik ke jantung

    D pulsating in rhythm with the heartbeat as blood flows through it

    berdenyut seirama dengan degupan jantung semasa darah mengalir melaluinya

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    15 . Which of the following bones is formed by the fusion of four bones?

    Antara tulang yang berikut, manakah yang terbentuk daripada gabungan empat

    tulang?

    A C

    B . D

    16. Diagram 9 shows the structure of nephrone.

    Rajah 9 menunjukkan satu struktur nefron.

    Diagram 9

    Rajah 9

    What is X?

    Apakah X?

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    A Loop of Henle

    Liku Henle

    B Collecting duct

    Duktus pengumpul

    C Distal convulated tubuleTubul berlingkar Distal

    D Proximal convulated tubule

    Tubul berlingkar Proksimal

    17 . Diagram shows three types of neurons.

    Rajah menunjukkan tiga jenis neuron .

    Which of the following neurones are named correctly ?

    Manakah antara neuron berikut yang dinamakan dengan betul ?

    P Q R

    AInterneurone

    Interneuron

    Efferent neurone

    Neuron eferen

    Afferent neurone

    Neuron aferen

    BEfferent neurone

    Neuron efer