Winter frit 8530_south_asia_

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  • 1. Early BeginningsIn Southern Asian

2.

  • In 1922 scientist digging near theIndus Rivercame upon theruinsof an ancient city that they calledMohhenjo-Daro.

3.

  • Thecitywas amazingly well planned with wide, straight streets and large buildings.It had asewersystem and a large wall fortress.

4.

  • Mehnjo-Daro was part of acivilizationthat developed about 4,500 year ago.

5. Migration

  • The people who lived there were part of one of the worlds oldestcivilizations .Over thecenturies , many other people moved into the region.Some camepeacefullyOthers marched in withswordsin their hand.All of theseinvaderscontributed to South AsianCulture

6.

  • South Asian culture, in turn, influenced cultures of other regions.Hinduismis practiced bymillionsof people today.

7.

  • Between 2000 B.C. and 1500 B.Cinvadersknown asAryansswept down on the people of theIndusValley.
  • The Indus Valley farmers were no match for theAryan soldiersin horse-drawn chariots.

8.

  • In time, theAryansmoved eastward to theGanges River , laying claim to much of northernIndia .

9.

  • The Aryans ruled northern India for more than 1,000 years.They introduced new ways of living.

10.

  • For example, they divided people into three classespriests ,warriors , and ordinary working people.

11.

  • This division grew out ofAryanreligious writings called theVedas .

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  • In time the Aryans drew theconqueredpeople into their classsystem .

13.

  • By 500 B.C.There was a strict division of classes.Europeanslater called it the class system.

14.

  • EachCaste , or class, had special duties and work.

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  • The caste system became a central part of a new system of belief that also emerged from Aryan religious ideas and practices.

16.

  • Thissystemof beliefs,Hinduism , is the worldsoldestlivingreligion .

17.

  • Hinduismis unlike other major world religions.It has no onesinglefounder.However it has many great religiousthinkers .

18.

  • Also,Hindusworship many gods and goddesses, but they believe in a single spirit.To Hindus, the various gods andgoddessesrepresent different parts of thisspirit.

19. Bibliogrpahy

  • Armstrong, HB. (2008). Exploring our world: people, places, and cultures . New York City, NY, USA: McGraw Hill Glencoe.