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Edexcel GCSE Geography Specification B Revision Guide & Workbook Sample

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This is our GCSE Geography Specification B sample booklet, containing pages from our revision guide and our corresponding workbook, both available here:

Text of Edexcel GCSE Geography Specification B Revision Guide & Workbook Sample

Edexcel GCSE Geography Specification B Revision Guide a look Nearly there Nailed it! Had a look Nearly there Nailed it!

31This photo shows coastal management at Hornsea in Yorkshire:(a)Identify the coastal management feature at A.(1 mark)Groyne(b) Briey describe how coastal management feature B protects the coastline. (2 marks)Rocks prevent damage to the sea wall by absorbing wave power and trapping beach sand.Coastal managementCoastalchangeOutline the main advantages and disadvantages of hard engineering methodswhich are used to protect coasts.(6 marks)Coasts can be managed in different ways to defend them against the sea. Hard engineeringA traditional approach to protecting coasts involves building structures. Protects cliffs and buildings Expensive Sand reduces wave energy and maintains tourism Expensive People and activities avoid erosion by moving inland Expensive Reduces slippage Foot of cliff still needs protection from the waves Prevents sea removing sand Exposes other areas of coastline Rocks absorb wave energy Expensive Waves break on reef and lose power Expensive and may interfere with shingHolistic management or soft engineeringThis approach looks at factors such as tourism, as well as the nature of the rocks and waves.Part (b) says describe. You need to develop your answer to get full marks.GroynesRip rapOff-shore reefCliff regradingBeach replenishmentManaged retreatSea wallDRAFT - SUBJECTTO REVIEWABHIGHERA-A*FOUNDNE-DRevise_Geography B sample pages.indd 31 25/04/2012 11:07Edexcel GCSE Geography Specification B Revision Guide GCSE Geography Specification B Revision Workbook a go Nearly there Nailed itCoastal management1Study Figure 1.Figure 1: an example of coastal defences on the south coast of England.Identify the type of coastal defence shown in Figure 1 and briefy describe how it works. (2 marks)Type of coastal defence:How it works: 2For a named location, explain the costs and benefts of using either hard engineering or soft engineering (sustainable) approaches.(6 marks) Named location: Cromer in NorfolkAlong the north Norfolk Coast around Cromer hard engineering approaches have been used for the last 50 years.A main type of defence is groynes.These are made from expensive hardwood and only have a limited lifespan before they get damaged or disintegrate.However they are very effective at slowing longshore drift and preserving the tourism beaches.Another type of hard coastal defence is Coastal changeDRAFT - SUBJECTTO REVIEWFOUNDNE-DRead the question carefully.You only need to talk about either hard or sustainable (soft) coastal approaches.To get full marks, you need to write about costs and benefts.HIGHERA- A*Edexcel GCSE Geography Specification B Revision Workbook