Edexcel GCSE Geography B - Pearson Education

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  • Edexcel GCSE Geography B Evolving Planet

    Teacher Guide Second Edition Cameron Dunn Wayne Eaves David Flint Lindsay Frost Steve Milner Simon Oakes Andy Palmer Alan Parkinson Sue Warn Michael Witherick Phil Wood Nigel Yates

  • Acknowledgements Published by Pearson Education Limited, a company incorporated in England and Wales, having its registered office at Edinburgh Gate, Harlow, Essex CM20 2JE. Registered company number: 872828 Edexcel is a registered trademark of Edexcel Limited Text Rob Bircher, Cameron Dunn, Wayne Eaves, David Flint, Lindsay Frost, Steve Milner, Simon Oakes, Andy Palmer, Alan Parkinson, Sue Warn, Michael Witherick, Phil Wood and Nigel Yates 2009, 2013 First published 2009 This edition published 2013 British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library ISBN 978 1 44690 629 3 Copyright notice All rights reserved. The material in this publication is copyright. Pupil sheets may be freely photocopied for classroom use in the purchasing institution. However, this material is copyright and under no circumstances may copies be offered for sale. If you wish to use the material in any way other than that specified you must apply in writing to the publishers. Printed Teacher Guide designed by Pantek Arts Ltd, Maidstone, Kent Illustrated by Oxford Designers and Illustrators Picture research by Louise Edgeworth and Chrissie Martin Photographs The publisher would like to thank the following for their kind permission to reproduce their photographs: (Key: b-bottom; c-centre; l-left; r-right; t-top) Alamy Images: All Canada Photos 129, Barry Vincent 86b, Clynt Garnham Industry 66l, FLPA 85, Graeme Peacock 86t, Leslie Garland Picture Library 82, NowRf 86c, Steffen Hauser / botanikfoto 66r; (c) Rough Guides: Jonathan Smith 179; Corbis: Alison Wright 175; Getty Images: AFP / Farjana K. Godhuly 239, Bloomberg 243, Stone / Joe McBride 160; National Geophysical Data Center: 20; Science Photo Library Ltd: NASA 70; University of Papua New Guinea: Remote Sensing Centre, Biology Dept., School of Natural and Physical Sciences 51; Veer/Corbis: ventdusud 128 All other images Pearson Education Every effort has been made to trace the copyright holders and we apologise in advance for any unintentional omissions. We would be pleased to insert the appropriate acknowledgement in any subsequent edition of this publication. Text permissions We are grateful to the following for permission to reproduce copyright material: Cartoons Cartoons on page 254 adapted from Ken Pyne cartoons, Daily Mail, February 1997 Figures Figure on page 35 from New graph of global temperature projections, U.S. Global Change Research Program (www.globalchange.gov); Figure on page 36 from Methane emissions chart: David Etheridge (CSIRO) Comparison of atmospheric methane concentrations in air from Antarctic and Greenland ice cores, Methane concentrations in the atmosphere over the past 1000 years from measurement of air in polar ice. David Etheridge, CSIRO Marine and

  • Atmospheric Research (Etheridge et al., Journal of Geophysical Research, 1998, American Geophysical Union). and Methane concentrations in the atmosphere over the past 1000 years from measurement of air in polar ice. David Etheridge, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research (Etheridge et al., Journal of Geophysical Research, 1998, American Geophysical Union).; Figure on page 112 from http://cgz.e2bn.net/e2bn/leas/c99/schools/cgz/accounts/staff/rchambers/GeoBytes%20GCSE%20Blog%20Resources/Images/Rivers/ox-bow_lake.gif, Rob Chambers from GeoBytes GCSE; Figure on page 86 from COAST - Community of Arran Seabed http://www.arrancoast.com/Archives/june09.html, COAST Community of Arran Seabed Trust; Figure on page 160 fromhttp://sd.defra.gov.uk/what/principles/, Crown copyright 2012; Figure on page 163 from http://epi.yale.edu/dataexplorer/countryprofiles, Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy (YCELP) and Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia University, with the World Economic Forum, and Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission (2008). 2008 Environmental Performance Index Maps Map on page 50 from University of Texas; Map on page 112 from http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2008/08/06103512/3, Open Government Licence http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/; Map on page 159 from From page 10, http://alain-bertaud.com/images/AB_Transportation_and_Urban_Spatial_Structure_revised2.pdf, with permission from Alain Bertaud; Map on page 209 from Danny Dorling, the University of Sheffield, 2007, http://sasi.group.shef.ac.uk/maps/nsdivide/index.html Tables Table on page 239 from http://esa.un.org/unpd/wup/pdf/WUP2011_Highlights.pdf, United Nations Publications Text Text on page 210 from http://www.businessgreen.com/bg/analysis/2201526/top-10-green-economy-stats, Business Green. In some instances we have been unable to trace the owners of copyright material, and we would appreciate any information that would enable us to do so. Websites The websites used in this book were correct and up to date at the time of publication. It is essential for tutors to preview each website before using it in class so as to ensure that the URL is still accurate, relevant and appropriate. We suggest that teachers bookmark useful websites and consider enabling students to access them through the school/college intranet. Disclaimer This Edexcel publication offers high-quality support for the delivery of Edexcel qualifications. Edexcel endorsement does not mean that this material is essential to achieve any Edexcel qualification, nor does it mean that this is the only suitable material available to support any Edexcel qualification. No endorsed material will be used verbatim in setting any Edexcel examination/assessment and any resource lists produced by Edexcel shall include this and other appropriate texts. Copies of official specifications for all Edexcel qualifications may be found on the Edexcel website www.edexcel.com

