Me‘unarodni dan borbe protiv korupcije

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Međunarodni dan borbe protiv korupcije. Novinarski dom, Zagreb 9. prosinca 2013. United Nations Convention against Corruption International Anti-Corruption Day 9 th December. ENGAGING THE PRIVATE SECTOR IN THE FIGHT AGAINST CORRUPTION What’s at stake? ● Market distortion - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Me‘unarodni dan borbe protiv korupcije

  • Meunarodni dan borbe protiv korupcijeNovinarski dom, Zagreb9. prosinca 2013.

  • United Nations Convention against CorruptionInternational Anti-Corruption Day 9th December

  • ENGAGING THE PRIVATE SECTOR IN THE FIGHT AGAINST CORRUPTIONWhats at stake? Market distortion Environmental damage Economic instability Human Rights violations

  • WHAT WERE DOING ABOUT IT Level playing field Ethics and good practice Working with Business Associations Robust anti-corruption behaviour

  • BUSINESS INTEGRITY Anti-corruption programmes Ethical guidelines Self-evaluation tool Anti-corruption reporting

  • FINANCIAL INTEGRITYProblems: Conflicts of interest Undue influenceSolutions: Greater transparency Greater accountability

  • BUSINESS INTEGRITY Anti-corruption programmes Ethical guidelines Self-evaluation tool Anti-corruption reporting

  • TOOLS Business Principles for Countering Bribery Research and Reporting Integrity Pacts

  • IMPROVED BUSINESS & INVESTMENT CLIMATEGovernment, Private Sector and Civil Society

  • 2003. UN: donoenje Konvencije2004. Hrvatska: ratifikacija2005. Stupanje na snaguKorupcija - nadnacionalni fenomen koji utjee na sva drutva i sva gospodarstva, tako da je za njenu prevenciju i kontrolu kljuna uspostava meunarodne suradnje

  • 177 zemalja

    70 % - ispod 50 bodova

  • 5 mjesta2 boda

    MJESTOZEMLJABODOVI1.Danska911.Novi Zeland9157.HRVATSKA48175.Afganistan8175.Sjeverna Koreja8175.Somalija8

  • Svijet(prosjek)43Hrvatska48EU(prosjek)62,6

  • Globalni barometar korupcije (GBK): Procjenjuje stavove ire javnosti o korupciji. Ispituje iskustvo pojedinaca sa (sitnim) podmiivanjem.

    Indeks percepcije korupcije (IPK): Zasniva se na stavovima strunjaka. Odraava percepciju upuenih promatraa o korupciji u javnom sektoru i politici

  • Chart1

    0.02

    0.27

    0.51

    0.14

    0.07

    Korupcija u protekle 2 godine

    Country data

    Croatia

    SUMMARY OF RESULTSCOUNTRY PROFILE DATA SHEET (READY TO PRINT)WORKING CALCULATIONS

    CroatiaCroatia4%Of people have paid a bribe to at least one of eight services listed in the past 12 months

    Q1 (Figure 1)Decreased a lotDecreased a littleStayed the sameIncreased a littleIncreased a lotDecreasedStayed the sameIncreased

    Over the past 2 years, how has the level of corruption in this country changed?2%27%51%14%7%29%51%21%

    Q2 (Figure 2)Not a problem at allA very serious problemScore (scale 1-5)

    To what extent do you believe corruption is a problem in the public sector in your country?0%2%18%29%51%4.3

    By gender

    Male0%2%19%29%51%

    Female0%2%17%29%52%

    Q3Not imporant at allOf little importanceModerately importantImportantVery important

    In your dealings with the public sector, how imporant are personal contacts to get things done?3%6%20%35%36%

    By gender

    Male3%5%20%36%36%

    Female3%8%20%33%36%

    Q4Not at allLimited extentSomewhatLarge extentEntirely

    To what extent is this countries government run by a few big entities acting int heir own best interests?1%9%33%41%16%

    Q5Very effectiveEffectiveNeither effective nor ineffectiveIneffectiveVery ineffective(Very) effectiveNeither effective nor ineffective(Very) ineffective

    How effective do you think your government's actions are in the fight against corruption?1%18%35%37%9%19%35%47%

    Q6 (Figure 3)Not at all corruptExtremely corruptRank% people that answered corrupt or extremely corruptScore (scale 1-5)FOR GRAPH

    To what extent do you see the following categories to be affected by corruption?RankInstitutionScore (1-5)

    Political parties1%6%21%33%39%1272%4.02Political parties1Military2.6

    Parliament/legislature3%8%26%32%31%963%3.795Parliament/legislature2NGOs2.8

    Military22%31%23%13%11%124%2.617Military3Religious bodies2.8

    NGOs17%28%27%17%12%228%2.781NGOs4Media3.4

    Media5%14%33%29%20%448%3.448Media5Education system3.5

    Religious bodies18%27%24%17%14%331%2.821Religious bodies6Business/private sector3.5

    Business/private sector3%14%33%31%20%650%3.505Business/private sector7Police3.5

    Education system4%13%33%31%19%550%3.476Education system8Medical and health services3.8

    Judiciary1%7%22%32%38%1170%3.985Judiciary9Parliament/legislature3.8

    Medical and health services2%10%26%32%30%861%3.761Medical and health services10Public officials/civil servants3.9

