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¿ Pretérito o imperfecto ?

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¿ Pretérito o imperfecto ?. There are two verb tenses used when discussing past events in Spanish. ¿ Pretérito o imperfecto ?. Most verbs can be conjugated in either tense, but the meaning changes depending on which tense you choose. ¿ Pretérito o imperfecto ?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of ¿ Pretérito o imperfecto ?

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Pretrito o imperfecto?There are two verb tenses used when discussing past events in Spanish.

Pretrito o imperfecto?Most verbs can be conjugated in either tense, but the meaning changes depending on which tense you choose.

Pretrito o imperfecto?Knowing when to use one tense or the other can be a bit of a trick for Spanish learners, but there are a few clues that can help you figure it out

Pretrito o imperfecto?We use the preterite tense when:

The action has been completed.

The action had a defined beginning and end.

Pretrito o imperfecto?This would apply to events that occurred:

within a specific time frame

a specific number of times

Pretrito o imperfecto?Ayer fui a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?This events occurred within a specific time frame:

Ayer fui a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?Certain words or phrases are often associated with specific time frames.

Ayer fui a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?Certain words or phrases are often associated with specific time frames.

Ayer fui a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?The word ayer (yesterday) indicates a specific time frame.

Ayer fui a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?There are several other words or phrases that may indicate a specific time frame

Pretrito o imperfecto?Lets look at our sentence again:

Pretrito o imperfecto?Lets look at our sentence again: Ayer fui a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?Lets look at our sentence again: Ayer fui a la playa.

We can replace ayer with several other words or phrases that indicate the use of preterit tense.Pretrito o imperfecto? Ayer fui a la playa.

(yesterday)Pretrito o imperfecto? Ayer por la maana fui a la playa.

(yesterday morning)Pretrito o imperfecto? Ayer por la tarde fui a la playa.

(yesterday afternoon)Pretrito o imperfecto? Anteayer fui a la playa.

(the day before yesterday)Pretrito o imperfecto? Anoche fui a la playa.

(last night)Pretrito o imperfecto? El otro da fui a la playa.

(the other day)Pretrito o imperfecto? Esta maana fui a la playa.

(this morning)Pretrito o imperfecto? Esta tarde fui a la playa.

(this afternoon)Pretrito o imperfecto? La semana pasada fui a la playa.

(last week)Pretrito o imperfecto? El mes pasado fui a la playa.

(last month)Pretrito o imperfecto? El ao pasado fui a la playa.

(last year)Pretrito o imperfecto? Hace dos das que fui a la playa.

(two days ago)Pretrito o imperfecto? Hace una semana que fui a la playa.

(a week ago)Pretrito o imperfecto? Hace tres meses que fui a la playa.

(three months ago)Pretrito o imperfecto? Hace dos aos que fui a la playa.

(two years ago)Pretrito o imperfecto?

The words or phrases that indicate a specific time frame are not always found at the beginning of the sentence. Pretrito o imperfecto?

For example, this sentence

Hace tres meses que fui a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

can also be written as:

Fui a la playa hace tres meses.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

And this sentence

El mes pasado fui a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

can also be written as:

Fui a la playa el mes pasado.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Sometimes the preterit tense is used to describe an event that covers a broad spectrum of time. This time frame is still defined in terms of a beginning and an end.Pretrito o imperfecto? Por dos aos estudi el ingls.

(for two years)Pretrito o imperfecto? Por una semana estuv enferma.

(for one week)Pretrito o imperfecto? Durante el da fui a las clases.

(during the day)Pretrito o imperfecto? Durante el verano trabaj en una tienda.

(during the summer)Pretrito o imperfecto?

The preterit can be used to describe a single event (such as those that weve already seen) or a chain of eventsPretrito o imperfecto?

Mario se ba, se visti, y sali con sus amigos.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

The preterit can be used to describe a single event that was repeated a specific number of timesPretrito o imperfecto?

