En komparativ fallstudie om akt¶rers samverkan i ...kau.diva- 1112883/   Innovationsstrategier

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  • Innovationsstrategier fr samverkan

    En komparativ fallstudie om aktrers samverkan i vrmlndska

    innovationsstdsystem utifrn ett policyntverksperspektiv

    Innovation strategies for smart collaboration

    A comparative case study of actors collaborations in innovation support systems in Vrmland based on a policy networks perspective

    Ellinor Norin

    16 juni 2017

    Fakulteten fr hummanioria och statsvetenskap

    Politices kandidat, Statsvetenskap III

    Kandidatuppsats 15 hp

    Handledare: Magnus Lindh

    Examinator: Malin Stegmann McCallion

  • Frord

    Denna uppsats har varit lrorik och utvecklande. Jag har flera mnniskor att tacka som hjlpt

    mig i uppsatsprocessen. Jag vill rikta ett stort tack till Karlstad universitet och Region Vrmland

    som tilldelade mig ett stipendium ur Karlstad universitets jubileumsfond till denna uppsats. Jag

    vill tacka de respondenter som tog sig tiden fr intervjuer och delat med sig av sina kunskaper

    och erfarenheter om innovationsstdsystem. ven ett stort tack till personal p Region

    Vrmland och Innovation park fr givande diskussioner kring innovationsstdsystem och

    framtagandet av relevant material. Ett stort tack till min handledare som stttat och vglett mig

    i hela processen fram till min frdiga uppsats.

    Karlstad, juni 2017

  • Abstract

    Bachelor thesis in Political Science by Ellinor Norin, spring term 2017.

    Supervisor: Magnus Lindh

    Innovation strategies for smart collaboration:

    A comparative case study of actors collaborations in innovation support systems in

    Vrmland based on a policy networks perspective

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate how cooperation between different actors should be

    amended and improved through the new strategy of innovation support system in Vrmland. I

    am able to answer how the new strategy of the innovation support system are going to improve

    cooperation between actors through an analyse of policy network theory.

    The study asks an overall question How shall cooperation between several different actors be

    improved through the new strategy in the innovation support system?. Following by three

    more concentrated questions: What are the motives to participation in the innovation support

    system in 2012 and 2017? How does the organisation of cooperation appear in the innovation

    support system in 2012 and 2017? What is the strategy for managing collaborations in the

    innovation support system in 2012 and 2017?

    The study has been fulfilled through document studies and interviews with representatives from

    the innovation support system. Analyses of the innovation support system in Vrmland through

    policy network theory dividing the innovation support system into three categories: an actor

    level, an interaction level and a policy level.

    The five priorities, called smart specialisation, are the characteristic areas in the VRIS3

    strategy. Results are showing that responsibility explanations and Innovation Park are both

    new in VRIS3. The conclusions through policy network theory is that actors self-interests are

    the main motives to participate in the innovation support system. Knowledge, time and financial

    resources are the mainly resources. The VRIS3 is still in process but the common answer to

    question two and three is that Region Vrmland have a leading role in the innovation support

    system. The purpose of the responsibility explanations is to clarify the roles of the actors, and

    Innovation Park have a central role in the innovation support system as a coordinator and is

    working as a unified meeting place.

    Keywords: Innovation support systems, Policy networks, collaboration, Vrmland

  • Innehllsfrteckning 1. Introduktion ......................................................................................................................................... 1

    1.1 Problemformulering ...................................................................................................................... 2

    1.2 Syfte .............................................................................................................................................. 4

    1.3 Forskningsfrgor ........................................................................................................................... 4

    1.4 Avgrnsning och material ............................................................................................................. 5

    1.5 Disposition .................................................................................................................................... 6

    2. Bakgrund ............................................................................................................................................. 7

    2.1 Vrmlands innovationspolitik ....................................................................................................... 7

    2.2 Definition av innovationsstdsystem ............................................................................................ 9

    2.3 Definition av aktrer ................................................................................................................... 10

    3. Teori .................................................................................................................................................. 11

    3.1 Rhodes policyntverksteori ......................................................................................................... 11

    3.2 Teoretisk tillmpning .................................................................................................................. 12

    3.2.1 Aktrsnivn .......................................................................................................................... 12

    3.2.2 Interaktionsnivn .................................................................................................................. 13

    3.2.3 Policynivn ........................................................................................................................... 14

    3.2.4 Teoretisk sammanfattning .................................................................................................... 15

    4. Metod ................................................................................................................................................ 17

    4.1 Forskningsdesign ......................................................................................................................... 17

    4.2 Datainsamlingsmetoder ............................................................................................................... 17

    4.2.1 Kvalitativ textanalys ............................................................................................................. 18

    4.2.2 Intervjuer .............................................................................................................................. 19

    4.3 Forskningsetik ............................................................................................................................. 21

    4.4 Analysram ................................................................................................................................... 21

    5. Empiri ................................................................................................................................................ 23

    5.1 Aktrsniv ................................................................................................................................... 23

    5.2 Interaktionsniv ........................................................................................................................... 27

    5.3 Policyniv .................................................................................................................................... 32

    6. Analys och slutsatser ......................................................................................................................... 38

    6.1 Aktrsniv ................................................................................................................................... 38

    6.2 Interaktionsniv ........................................................................................................................... 41

    6.3 Policyniv .................................................................................................................................... 44

    6.4 Sammanfattade slutsatser ............................................................................................................ 48

    7. Reflektioner ....................................................................................................................................... 50

    Referenslista .......................................................................................................................................... 51

    Bilaga .................................................................................................................................................... 53

  • Figurfrteckning

    Figur 1. Presentation av intervjupersoner ................................................................................ 19

    Figur 2. Sevillaplattformens planeringsmodell. ....................................................................... 33

    Figur 3. Innovationsstdsystemet r 2012 Aktrsniv ............................................................. 38

    Figur 4. Innovationsstdsystemet r 2017