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Persian Wars. Part 1. Introduction. Persian War. At beginning of 5th BCE the Greek City-States faced a serious threat, invasion by the Persians. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Persian Wars

  • Persian WarsPart 1

  • Introduction

  • Persian WarAt beginning of 5th BCE the Greek City-States faced a serious threat, invasion by the Persians.Persia was the largest of all the near eastern-empires (ranging from Egypt to India and the Persian Gulf to the Black Sea).

  • Persian WarsMighty Empire of Persia (Iran) controls much of the Middle East and the Mediterranean. Can you find Greece?

  • Where to go next.?

  • Persian WarsMighty Persian EmpireVersusGreeks Small, scattered independent city-states that fought each other = weak and obviously easy pickingsJust need an excuse to attack.

  • Persian maps/map_miletus.jpg City of Miletus tired of being under Persian controlTries to join Greeks. Persians furious and attackGreeceMiletusAthens decides to help, destroys Persian fleet

  • Persian WarsGreeceMiletusPersians furious at loss, but happy with thoughts of using revenge as an excuse to take over Greeks.

  • Persian WarsPersian leader, Darius, sends huge Persian naval fleet of 600 vessels to attack and destroy Athens.

    Persian navy hit by huge storm..loses over fleet!?!Darius You Greeks are lucky, well get you!Athens Sea Gods are on our side!'71.jpg

  • Persian WarsTakes Darius 2 more years to build another fleet to send..

  • Persian Wars

  • Persian WarsMeanwhile.Darius demands that all Greek city-states apologize.Sends messengers to each city-state to collect Earth & WaterAs a symbol of their submission.Most Greek Polis, fearful of Dariuss wrath, agree

    EarthWater+But not all..Who do you think will refuse?

  • Persian WarsSpartans consider Persian messengers requestAndDecide to throw him into a deep well.Theres your earth and water!


  • Persian Wars furious.sends another 600 ships

  • Persian WarsPersians attack at the Plains of Marathon, near Athens

  • Persian WarsPlains of Marathon

  • Persian WarsAthenians see the huge amount of ships and panic.Send a runner (Pheidippides) from the plains of Marathon to Sparta (125kms one way) to request help. Spartans agree.

    Pheidippides runs back to warn Athenians.Does all this in 2 days. (250kms total!!!) Pheidippides arrives, gives message, collapses and dies.Today, the sport of Marathon running continues!

  • Persian Wars~ The Battle of Marathon


  • Persian Wars

  • Persian WarsAthenians: Heavily outnumberedNo cavalryNo archersNo allied support for many days.What to do? What to do.?ATTACK!Surprised the PersiansAndUsed flanking manoeuvre to force PersiansInto middle and be surrounded.

  • Persian Wars

  • Another view

  • Persian WarsAthenians win.BIG TIME!6400+ Persians killedVs192 Athenians.Remaining Persians flee to safety of ships

  • Persian Wars

  • Persian WarsThe Persians are frustrated with what?They decide to sail towards Athens.Meanwhile, Athenian soldiers trot back to city to celebrate successWhen Persians arrive at city and see the same winning army,They head back home in despair, not willing to fight same killers again.

    192 dead buried in ceremonial funeral mound which isstill there today!

  • Persian Wars

  • Persian Wars

  • Persian WarsThe Battle of the Marathon Plains is over.But.....The war with the Persians isnt

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