EdExcel GCSE Revision

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    EdExcel GCSE Music

    Revision Booklet of all Set works

    AOS1 – Western Classical MusicAOS 2 – Music in the 20th CenturyAOS 3 – o!ular Music in Conte"t

    AOS # – Worl$ Music

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    What Do I Need To Know?

    %or each set work& you nee$ to know the'

    o Co(!oser

    o )a(e of iece

    o  *e(!o

    o  *i(e Si+nature, Rhyth(

    o -nstru(ents, *i(.re

    o Structure

    o Melo$y

    o  *onality

    o /ar(ony

    o yna(ics

    o  *y!e of iece

    o  *e"ture

    o ate it was co(!ose$

    o lectronic $evices

    o lectronic !rocesses

     ou also nee$ to .e a.le to'oive o!inions as to why you like, $islike each !iece

    o4now .oth the century an$ $ate of when the !iece was co(!ose$

    orovi$e reasons as to why each set work re5ects the style it was

    written in e6+6 Ro(antic

    oive e"a(!les of other co(!osers of that style e6+6 Bach is Baro7ue

    oState features of the style of (usic

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    o4now what section of the (usic is .ein+ !laye$ in the e"tract e6+6

    Mo8art they coul$ !lay either the 1st or 2n$ su.9ect :so (ake sure

    you know the $i;erence<

    oWrite .asic notations for so(e !arts of the e"tracts6 *his coul$ .e

    for any e"tract& you nee$ to .e a.le to hear the sha!e of the

    (elo$y for each !iece of (usic

    oWork out the rhyth( .ein+ !laye$ .y a certain instru(ent in an

    e"tract

    Wor$s un$erline$ are the key areas of each !iece e6+6 tonality& te"ture

    ach AOS can .e seen throu+h the varyin+ colours'

    Re$=AOS1 Oran+e=AOS2 Blue=AOS3 reen=AOS#

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    Glossary

    SATB the four voices use$ in a choir :so!rano& alto& tenor& .ass<

    !ratorio  a reli+ious !iece like an o!era .ut not acte$ on sta+eI"itation  where one !art co!ies another#la$al Cadence  a section which en$s with the chor$s # an$ 1 :su.$o(inant totonic<

    Basso Continuo  the cello an$ or+an in .aro7ue ti(es%e"iola  +ivin+ the (usic a feel of havin+ 2 .eats rather than 3Se&uence  a !attern (ovin+ u! or $own!stinato  a constantly re!eate$ !attern%o"o'honic  a tune with an acco(!ani(entI"itati(e  when the (elo$ies co!y one another

    Sy"'hony  a !iece for an orchestra in # (ove(ents

    )u*ato  !layin+ a.out with the s!ee$ of a !iece& either slowin+ it $own or

    s!ee$in+ u!

    Canta*le  the (elo$y is !laye$ so that is sin+s out on the !iano an$ uses a

    s(ooth soun$

    Sustuento  slow an$ sustaine$

    Synco'ation  !uttin+ the e(!hasis on usually weak .eats in a !iece of (usic

    Acciaccatura  a crushe$ note

    Enhar"onic Chan$e  the sa(e note with a $i;erent na(e e6+6 A. to >

    S"or+ando  $yin+ away

    #ianissi"o  very 7uiet

    #eddle Note  a re!eate$ note

    Sehr )asch  very fast

    Klan$,ar*en"elodie  the tune is !asse$ aroun$ the orchestra& .etween

    instru(ents

    %exachords  a chor$ with ? notes

    Atonal  no key

    -ra$"ented  .roken u!

