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THE ABILITY OF READING RECOUNT TEXT OF THE EIGHTH …dari tes bahasa Inggris seperti tes sumatif, tes mid ataupun tes formatif adalah berbentuk bacaan. Meskipun kegiatan membaca sering

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    THE ABILITY OF READING RECOUNT TEXT OF THE

    EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS OF MTs NURUL HUDA

    KALIWUNGU KUDUS IN ACADEMIC YEAR 2013/2014

    TAUGHT BY USING TWO STAY TWO STRAY

    By:

    MARIA ULFAH

    2009-32-124

    ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT

    TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION FACULTY

    MURIA KUDUS UNIVERSITY

    2013

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    THE ABILITY OF READING RECOUNT TEXT OF THE

    EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS OF MTs NURUL HUDA

    KALIWUNGU KUDUS IN ACADEMIC YEAR 2013/2014

    TAUGHT BY USING TWO STAY TWO STRAY

    SKRIPSI

    Presented to the University of Muria Kudus

    in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Completing the Sarjana Program

    in English Education

    By:

    Maria Ulfah

    NIM 2009-32-124

    ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT

    TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION FACULTY

    MURIA KUDUS UNIVERSITY

    2013

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    MOTTO AND DEDICATION

    MOTTO:

    “There is a will, there is a way.”

    “Don’t wait until tomorrow what you can do today, because tomorrow may be

    too late”

    “Do not assume any constraint as an obstacle, but look as the challenging

    opportunities.”

    DEDICATION:

    I dedicate this research to:

    Allah SWT

    My beloved Parents

    My beloved Brothers and Sisters

    My Nephew

    My close Friend, especially in Course E class

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    ADVISORS’ APPROVAL

    This is to certify that the Sarjana Skripsi of Maria Ulfah has been approved by the

    Skripsi advisors for further approval by the Examining Committee.

    Kudus, September 2013

    Advisor I

    Drs. Suprihadi, M.Pd

    NIP. 19570616 198403 1 015

    Advisor II

    Nuraeningsih, S.Pd, M.Pd

    NIS. 0610701000001201

    Acknowledged by:

    The Faculty of Teacher Training and Education

    Dean,

    Dr. Slamet Utomo, M.Pd

    NIP. 19621219 198703 1 001

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    EXAMINERS’ APPROVAL

    This is to certify that the Skripsi of Maria Ulfah (2009-32-124) has been approved by

    the Examining Committee as a requirement for the Sarjana Degree of English

    Education

    Kudus, September 2013

    Skripsi Examining Committee:

    Drs. Suprihadi, M.Pd Chairperson

    NIP. 19570616 198403 1 015

    Nuraeningsih, S.Pd, M.Pd Member

    NIS. 0610701000001201

    Drs. Muh Syafei, M.Pd Member

    NIP. 19620413 198803 1 002

    Atik Rokhayani, S.Pd, M.Pd Member

    NIS. 0610701000001207

    Acknowledged by

    The Faculty of Teacher Training and Education

    Dean,

    Dr. Slamet Utomo, M.Pd

    NIP. 19621219 198703 1 001

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    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

    Thanks God for the blessing, mercy and compassionate given to the writer, so

    that the writer can accomplish this final project entitled “The Ability of Reading

    Recount Text of the Eighth Grade Students of MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus in

    the Academic Year 2013/2014 Taught by Using Two Stay Two Stray.”

    The writer realizes that she is not able to complete herfinal project without

    support, advice, and encouragement for many people. Therefore, the writer would

    like to express her sincerest gratitude, to those who are directly or indirectly involved

    in the completion of this final project.

    1. Dr. Slamet Utomo, M.Pd as the Dean of Teacher Training and education Faculty

    of Muria Kudus University.

    2. Diah Kurniati, M.Pd as the Head of English education Department of Teacher

    Training and education Faculty of Muria Kudus University.

    3. Drs. Suprihadi, M.Pd as the first advisor who has given guidance, correction, and

    suggestion wisely in accomplishing this research.

