GCSE 9-1 Geography Edexcel B Practice Paper 2020-04-23¢  GCSE 91 Geography Edexcel Oxford University

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  • Paper 2 UK Geographical Issues GCSE 9-1 Geography Edexcel

    © Oxford University Press 2018 • This may be reproduced for class use solely within the purchaser’s school or institution Acknowledgements: http://www.oxfordsecondary.co.uk/acknowledgements

    Please note: The Practice Paper questions and mark schemes have not been written or approved by Edexcel. The answers and commentaries provided represent one interpretation only and other solutions may be appropriate.

    Time allowed: 1 hour 30 minutes You must have: Calculator Total number of marks: 94

    Instructions • Use black ink or ball point pen • Fill in the boxes at the top of this page with your name, centre number and candidate number • Answer all questions in Section A and B. • In Section C1 answer either Question 8 or Question 9. • In Section C2 answer either Question 10 or 11. • Answer the questions in the spaces provided

    there may be more space than you need. • You must show all your working out with your answer clearly identified at the end of your solution.

    Information • The marks for each question are shown in brackets – use this as a guide as to how much time to

    spend on each question. • Questions labelled with an asterisk (*) are ones where the quality of your written communication will be assessed – you should take particular care on these questions with your spelling, grammar,

    punctuation and use of specialist terminology and grammar as well as the clarity of expression. • The marks available for spelling, punctuation, grammar and use of specialist terminology are clearly

    indicated.

    Advice • Read each question carefully before you start to answer it. • Try to answer every question. • Check your answers if you have time at the end.

    GCSE 9-1 Geography Edexcel B Practice Paper Paper 2 UK Geographical Issues

    geography GCSE 9-1

    EDEXCEL B

  • 1

    Paper 2 UK Geographical Issues GCSE 9-1 Geography Edexcel

    © Oxford University Press 2018 • This may be reproduced for class use solely within the purchaser’s school or institution Acknowledgements: http://www.oxfordsecondary.co.uk/acknowledgements

    Figure 1: Relief map of Scotland

    Study Figure 1.

    Which of the following is the correct name for mountain area X [1]

    The Pennines

    The Grampians

    The North West Highlands

    The Southern Uplands.

    Section A The UK’s evolving Physical Landscape

    Answer ALL questions. Write your answers in the spaces provided.

    Some questions must be answered with a cross in a box.

    If you change your mind about an answer, put a line through the box , then mark your new answer with a cross.

    Question 1 continues on the next page

    Shetland Islands

    Ch ilte

    rn

    Hil ls

    Lake District

    Co tsw

    old

    Hil ls

    Exmoor

    Dartmoor

    IRISH SEA

    1344m Ben Nevis

    978m Scafell

    Pike

    1085m Snowdon

    Gr ea

    t G len

    P E

    N N

    I N E

    S

    CA M

    BR IA

    N M

    OU N

    TA IN

    S

    South Downs

    North Downs

    Aire

    Dee

    Sp ey

    Tr en

    t

    Av

    on

    Severn

    Wye

    Brecon Beacons

    Cape Wrath

    Orkney Islands

    Loch Ness

    Loch Lomond

    North York MoorsIsle of

    Man

    Skye

    Mull

    Lewis

    Islay

    Th e W

    as h

    Cardigan Bay

    O u

    t e r

    H eb

    r i d e

    s

    Eden Tees

    HumberAnglesey

    The Fens

    Usk

    Teif i

    Salisbury Plain

    Isle of Wight

    Dee

    O use

    Tay

    Firth of Forth Clyde

    Tweed

    Tyne

    Mersey

    Wensum

    Grea t Ou

    se Stour

    Thames

    Ex e

    Bristol Channel

    Tywi

    0 45 90

    One centimetre on the map represents 45 kilometres on the ground.

    135km

    SCALE 1: 4 500 000

    X

    1 a

    1 a i

  • 2

    Paper 2 UK Geographical Issues GCSE 9-1 Geography Edexcel

    © Oxford University Press 2018 • This may be reproduced for class use solely within the purchaser’s school or institution Acknowledgements: http://www.oxfordsecondary.co.uk/acknowledgements

    Describe the course of the River Clyde. [1]

    Most of the highlands shown are made of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Explain the difference between the two types of rock. [2]

    Igneous

    Metamorphic

    [Total for Question 1 = 4 marks]

    Turn over for the next question

    1 a ii

    1 b

  • 3

    Paper 2 UK Geographical Issues GCSE 9-1 Geography Edexcel

    © Oxford University Press 2018 • This may be reproduced for class use solely within the purchaser’s school or institution Acknowledgements: http://www.oxfordsecondary.co.uk/acknowledgements

    Coastal Change and Conflict

    Study Figure 2. The map shows a stretch of coastline.