    %au'tsti""e  !rinci!le (elo$y

    Meta"or'hosis  a .asic chan+e in for(

    )esultant "elody  a (elo$y (a$e u! fro( notes .ein+ !laye$ in $i;erentinstru(ent !arts

    Metrical Dis'lace"ent  !layin+ the sa(e thin+ .ut at a $i;erent ti(e& soun$s

    out of sync

    #oly"etre  a co(.ination of $i;erent ti(e si+natures

    Tritone  an interval of a shar!ene$ #th

    Sylla*ic  one (elo$y note !er sylla.le

    !cta(e dis'lace"ent  (ovin+ notes fro( the (elo$y into $i;erent octaves

    Tre"olo  very 7uick notes& +ives a shakin+ e;ect

    %ar"onics  very hi+h notes#i++icato  !lucke$ strin+s

    Strident  .i+& .ol$& con@$ent

    -rontline Instru"ents  the instru(ents that !lay the (elo$y lines

    )hyth"ic Section  the instru(ents that !lay the .ack+roun$ .ass an$ .eats

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    %ead  the (elo$y& an$ in A BS is followe$ .y a ri; 

    )i.  a re!eate$ !attern

    Bac/*eats accentin+ the .eats which are not usually accente$ in MOB 2#

    Su*0*ass – a very low .ass :Dthu(!in+ ru(.leE<

    Brea/down – one .ar of silence

    #annin$ – s!rea$in+ the soun$ into a new stereo or s!eaker

    Echo – a soun$ re!eate$ after it has .een hear$E1 – chan+es the fre7uency of a soun$

    )e(er* – a(!lifyin+ a soun$& (akin+ it soun$ like it was recor$e$ in an echoey

    s!ace

    Cross rhyth"s – two $i;erent rhyth(s .ein+ !laye$ at the sa(e ti(e& the

    rhyth(s usually have $i;erent ti(e si+natures

    -lan$in$ – swee!in+ e;ect !ro$uce$ throu+h sli+ht $elay to co!ie$ soun$

    Distortion  (akin+ the soun$ rou+her an$ harsher

    Word #aintin$  when the wor$ (irrors the (usical e;ect .ein+ !ut on the (usic

    -alsetto  notes hi+her than the nor(al (ale ran+eSe&uence  when a (elo$y is re!eate$ a tone hi+her than it was !reviously

    Tala  a rhyth(ic !attern in -n$ian (usic

    )a$a  the scale or (o$e use$ in an -n$ian ra+

    Ala'  the @rst section of a ra+a where there is no fxed beat, it is also i(!rovise$

    Drone the re!eate$ notes !laye$ on the ta(.ura or shruti .o"

    )asa  the (oo$ of the notes in the ra+a

    Meend  sli$in+ .etween notes :when sin+in+<

    Gat  the !re co(!ose$ instru(ental section

    Tan  when fast scalic !atterns are use$

    #olyrhyth"ic  $i;erent rhyth(s !laye$ to+ether

    %etero'honic  a ty!e of te"ture where a (ore co(!licate$ !art is a$$e$ on to!

    of another one

    2nison  si+nin+ or !layin+ to+ether

    Call 3 )es'onse  when a lea$er !lays an$ the rest of the +rou! re!eats

    #entatonic Scale  scale usin+ F notes

    4oca*les  nonsense sylla.les

    Stro'hic  na(e foe a structure of 2 verseEs an$ 2 inserts

    Diatonic  usin+ notes in the key

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    5

    6

    7

    8

    9

    %andel And the Glory o, the :ord

    16 *he te(!o :s!ee$< is allegro26 *he key in A major :soun$s ha!!y<

    36 *he ti(e si+nature is ¾ & there are 3 crotchet .eats inevery .ar#6 *he Basso Continuo :instru(ents G or+an an$ cello

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        "  !  o  s i  t i  o  n   K  *  h  e   (  e  s  a  r  e  h  e  a  r  $  f  o  r  t  h  e  @  r  s  t  t i   (  e :  1  s  t  a  n  $  2  n  $  S  u  . 9  e  c  t  s 

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    ;nd  Su*>ect

     *he key of the 2n$ su.9ect is in Bb !ajor  *he instru(ents use$ in this su.9ect are thestrings an$ (ood(ind 

     *he (elo$y in the 2n$ su.9ect uses so(echromatic notes& balanced phrasing is also use$ as it was in the 1st su.9ectAt the en$ of the su.9ect the iolins' bassoons an$ .utes !lay a descending staccatoscale

    Cho'in )aindro' #relude

    Basic -acts a*out the #iece

     *he ti(e si+nature is #$# :# crotchet .eats !er .ar< *he te(!o is sostenuto an$ rubato is use$ *he only instru(ent use$ is the piano :as it is a !iano !relu$e<-n this !iece& the structure is ternary /ABA0 for(& with a coda an$ a .asic ABAstructure within section A *he te"ture is si(ilar throu+hout an$ is (ainly homophonic

