The Influence of Turtle Island Tanjung Benoa Bali on Turtle Population in the World

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Pengaruh Pulau Penyu Tanjung Benoa Bali Terhadap Populasi Penyu di Dunia

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THE INFLUENCE OF TURTLE ISLANDIN TANJUNG BENOA BALI ON TURTLE POPULATIONIN THE WORLDScholarly Paper Submitted to fulfill task of scholarly paper writingin SMA Negeri 1 Sumedang school year 2014/2015

Written by:TENDI NUGERAHA WIJAYAXII IPA 1121310308

COVER PAGE

SEKOLAH MENENGAH ATAS NEGERI 1 SUMEDANGJalan Prabu Geusan Ulun no. 38 Sumedang2014APPROVAL PAGETHE INFLUENCE OF TURTLE ISLANDIN TANJUNG BENOA BALI ON TURTLE POPULATIONIN THE WORLDApproved By:First Adviser,

Hj. Lin Gustini, S.Pd.NIP 19650803 198703 2 007Second Adviser,

Acih Mintarsih, S.Pd., M.MPd.NIP 19641230 198703 2 003

The Principal,

Drs. Yosep Raharja, M.MPd.NIP 19621126 198703 1 011Homeroom Teacher,

Dede Juangsih, S.Pd.19630727 198703 2 005

DEDICATION PAGE

This paper is dedicated to my parents and my sister.For their endless love, support, and encouragement.

A fear will only make you weak and lose confidence. Ignore the fear and proceed your step.

PREFACEFirstly, lets praise and gratitude to God that has given an abundance of grace and help, so that the writer can finish writing this paper well. This paper is done in order to fulfill the final task of natural science program in SMA Negeri 1 Sumedang. Various challenge and problems have been experienced by the author on writing this paper. But because of the help, guidance, and motivation from the various side, the writing of this paper can be completed well. Therefore, the author would like to thank to:1. Mr. Drs. Yosep Raharja, M.MPd as The Principal of SMA Negeri 1 Sumedang 2. Mrs. Hj. Lin Gustini, S.Pd. as the material adviser who has guided the writer in writing the paper.3. Mrs. Acih Mintarsih, S.Pd., M.MPd. as the technical adviser who has helped me in correcting the English translation in this paper.4. Mrs. Dede Juangsih, S.Pd. as the homeroom teacher who has given the spirit to her students to finish the paper well.5. My beloved parents and grandmother who always motivate, pray and support me in study.6. My sister, who always helped and guided me in writing this paper.7. My dearest deceased mother who always exists in my heat and become a reason for the writer in reaching dreams. 8. All of my friends who have become my second family who always asked my paper progress and it made the writer motivated to finish the paper well.In the end, the writer wishes that Allah SWT pleased to reply all the people goodness who have helped in writing this paper. Hopefully, this paper will give the good advantage to the readers.

Sumedang, September 2014

The Writer

LIST OF CONTENTSCOVER PAGEiAPPROVAL PAGEiiDEDICATION PAGEiiiPREFACEivLIST OF CONTENTSviLIST OF IMAGESviiiLIST OF TABLESixCHAPTER I INTRODUCTION11.1.Background11.2.Problem Formulation21.3.Research Purpose21.4.Time and Place of Research31.5.Methods and Technique of Research31.5.1.Methods of Research31.5.2.Technique of Research31.6.The Systematics Writing4CHAPTER II ITERATURE REVIEW52.1.Turtle52.2.Turtle Breeding102.3.Turtle Island Tanjung Benoa Bali122.3.1.Tanjung Benoa122.3.2.Turtle Island As The Recreation Place122.3.3.Turtle Island As The Breeding Place13CHAPTER III PROBLEM DISSCUSSION143.1.Current Turtle Population143.1.1.Worlds Most Threatened Turtle Population153.1.2.Worlds Most Healthiest Turtle Population163.2.Threats on Turtle183.3.The Influence of Turtle Island on Turtle Population253.3.1.The Positive Impact253.3.2.The Negative Impact273.4.The Benefits of Turtle283.5.The Way To Preserve The Turtle Population30CHAPTER IV CLOSING314.1.Conclusion314.2.Suggestion32BIBLIOGRAPHYxBIOGRAPHYxi

LIST OF IMAGESImage 2. 1 Green Turtle5Image 2. 2 Hawksbill Turtle6Image 2. 3 Kemp's Ridley Turtle7Image 2. 4 Olive Ridley Turtle8Image 2. 5 Leatherback Turtle9Image 2. 6 Flatback Turtle10Image 2. 7 Loggerhead Turtle11

