By: Michelle Lee, Romy Zack, Stephen Lai, Lawrence Lau and Amy Choi York Mills Collegiate InsituteJanuary, 6 2010
Michelle LeePaul BoxerResearch on serious youth violence and criminal behavior Adolescents who were not exposed to violent media are not as prone to violenceInterviewed 430 high school students and 390 juvenile delinquentsConcludes - Young children imitate behaviors of their surroundings.Rutgers University (2008, November 20). Media violence Cited As Critical Risk Factor For Aggression.ScienceDaily.Retrieved November 4,2009, from ,http:www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/11/081119122632.htm>
Connections to Unit/TopicSociologyDeviant BehaviourEnvironmental InfluencesViolence on T.V.BullyingPersonal Interview
Michelle LeeAggressive behavioursCo-investigator of CDC GrantEnvironmental Influences and Children DevelopmentPart of Federal funded Research
living in distressed urban communities put them at greater risks for deviant behaviour
family and peers have the most influence on urban children
urban parents face greater challenges, fewer resources than other societies
bad influence may cause children to drug use, school failure, and delinquencyHenry, D.B. (2000). Peer groups, families, and school failure among urban children: elements of risks and successful interventions. Preventing School Failure. Retrieved from October 28, 2009, from http://elibrary.bigchalk.comLawrence Lau
Connections to Unit/TopicEricksons PsychosocialSociologyPhenomenology/Live StoryHistorical ResearchPsychologyLawrence Lau
Family breakdown was a real root cause for why some children grew up to become dangerous72% of young offenders did not have fathersSchools where use of drugs were pervasive contribute to violence55% of homes had a firearm in an unlocked place7th grade boys with low grades involved in stealing/ breaking rules
Study offers profile of youth violence; Fathers absence one root causeWetzstein, Cheryl. Study offers profile of youth violence; Fathers absence one toot cause;. Washinton Times. 19 April 2000.2.ed.A2Stephen Lai
Connections to Unit/TopicNature VS NurtureMediaSocial GroupsInterviewsStatisticsStephen Lai
Violence, Alcohol and Aggression.Summary:Scientist and non-scientists believe alcohol use enables violent and hostile behavior.
Alcohol can promote violence by disrupting normal brain function and weakening brain mechanisms that normally restrain impulsive behavior, impaired information processing, and narrowing attention.
Researchers conducted experiment involving responses electric shocks while sober and intoxicated; subjects unaware that responses in both states being stimulated by computer, demonstrated increased aggressiveness while intoxicated.
Thought that aggression and alcohol consumption also biological Serotonin chemical messenger in the brain, function as behavioral inhibitor. Decreased serotonin activity associated with increased impulsivity and aggressiveness
Connections to Unit/Topic:Psychology: (p.15) The scientific study of behavior and mental processes- Article examines effects of alcohol on the mind and how increases likelihood of violence and aggression
Experimental Method: (handout package) the use of controlled observations and measurements to test hypotheses Article gives evidence by conducting an experiment using electricity while subjects both sober and intoxicated. Intoxicated responded more aggressively to shocks than sober subjects. Experiment shows clear connection between alcohol and deviant behavior.
Milgram: (p. 268-269) Unknown to the teachers, the learners were fake participants coached by Milgram and his team of experimenters Article shows deception by not informing subjects in experiment mentioned in article that responses were being stimulated and recorded on computer. However, experiment uses electric shocks, Milgrams experiment doesnt. Romy ZackAlcohol Alert. Alcohol, violence and Aggression. Retrieved November 2, 2009, from , National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholismhttp://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/aa38.htm
Newspaper article justification
This article should be added to the Images in society APS text book because it influences society on multiple levels. Alcohol affects families, communities, and relationships in an often negative way. Alcohol also effects the workplace through absences, work accidents and lower performance which can result in unemployment.
students should be made aware of the consequences of excessive alcohol consumption this through teachings aids and text books. Romy Zack
Suicides Linked to EconomyAmy ChoiSuicides linked to economy. Brunswick News [Brunswick, GA] 2 Nov.2009.