    Police2%14%33%31%20%751%3.518Police11Judiciary4.0

    Public officials/civil servants1%8%27%32%32%1064%3.857Public officials/civil servants12Political parties4.0

    Q7 (Figure 4)Have you had a contact?Paid a bribeRankFOR GRAPH

    In your contact/contacts, have you paid a bribe in any form?InstitutionBribe payersRankInstitutionBribe payers

    Education system28%0%Education system1Education system0%1Education system0%

    Judicial System9%3%Judicial System5Judicial System3%2Tax1%

    Medical and health services66%4%Medical and health services7Medical and health services4%3Utilities2%

    Police15%3%Police6Police3%4Registry and permit service2%

    Registry and permit service15%2%Registry and permit service4Registry and permit service2%5Judicial System3%

    Utilities34%2%Utilities3Utilities2%6Police3%

    Tax14%1%Tax2Tax1%7Medical and health services4%

    Land Services10%6%Land Services8Land Services6%8Land Services6%

    Q7 - AggregatedYESNO

    If you have had contact with any one of the services listed, have you paid a bribe for any of these services?4%97%

    By gender

    Male3%97%

    Female4%96%

    Q8As a gift, gratitudeTo get a cheaper serviceTo speed things upIt was the only way to obtain a serviceAgreeDissagree

    What was the most common reason for paying the bribe/bribes?45%5%41%9%45%55%

    Q9 (Figure 6)Strongly agreeAgreeDisagreeStrongly disagree

    Ordinary people make a difference in the fight against corruption12%34%30%24%

    By gender

    Male11%35%30%24%

    Female12%33%31%24%

    Q10A-E (Figure 7)YESNO

    Would you be willing to do the following

    Sign a petition asking the government to do more to fight corruption83%17%

    Take part in a peaceful protest or demonstration against corruption56%44%

    Join an organisation that works to reduce corruption as an active member39%61%

    Pay more to buy goods from a company that is clean/corruption free46%54%

    Spread the word about the problem of corruption through social media48%52%

    Willingess: People that answered 'YES' to any one of the activities listed in Q10A-E88%12%

    By gender

    Male89%11%

    Female88%12%

    Q10F (Figure 8)YESNO

    Would your report an incident of corruption?68%32%

    Q11ADirectly to the institutionGeneral government hotlineIndepenedent non-profitNews mediaOther

    If yes to 10F - where would you report an incident of corruption?24%32%11%28%5%

    Q11BI do not know where to reportI am afraid of the consequencesIt wouldn't make any differenceOther

    If no to 10F - why would you not report an incident of corruption6%30%61%3%

    Q12YESNO

    Have you ever been asked to pay a bribe10%90%

    Have you refused to pay a bribe?68%32%

    Q13 (Figure 9)YESNO

    Are you familia with Transprency International [country specific name where appropriate]38%62%

    SUMMARY STATISTICS OF NATIONAL SAMPLE

    GENDER% sample

    Male47%

    Female53%

    RURAL/URBAN% sample

    Rural39%

    Urban61%

    AGE% sample

    Under 2516%

    25-5043%

    51-6425%

    65+16%

    EDUCATION% sample

    None22%

    Only basic61%

    Secondary school16%

    High level (eg university)0%

    OCCUPATION% sample

    Public sector employee11%

    Private sector employee23%

    NGO (non-profit) sector0%

    Household business (agriculture)0%

    Household business (non-agriculture)2%

    Unemployed27%

    Not working (student, retired etc)35%

    INCOME% sample

    Low (well below average)28%

    Medium low (a little below average)22%

    Medium (average)42%

    Medium high (a little above average)6%

    High (well above average)1%

    Not reported2%

    &L&"Arial Narrow,Bold"&12Transparency International&R&"Arial Narrow,Bold"&12Global Corruption Barometer 2013

    Country data

    Scale 1-5, where 1 means not at all corrupt, 5 means extremely corrupt

    Figure 3: Perceptions of corruption, by institution

    Sheet1

    % people that had come into contact with each service, that had paid a bribe

    Figure 4: Bribes paid, by institution

    Decreased

    Stayed the same

    Increased

    Figure 1: Change in level of corruption in past 2 years

    Scale 1-5, where 1 means not at all and 5 means a very serious problem

    Figure 2: How big a problem corruption in the public sector?

    (Very) effective

    Neither effective nor ineffective

    (Very) ineffective

    Figure 5: Government effectiveness at fighting corruption

    Agree

    Dissagree

    Figure 6: "Ordinary people make a difference in the fight against corruption"

    Figure 7: People's willingness to get involved in the fight against corruption

    % people that answered "YES"

    Figure 8: Would you report an incident of corruption?

    % people that answered "YES"

    Figure 9: Are you familia with Transparency International/Chapter name?

    Jako se smanjila2%

    Malo se smanjila27%

    Ostala je ista51%

    Malo se poveala14%

    Jako se poveala7%

    On the left in the grey tables, you will find the full set of country results for your country for every question in the Global Corruption Barometer 2013 survey, including the demographic data of the sample. Selected questions have been formatted into the country data sheet to the right. Full individual