LIST OF TABLESTable 2. 1 Scientific Classification of Green Turtle5Table 2. 2 Scientific Classification of Hawksbill Turtle6Table 2. 3 Scientific Classification of Kemps Ridley7Table 2. 4 Scientific Classification of Olive Ridley Turtle8Table 2. 5 Scientific Classification of Leatherback Turtle9Table 2. 6 Scientific Classification of Flatback Turtle9Table 2. 7 Scientific Classification of Loggerhead Turtle10Table 3. 1 Worlds Most Threatened Turtle Population15Table 3. 2 Worlds Most Healthiest Turtle Population..17

vi

CHAPTER IINTRODUCTION1.1. BackgroundIt has been known for a long time, Bali is famous for its natural beauty and the culture which make Bali become an interesting tourism object for domestic and foreign tourists. The tourists who come to Bali are very fond of the presence of the tourism objects which are beautiful and clean. There are cultural tourism object such as Garuda Wisnu Kencana and Bajra Sandhi Monument and natural tourism objects as Kuta Beach, Tanah Lot, Bedugul Lake and Tanjung Benoa. In Tanjung Benoa is available a transportation to Turtle Island, that is a live place for turtle and other animals. Turtle Island has a clean beach, sandy and ramps beach and also has an intact ecological system that makes it suitable as a place for turtle to live.The existence of Turtle Island is not only as an interesting tourism object, but also as turtle breeding for protected animals. Turtle is a marine animal which is currently the world's turtle populations which are in a worrying state. As the species which has vulnerable life circle naturally, the continuity of turtle populations is getting threatened because of increasing human activity. These activities include turtle habitat destruction and illegal trade of turtle meat by people who are not responsible.From seven species of sea turtles in the world, the number of leatherback turtles decreased from approximately 115,000 adult female turtles to less than 3,000. Leatherback turtles has decreased 97% in the last 22 years. According to The World Conversation Union (IUCN), an endangered species of sea turtle is the Kemp's Ridley and hawksbill. Both of them entered into the red list of endangered species. In addition, four other turtle species are also at risk of extinction, although it is not in a short time.Based on the problems above, this research is given the title "THE INFLUENCE OF TURTLE ISLAND IN TANJUNG BENOA BALI ON TURTLE POPULATIONS IN THE WORLD".1.2. Problem FormulationBased on the background that have been presented, the problems formulation in a scientific paper is as follows1. How is the condition of Turtle Island as tourist spot and turtle breeding?2. How is the influence of Turtle Island on turtle population in the world?3. How to conserve sea turtles in the world?1.3. Research PurposeThis paper is organized with the following purposes1. To determine the situation of Turtle Island Tanjung Benoa Bali as a tourism place and a turtle breeding.2. To determine the effect of Turtle Island Tanjung Benoa Bali on turtle populations in the world.3. To know the way to preserve the turtles in the world.1.4. Time and Place of ResearchThe research was conducted by the author at the time of following the activity of Study Tour Sumedang Bali on 19 26 June 2014 in several tourism objects in Bali. In addition, the author also conducted research through other sources that have relevance to the research by the author after the activity of Study Tour is completed.1.5. Methods and Technique of Research1.5.1. Methods of ResearchIn organizing this scientific paper, the author used descriptive research method.1.5.2. Technique of Research1. Literature StudyThis method is done by collecting data from a variety of relevant sources such as books and internet, browsing articles related to the discussion of the problem.2. InterviewThis method is done by directly asking the respondent and aims to obtain information related to the discussion of the problem.1.6. The Systematics Writing This scientific paper entitled "The Influence of Turtle Island in Tanjung Benoa Bali on Turtle Population in The World" which consists of 1. CHAPTER I Introduction, discusses the basic things in this paper, which consists of: background, problem formulation, the purpose of research, time and place of the research, methods and techniques of research and systematic writing. 2. CHAPTER II Literature Review, discusses the basic theories, which describes a study on the condition of Turtle Island Tanjung Benoa Bali as a tourist spot and a turtle breeding. 3. CHAPTER III Problem Study, contains discussion of the data obtained by literature study and interviews. The data is about the influence of Turtle Island Tanjung Benoa Bali on turtle population in the world and ways to conserve sea turtles.4. CHAPTER IV Closing, the last part of this paper, which contains conclusions and suggestions from the author.

CHAPTER IILITERATURE REVIEW2.1. TurtleTurtle is one of the most ancient creatures on earth. Seven species that can be found until now have been existed for 110 million years ago, since the time of dinosaurs. Turtle shell or carapace is efficient to swim in the water. Unlike tortoises, turtles cant retract their legs and head into their shell. Their color is varies between yellow, green and black depend on the species. The seven species of turtles that will be described below:1. Green TurtleThe green sea turtle is a large sea turtle of the family Cheloniidae. It is the only species in the genus Chelonia. Its range extends throughout tropical and subtropical seas around the world, with two distinct populations in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The common name comes from the usually green fat found beneath its carapace. Unlike other members of its family, such as the hawksbill sea turtle, C. mydas is mostly herbivorous. The adults usually inhabit shallow lagoons, feeding mostly on various species of seagrasses.Table 2. 1 Scientific Classification of Green TurtleImage 2. 1 Green TurtleKingdom Animalia

Phylum Chordata

Class Reptilia

Order Testud