OF MALMMAPPING SUSTAINABILITY IN THE MALM DNA
subjectivity is a process- constant becoming
commercial system controls us- passive subjectivity,
a more participary system
meadiator for sustaiable attitudes/valueseasy to get around -
easy and cheap
pluralistic society- multiplicity
interaction, engagement- productive conflict
global issues - local solutions
caotic traficsystemencounters - negotiationtravelling with
solving environmantal issues
technical solutions- not sustainable in itself
we as species are also in danger of becoming extinct
overloaded bus system
After our last presentation I came to think of another text by
Felix Guittari: The Three Ecologies. The text was written in 1989,
when the environmental problems became cur-rent and we were moving
away from the industrial age of production. New post-industrial
territories emerged as the industry became more centralised,
realted to tax payment, competent workforce and airports.
Guittari argued that the commercial system (Integrated World
Capitalim) controls us, but by changing our view on the world, we
wont need them. This change towards sustainability, consists of
both a mental and a social, as well as an environmental part. Three
WATERThe fresh water source is situated outside city borders,
more precisely the inland lake Vombsjn, providing Malm with 80% of
its freshwa-ter.Earlier about 15% of the water came from the Alnarp
valley ground-water. The water was recently considered to hard
(polluted) and is now closed while they try to find out why.
Additional water is brought in from the inland lake Bolmen, through
a new tunnel.
The ground water under Malm is threatened by saltwater intrusion
and industrial pollution above ground. The water is generally not
con-sidered suitable for drinkingwater. Other possible ways of
using the resource, for instance heating, are be-eing
WATER FACTS For the future, will Malm have the necessary
elasticity to provide the city with freshwater, or is it locked in
a limiting position?
WatertowersSdervrn 1916Bothildenborg 1949Oxie 1972Hyllie
The largest groundwater outtake in Malm:ca 1,9 million
WATERUSE1 person uses 180 l / 24h
65 l personal hygiene35 l WC35 l dishwashing25 l laundry10 l
drinking/cooking10 l other
RISING SEA LEVELWorst case scenario, the city must prepare for a
3m rise in sea level.Most of the old city centre and the new
development are within the risk zone.
FLOODED CITYWhy not let the city flood and spend the money on
densifying anddelveloping the rest of the city. Flood barriers
would still have to be builtalong the new shoreline to protect the
city from further erosion. Malm will loose its identity as an
historical city and as the city of tomorrow.
FLOOD CORRIDORSWould it be possible to build a system of new
canals and basins, a series of flood corridors, to avoid big walls
along the shoreline. The water strain would be handled down - not
upwards, keeping Malm in contact with the horizon of the sea. The
basins would be combined with landfills at particularly exposed
CANAL CITYThe public transport net of Malm is pushed to its
limists. There is not room for more busses in the streets, and a
new additinal system is needed.What if the main roads were canals,
connected by the fine net of the smaller streets.
MALM IS AN ISLANDAs is today, Malm is already sorrounded by
Ringvegen. Transforming it to a new vollgrav/canal - a new historic
layer.Controlled city growth, densify the island.
LANDUSEWhat is the potential in the patches of land in and on
the rim of the city centre?What are the potentials for expanding
PRODUCTIVE LANDMalm productive land is shriking. The city is
still sorrounded by farm-land, but the city is eating bigger and
bigger chunks of it. The industrial area in the harbour is about to
be transformed to the city of tomorrow - if the water doesnt
tranform it first.
In this tourist map from 1949 there is farmland all the way in
to the city core. Agriculture was not only surrounding Malm, it was
infiltrated in the city.
GREEN OR INBETWEENThe green in this map is both parks, sports
facilities and even the middle of the Ringroad. Is everything that
isnt anything green? What is the value of the land not labeled for
housing or industry?
FROM NATURE TO CULTURE AND BACKDevelop a set of values to enter
the interstitional zones on the edge of the city. A resource
handeling that consideres more than just getting rid of one
problem. From a pluralistic view on the world and the city, the
urban life and nature exist together, in constant relation to each
other. Nature is not wrapped around the human spehere, there is no
inside/outside. The land-scape of Skne is cultivated all the way
through - by urban or agricultural interventions, but that does not
mean you cant find glimpses of nature, where urbanity cracks.
Looking at water in realtion to the area around Ringvegen, the
environmental water approach could be an importat strat-egy in
creating a new space of connectivity. The new commons.
TWO FRONT WARMalm is fighting a two front war on water, both the
rising sealevel and the ever emerging groundwater. Huge amounts of
potentially valuable groundwater is being pumped out, only to be
released into the sea.Getting back to the average water consumption
on 180 l a day, it is a striking 10 l required for
drinking/cooking. In comparason thirdworld counstries have a total
consumption of 20 l. In order to gain more flexible water
conditions Malm should be less dependent on importing water. If
dealing with the water issues locally, the city could cover some of
the water needs with its own water.
RINGVEGEN WITH CANAL