Lule Iz Muzejskih Zbirki Srbije

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Pipes 1

CITY MUSEUM OF NOVI SAD

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Divna Gai

4, muzgns@eunet.rs (Anna Ridovics) (Decoder translations) (Lingualend) Daniel Print, 450 , 2011. . 2

The PiPes from museum ColleCTions of serbiaPublished by The City Museum of Novi Sad Tvrdjava 4, Petrovaradin muzgns@eunet.rs Editor in chief Vesna Nedeljkovi Angelovski Author of the catalogue and exhibition Divna Gai Catalogue reviewed by Dr Anna Ridovics Dr Vesna Biki Expert consultant Ljubomir Vujaklija Edited by Branka Lugonja Translated by Ira Stupar (Decoder translations) Branka Gajo (Lingualend) English translation edited by Sneana Metiko Photographs by Fea Kiseliki Vladimir ervenka Conservation Tamina Kesi Itvan Pekai Kova Computer design Miroslav Gao Printed by Daniel Print, Novi Sad Circulation 450 copies novi sad, 2011 Exhibition catalogue funded by Novi Sad Culture Board and Republic of Serbia Ministry of Culture.

CITY MUSEUM OF NOVI SAD

Divna Gai

FROM MUSEUM COLLECTIONS OF SERBIAEXHIBITION CATALOGUE

THE PIPES

/ Novi Sad 20113

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institutions and associates that have landed museum items for exhibition:City Museum of Novi Sad () Homeland collection of Sremski Karlovci () Museum of Ethnography in Belgrade ()......................................................... elena Vuleti, ethnologist J Ranko Barii, ethnologist Town Museum of Beej ()............................................................................................. ranislava Miki-Antoni, archaeologist B Duan Iveti, ethnologist Town Museum of Senta ()......................................................................................... gnes Nagy bonyi, ethnologist Atila Pejin, historian Town Museum of Sombor ().................................................................................Nada Putica, ethnologist Town Museum of Subotica ()................................................................................rpad Pap, ethnologist Town Museum of Vrac ().......................................................................................Vesna Stankov, ethnologist Historical Museum of Serbia ()............................................................................... ladjana Bojkovi, historian . S eljka kori, ethnologist City Museum of Belgrade ()........................................................................................ ilica Jankovi, archaeologist M Jasna Markovi, art historian Ljubica KostiPopovac, art historian Vladimir Tomi, historian Historical Museum of Yugoslavia ()...................................................................... eselinka Kastratovi Risti, historian V Ana Sladojevi, art theoretician Aleksandra Momilovi-Jovanovi, anthropologist Ras Museum in Novi Pazar ().......................................................................................Vladan Vidosavljevi, archaeologist Museum of Srem in Sremska Mitrovica ()................................................... ovanka Drai, enthnologist J Bora ekerinac, historian Museum of Vojvodina ()................................................................................................... atjana Bugarski, enthnologist T Jelena Dobrovi, graphic artist Neboja Stanojev, archaeologist Museum of Vojvodin, Museum of Agriculture in Kulpin ( ).......................................................Tanja Djudji, ethnologist National Museum of Valjevo ()...........................................................................Gordana Paji, ethnologist6

Museum Unit in Odaci ()...........................................................................................Biljana Zlatkovi, professor of literature Regional Museum of Rudnik and Takovo (MRTK)...............................................Ana Bolovi, art historian National Museum of Kikinda ()..........................................................................Slavica A. Gaji, enthnologist National Museum of Kragujevac ()...................................................................Svetlana Radojkovi, enthnologist National Museum of Kraljevo ().........................................................................Tijana ibali, ethnologist . National Museum of Kruevac ().....................................................................Zorica Simi, ethnologist . National Museum of Ni ()........................................................................................Iva Trajkovi, ethnologist National Museum of abac ()................................................................................Svetlanka Milutinovi, historian National Museum of Uice ()...................................................................................Dijana Ristovi, ethnologist National Museum of Vranje ()..............................................................................Iva Lakovi , ethnologist National Museum of Zajear ()...............................................................................Suzana Anti, ethnologist National Museum of Zrenjanin ()......................................................................Rajka Grubi, ethnologist National Museum of aak ()..............................................................................Aleksandra Gojgi, archaeologist Military Museum of Belgrade ()...........................................................................Ljubica Dabi, historian Regional Museum of Knjaevac ()........................................................................Milena MiloeviMici, art historian Regional Museum of Ruma ()...............................................................................Slobodan Velimirovi, archaeologist Homeland collection of Temerin First local community ()..................Danijel Madjar, historian Institute of Archaeology, Scientific research project on Belgrade Fortress ()..............................Vesna Biki, archaeologist Provincial Institute for Cultural Heritage Protection ()....................Ivana Pai, archaeologist . Republic Institute for Cultural Heritage Protection ().......................Maja orevi, archaeologist . The Gallery of the Matica srpska () Museum of Smederevo ().............................................................................................. Ljiljana Nikoli, archaeologist

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- , . , 1984. (Acadmie Internationale de la Pipe), . , , , . ( 1953: 361371; 1961: 89115, .XII/710, . XIV/2; Biki: 2003, 80 83), ( 1925: 149153; 2005; 2006) . ( 1995, 351-369; 2006; 2007; 2009, 718; 2010, 94109), . 27. . , . , , . , , , , , . , . . . .

