US Warm Up-Friday Why would stronger nations want to control weaker nations. What is there to gain, what could they possibly want?Expanding American InfluenceCH 10Puerto RicoWhy do you think the U.S. was after Puerto Rico?Coffee, tobacco and sugarmore trade!Puerto Rico review!How did the U.S. gain control of Puerto Rico?The Spanish-American War (1898)Puerto RicoForaker Act (1900): American policy in Puerto Ricocivilian government was set up, but still a U.S. possession1952 separate constitution for the country, but still a commonwealth of the USCubaWhy did the U.S. want to control Cuba?sugar industrymore trade!
Cuba review!How did the U.S. gain control of Cuba?the Spanish-American War (Treaty of Paris, 1898)Cuba1902: Cuba became independent but remained a U.S. protectoratePlatt Amendment: American policy for Cubaa. U.S. had the right to intervene in Cuban affairs to protect American business interestsb. forced Cuba to lease harbors to U.S. Navy
Cubano longer a U.S protectorate BUT, Guantanamo Bay is still a U.S. Naval Base
Philippines review!How did the U.S. get involved in the Philippines?the Spanish-American War (1898)Filipinos were fighting for independencePhilippines preview!Why might the U.S. want to keep control over the Philippine Islands?HINT: location, location, location!
theyre close to Asia (more trade!) and they can be used for naval basesPhilippinesPhilippine-American WarFeb. 1899: Emilio Aguinaldo began a rebellion against the U.S. that lasted 3 yearsU.S. used guerilla warfare, concentration camps, tortureIn 1902 Aguinaldo was captured and the war ended
PhilippinesU.S. set up government similar to Puerto Rico1946: Filipinos achieved independence
China preview!Why do you think the U.S. wanted to spread their influence into China?more trade!
Chinaforeign nations controlled areas of China this was known as spheres of influence
ChinaU.S. Secretary of State John Hay proposed an Open Door policy all nations should have equal trading rights in ChinaChina1900 Boxer Rebellion: Chinese patriots demanded that all foreigners leave Chinaended when foreign powers sent additional forces