    4. Nuraeningsih, S.Pd, M.Pd as the second advisor who has given guidance,

    correction, and suggestion wisely in accomplishing this research.

    5. Zaenuri, S.Pd.I as the principle of MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus who has

    given the writer a permission and support to do the research.

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    6. Anida Dina Alaiya, S.Pd as the English teacher of MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu

    Kudus who has given the writer advice and help in accomplishing this final

    project.

    7. The eighth grade students of MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus.

    8. Her beloved mother, father, sisters, brothers and nephew for their love, support

    and patience.

    9. Her friends, especially for Heny, Fila, Ian, Arik, Zulfan, Astikha, Candra, Erni and

    Vios.

    10. All her friends that the writer can’t be mentioned one by one.

    Kudus, September 2013

    Maria Ulfah

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    ABSTRACT

    Ulfah, Maria. 2013. The Ability of Reading Recount Text of the Eighth Grade

    Students of MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus in Academic Year 2013/2014

    Taught by Using Two Stay Two Stray.Skripsi: English Education Department,

    Teacher Training and Education Faculty, Muria Kudus University. Advisor:

    (i) Drs. Suprihadi, M.Pd (ii) Nuraeningsih, S.Pd, M.Pd

    Key words: Reading Ability, Two Stay Two Stray

    Reading is one of four skills in English. Reading is taught more often than the

    other language skills Most English test such as in the summative test, mid test or

    formative test is in the form of readings. Even though reading is `dominant in English

    classroom, the result of students’ reading text is still unsatisfactory and many students

    fail. In this case the teacher should use appropriate method or strategy to make the

    students more interest and active in the classroom. Two stay Two Stray is one of

    strategy that can be used by the teacher in teaching English. It hopefully can improve

    the students’ reading ability.

    The objective of the research is to know whether there is a significant

    difference between the ability of reading recount text of the eighth grade students of

    MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus in the academic year 2013/2014 before and after

    being taught by using Two Stay Two Stray.

    This research was an experimental research. The writer used one group with

    pretest and posttest. The population of the research was the eighth grade students of

    MtsNurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus in academic year 2013/2014 in first semester. The

    writer took class VIII E as the sample. The writer used recount text as the materials.

    The data were collected through written test (multiple choices).

    The result of the this research shows that the ability of reading recount text of

    the eighth grade students of MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus in academic year

    2013/2014 before taught by using Two Stay Two stray is categorized “sufficient” by

    the average score is 57.19 and the standard deviation is 7.12. Meanwhile,the ability of

    reading recount text of the eighth grade students of MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu

    Kudus in academic year 2013/2014 after taught by using Two Stay Two stray is

    categorized “good” by the average score is 76.80 and the standard deviation is 3.64.

    The hypothesis of the research that states that there is a significant difference between

    the ability of reading recount text of the eighth grade students of MTs Nurul Huda

    Kaliwungu Kudus in the academic year 2013/2014 before and after being taught by

    using Two Stay Two Stray is confirmed, it can be seen from the calculation of t-test,

    with the level significance 0.05 and degree of freedom (df) 35 showed that the data of

    t table (tt) is 2.04 and t observation (t0) is 13.40. The result is to > tt (t observation is

    greater than t table), so to falls into critical region.

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    The conclusion of the research shows that there is a significant difference

    between the ability of reading recount text of the eighth grade students of MTs Nurul

    Huda Kaliwungu Kudus in the academic year 2013/2014 before and after being

    taught by using Two Stay Two Stray. Because the use of Two Stay Two Stray in

    teaching reading recount text shows good result, so the writer suggests to the English

    teacher of junior high school to use Two Stay Two Stray as one of strategy to teach

    reading skill.

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    ABSTRAK

    Ulfah, Maria. 2013. Kemampuan Membaca Teks Recount Siswa Kelas Delapan MTs

    Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus Tahun Pelajaran 2013/2014 Diajarkan dengan

    Menggunakan Two Stay Two Stray. Skripsi. Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris,

    Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Muria Kudus.