     *he sy(.ol is use throu+hout an$ shows the (usician that they nee$ to hol$$own the right peddle /sustaining peddle0

    Section A Section BSection A and

    Codetta•  *he key is b !ajor 

    •  *he (elo$y is in theright hand 

    •  *he te"ture is!elody ominatedomophony 

    • %irst 3 notes are,alling /cantabiletone0 in a bro3en

    chord •  *he har(ony uses a

    constant peddle noteon the dominant/Ab0

    •  *he key +oes to C4!inor in an 5nharmonic Change

    •  *he $yna(ics written onthe score contain lots ofcrescendos

    •  *he $yna(ics .uil$ u!with su$$en chan+es in(o$

     *he (elo$y is !laye$ inthe le,t hand 

    •  *he har(ony in this

    section uses an inerted dominant peddle as

    • Section A is re!eate$.ut is (uch shorter

    •  *hey key returns to b!ajor 

    •  *he (elo$y here usessmor6ando

    •  *he te(!o is slo( an$rubato is use$

    •  *here is a ritt at the

    en$ of the !iece•  *he te"ture is .oth

    monophonic an$ homophonic

    •  *he co$etta is - bars

    Ty'ical -eatures o,)o"antic Music

    • se of Ru.ato

    • %re7uent chan+es of te(!o

    an$ ti(e si+natures

    • Bi+ ran+e of $yna(ics

    • Son+ like (elo$y

    • se of !e$$le notes

    !ther )o"antic Co"'osers

       *chaikovsky

    • Wa+ner

    Written in 1-78-s a piano prelude

    Written $urin+ the 9omantic !erio$Written for the piano

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    •  Acciaccatura is alsouse$ to hel! with thehar(ony

    • A secon$ the(e isintro$uce$ a$$in+variety

    • Chromatic notes are

    use$ to (ake thehar(ony (oreinterestin+

    • By the en$ of sectionA the A. is written as> known as anenharmonic change use$ to hel! lea$ intosection B :tonality<

    the !e$$le note is in theri+ht han$

    •  *here is an o.viouschan+e in (oo$

    •  *he lo(er region of theinstru(ent :!iano< isuse$

    •  *he te"ture in chordal 

    •  *he > is use$ as the piot to take the !iece.ack to . Ma9or in thelast section

    long :structure<

    •  *he !e$$le note drops out  for 7 barsan$ then starts u!a+ain :har(ony<

    •  *he $yna(ics at theen$ are pianissimo

    •  *he !iece en$s on a per,ect cadence /:;10

    Schoen*er$ 0 #eri'ete

    Key -acts a*out the #iece

     *he structure of the !iece is a ,ree rondo /ABACA0Schoen.er+ has $eci$e$ to use (any instru(ents as he uses a big orchestra& hisinstru(ents inclu$e'

    • !assie woo$win$ section

    • ' with no clear beats?lang,arbenmelodie throu+hout when the (elo$y is !asse$ aroun$ instru(ents6 *he (elo$y is angular an$ ,ragmented  *he !iece is har$ to listen as it is in no key /atonal0 (akin+ it soun$ clashing an$ dissonantrou!s of ? notes are use$ in one chor$ /he>achords0@ide e>tremes of $yna(ics /pp;ery quiet to +,;ery loud0& with suddenchanges)o clear te"ture with quic3 changes

    At $i;erent !oints in the !iece'• Melo$ic lines are di+erent 

    • Strin+s !lay (ore ,orce,ully  at !oints

    Ty'ical -eatures o,

    Ex'ressionist Music

    • ots of $issonance

    • Contrastin+ $yna(ics

    • Chan+in+ te"tures

    • An+ular an$ $istorte$

    (elo$ies with wi$e lea!s

    !ther Ex'ressionistCo"'osers

      Ber+

    • We.ern

    Written in 188-s written for the orchestra

    Written $urin+ the 5>pressionist 

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     *he principal melody /hauptstimme0 is(ainly !laye$ .y the'

