Summer 2017 Pearson Edexcel GCSE in Geography .Pearson Edexcel GCSE in Geography B (5GB2F/01)

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  • Mark Scheme (Results) Summer 2017 Pearson Edexcel GCSE in Geography B (5GB2F/01) Unit 2: People and the Planet

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    Summer 2017

    Publications Code 5GB2F_01_1706_MS

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    Pearson Education Ltd 2017

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  • General Marking Guidance

    All candidates must receive the same

    treatment. Examiners must mark the first candidate in

    exactly the same way as they mark the last.

    Mark schemes should be applied positively. Candidates must be rewarded for what they have shown they can do rather than penalised for omissions.

    Examiners should mark according to the mark

    scheme not according to their perception of where the grade boundaries may lie.

    There is no ceiling on achievement. All marks on

    the mark scheme should be used appropriately.

    All the marks on the mark scheme are designed to be awarded. Examiners should always award full marks if deserved, i.e. if the answer matches the mark

    scheme. Examiners should also be prepared to award zero marks if the candidates response is not worthy of credit

    according to the mark scheme.

    Where some judgement is required, mark schemes will provide the principles by which marks will be awarded and exemplification may be limited.

    When examiners are in doubt regarding the

    application of the mark scheme to a candidates response, the team leader must be consulted.

    Crossed out work should be marked UNLESS the candidate has replaced it with an alternative response.

  • Topic 1: Population Dynamics

    Question

    Number

    Answer Mark

    1(a) (i) B 3034

    1

    Question Number

    Answer Mark

    1(a) (ii) D There are more men than women.

    1

    Question

    Number

    Answer Mark

    1(a) (iii) One mark for a basic reason (1) with the

    second mark for extension through description or explanation (1).

    Large number of male immigrants (1)

    details of a pull factor (e.g. for work

    opportunities) (1). Large number of female emigrants (1)

    details of a push factor (e.g. to find work overseas) (1).

    Poor medical/healthcare (1) so deaths

    are high (1) Greater availability of contraception(1)

    has meant that birth rates have been falling/low birth (1)

    Birth rate is decreasing (1) with a

    reason for this (1)

    Accept other suggestions on merit.

    2

    (1+1)

  • Question

    Number

    Answer Mark

    1(b) Award one mark for a basic point (1) and a

    second mark for extension through detailed description using exemplification or further

    detail (1). Depends on named country but basic points

    are likely to include: Cash bonus for only having one

    child(1) Free education (1) Preferential housing arrangements (1)

    Extended maternity/paternity leave (1) detail/extension of same (1)

    Free medical care (1) Advertising/posters/slogans encouraging smaller families (1)

    Better child care (1) Named government/national policy

    (e.g. Chinas one/two-child policy) (1)

    Max 3 for a list or a generic answer.

    4

    (1+1)+(1+1)

    or

    (1+1+1)+1

    or (1+1) + 1+1

    or

    (1+1+1+1)

    Question Number

    Answer Mark

    1(c) Award one mark for a reason/change that has reduced the death rate (1) and a second mark for further development about why this

    change has reduced the death rate (1)

    Improvements in medical/healthcare (1) as there are a larger number of

    doctors/resources available in hospitals (1)

    Improvements in transport systems

    (1) which means that doctors/medicines can be transported

    to patients more effectively (1) Improvements in sanitation/water

    supply (1) which reduces the number

    of people catching diseases in the first place (1)

    Improved welfare services (1) which means that the elderly are cared for more effectively (1)

    Improved food supply/diet (1) reducing the number of people dying

    from starvation/malnutrition (1)

    4 (1+1)+

    (1+1)

    or

    (1+1+1) + 1

  • Arrival of young migrant population

    (1) which reduced the average age of the population (1)

    Reduction in war/famine (1) which

    means that fewer people are being killed/dying of starvation (1)

    Max 2 for list

  • Topic 2: Consuming Resources

    Question Number

    Answer Mark

    2(a) (i) B France

    1

    Question Number

    Answer Mark

    2(a) (ii) C Germany

    1

    Question Number

    Answer Mark

    2(b) (i) Definition of renewable energy as infinite/will not run out (1) with a development e.g. it is

    a clean resource/does involve burning of fossil fuels/sustainable (1) OR an example

    (1). Renewable energy is an energy source that

    is infinite/wont run out (1) because it is self-renewing (1) / e.g. solar/wind (1).

    2

    (1+1)

    Question Number

    Answer Mark

    2(b) (ii) One mark for a basic reason (1) with the second mark for extension through

    explanation (1).

    Any two from: No non-renewables available (1)

    expensive to import and cant afford it

    (1) therefore have to invest in developing renewable because it is

    the cheaper option (1) Some countries have alot of

    sunlight/wind or similar (1) which

    encourages the development of solar power/wind turbines (1)

    Government policies or global agreements dictate a certain requirement (1) so country has to

    diversify its power supply (1) Increased awareness (1)

    Improved technology (1)

    4

    (1+1)+(1+1)

    or (1+1+1+1)+1

  • Greater wealth in some

    countries/some countries are more developed (1) means that more people can afford to have their own

    solar panels or similar (1) High demand for energy (1)

    Question

    Number

    Answer Mark

    2 (c) Award one mark for a basic point (1), plus a second

    mark for further description or exemplification (1). Credit information on the diagram if it does not

    appear in the text.

    Optimistic outlook population growth will

    not necessarily lead to famine/war (1) as food resources will be able to keep up with

    population growth (1). Idea that population growth spurs a response

    from people to find new ways of keeping up with demand (1) for example through new farming technology (1) such as chemical

    fertilisers/GM crops (1). Idea that population growth is necessary for

    scientific/technical progress (1)and just development existing industry rather than develop new industry (1) for example just

    developing agriculture rather than moving towards manufacturing (1)

    4

    (1+1)+(1+1)

    or

    (1+1+1)+1

    or (1+1+1+1)

    or

    (1+1) + 1+1

  • Topic 3: Globalisation

    Question

    Number

    Answer Mark

    3(a) (i) C 23%

    1

    Question

    Number

    Answer Mark

    3(a) (ii) C the largest tertiary and

    quaternary sector

    1

    Question

    Number

    Answer Mark

    3(b) (i) The process by which the world is becoming

    increasingly interconnected (1) as a result of increased trade/cultural exchange (1) or similar.

    Spread of ideas around the world (1) as a

    result of technological advancements/the internet (1) or similar.

    2

    (1+1)

    Question Number

    Answer Mark

    3(b) (ii) One mark for a basic impact on a developed country(s) (1) with the second mark for extension through description or explanation

    (1).

    Consumers also have a greater choice of products to buy (1) and increased competition drives down prices (1).

    People can experience food/culture/ideas/ that were

    previously unavailable (1) example of same (1).

    Growth in unemployment (1) due to

    increased competition from overseas/ outsourcing (1) as labour costs in

    developing countries are often lower (1).

    Improved transport links/communications (1) for example

    4 (1+1)+(1+1)

    or

    (1+1+1)+1

  • the development of high speed

    broadband (1) enables businesses to trade wit