Suicides Linked to Economy SummaryDavid Faulkner, medical director of crisis at GBHSProvides aid and services to those contemplating suicideFaulkner dealt with a 10 percent increase suicide patientsHelped homeless people since July 2009
Connections to the UnitPsychologyevidence prove people cope with the drastic change by committing suicide Social InstitutionGBHS prevents people from suicideCognitive Processpatients at GBHS lack cognitive skills Deviant Behaviorsuicidal acts are deviant behaviorPersonal Interviewinterviewed and guided people who are experiencing a dramatic life style change.
Amy ChoiTo be aware of the suicide rate so that there can be an institution to help
When the basic needs of humans are in danger, many people seem to think they have no way out.
To understand the cognitive process in seeking help
Important to be in the textbook because
Alcohol- related Aggression in Men and Women Peter R. Giancola Objective: - An aggressive person will display violent behaviour while under the influence of alcohol.
Method: (used 2 methods)Questionnaire experiment- conducted this experiment on 204 subjects aged 21 - 35 Controlled experiment- used an advanced shock method Taylor Aggression Paradigm- divided into 2 group (placebo and alcoholic control group)Conclusion:Alcoholic group majority show high level of aggression subjects with lower aggression did not display aggressive behavior with alcohol
Michelle LeeGiancola, P R(Nov 2002).Alcohol-related aggression in men and women: the influence of dispositional aggressivity *.Journal of Studies on Alcohol.,63,6.p.696 (13).RetrievedNovember 22, 2009,fromAcademic OneFileviaGale:
1. Main focus of study: - substance abuse disorder and alcoholic-related aggression
2.Giancola published a few textbooks
3. Best First Time from ISRA
4. Membership to scientific societies
Objective MAOA gene causes people to have delinquent behavioursHypothesisLow-MAOA activity alleles would increase antisocial involvementMethodCase StudyConclusion
Lawrence Lau"Project Reach Out." M. M. Designs Ink. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Jan. 2010. .
Kevin M. Beaver published more than 50 articles, 15 book chapters and is the author of 7 booksDunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development StudyCase StudyNature VS NurtureSociologyLawrence Lau
ObjectiveHypothesisMethodConclusionAntisocial tendency among drug-addicted adults: potential long-term effects of parental absence, support and conflict during childhoodKnight, D.K., Broome, K M, Cross, D R, & Simpsion, D.D. (August 1998). Antisocial tendenctamong drug-addicted adults: potential long-term effects of parental absence, support, and conflict during childhood. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol/ Abuse. , 24, n3. p.361(15). Retrieved November 09, 2009. from Academic OneFile via GaleStephen Lai
Connections to Unit/TopicNature VS NurtureEricksons Stages of DevelopmentInterviews
Voices of violence: a study of male adolescent aggression
Objective of article to understand problem of adolescent male aggression and add more research to topic Method of article to interview 15 aggressive boys and outline prevention and intervention programs and analyze previous research by other professionalsAll applicants were volunteers to the study and researchers confirmed that applicants were aggressive by two factors.Conclusions of article that an individuals anger could be outcome of several different circumstances, but that all the causes of anger formed the same product, a need to free that anger in aggressive ways.
Romy ZackMargolin, Andrew, Jan Youga, and Mary Ballou. Voices of Violence: a study of male adolescent aggression. Journal of Humanistic Counseling, Education and Development. Retrieved November 17, 2009, from Gale expanded ASAP Academic Database
Romy ZackAcademic journal article justification
Many adolescent boys experience anger due factors related to home, school and social life. Often this anger is poorly assessed and can escalate if neglected. Not only can it harm the individual but those around them. Therefore, it is both useful and relevant to include this subject in APS text books or curriculum so it can be understood and aided.
Lila, Marisol,Juan Herrero,andEnrique Gracia."Multiple victimization of Spanish adolescents: a multilevel analysis."Adolescence.43.170(Summer 2008):333(18).Academic OneFile.Gale.Toronto District School Board.15 Dec. 2009. Objective- explores the incidence of different types of victimization in three different contexts in the representative sample of Spanish adolescents.
Method-they experimented 1,908 age of 13 to 18 adolescents living in Spain using data form.
Conclusion- Gender, value of