    • /orns

    • Clarinets

    • Chellos

    )easons to Disli/e this #iece

    • )o key

    • Clashin+ (elo$ies

    • "tre(e yna(ics

    • )o clear .eat

    • ar+e ran+ of instru(ents use$

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    )eich Electric Counter'oint•

      •

      •

      Basic -acts a*out the #iece

       *he te(!o is ,ast 

       *he (ove(entEs structure .uil$s u! in 7 layersD

    1E Syncopated quaer moti,  fro( live +uitar2E Another synco!ate$ 7uaver (otif is intro$uce$ .ut on the bass guitars7E A sustained moti, !laye$ .y the live +uitar

    •  *he ti(e si+nature is 3,2 an$ lots of syncopation is use$

    • Constant use of ostinati in the (elo$y

    •  *he key is (ostly * major .ut is in 5b major towar$s the en$'

    • 5lectric *uitars

    Constant $yna(ics   *he te"ture is (ainly polyphonic

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    Written for Tony the (ale lea$ in DWest Si$e StoryE in DSo(ethin+Es Co(in+E

    -t is his @rst solo in the (usical an$ shows his ,eelin$ an$ o'ti"istic character

    L*ony is a tenor (oiceL

     

    Bernstein0So"ethin$@s Co"in$•

      Key -acts a*out the #iece

    •  *he te(!o throu+hout is ,ast which i(itates *onyEs feelin+s

       *he (etre :ti(e si+nature< chan+es fro( ¾ to 2$#

    %eatures of the rhyth( inclu$e syncopation an$ cross rhythms•

    • L*he fast te(!o& chan+in+ ti(e si+nature an$ synco!ation an$ cross rhyth(s:3 .ullet !oints a.ovecitement and anticipationL

    • 

     *he instru(entation of the !iece uses a small ariation o, the orchestraD• Woo$win$ /emphasis on clarinets0

    • Brass

    • ercussion

    • Strin+s – use tremolo an$ harmonics to illustrate the line Hthe air ishu((in+I

    • Voice also counts as an instru(ent6 *o (ake sure the orchestra $oes not oer po(er the voice& the acco(!ani(ent uses'

    • uiet $yna(ics

    • Soft ti(.res :muted  tru(!ets& pi66icato strin+s<

    • /o(o!honic te"ture•  *he structure is not typical erse and chorus6 Re!eats are aried each ti(e itis !laye$6 *he structure is'

    • O!enin+ = 7uiet an$ synco!ate$

    • Bar 21 = lou$& stri$ent& in 2,#

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    • Bar N3 = lyrical an$ slow (ovin+

    •  *he (elo$y ha$ long sustained notes an$ is syllabicE  -t also usesaccented notes an$ short phrases

     

     *he key is major 

    • -n the har(ony tritone is use$

      yna(ics ary  .ut starts pp

     

     *he te"ture is (ainly homophonic•

     

    Miles Da(is0All

    Blues

      Key -acts a*out the #iece

       *he ti(e si+nature of the !iece is K$# /ja66 (alt60

      %eatures of the rhyth( inclu$e s(ung quaers an$ syncopation

    • -n the !iece the instru(ents use$ are'

     

    -rontline Instru"ents 

    )hyth"ic Section

     

    Instru"ent

     

    %owit is

    'laye

    d

     

    Melody inthe solos

     

    Instru"ent

     

    %ow it is'layed

     

    Melodyin thesolos

    •  *ru(!et

    :Milesavis<

    • Mute$   Short and

    syncopated 

    • iano   •  *re(olo   • Calm'

    simplemelody 

    • Alto Sa"   •   @iderange o,notes andquic3 

    • ou.le Bass

    • i88icato   •

    •  *enor Sa"   •   %ast scales   • ru(s   • WireBrushes

    are use$

      Base$ on the 12 bar blues chor$ !attern :!lays for 12 .ars thenre!eats

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    •  *he structure of the !iece is known as a head arrangement  :white+a!s=ri;s

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    B   *he verse uses the @rst sample /male0

    • ercussion instru(ents use$'

    • Maracas

    • Claves

    • -n the 1st verse'