Fui a la playa tres veces.Pretrito o imperfecto?

In each of these cases, the use of the preterit tense indicated that the action occurred during a specific time framePretrito o imperfecto?

And the action had a beginning and an end, which was indicated by a key word or phrasePretrito o imperfecto?

Lets review some of the key words and phrases for preterit tensePretrito o imperfecto?

ayeranocheanteayerel otro daayer por la maana ayer por la tarde esta maana esta tardePretrito o imperfecto?

la semana pasada el mes pasado el ao pasado hace tres minutos hace cuatro das hace dos semanas hace un ao

Pretrito o imperfecto?Now lets switch gears and talk about the imperfect tense

Pretrito o imperfecto?Quite often the imperfect tense is used to set the stage for the main action, which is expressed in the preterit tense.

Pretrito o imperfecto?There are some situations in which you will always use the imperfect tense:

Pretrito o imperfecto?When discussing the time of day that something happened

When discussing someones age

Pretrito o imperfecto?For example:

Eran las tres de la tarde cuando llegamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?For example:

Eran las tres de la tarde cuando llegamos a la playa.

Imperfect Tense: Time of dayPretrito o imperfecto?For example:

Eran las tres de la tarde cuando llegamos a la playa.

Preterit Tense: Main ActionPretrito o imperfecto?For example:

Tena quince aos cuando fuimos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?For example:

Tena quince aos cuando fuimos a la playa.

Imperfect Tense: Age DescriptionPretrito o imperfecto?For example:

Tena quince aos cuando fuimos a la playa.

Preterit Tense: Main ActionPretrito o imperfecto?We also use the imperfect for descriptions that set the stage:The weather Who was thereHow people were feelingWhat people looked like

Pretrito o imperfecto?For example:

Era un da caluroso cuando fuimos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?For example:

Era un da caluroso cuando fuimos a la playa.

Imperfect Tense: Weather DescriptionPretrito o imperfecto?For example:

Era un da caluroso cuando fuimos a la playa.

Preterit Tense: Main ActionPretrito o imperfecto?For example:

Estaba mi prima cuando fuimos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?For example:

Estaba mi prima cuando fuimos a la playa.

Imperfect Tense: Who was there?Pretrito o imperfecto?For example:

Estaba mi prima cuando fuimos a la playa.

Preterit Tense: Main ActionPretrito o imperfecto?For example:

Me senta enfermo cuando fuimos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?For example:

Me senta enfermo cuando fuimos a la playa.

Imperfect Tense: How someone felt (physically)Pretrito o imperfecto?For example:

Me senta enfermo cuando fuimos a la playa.

Preterit Tense: Main ActionPretrito o imperfecto?For example:

Me senta feliz cuando fuimos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?For example:

Me senta feliz cuando fuimos a la playa.

ImperfectTense: How someone felt (emotionally)Pretrito o imperfecto?For example:

Me senta feliz cuando fuimos a la playa.

Preterit Tense: Main ActionPretrito o imperfecto?For example:

(Yo) Era delgada cuando fuimos a la playa.

Preterit Tense: Main ActionPretrito o imperfecto?For example:

(Yo) Era delgada cuando fuimos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?For example:

(Yo) Era delgada cuando fuimos a la playa.

ImperfectTense: What someone looked like (physically)Pretrito o imperfecto?For example:

(Yo) Era delgada cuando fuimos a la playa.

Preterit Tense: Main ActionPretrito o imperfecto?

We use the imperfect tense to describe things that we did on a regular basis.Pretrito o imperfecto?

However, the time frame is not specific and the action has no precise beginning or end.Pretrito o imperfecto?

When using the imperfect tense, the time frame is repetitive (habitual), vague, or non-specific Pretrito o imperfecto?

There are key words or phrases that can indicate the use of the imperfect tensePretrito o imperfecto?

Lets look at some examplesPretrito o imperfecto?

Ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

It may be helpful to think of this as would go instead of went.Ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

(We would go to the beach.)Ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

A veces(sometimes)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Muchas veces(many times)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Varias veces(various times)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Tantas veces(so many times)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

De vez en cuando(from time to time)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Rara vez(rarely)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Cada da(every day)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Cada semana(every week)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Cada mes(every month)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Cada ao(every year)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Con frecuencia(frequently)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Frecuentemente(frequently)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Generalmente(generally)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Nunca(never)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Siempre(always)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

A menudo(often)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Por un rato(for awhile)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Todos los das(every day)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Todas las semanas(every week)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Todo el tiempo(all the time)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

The imperfect tense is often used to describe past routines, such as those of our childhoodPretrito o imperfecto?

En aquella poca(at that time)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

En aquel entonces(at that time)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

En esos tiempos(back then)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Antes(before)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Cuando era nio(when I was a child)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

De nio(as a child)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Cuando tena ____ aos(when I was ___ years old)ibamos a la playa.

Pretrito o imperfecto?

You would also use the imperfect tense when there are simultaneous past actions in which one action interrupts the otherPretrito o imperfecto?For example:

Iba a la playa cuando mi prima me llam en el celular.

Pretrito o imperfecto?For example:

Iba a la playa cuando mi prima me llam en el celular.

Imperfect Tense:

1st action in progress(We were going to the beach when) Pretrito o imperfecto?For example:

Iba a la playa cuando mi prima me llam en el celular.

Preterit Tense: 2nd action interrupts the 1st action(when my cousin called me on my cell.)Pretrito o imperfecto?

Lets take another look at some of the key words and phrases for the imperfect tensePretrito o imperfecto?

a vecesrara vezvarias vecestantas vecesmuchas vecesde vez en cuando

Pretrito o imperfecto?

cada dacada semanacada mescada ao

todos los dastodas las semanastodos los mesestodos los aos

Pretrito o imperfecto?

con frecuenciafrecuentementegeneralmentenuncasiemprepor un ratoa menudoPretrito o imperfecto?

en aquella poca en aquel entoncesen esos tiempos

de nio/acuando era nio/acuando tena ___ aosantesPretrito o imperfecto?

Preterit = specific time frame

Imperfect = repetitive (habitual), vague, or non-specific time framePretrito o imperfecto?

Although many verbs can be used in either the preterit or imperfect tense, we can often determine which tense is most appropriate based on clues within the sentence.Pretrito o imperfecto?

Now lets take a short quiz to see if you can distinguish between the clue words and phrases associated with preterit and imperfect.Pretrito o imperfecto?

Which word or phrase goes with the preterit tense?

A. a vecesB. nuncaC. todos los dasD. anoche

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Which word or phrase goes with the preterit tense?

A. generalmenteB. esta maanaC. frecuentementeD. por un rato

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Which word or phrase goes with the preterit tense?

A. ayer por la tardeB. en esos tiemposC. cada daD. rara vez

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Which word or phrase goes with the preterit tense?

A. cada mesB. con frecuenciaC. el mes pasadoD. todo el tiempo

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Which word or phrase goes with the preterit tense?

A. a menudoB. cada semanaC. siempreD. hace dos das

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Which word or phrase goes with the imperfect tense?

A. en aquella pocaB. esta tardeC. la semana pasadaD. anteayer

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Which word or phrase goes with the imperfect tense?

A. el ao pasadoB. esta maanaC. cuando era nio/aD. el otro da

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Which word or phrase goes with the imperfect tense?

A. anocheB. ayer por la tardeC. hace siete mesesD. cuando tena diez aos

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Which word or phrase goes with the imperfect tense?

A. antesB. anteayerC. ayer por la nocheD. el mes pasado

Pretrito o imperfecto?

Good job! As you continue to practice describing past events, you will begin to recognize clue words and phrases more easily.Pretrito o imperfecto?

And you will be able to communicate your ideas more effectively by correctly using the preterit and imperfect tenses.