DLW varanasi summer training report

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  • Summer training report on

    dieSel locomotive workS varanaSi

    submitted by:- Shubham chaurasiya punjab university

  • introduction DLW, was founded by Late Railway Minister Mr. Lal Bahadur Shastri on 23

    April 1956. It is spread in 300 acres area at Varanasi.

    It is a production unit owned by Indian railways , for which it manufactures dieselelectric locomotives and its spares parts.

    To meet the increased transportation needs of the Indian railways it was established in collaboration with ALCO( American Locomotive Company), USA in 1961.

    DLW rolled out its first locomotive three years later, on January 3, 1964. It manufactures locomotives.

  • Got its first ISO certification in 1997 and ISO-9001 and ISO-14001 in

    December 2002.

    At present the latest locomotive produced by DLW; i.e. WDG 5 has capacity upto 5000 HP & trying to make it 5500 HP.

    It has supplied locomotives to other countries such as Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Tanzania and Vietnam etc.

    DLW is supplying locos to PSUs & Industries Like NTPC, COAL, INDOGULF etc.

  • dieSel electric locomotive In a diesel-electric locomotive, the diesel engine drives an electrical generator or

    alternator whose output provides power to the traction motors. There is no mechanical connection between the engine and the wheels.

  • claSSification of locomotiveSLocos, except the older steam ones, have classification codes that identify them. This code is of the form WDG5A [ gauge ][ power ][load ][ series ][ sub type ]

    the firSt letter (gauge) W- Indian broad gauge Y- meter gauge Z- narrow gauge(2.5 ft) N- narrow gauge (2 ft) the Second letter (motive power) D- Diesel C- DC electric (can run under DC traction only) A- AC electric (can run under AC traction only) CA- Both DC and AC (can run under both AC and DC tractions) B- Battery electric locomotive (rare)

  • the third letter (load type) G-goods P-passenger M-mixed traffic ; both goods and passenger S-Used for shunting U-Electric multiple units (E.M.U.) R-Railcars

    the fourth letter (SerieS) The series digit identifies the horsepower range of the locomotive. Example for the series letter 3 means that the locomotive has power

    over 3000 hp but less than 4000 hp.

    the fifth letter (Subtype) an optional letter or number that indicates some smaller variations in

    the basic model. For ex: A for 100 hp, B for 200 hp and so on..

  • engine diviSion

    1. Engine Erection Shop2. Engine Testing Shop3. Light Machine Shop4. Sub Assembly Shop5. Rotor Shop6. Heat Treatment Shop7. Turbo Section

  • loco diviSion1. Loco Frame Shop2. Pipe Shop3. Truck Machine Shop4. Traction Assembly Shop5. Sheet Metal Shop6. Loco Assembly Shop7. Loco Paint Shop8. Loco Test Shop

  • welding Shop

    Welding is a process which produces joining of materials by heating them to suitable temperatures with or without the application of pressure and with or without the use of filler material.

    Welding is used for making permanent joints.

    It is used in the manufacturing of automobile bodies, aircraft frames, railway wagons, machine frames, structural works, tanks, furniture, boilers, general repair work and ship building.

  • Shielded Metal Arc Welding [SMAW]Submerged Arc Welding [SAW]Gas Shielded Metal Arc Welding [MIG]Flux Cored Arc Welding [FCAW]

    Shielded Metal Arc Welding [SMAW]Submerged Arc Welding [SAW]Gas Shielded Metal Arc Welding [MIG]Flux Cored Arc Welding [FCAW]

    Types Of Welding Used in dlWTypes Of Welding Used in dlW

  • WhaT is sMaW?WhaT is sMaW?

    It is a welding process which joins metals by heating the metals to their melting point with an electric arc set up between the end of a coated metal electrode and the work piece.

    Molten metal droplets and the molten weld are shielded from the atmosphere by the gases produced from the decomposition of the flux coating .

  • saW prOcess principles

    SAW is a welding process which joins metals by heating the metals to their melting point with an electric arc or arcs set up between a bare metal electrode and the job.