    Pembimbing: (i) Drs. Suprihadi, M.Pd (ii) Nuraeningsih, S.Pd, M.Pd

    Kata Kunci: Kemampuan membaca, Two Stay Two Stray.

    Membaca merupakan salah satu dari empat kemampuan yang diajarkan dalam

    bahasa Inggris. Kemampuan membaca merupakan kemampuan yang lebih banyak

    diajarkan dibandingkan dengan kemampuan berbahasa yang lainnya.. Kebanyakan

    dari tes bahasa Inggris seperti tes sumatif, tes mid ataupun tes formatif adalah

    berbentuk bacaan. Meskipun kegiatan membaca sering diajarkan di ruang kelas

    bahasa Inggris, hasil penilaian terhadap kemampuan siswa dalam membaca teks

    masih kurang dan mereka dinyatakan gagal. Oleh sebab itu, guru seharusnya

    menggunakan metode atau strategi yang sesuai untuk membuat siswa lebih tertarik

    dan aktif dikelas. Two stay Two Stray merupakan salah satu strategi yang dapat

    digunakan guru dalam mengajarkan bahasa Inggris. Strategi tersebut diharapkan

    mampu meningkatkan kemampuan membaca siswa.

    Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui apakah ada perbedaan yang

    signifikan dalam kemampuan membaca teks recount siswa kelas VIII MTs Nurul

    Huda Kaliwungu Kudus pada tahun akademik 2013/2014 yang diajar dengan tanpa

    menggunakan Two Stay Two Stray dan mereka yang diajar dengan menggunakan

    Two Stay Two Stray.

    Rancangan penelitian ini adalah penelitian eksperimen. Penulis

    menggunakan satu grup dengan memberikan pre-tes dan post-tes. Populasi yang

    digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa kelas VIII MTs Nurul Huda

    Kaliwungu Kudus pada tahun ajaran 2013/2014 pada semester pertama. Penulis

    mengambil kelas VIII E sebagai sampel. Penulis menggunakan teks recount sebagai

    materi penelitian. Data dikumpulkan melalui tes tertulis (pilihan ganda).

    Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan membaca teks recount

    siswa kelas delapan MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus pada tahun ajaran 2013/2014

    sebelum diajar menggunakan Two Stay Two Stray di kategorikan cukup dengan nilai

    rata-rata 57.19 dan standar deviasi 7.12. Sedangkan kemampuan membaca teks

    recount siswa kelas delapan MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus pada tahun ajaran

    2013/2014 setelah diajar menggunakan Two Stay Two Stray di kategorikan bagus

    dengan nilai rata-rata 76.80 dan standar deviasi 3.64. hipotesis penelitian yang

    menyatakan bahwa ada perbedaan yang signifikan antara kemampuan membaca teks

    recount siswa kelas delapan MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus tahun ajaran

    2013/2014 sebelum dan sesudah diajar dengan menggunakan Two Stay Two Stray

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    diterima, ini dapat dilihat dari perhitungan t-tes pada tingkat signifikansi 0.05 dan

    derajat kebebasan 35 yang menunjukkan bahwa t tabel 2.04 dan t observasi 13.04.

    hasilnya adalah to > tt ( t observasi lebih besar dari pada t tabel), sehingga t observasi

    jatuh pada daerah kritis.

    Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa ada perbedaan yang

    signifikan antara kemampuan membaca teks recount siswa kelas delapan MTs Nurul

    Huda Kaliwungu Kudus tahun ajaran 2013/2014 sebelum dan sesudah diajar dengan

    menggunakan Two Stay Two Stray Dikarenakan penggunaan strategi Two Stay Two

    Stray dalam pengajaran membaca teks recount menunjukkan hasil yang bagus,

    penulis menyarankan kepada guru-guru Bahasa Inggris SMP untuk menggunakan

    strategi ini dalam melatih kemampuan membaca.