    • iano !lays held chords& which acco(!any the voice

    rums enter after voice& followe$ .y the bass• iano then !lays syncopated chor$s

       *he secon$ half of the 1st verse has a di+erent tune an$ the sha!e ofthe (elo$y rises and ,alls

    •  *he key in the verse is'

    •  Am 5m *   :Only # chor$s are use$ in the 1st verse<

     A(a8in+ 5(ily *oes ancin+P

     

    C   •  *he chorus uses the secon$ sample /,emale0

    •  *he key in the chorus is'

     

    C !ajor 

    •  *he chor$s alternate .etween' 

    C Am C Am an$ % C% C

       *he ti(e si+nature is #$# with a steady te(!o of 8- beats per minute/B=!0

      %eatures of the rhyth(

    inclu$e syncopation an$ accented bac3beats

    •  *he te"ture is homophonic' an$ thins out after the .reak$own

    •  *he snare drum is hear$ on .eats 2 and # :shown on the stave to theri+ht<

     

     e. Buc/ley0Grace

     

    Key -acts a*out the #iece

       *he ti(e si+nature is 12$-

    Ty'ical -eatures o, -ol/-usion Music

    • Jariations in te(!o an$rhyth(

    • on+ section $ivi$e$ intoshort !hrases

    • Short hrases can have their

    Written in 188#

    -s in the style of ,ol3 

    ,usion /roc3 and ,ol30

    4ey !hrase to know the 

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    • -n the key of 5 minor :althou+h it is a(.i+uous<

    Bars 1G3 have no clear 3ey 

      Bars #GN are in major 

       *he te(!o is ,airly ,ast 

    •  *he instru(ents use$ are'

    • uitars :B SC-%-C W-*/ *< :strum aggressiely M

    enhancin+ torture$ (oo$<• lectric uitars :sliding bet(een notes M

    enhances the torture$ (oo$<

      -n .ars 1G3 they are pluc3ed 

      -n .ars #GN they are strummed 

      Bas uitars

    • Synthesisers

    • Strin+s

    • ru( 4it

      -n the ocal per,ormance to show the torture$ (oo$ of the lyrics

    ornamentation /melisma0' ,alsetto an$ ,alling patterns are use$  On the wor$s Dafrai$E DawayE D$ieE the notes are ,alling

      On the wor$ DcriesE the notes ,all a :th

    • On the wor$ DslowE the note is long to re5ect the reference to

    slow in the lyrics

     

    On the !hrase Dit re(in$s (e of rainE the 5L e;ect is remoed 

    •  *he structure of the !iece is erse;chorus'

    • -ntro

    • Jerse 1

    • Chorus 1• -ntro

    • Jerse 2

    • Chorus 2

    • Bri$+e

    • -ntro

      Jerse 3 /uses 5L0

    • Co$a

       *he te"ture is (ainly homophonic

     

    -n the (elo$y& there is fre7uent use of ornamentation an$ ,alling patterns

     

    Indian )a$a0)a$ Desh

     *he har(ony is un;conentional of a roc3 

     *here are 7 ersionsof ra+ $eshRa+ esh is

    associate$ withmonsoon season or

    ni ht  

    Ty'ical -eatures o, Indian)a$a

    • ses a tal,rhyth( !attern

    • %ocuse$ on the (elo$y an$

    rhyth(

    • ses a $rone

    • Meen$ is often use$ in sun+

    E

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    Ala!

     Qhar,Qhalla

    3at

    Ban$ish

    :forvoice<

    y!ical -n$ian Structure'

     

     Anoush3a

    Shan3 ar 

     

    Instruments 

    Structure 

    9hythm 

    &ther 

    • Sitar :solo

    instru(ent inthe ala!<

    •  *a.la

    • Ala! :tan

    use$<

    • at :has a,ast clear

     pulse<

    •  Qhalla :fast

    en$in+section<

    •  Qha!tal – 10

    .eats :at 1<

    •  *intal – 1?.eats :at 2<

    •  *al is !laye$.y the ta.la

    • -n the atimproisat is use$ :notco((on of+at<

    • Sitar strin+s

    strummedthe en$

    •  Mahara

    "anamMaran #$erormed by 

    Chiran%i

    &alTan'ar 

    •   nstruments •   tru!ture •   hythm •  +ther 

    • Saro$

    • Saran9i

    • akhawa9

    •  *a.la

    • S(allCy(.als

    • Joice

    • Ala!