    The arc, the end of electrode and molten pool remains completely hidden and are invisible being submerged under a blanket of granular flux.

    The continuously fed bare metal electrode melts and acts as filler rod.

  • SAW Features

    High Productivity, high amperages may be usedEasy to de-slag High QualityDeep penetrationExcellent mechanical propertiesEnvironment friendlyVery little fumeNo radiationEasy operation

    High Productivity, high amperages may be usedEasy to de-slag High QualityDeep penetrationExcellent mechanical propertiesEnvironment friendlyVery little fumeNo radiationEasy operation

  • Gas Metal Arc ( MIG ) Welding

    Uses continuous wire 0.6 2.0 mm as electrode

    Gas shielded, inert or active gas

    Manual, automatic or semi-automatic process

    High productivity

    If the wire feed speed is increased more current is drawn to burn it off .

    Increasing the current increases the arc energy and therefore the heat input. This in turn increases fusion and penetration, wire deposition rate and travel speed.

  • 16

    laser cUTTing-UpTO 4MM

  • 17

    Under WaTer plasMa cUTTing UpTO 16 MM

  • bogie assembly shop

    A bogie is a wheeled wagon or trolley. In mechanics terms, a bogie is a chassis or framework carrying wheels, attached to a vehicle.

    Usually the train floor is at a level above the bogies, but the floor of the car may be lower between bogies.

  • bogie assembly (emD)

    Wheel and Axle assembly. Brake rigging assembly. Traction motor & gear case assembly. Bearing adopter assembly. Final assembly.

  • TracTion moTor Electric motor providing the primary rotational torque of a machine, usually for conversion into linear motion.

    DC series-wound motors, running on approximately 600 volts.

    The availability of high-powered semiconductors such as thyristors has now made practical the use of much simpler, higher-reliability AC induction motors.

  • assembly process:PRESS BULL GEAR ON AXLE.






  • machine shop

    1. Heavy Machine Shop2. Light Machine Shop

  • 1. Conventional machine2. NC machine3. CNC machine

    1. convenTional machine: It is a simple machine which is now an old technique.

    2. numerical conTrol machine: Numerical control is defined as a system in which the actions of the machines

    are controlled by the insertion of the numerical data. In other words number controls the action.

    Types of machines

  • compuTerizeD numerically conTrolleD machine In CNC the control system further energized with a mini computer or a post


    The control unit stores the programmed information of the work piece, the travel limits, collisions zones and the diagnostic information etc. it also gives a feedback to the operator about the current position and distance to be travelled etc.

    CNC machines have the ability to edit or alter the existing program in no time.

  • machines in area b flame cuTTing cnc laser cuTTing

    Steel plates are ultrasonically tested before being precision cut by numerically controlled flame cutting machines or by CNC LASER machine.

    The laser beam is typically 0.2 mm (0.008 in) diameter at the cutting surface with a power of 1000 to 2000 watts.

    Lasers work best on materials such as carbon steel or stainless steels because these are difficult to cut due to their ability to reflect the light as well as absorb and conduct heat. This requires lasers that are more powerful.

  • angular boring machine

  • CNC milliNg maChiNes

    CNC mills can perform the functions of drilling and often turning. CNC Mills are classified according to the number of axes that they possess. A standard manual light-duty mill is typically assumed to have four axes:Table x.Table y.Table z.Milling Head z.

  • lubriCatiNg oil testiNg

    Lubrication is done for better performance of the engine parts. testing is done by checking the circulation of lubricant oil. For rotating parts checking is done by seeing the returning path of the oil

    i.e. checking not only the forward path but also the returning path. RR40 is used as lubricating oil.

    types of testiNg

  • water testiNg

    Water acts as a coolant for moving part of the engine because constant movement or rotation causes various parts to heat up and water working as coolant cooled down the concerned part.

    load testiNg For load testing electrical load is provided to the engine. If there is any

    abnormal sound then the engine is again tested for lubrication so that any flaw which is there can be removed.

  • eNgiNe test operatioN sequeNCe

    Base inspection under screen and fitting ov