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    COVER ........................................................................................................... i

    LOGO .............................................................................................................. ii

    TITLE ............................................................................................................. iii

    MOTTO AND DEDICATION ...................................................................... iv

    ADVISORS’ APPROVAL ............................................................................ v

    EXAMINERS’ APPROVAL ......................................................................... vi

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ............................................................................. vii

    ABSTRACT .................................................................................................... ix

    ABSTRAK ...................................................................................................... xi

    TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................... xiii

    LIST OF TABLES ......................................................................................... xvi

    LIST OF FIGURES ....................................................................................... xvii

    LIST OF APPENDICES ............................................................................... xviii

    CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

    1.1 Background of the Research ................................................................... 1

    1.2 Statement of the Problems ...................................................................... 5

    1.3 Objective of the Research ....................................................................... 5

    1.4 Significance of the Research .................................................................. 5

    1.5 Scope of the Research ............................................................................. 6

    1.6 Operational Definition ............................................................................ 6

    CHAPTER IIREVIEW TO RELATED LITERATURE AND

    HYPOTHESIS

    2.1 Teaching English in Junior High School ................................................ 8

    2.1.1 Teaching English in MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus ..................... 9

    2.1.2 The Curriculum of Teaching English in MTs Nurul Huda

    Kaliwungu Kudus ................................................................................... 9

    2.1.3 The Purpose of Teaching English in MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu

    Kudus. ..................................................................................................... 11

    2.1.4 The Material of Teaching English in MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu

    Kudus ...................................................................................................... 12

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    2.2 Reading ................................................................................................... 13

    2.2.1 Definition of Reading ............................................................................. 13

    2.2.2 The Purpose of Reading.......................................................................... 14

    2.2.3 The Importance of Reading. ................................................................... 16

    2.3 Recount Text ........................................................................................... 16

    2.3.1 Social Function of Recount Text ............................................................ 16

    2.3.2 Generic Structure of Recount Text ......................................................... 17

    2.3.3 Language Feature of Recount Text......................................................... 17

    2.3.4 Type of Recount Text ............................................................................. 18

    2.4 Two Stay Two Stay Strategy .................................................................. 18

    2.4.1 Definition of Two Stay Two Stray ......................................................... 19

    2.4.2 The Advantages and Disadvantages of Two Stay Two Stray................. 20

    2.5 Teaching Recount Text Using Two Stay Two Stray .............................. 21

    2.6 Review of Previous Research ................................................................. 24

    2.7 Theoretical Framework. .......................................................................... 25

    2.8 Hypothesis .............................................................................................. 26

    CHAPTER III METHOD OF THE RESEARCH

    3.1 Design of the Research ........................................................................... 27

    3.2 Population and Sample ........................................................................... 28

    3.3 Instrument of the Research ..................................................................... 29

    3.4 Data Collecting ....................................................................................... 32

    3.5 Data Analysis .......................................................................................... 33

    CHAPTER IV FINDING OF THE RESEARCH

    4.1 The Ability of Reading Recount Text of The Eighth Grade Students

    of MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus in the Academic Year

    2013/2014 Before Being Taught by Using Two Stay Two Stray ........... 36

    4.2 The Ability of Reading Recount Text of The Eighth Grade Students

    of MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus in the Academic Year

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    2013/2014 After Being Taught by Using Two Stay Two Stray ............. 39

    4.3 Hypothesis Testing ................................................................................. 41

    CHAPTER V DISCUSSION

    5.1 The Ability of Reading Recount Text of The Eighth Grade Students

    of MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus in the Academic Year

    2013/2014 Before Being Taught by Using Two Stay Two Stray ........... 45

    5.2 The Ability of Reading Recount Text of The Eighth Grade Students

    of MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus in the Academic Year

    2013/2014 After Being Taught by Using Two Stay Two Stray ............. 46

    5.3 The Significant Difference of The Ability of Reading Recount Text

    of the Eighth Grade Students of MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus

    in Academic Year 2013/2014 Before and After Being Taught

    by Using Two Stay Two Stray................................................................ 47