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FOREWORDPipes are a cultural-social phenomenon and thus great attention has been paid to them among the professionals of Europe and the world. The International Pipe Academy (Acadmie Internationale de la Pipe) was founded in 1984 in order to gather world experts dealing with pipes; since then it has organized conferences in different cities of Europe once a year. Unlike the situation abroad, pipes in Serbia didnt get sufficient scientific attention and domestic literature concerning the subject is scarce. Information about pipes in archeological and ethnological studies ( 1953: 361-371; 1961: 89-115, .XII/7-10, . XIV/2; Biki: 2003, 80-83), as well as in studies concerning tobacco ( 1925: 149153; 2005; 2006) is poor and mainly sporadic. More data concerning pipes belonging to museum collections can be found in recent studies ( 1995: 351-369; 2006; 2007; 2009: 7-18; 2010: 94-109), and the interest of scientific community for this subject has become stronger only recently. All afore mentioned justifies the fact that Novi Sad was chosen to host the 27th International Pipe Conference. To honour this occasion, the City Museum of Novi Sad has prepared an exhibition on pipes in museum collection in Serbia and a catalogue to accompany it. The aim is to familiarize experts, citizens and especially participants of the Conference with attractive and unknown museum items from a large number of museums of Serbia. The exhibition includes pipes made of various materials clay, meerschaum, porcelain, wood and metal, as well as accessories for pipe storage and tobacco storage and lighting. It is supported with photographs and illustrations depicting the popularity of smoking pipes in Serbia since the Ottoman Empire to the contemporary Serbian society. The City Museum of Novi Sad is grateful for the cooperation to all the institutions that have lended their museum items for this exibition. We owe special thanks to all the colleagues who have helped with the exhibition and catalogue realization

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Nicotiana Rustica L.

Nicotiana Tabacum L.

65 , Nicotiana rustica L., Nicotiana tabacum L. TOBACCO an annual herbaceous plant, classified in 65 botanical species, two of which most commonly used for pipe smoking: Nicotiana rustica L., in Serbia known as `krdza` and Nicotiana tabacum L. 10

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, . , . ? ( ) 1 , . . , 8. (Schvelzon 2009: 5). , (Belloncle 1971: 26; Ossk 2000: 13), (55003000. . . .), ( 2007: 99 102). , , , . , , (Ossk 2000: 13).1

TOBACCO AND PIPE SMOKINGIt is neither sweet nor healthy, though burning it does not hurt. Whats this? Its a tobacco pipe(A Folk riddle) Pipes1 and smoking the pleasure of tobacco consumption has been present for centuries. The contemporary science can not prove which one of them came first - tobacco or pipes? A widespread opinion is that pipes were created with the emergence of usage of tobacco and were used according to the latest research, since the 8th century B.C. in the subtropical part of the America continent (Schvelzon 2009: 5). Assumptions are also made that pipes were used in Europe, amongst Celts and Romans (Belloncle 1971: 26; Ossk 2000: 13) and even earlier, in the Neolithic period (5500-3000 B.C), when other aromatic herbs and dried mushrooms were used instead of tobacco ( 2007: 99-102). We assume that ancient peoples used some narcotic herbs but we can not confirm that they used pipes as well. The first written information concerning the usage of narcotic herbs can be found in Herodotus,

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(Lle).

Serbian word for pipe was taken from the Turkish language (Lle Turkish, pipe).

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, .2 , , , . . tobacco ( ). ( ), . ; , Y , , , ( 1925: 149150; 2006: 5; 2007: 19). , , ( ), (Belloncle 1971: 26). , ( , ) , calumet (Holik 1984: 7; Levrdy 2000: 57; Tonkovi 2009: 12). , 8. , . (, ,2

describing the Scythians who lit some hemp and then inhaled the smoke (Ossk 2000: 13). Some reliable data from recent history claim that tobacco was the most widely used of all aromatic plants. That is why we will start our story with this exotic plant which has so many books written and dedicated to2. Tobacco has become so rapidly popular mostly due to its psychoactive effects, and despite all prohibitions, it was and still remains one of the greatest vices of the world population. It is assumed that the cultivation of tobacco plant began in Middle and South America. The plant was named tobacco after Tabasco area (in contemporary Mexico). It is presumed that Pre-Hispanic peoples from the area of Argentina grew and used tobacco as early as the 8th century B.C (Schvelzon 2009: 5). It was originally used for ritual purposes (a...