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Oppgave 3 elasticity

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  • OF MALMMAPPING SUSTAINABILITY IN THE MALM DNA

    MENTAL ECOLOGY

    human subjectivity

    subjectivity is a process- constant becoming

    commercial system controls us- passive subjectivity, conformity

    a more participary system

    meadiator for sustaiable attitudes/valueseasy to get around - freedom

    easy and cheap

    SOCIAL ECOLOGY

    social relations

    pluralistic society- multiplicity

    interaction, engagement- productive conflict

    global issues - local solutions

    conflict

    caotic traficsystemencounters - negotiationtravelling with others, community

    ENVIRONMENTAL ECOLOGY

    environment

    solving environmantal issues

    technical solutions- not sustainable in itself

    we as species are also in danger of becoming extinct

    generating action

    saves CO2

    overloaded bus system

    ISSUES

    ACTIVISM

    CYCLING

    PUBLIC TRANSPORT

    After our last presentation I came to think of another text by Felix Guittari: The Three Ecologies. The text was written in 1989, when the environmental problems became cur-rent and we were moving away from the industrial age of production. New post-industrial territories emerged as the industry became more centralised, realted to tax payment, competent workforce and airports.

    Guittari argued that the commercial system (Integrated World Capitalim) controls us, but by changing our view on the world, we wont need them. This change towards sustainability, consists of both a mental and a social, as well as an environmental part. Three interrelated ecologies.

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  • WATERThe fresh water source is situated outside city borders, more precisely the inland lake Vombsjn, providing Malm with 80% of its freshwa-ter.Earlier about 15% of the water came from the Alnarp valley ground-water. The water was recently considered to hard (polluted) and is now closed while they try to find out why. Additional water is brought in from the inland lake Bolmen, through a new tunnel.

    The ground water under Malm is threatened by saltwater intrusion and industrial pollution above ground. The water is generally not con-sidered suitable for drinkingwater. Other possible ways of using the resource, for instance heating, are be-eing investigated.

    WATER FACTS For the future, will Malm have the necessary elasticity to provide the city with freshwater, or is it locked in a limiting position?

    WatertowersSdervrn 1916Bothildenborg 1949Oxie 1972Hyllie 1973

    The largest groundwater outtake in Malm:ca 1,9 million m3/year

    WATERUSE1 person uses 180 l / 24h

    65 l personal hygiene35 l WC35 l dishwashing25 l laundry10 l drinking/cooking10 l other

  • RISING SEA LEVELWorst case scenario, the city must prepare for a 3m rise in sea level.Most of the old city centre and the new development are within the risk zone.

    FLOODED CITYWhy not let the city flood and spend the money on densifying anddelveloping the rest of the city. Flood barriers would still have to be builtalong the new shoreline to protect the city from further erosion. Malm will loose its identity as an historical city and as the city of tomorrow.

    FLOOD CORRIDORSWould it be possible to build a system of new canals and basins, a series of flood corridors, to avoid big walls along the shoreline. The water strain would be handled down - not upwards, keeping Malm in contact with the horizon of the sea. The basins would be combined with landfills at particularly exposed areas.

  • TRANSPORTATION

    CANAL CITYThe public transport net of Malm is pushed to its limists. There is not room for more busses in the streets, and a new additinal system is needed.What if the main roads were canals, connected by the fine net of the smaller streets.

    MALM IS AN ISLANDAs is today, Malm is already sorrounded by Ringvegen. Transforming it to a new vollgrav/canal - a new historic layer.Controlled city growth, densify the island.

  • LANDUSEWhat is the potential in the patches of land in and on the rim of the city centre?What are the potentials for expanding the city?

    PRODUCTIVE LANDMalm productive land is shriking. The city is still sorrounded by farm-land, but the city is eating bigger and bigger chunks of it. The industrial area in the harbour is about to be transformed to the city of tomorrow - if the water doesnt tranform it first.

    In this tourist map from 1949 there is farmland all the way in to the city core. Agriculture was not only surrounding Malm, it was infiltrated in the city.

    GREEN OR INBETWEENThe green in this map is both parks, sports facilities and even the middle of the Ringroad. Is everything that isnt anything green? What is the value of the land not labeled for housing or industry?

  • FROM NATURE TO CULTURE AND BACKDevelop a set of values to enter the interstitional zones on the edge of the city. A resource handeling that consideres more than just getting rid of one problem. From a pluralistic view on the world and the city, the urban life and nature exist together, in constant relation to each other. Nature is not wrapped around the human spehere, there is no inside/outside. The land-scape of Skne is cultivated all the way through - by urban or agricultural interventions, but that does not mean you cant find glimpses of nature, where urbanity cracks. Looking at water in realtion to the area around Ringvegen, the environmental water approach could be an importat strat-egy in creating a new space of connectivity. The new commons.

    TWO FRONT WARMalm is fighting a two front war on water, both the rising sealevel and the ever emerging groundwater. Huge amounts of potentially valuable groundwater is being pumped out, only to be released into the sea.Getting back to the average water consumption on 180 l a day, it is a striking 10 l required for drinking/cooking. In comparason thirdworld counstries have a total consumption of 20 l. In order to gain more flexible water conditions Malm should be less dependent on importing water. If dealing with the water issues locally, the city could cover some of the water needs with its own water.

    RINGVEGEN WITH CANAL