    • Ban$ish :sungersion o, agat <

    • 4eherwa –

    .eats• Music .eco

    ,aster an$e>citing nethe en$

     

    -t is a bhaja/indudeotionalsong0

      Joice usesmeend 

     

    Stee*ornand 

    Benju@ertheimer 

     

    Instrument s

     

    Structure 

    9hythm 

    &ther 

    • Bansuri

    • sra9

    • Shruti Bo"

    • Swar(an$el: pluc3edstringinstrument <

    •  *a.la

    • Ala!

    • at 1 :,ast <

    • at 2 :slo(<

    • Ru!ak – N

    .eats :at 1<

    • ktal – 12.eats :at 2<

    • -n the atimproisati is use$ :notco((on of a

    +at<• Sitar strin+s

    strummedthe en$

     *y!ical -n$ian

    earnt throu+h&ral Tradition

    • Sitar   • lays the (elo$y :!lucke$ like a +uitar<

    • Tabl a

    • lays the .eat :ty!e of $ru(<

    • Sarangi 

    • lays the (elo$y :.owe$ like a violin<

    • Sarod 

    • lays the (elo$y :!lucke$ like a +uitar< .uts(aller an$ lower in !itch

    • =a3ha(aj 

    • lays the .eat :$ou.le hea$e$ $ru(<

    • Cym

    bals

    • lays the .eat :!ercussion<

    • Bansuri 

    • lays the (elo$y :woo$en 5ute<

    • 5sraj   • lays the (elo$y :.owe$ like a violin an$frette$ like a +uitar<

    • Tambura

    • lays the $rone

    • Shruti 

    Bo> 

    • lays the $rone

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    Ko/o0iri

     

    Key -acts a*out the

    #iece

    •  *he te"ture'

    • Starts o;monophonic withonly the

    balaphone’s !layin+  When the 2nd  balaphone

    enters the te"ture .eco(esheterophonic

    • -t is also polyphonic at ti(es

      %eatures of the rhyth( inclu$ecross rhythms'

     polyrhythms an$syncopation

    •  *he !iece is modal an$ uses

    a pentatonic scale /:notes0 .& A.& B& .& . :Allof the .lack notes a!art fro(Bb<

       *he sin+ers follow a solo voice

    – call and response – as wellas sin+in+ in unison

    • &stinato on the $ru(s& whichcontinue to !lay a rhythmic ostinati throu+hout

     *he (etre,ti(e si+nature at the start of the !iece is ,ree$un;metered 

       *he ti(e si+nature is #$#  When the two .ala!hones !lay at the .e+innin+ the interal .etween

    the two is an octae

    Beat cycles for the tals in the ta.lea.ove' Qha!tal :2 3 2 3< *intal :# # # #<4eherwa :2 2 2 2<Ru!ak :3 2 2<

     

    -n$ian scale !attern

     *here son+ is fro(Bur3ino %aso

    -t is .y ?o3o an$ iscalle$ Firi 

    Ty'ical -eatures o, A,rican

    Music

    • Call an$ res!onse

    • Re!etition

    • Ostinati

    • se of cross rhyth(s an$

    synco!ation

     

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     *he $ru( ostinati has a rhyth( of a quaer  an$ then two semi quaers6 *here the two se(i 7uavers an$ 7uaver co(e in +rou!s of 3 :fro( the (usica.ove 7 o, the same note are !laye$

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    5 minor and * major 

    • -s quiet and calm

    • Main focus is on the singer 

    • -t is louder 

    • i!e solo is hetrophonic

    • Bac3ing ocal are added  to thehar(ony

       *he vocal line is syllabic

     

    Bar s

     

     #

    • • C (a9or   • (a9or   • (inor,C(a9or

    • (a9or

     

    Bar s

     

    -

    • • C (a9or   • (a9or   • (inor,C(a9or

    • C (a9or

    •  *he instru(ents use$ are'