  • Contents Introduction: Edexcel GCSE Geography B 7 About this Teacher Guide 9 About Exam Zone and ResultsPlus 11 Unit 1: Dynamic planet Chapter 1: Restless Earth Scheme of work 13 Teacher notes 14 Extension activities 19 Answers 21 Case study extension activity 23 Making decisions 24 Revision summary and Chapter checklist 26 Chapter 2: Changing climate Scheme of work 29 Teacher notes 30 Extension activities 35 Answers 37 Case study extension activity 39 Making decisions 40 Revision summary and Chapter checklist 41 Chapter 3: Battle for the biosphere Scheme of work 44 Teacher notes 45 Extension activities 50 Answers 52 Case study extension activity 54 Making decisions 55 Revision summary and Chapter checklist 57 Chapter 4: Water world Scheme of work 60 Teacher notes 61 Extension activities 66 Answers 68 Case study extension activity 70 Making decisions 71 Revision summary and Chapter checklist 72 Chapter 5: Coastal change and conflict Scheme of work 75 Teacher notes 76 Extension activities 81 Answers 83 Case study extension activity 85 Making decisions 86 Revision summary and Chapter checklist 87 Chapter 6: River processes and pressures Scheme of work 90 Teacher notes 91

  • Extension activities 96 Answers 98 Case study extension activity 100 Making decisions 101 Revision summary and Chapter checklist 102 Chapter 7: Oceans on the edge Scheme of work 105 Teacher notes 106 Extension activities 111 Answers 113 Case study extension activity 116 Making decisions 117 Revision summary and Chapter checklist 119 Chapter 8: Extreme environments Scheme of work 122 Teacher notes 123 Extension activities 128 Answers 130 Case study extension activity 132 Making decisions 133 Revision summary and Chapter checklist 134 Unit 2: People and the planet Chapter 9: Population dynamics Scheme of work 137 Teacher notes 138 Extension activities 143 Answers 145 Case study extension activity 148 Making decisions 149 Revision summary and Chapter checklist 150 Chapter 10: Consuming resources Scheme of work 153 Teacher notes 154 Extension activities 159 Answers 161 Case study extension activity 163 Making decisions 164 Revision summary and Chapter checklist 165 Chapter 11: Globalisation Scheme of work 168 Teacher notes 169 Extension activities 174 Answers 176 Case study extension activity 179 Making decisions 180 Revision summary and Chapter checklist 181 Chapter 12: Development dilemmas Scheme of work 184 Teacher notes 185 Extension activities 190

  • Answers 192 Case study extension activity 195 Making decisions 196 Revision summary and Chapter checklist 200 Chapter 13: The changing economy of the UK Scheme of work 203 Teacher notes 204 Extension activities 209 Answers 211 Case study extension activity 213 Making decisions 214 Revision summary and Chapter checklist 215 Chapter 14: Changing settlements in the UK Scheme of work 218 Teacher notes 219 Extension activities 224 Answers 226 Case study extension activity 228 Making decisions 229 Revision summary and Chapter checklist 230 Chapter 15: The challenges of an urban world Scheme of work 233 Teacher notes 234 Extension activities 239 Answers 241 Case study extension activity 243 Making decisions 244 Revision summary and Chapter checklist 245 Chapter 16: The challenges of a rural world Scheme of work 248 Teacher notes 249 Extension activities 254 Answers 256 Case study extension activity 258 Making decisions 259 Revision summary and Chapter checklist 260 Unit 3: Making geographical decisions Chapter 17: Making geographical decisions Scheme of work 263 Teacher notes 264 Mark scheme foundation 269 Mark scheme higher 273 Unit 4: Investigating geography Chapter 18: Your fieldwork investigation Teacher notes 277 Extension activities 282 Answers 288

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