TULBUR‚RILE FUNCIEI RESPIRATORII

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    Alterrile cantitative i calitative ale hematiilor:

    -oligocitemie; -policitemie.

    TULBURRILE FUNCIEI RESPIRATORII ASNGELUI PRIN AFECTAREA

    CANTITATI !I CALITATI A"E#ATIILOR

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    Policitemia

    Policitemia = creterea numrului de hematii / mm3snge.

    Policitemia poate f:

    -$%&ol't(;

    -)el$ti*(.

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    Policitemi$ $%&ol't( Policitemi$ $%&ol't( + ,). em$tii c)e&c't *ol'm /e pl$&m( co,&t$,t.

    Policitemi$ $%&ol't( 0-policitemia absolut primar (policitemia vera),(tulburri mieloprolierativeidiopatice la cine! pisic i vac"#

    $policitemia absolut secundar! indus de:

    $rspuns compensator la condi%iile hipo&ice (tulburri cardiace! pulmonare sau

    hemoglobinopatii "#$hipereritropoietinemiei (carcinomul renal! hidronero'".

    NOR#AL

    POLICITE#IE

    112.

    312.

    31

    2.

    112.

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    Policitemi$ )el$ti*(

    Policitemi$ )el$ti*( + ,). em$tii co,&t$,t *ol'm /e pl$&m(c)e&c't.

    Policitemi$ )el$ti*( e&te o co,&eci,4( $ emoco,ce,t)$4iei5/e&i/)$t()i6 poli')ie6 *om( i,coe)ci%il(6 t)$,&pi)$4ie $%',/e,t(

    etc.7

    NOR#AL POLICITE

    #IERELATI

    112.

    312.

    312.

    112.

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    Oligocitemi$ 5A,emi$7

    Oligocitemi$ + ,). em$tii &c(8't mm9&:,ge.

    Oligocitemi$ po$te i,/'ce 0$varia%ia dimensiunilor hematiilor#$aectarea ncrcrii acestora cu hemoglobin#$apari%ia n circula%ie a unor eritrocite modifcate.

    A,emiile &e m$,ie&t( p)i,0$tegumente i mucoase aparente palide#$tahicardie#$hipo&ie de tip anemic#$alcalo' metabolic.

    Oligocitemiile6 &e cl$&i

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    Oligocitemi$po&temo)$gic( Oligocitemi$ po&temo)$gic( e&te i,/'&( /e emo)$gii

    =,&em,$te.

    "emo)$gi$ implic( )e$c4ii /e0

    $mobili'areasngelui

    de depo'it.

    -)e$ce)e $ *ol'm'l'i&$,g'i,;

    -compe,&$)e $ /eige,'l'i.

    $amplifcareadrena)ului

    ichidului intersti%ial.

    P:,( =,?@2.

    Pe&te?@2.

    OLIGOCITE

    #IE

    Retic'locite ?612

    $crestereeritropoie'a .

    ep(i)e',c4io,$l(

    E# ,o)m$l 5@9-D1

    m9

    7

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    Oligocitemi$ emolitic(

    OLIGOCITE#IA "E#OLITIC

    -To>ice emolitice 5&$po,i,e6 %e,8e,6*e,i,')i $,im$le etc.7;-P$)$8i4i i,t)$glo%'l$)i 5B$%e&i$6"$emo%$)to,ell$6 A,$pl$&m$ etc.7;-#$l$/ii %$cte)ie,e 5lepto&pi)o8$7-#$l$/ii $'toim',e 5$,emi$ $'toim',(emolitic(7;

    -A,om$lii e)e/it$)e 5/ece&i*( /e $p( )ece6 ')emi$ etc.7.

    Fig. 3.Hematiii parazitate de

    Babesia.

    Fig. 4. Hematii parazitate de

    Haemobartonella.

    Si/e)ocite Co)p'&c'li

    "ei,8

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    Oligocitemi$ c$)e,4i$l(

    OLIGOCITE#IACARENIAL

    C$)e,4e =,0$fer! (aport diminuat! pierdere de fer prin hemoragii"#

    $cupru(induce defcien% unc%ional a ferului"#$vitamina *#$vitamina +,#

    $aminoaci'ii esen%iali#$vitamina -! implicat n biosinte'a hemoglobinei#$vitamina +

    (necesar sinte'ei A01$ului"#

    $acid olic (necesar sinte'ei A01$ului"#$cobalt (component al vitaminei +".

    $implic$)e =, %io&i,te8$

    em'l'i.$$,emie ipoc)om(mic)ocit$)(5"E# ?@-@ pg7.

    Fig. 9.Normocromie.

    Fig. 7. Anemie microcitar.

    Fig. 10. Anemie hipocrom.

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    Oligocitemi$ c$)e,4i$l(

    OLIGOCITE#IACARENIAL

    C$)e,4e =,0$fer! (aport diminuat! pierdere de fer prin hemoragii"#

    $cupru(induce defcien% unc%ional a ferului"#$vitamina *#$vitamina +,#

    $aminoaci'ii esen%iali#$vitamina -! implicat n biosinte'a hemoglobinei#$vitamina +

    (necesar sinte'ei A01$ului"#

    $acid olic (necesar sinte'ei A01$ului"#$cobalt (component al vitaminei +".

    $implic$)e =, %io&i,te8$emoglo%i,ei.

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    Oligocitemi$ c$)e,4i$l(

    OLIGOCITE#IACARENIAL

    C$)e,4e =,0$fer! (aport diminuat! pierdere de fer prin hemoragii"#

    $cupru(induce defcien% unc%ional a ferului"#$vitamina *#$vitamina +,#

    $aminoaci'ii esen%iali#$vitamina -! implicat n biosinte'a hemoglobinei#$vitamina +

    (necesar sinte'ei A01$ului"#

    $acid olic (necesar sinte'ei A01$ului"#$cobalt (component al vitaminei +".

    $implic$)e =, mito8$e)it)o%l$tilo).$$,emie m$c)ocit$)e,o)moc)ome.5E# @9-D1 mm97

    Fig. . Anemie macrocitar. Fig. 9.Normocromie.

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    Oligocitemi$ c$)e,4i$l(

    OLIGOCITE#IACARENIAL

    C$)e,4e =,0$fer! (aport diminuat! pierdere de fer prin hemoragii"#

    $cupru(induce defcien% unc%ional a ferului"#$vitamina *#$vitamina +,#

    $aminoaci'ii esen%iali#$vitamina -! implicat n biosinte'a hemoglobinei#$vitamina +

    (necesar sinte'ei A01$ului"#

    $acid olic (necesar sinte'ei A01$ului"#$cobalt (component al vitaminei +".

    i&p$) Si/e)ocitelei&p$))etic'locitele

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    Oligocitemi$ ipopl$&tic( &$'$pl$&tic(

    OLIGOCITE#IA "IPOPLASTIC SAUAPLASTIC

    #(/'*( o&o$&( em$toge,( i,compete,t( ',c4io,$l0$apla'ie (atrofe"#

    $hipola'ie (de'voltare incomplet".E&te i,/'&( p)i, mec$,i&me0$to&ice! (cloramenicolul! hidrocarburile ciclice! to&ice din erigetc."#$f'ice (radia%ii ioni'ante"#$inec%ioase de tip viral (anemia inec%ioas ecvin!

    panleucopenia elin! parvoviro'a canin! 20A etc."#$imune (tiroidita autoimun".

    A,emie,o)mocit$)( i&p$))etic'locitele

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