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El Imperfecto vs El pretérito 2/- New Folder/El_Imperf · PDF file El Imperfecto vs El pretérito. What is the imperfect tense and when do we use it? O The imperfect tense is another

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  • El Imperfecto vs

    El pretérito

  • What is the imperfect tense and when do we use it?

    O The imperfect tense is another way of talking about the past. It is used in Spanish to describe:

    O Repeated actions in the past: Comíamos a las dos todos los días. (We ate at two every day)

    O Background details (what someone or something was like or was doing): El hotel era muy grande. (The hotel was very big.)

    O What people used to do and what things used to be like: Antes vivía con mis abuelos, pero ahora vivi sola. (I used to live with my grandparents, but I live on my own now.)

  • Why is it important?

    O To tell a story in the past successfully you

    need to be able to use the imperfect tense

    for descriptions and repeated actions.

    O You should be able to combine the

    imperfect with the preterite tense correctly,

    in order to successfully express yourself

    using past tense in Spanish

  • Things to look out for

    O You use the preterite tense for single

    events in the past and the imperfect

    tense for repeated or continuous actions

    in the past:

    When the phone

    rang - preterite

    I was washing my

    hair - Imperfect

  • How does it work? O The imperfect tense is formed by taking the infinitive

    of a verb, removing the endings (-ar, -er, -ir) and then

    adding the following endings. Note that –er and –ir

    verbs take the same endings in the imperfect.

    Hablar Hacer Vivir

    yo hablaba hacía vivía

    tú hablabas hacías vivías

    él/ella hablaba hacía vivía

    nosotros/as hablábamos hacíamos vivíamos

    vosotros/as hablabais hacíais vivíais

    ellos/ellas hablaban hacían vivían

  • Irregulars O There are three verbs that are irregular in the

    imperfect tense:

    Ir (to go) Ser (to be) Ver (to see)

    yo iba era veía

    tú ibas eras veías

    él/ella iba era veía

    nosotros/as ibamos éramos veíamos

    vosotros/as ibais erais veíais

    ellos/ellas iban eran veían

  • Preterite or Imperfect?

    O On the following slides you will see some

    English sentences in the past tense.

    O If you were translating these sentences

    into Spanish would you use the preterite

    or imperfect tense?

  • I watched a film last night

  • I used to walk to school

  • I went to France last year

  • The house was big

  • I woke up at 7am

  • I woke up at 7am every day

  • They were happy

  • ¿Qué tal?

    O How confident do you feel about when to

    use the imperfect tense and when to use

    the preterite?

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