    CHAPTER VI CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION

    6.1 Conclusion .............................................................................................. 50

    6.2 Suggestion .............................................................................................. 50

    REFERENCES ............................................................................................... 52

    APPENDICES ................................................................................................ 53

    STATEMENT ................................................................................................. 93

    CURRICULUM VITAE ................................................................................ 94

    `

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    LIST OF TABLES

    Tables Page

    3.1 The criteria of measuring the test score ..................................................... 30

    3.2 The Criteria of Reliability Test .................................................................. 32

    4.1 The Ability of Reading Recount Text of the Eighth Grade Students of

    MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus in the Academic Year 2013/2014

    Before Being Taught by Using Two Stay Two Stray ............................... 37

    4.2 Frequency Distribution of the Ability of Reading Recount Text of the

    Eighth Grade Students of MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus in the

    Academic Year 2013/2014 Before Being Taught by Using Two Stay

    Two Stray .................................................................................................. 38

    4.4 The Ability of Reading Recount Text of the Eighth Grade Students of MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus in the Academic Year 2013/2014

    After Being Taught by Using Two Stay Two Stray.................................. 40

    4.5 Frequency Distribution of the Ability of Reading Recount Text of the Eighth Grade Students of MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus in the

    Academic Year 2013/2014 After Being Taught by Using Two Stay

    Two Stray .................................................................................................. 40

    4.5 The Summary of t-test Result of the Ability of Reading Recount Text

    of the Eighth Grade Students of MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus

    in the Academic Year 2013/2014 Before and After Being Taught by

    Using Two Stay Two Stray ....................................................................... 43

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    LIST OF FIGURES

    Figure Page

    4.1 The Bar Chart of The Ability of Reading Recount Text of The Eighth

    Grade Students of MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus in Academic

    Year 2013/2014 Before Being Taught by Using Two Stay Two Stray .... 38

    4.2 The Bar Chart of The Ability of Reading Recount Text of The Eighth

    Grade Students of MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus in Academic

    Year 2013/2014 After Being Taught by Using Two Stay Two Stray ....... 41

    4.3 The Curve of t-test result of eighth grade students of MTs Nurul Huda

    Kaliwungu Kudus in academic year 2013/2014 ....................................... 43

    .

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    LIST OF APPENDICES

    Appendices Page

    1. The Syllabus of First Semester of Eighth Students of MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus in Academic Year 2013/2014 ..................................... 54

    2. The Lesson Plan of Teaching English Reading Recount Text Using Two Stay Two Stray ................................................................................. 57

    3. The Table Specification of the Ability of Reading Recount Text of the Eighth Grade Students of MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus in

    Academic Year 2013/2014........................................................................ 71

    4. The Item Test of Try-out, Pretest and Posttest of the Ability of Reading Recount Text of the Eighth Grade Students of MTs Nurul

    Huda Kaliwungu Kudus in Academic Year 2013/2014............................ 72

    5. The Key Answer of the Ability of Reading Recount Text of the Eighth Grade Students of MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus in Academic

    Year 2013/2014. ....................................................................................... 78

    6. The Tabulation of Reliability of Try Out .................................................. 79 7. The Calculation of Reliability of the Pre Test and Post Test For

    Measuring the Ability of Reading Recount Text of the Eighth Grade

    Students of MTs Nurul Huda Kaliwungu Kudus In Academic Year

    2013/2014 ................................................................................................. 80

    8. Calculation of Mean and Standard Deviation of Pre-Test Score of the Students’ Reading Ability in Recount Text ................................................ 82

    9. Calculation of Mean and Standard Deviation of Pre-Test Score of the Students’ Reading Ability in Recount Text ................................................ 85

    10. The T-test of the Means of Pretest and Posttest Score of the Ability of Reading Recount Text of the Eighth Grade Students of MTs Nurul

    Huda Kaliwungu Kudus in the Academic Year 2013/2014 After

    Taught by Using Two Stay Two Stray ..................................................... 88

    11. The Table Significance at 0.05 ................................................................. 91