    (Source: S. Warn)

    Name features X and Y. [2] X

    Y

    Describe feature X. [2]

    Explain the processes which have formed feature Y. [3]

     [Total for Question 2 = 7 marks]

    2 a

    2 a i

    Turn over for the next question

    2 a ii

    2 a iii

  • 4

    Paper 2 UK Geographical Issues GCSE 9-1 Geography Edexcel

    © Oxford University Press 2018 • This may be reproduced for class use solely within the purchaser’s school or institution Acknowledgements: http://www.oxfordsecondary.co.uk/acknowledgements

    River Processes and Pressures

    Study Figure 3 which is a 1:50,000 Ordnance Survey extract showing part of the River Tees in North East England.

    Name the three river features shown. [3]

    A

    B

    C

    State one piece of map evidence shown on the map which suggests the river valley experiences flooding. [1]

    3

    A

    B

    C

    Question 3 continues on the next page

    3 a i

    3 a ii

  • 5

    Paper 2 UK Geographical Issues GCSE 9-1 Geography Edexcel

    © Oxford University Press 2018 • This may be reproduced for class use solely within the purchaser’s school or institution Acknowledgements: http://www.oxfordsecondary.co.uk/acknowledgements

    Which of the following would best explain the occurrence of severe flooding in the autumn? [1]

    High levels of antecedent moisture from two weeks of rain.

    Snow melting from the Pennines.

    Flash flooding from convectional rainstorms.

    Overflow of a dam upstream.

    Using an annotated diagram only, explain how a waterfall is formed. [3]

    [Total for Question 3 = 8 marks]

    Turn over for the next question

    3 a iii

    3 b

  • 6

    Paper 2 UK Geographical Issues GCSE 9-1 Geography Edexcel

    © Oxford University Press 2018 • This may be reproduced for class use solely within the purchaser’s school or institution Acknowledgements: http://www.oxfordsecondary.co.uk/acknowledgements

    Analyse Figure 4 which shows the choice and likely impact of three shoreline management options chosen for a stretch of the Norfolk coast.

    In this question, 4 marks are awarded for your spelling, punctuation, grammar and your use of specialist terminology.

    Assess the physical and human factors which affect the choice of coastal management options. [12]

    4*

    Hold the line Do nothing

    Hold the line until North Sea gas runs out

    Maintain existing sea defences. Strategic retreat when these fail. Do nothing

    Mundesley WalcottGas terminal bringing North

    Sea gas ashore at Bacton

    Probable erosion by 2050Probable erosion by 2050 Happisburgh

    N 1000 m

    Key

    Question 4 continues on the next page

  • 7

    Paper 2 UK Geographical Issues GCSE 9-1 Geography Edexcel

    © Oxford University Press 2018 • This may be reproduced for class use solely within the purchaser’s school or institution Acknowledgements: http://www.oxfordsecondary.co.uk/acknowledgements

    [Total for Question 4 = 12 marks] TOTAL FOR SECTION A = 31 MARKS

    Turn over for the next question

  • 8

    Paper 2 UK Geographical Issues GCSE 9-1 Geography Edexcel

    © Oxford University Press 2018 • This may be reproduced for class use solely within the purchaser’s school or institution Acknowledgements: http://www.oxfordsecondary.co.uk/acknowledgements

    Study Figure 5 which shows the increase in total population for the UK 1965–2015.

    Date Population in millions

    1965 54.3

    1970 55.5

    1975 56.2

    1980 56.3

    1985 56.6

    1990 57.2

    1995 58.0

    2000 58.9

    2005 60.4

    2010 62.8

    2015 65.0

    In which 5 year period was there the greatest increase? [1]

    1965 – 1970

    1985 – 1990

    1995 – 2000

    2005 – 2010

    Calculate the percentage increase in population from 1965 to 2015. [1]

    %

    Show your working:

    Section B The UK’s evolving Human Landscape

    Answer ALL questions. Write your answers in the spaces provided.

    5

    Question 5 continues on the next page

    5 a i

    5 a ii

  • 9

    Paper 2 UK Geographical Issues GCSE 9-1 Geography Edexcel