    • %i$$le• illeann i!es :like

    .a+!i!es<

    • Accor$ion• Bou8ouki

    • *in Whistle

    • ru( 4it• Synthesisers

    • Bass uitar

     

    Exa" #ractice 1uestions•

     

    Area o, Study 5 Western Classical

    Music 

    %andel•

    • What are the # voicesT

    • What ty!e of ca$ence $oes it@nish withT

    • What is the key of the !ieceT

    • )a(e 2 te"tures use$

    • )a(e a rhyth(ic feature use$

    • )a(e a (elo$ic feature use$

    • Which !erio$ of (usical historywas the !iece co(!ose$ inT

    • What year was this !iece writteninT

    • What is the te(!o of this !ieceT

    • ive 2 (usical features that (akeit 9oyful

    • What is a !e$al an$ where is oneuse$T

    • ive four features a.out Baro7ue(usic

    • )a(e three other .aro7ueco(!osers

    • What instru(ents $oes /an$eluseT

    • What $oes A$a+io (eanT• What is a .asso continuo an$

    what instru(ents !lay itT

    • Which two features in the last.ars (ake it soun$ @nishe$T

     

    Mo+art

    • What key is the !iece inT

    • What is the -talian te(!o (arkin+

    an$ what $oes it (eanT

    • )a(e two instru(ents not use$ inthe orchestraT

    • What structure $oes the !iece

    useT

    • /ow (any su.9ects are use$ inthe e"!ositionT

    • ive two ways the reca!itulationis $i;erent to the e"!ositionT

    Only use of melisma in the

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    • What $oes the sy(.ol s  (eanT

    • What is a co$aT

    • What te"ture is the @nal few .ars

    of the co$aT

    • When was this writtenT

    • What is a se7uenceT

    • %ro( which !erio$ is this (usicT

    • ive four features fro( that!erio$T

    • What is the key of the @rst

    su.9ectT

    • What s the key of the secon$su.9ectT

      Cho'in

    • What key is the !iece inT

    • What era is it fro( an$ what arefour features fro( the eraT

    • What is the for( or structure ofthe workT

    • What is the (ain te"tureT

    • What $ie s(or8an$o (eanT

    • )a(e three other ro(anticco(!osers

    • What $oes ru.ato (eanT

    • What $oes canta.ile (eanT

    • /ow $o the $yna(ics chan+e

    fro( A to BT

    • What key is A in an$ what key in BinT

    ••

     

    Area o, Study ; Music in the ;=th

    Century•

      Schoen*er$

    • When was the !iece co(!ose$T• )a(e the co(!oser an$ titleT

    • -s the (usic tonal or atonalT

    • What is the .asic for( of the

    !ieceT

    • What is a he"achor$T

    • What $oes sehr rasch (eanT

    • escri.e one feature of the$yna(icsT

    • escri.e a feature of the te"tureT

    • What is the na(e for theense(.le that !erfor(s itT

    • What is a tre(olo an$ which

    fa(ily !lay itT

    • ist four feature in the !iecewhich re5ect the 20th century(usic

    • What style of (usic is thisT

    • e@ne 4lan+far.en(elo$ieT

    • )a(e two co(te!ories

    :co(!osers $urin+ the ti(e< ofSchoen.er+Es

     

    Bernstein

    • What ty!e of voice is use$T

    • What style is it fro(T

    • When was it co(!ose$T

    • Who is the co(!oserT

    • Co((ent on the orchestra inwest si$e story

    • What ty!es of (usic are in(usicalsT

    • What is the key of the son+

    • )a(e other (usicals an$ theirco(!osersT

    • What $oes $iatonic (eanT

    • What is *ony sin+in+ a.outT

    • What is the e;ect of the

    !ianissi(o at the .e+innin+T

    • What key is it inT• What is a tritoneT

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      )eich

    • What is the style of this (usicT

    • ive four facts a.out the (usic

    • ive four techni7ues use$ in this(usic

    • /ow (any +uitars $oes the !ieceuse in totalT

    • Who co(!ose$ the !ieceT

    • What is the startin+ ti(esi+natureT

    • What is loo!in+T

    • Who was it written forT

    • /ow (any (ove(ents $oes ithave an$ which are westu$yin+T

    • What is the (elo$y (a$e u! ofT

    • WhatEs the te"tureT

    • *he 4ey chan+es .etweenU

    • What are canonsT•

     

