Technology Digitization

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    Status of Technology and Digitization

    in the Nations Museums and Libraries

    January 2006

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    Table of Contents

    Introduction............................................................................................................................................... 1

    Resources ................................................................................................................................................. 3Conferences.............................................................................................................................................. 4

    Key Findings.............................................................................................................................................. 5

    Technology Use......................................................................................................................................... 5Digitization Activities.................................................................................................................................6

    Background and Methodology................................................................................................................. 9

    Background to the Study..........................................................................................................................9Purpose of the Survey and Survey Development....................................................................................9Sampling Methods..................................................................................................................................10Conducting the Survey............................................................................................................................11Response Rate and Validity ...................................................................................................................12Definitions...............................................................................................................................................12

    Museums................................................................................................................................................. 14

    1. Museum Overview..............................................................................................................................141.1 Technology overview...................................................................................................................141.2 Digitization overview ...................................................................................................................15

    2. Museum Size Analyses ......................................................................................................................162.1 Demographics .............................................................................................................................172.2 Technology...................................................................................................................................182.3 Digitization ...................................................................................................................................23

    3. Comparisons of the 2001 and the 2004 Survey Findings..............................................................323.1 Overview.......................................................................................................................................323.2 Top Technologies Used...............................................................................................................333.3 Funding for Technology and Digitization....................................................................................343.4 Sources of Funding for Technology ............................................................................................35

    3.5 Sources of Funding for Digitization Activities ............................................................................353.6 Digitization Policies .....................................................................................................................363.7 Top Goals for Digitization Projects .............................................................................................37

    Chapter 1. Public Libraries.................................................................................................................... 38

    1. Public Library Overview .....................................................................................................................381.1 Technology Overview...................................................................................................................381.2 Digitization Overview...................................................................................................................39

    2. Public Library size analyses ..............................................................................................................412.1 Demographics .............................................................................................................................412.2 Technology...................................................................................................................................432.3 Digitization ...................................................................................................................................47

    3. Comparisons of the 2001 and the 2004 survey findings...............................................................553.1 Overview.......................................................................................................................................553.2 Top Technologies Used...............................................................................................................563.3 Funding for Technology and Digitization....................................................................................563.4 Sources of Funding for Technology ............................................................................................573.5 Sources of Funding for Digitization Activities ............................................................................573.6 Digitization Policies .....................................................................................................................583.7 Top Goals for Digitization Projects .............................................................................................59

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    Academic Libraries................................................................................................................................. 61

    1. Academic library Overview ................................................................................................................611.1 Technology Overview...................................................................................................................611.2 Digitization Overview...................................................................................................................62

    2. Academic library size analyses .........................................................................................................642.1 Demographics .............................................................................................................................64

    2.2 Technology...................................................................................................................................662.3 Digitization ...................................................................................................................................693. Comparisons of the 2001 and the 2004 survey findings...............................................................78

    3.1 Overview.......................................................................................................................................783.2 Top Technologies Used...............................................................................................................783.3 Funding for Technology and Digitization....................................................................................793.4 Sources of Funding for Technology ............................................................................................803.5 Sources of Funding for Digitization Activities ............................................................................803.6 Digitization Policies .....................................................................................................................813.7 Top Goals for Digitization Projects .............................................................................................82

    Archives................................................................................................................................................... 83

    1. Archives Overview ..............................................................................................................................831.1 Technology Overview...................................................................................................................831.2 Digitization ...................................................................................................................................83

    2. Archives size analyses .......................................................................................................................861.1 Demographics .............................................................................................................