Deviant - Social Order

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    SOCIAL

    Control andConformit

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    RATIONALE

    Throughout history, Human Society everywhere in the worldand enforced rules, or norms.

    Does not exist only on formal organizations

    Different rules and norms

    Different punishment and severity of violation

    Word RULE and ENFORCEMENT is UNIVERSAL

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    SOCIAL ORDER

    needs

    SOCIAL CONTROL

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    Social Controlvarious means used by society to bring its mback in line with cultural norms

    2 TYPES

    Formal Social Controlcomponents of society that is desig

    the re-socialization of individuals who break formal rules

    Informal Social Controlelements of society that is designreinforce informal cultural norms.

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    FORMAL SOCIAL CONTROL

    Outlined motivations underlying the formal control sys

    1. Retributionholds that punishment is a necessary consequence ofshould be calculated based on the gravity of the wrong done

    2. Deterrence - use of punishment as a threat to deter (discourage) pe

    offending.3. Rehabilitationturning back individuals back to being a productive

    society.

    4. Social Protectionremoving deviant members from non-deviant msociety

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    Definition of Deviancecan also

    change over time

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    Structural-Functionalist Perspect Aspects of society contribute to the operation of the entire system

    Emile Durkheimdeviance contribute to society as a whole..knowing whats acceptable from immoral, identifying and punishing deviance also identifies what is considered acceptab

    3 TYPES of STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONALIST PERSPECTIVE

    Social Bonds

    Structural Strain

    - Innovation

    - Ritualism

    - Retreatism

    - Rebels

    Opportunity Structures

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    Structural-Functionalist Perspect

    Structural StrainRobert K. Merton expanded Durkheims concept.

    - inconsistency of culturally approved means to achieve goals and those actual goals.

    - Contrast between wants and economic realities.

    4 deviant adaptation to strain

    Innovationaccept culturally approved goals but pursue them in ways that are notapproved

    Ritualismdoes not believe in the established cultural goals of society, but they do abide by the means for attaining those goals.

    Retreatism - reject both the cultural goals and means, social dropouts ex: drug ad

    Rebels - reject both the established cultural goals and the accepted means of attaingoals, and also substitute new goals and new means of attaining those goals.

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    Structural-Functionalist Perspect

    Opportunity Structure- Limited means to achieve legitimate goals

    - Block opportunities leads to subcultures ( ex. Stealing

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    SOCIAL-CONTROL THEORY

    Opportunities to deviate are all around us. People conform due to social bonds, and if bonds are weak

    likely to act deviant act.

    Attachment

    - Strong, caring relationship

    - commitment to legitimate social goals (School, Church

    - consideration of the cost of deviance

    Deviants are impulsive, lack of self control, insensitive, and

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    SOCIAL-CONFLICT THEORY

    Based on early observations of crime in capitalist society Inequalities are inherent in capitalism

    Poor had minimal resources and wanted to obtain more

    Powerful group benefits much on how the law and criminal established.

    The system focuses majorly on less powerful and overlooks activities of the powerful.

    Crime control is in reality Class Control leading to MISDIR

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    GLOBALIZATION AND THE INTER

    Deviance often has different definitions in different cultures

    It may cause social stress as to what cultural norms will an iembrace or reject, it results to increase of deviant acts/ crim

    Many countries is struggling in this issue.

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