    Area o, Study 6 #o'ular Music in

    Context•

      Miles Da(is•

    • What instru(ents !lay the frontlineT

    • What is the rhyth( sectionT

    • What era is this !iece fro( an$how $oes the style of the (usicre5ect that of the eraT

    • Who !lays the tru(!et in this!ieceT

    • )a(e the e;ects use$ on theinstru(ents

    • When was the !iece co(!ose$T

    • Which sections of the !iece are

    i(!rovise$T

    • -s the !iece tonal or atonalT

    • What chor$ se7uence is the !iece.ase$ aroun$ an$ what are thechor$sT

    • *he !iece is $escri.e$ as aUUUUU66walt8

     

     e. Buc/ley

    • What is (akes the har(ony unGconventional of a rock son+T

    • What is the structure of raceT

    • /ow $oes Qe; Buckley convey

    e(otion in the !ieceT• What electronic e;ects $oes he

    useT

    • What instru(ents are use$ in the!ieceT

    • -s the !iece tonal or atonalT

    • What key is the !iece inT

    • What vocal e;ects $oes he useT• *he ti(e si+nature of the !iece

    isU

      Mo*y

    • What ty!e of (usic is the !ieceT

    • What electronic $evices $oes heuseT

    What electronic e;ects $oes heuseT

    • ive 3 facts a.out the vocal

    sections in the !iece

    • What 2 chor$ !atterns are use$T

    • *here is a .ar of silence in the!iece& what is the na(e +iven tothatT

    • What is the ti(e si+nature of the

    !ieceT

    • What is the overall te"ture of the!ieceT

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    • ive 2 features of the rhyth( inthe !iece

     

    Area o, Study 7 World Music  )a$ Desh•

    • What $o all 3 versions of the ra+start withT

    • What is the (ost co((only use$strin+ instru(entT

    • )a(e # strin+ instru(ents

    • What is the na(e +iven to the-n$ian 5uteT

    • Who !lays the sitar in the @rste"tractT

    • What is the na(e +iven to a/in$u $evotional son+T

    • -n the 2n$ version of the ra+& whatis a feature of the vocal!erfor(anceT

    • What is the co((on structure ofra+ $eshT

    • Ra+ $esh is associate$ to what 2featuresT

    • )a(e -n$ian instru(ents

    • What is a talT

    • oes the at have a @"e$ .eatT

    • Which section of an -n$ian ra+ is

    i(!rovise$T

     

     iri

    • ive 3 features of the rhyth( in

    this !iece

    • )a(e 3 ty!es of African $ru(• What is the instru(ent si(ilar to

    a "ylo!honeT

    • -s this !iece he"atonic or!entatonicT

    • -n the o!enin+ of this !iece whatis the te"tureT

    • /ow is a !iece like this learntT

    • What is the na(e +iven to !eo!le

    res!on$in+ to so(ethin+ !laye$.y the lea$er of the !ieceT

    • *he $ru(s !lay a UUUUUUUUthrou+ht the !iece

    • What is the tonality of this !ieceT

    • Where $i$ this !iece co(e fro(T

     

    Ca'ercaille

    • What is the na(e +iven to

    nonsense sylla.lesT

    • *his !iece is an e"a(!le of aUUUU66 son+

    • What is the lan+ua+e .ein+ sun+in this !ieceT

    • /ow (any sections are there inthis !ieceT

    • What ty!ical folk instru(ents are

    use$T

    • What electric instru(ents areuse$T

    • When was this !iece release$T

    • What is the structure of this!ieceT

    • What is the tonality of this !ieceT

     

    Essay 1uestions

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    • Co((ent on Cho!in& Rain$ro! relu$e or Ra+ esh usin+ the followin+criteria'

    • yna(ics

    • -nstru(entation

    •  *onality,/ar(ony

    Melo$y• Conte"t

    • Co((ent on Schoen.er+ eri!etie or 4oko iri usin+ the followin+ criteria'

    •  *onality

    • -nstru(entation

    • Conte"t

    • yna(ics

    •  *e(!o•