Technical Textiles - 2BFUNTEX Technical Textiles confidential Technical Textiles Segments : Mobiltech

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  • Technical Textiles TIRE INDUSTRY CHALLENGES

    & EMERGING TRENDS

    ERTUĞRUL BAHAN

    Tire Reinforcement Technologies Manager

    Global R&D Center

  • Seamless Production Process

    Dipping Raw Material

    Nylon 6.6 : HMD, AA PET: MEG /PTA

    Polymerization & Spinning

    Twisting Weaving

  • Industry Leader

    Only global company with a sizeable position in both industrial Nylon & PET

    Leading producer of Nylon 6.6 with 35% market share

    World’s largest Tire Cord Fabric producer

    Growing in PET, 3rd largest producer.

    Nylon 6.6 Polyester

  • Technical Textiles

    confidential

    Technical Textiles Segments :

    Mobiltech

    Indutech

    Medtech

    Hometech

    Clothtech

    Buildtech

    Agrotech

    Geotech

    Packtech

    Oekotech

    Protech

    Sporttech

  • Tire Industry

    Global Dynamics

    Automotive

    Tire

    Textile Yarn and

    TCF

    Automotive industry

    initiatives

    Requirements of Tire

    Industry

    Development and New

    Technologies in

    Requirements of Tire

    Industry Textile Yarn and

    TCF

    VOC

    (Voice of Customer)

  • Tire Market

    • Tire market – Light Tires

    – Heavy Tires

    – Speciality Tires • OTR

    • Agro

    • Aircraft

    Use

    Reinforcements

    for Durability

    and Main

    Performance

    Requirements

  • Worldwide 13” and 14” rims are decreasing,

    meanwhile 17” rim size is growing.

    18” & 19” are negligable

    S segment is steadily decreasing while

    V segment is significantly increasing.

    Due to

    development of

    engine technology

    and sophisticated

    technologies, cars

    are faster powerful

    and heavier.

    Light tires- Ratings

    Average passenger car standarts shifted to 15”-17” rim

    size; H, V speed ratings are dominating

  • As speed rating and rim sizes

    are increasing, price of

    tires/wheels also increasing

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    13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

    W e ig

    h t

    k g

    RIM Size

    Tire Weight vs. Rim Size

    Light tires- Ratings

    Due to size increase,

    heavier tires are observed

  • As of Nov 2012, no tire without labeling will

    be sold in EU Countries.

    Light tires- Regulations/Labelling

  • Even the emission impact of ‘’Low Rolling Resistance’’ in tires is not too

    much, it is one of the likely and cost effective solutions.

    Therefore OEM will strongly ask tire makers to produce ’’Low Rolling

    Resistance’’ tires.

    CO2 Reduction% Cost USD

    4 50

    4 70

    5 120

    13 450

    12 600

    3 150

    33 2200

    6 425

    10 750

    4 300

    25 2000

    7 800

    5 1000

    7 2000

    0,0 2,0 4,0 6,0 8,0

    Dual Clutch Transmission

    Electric Motor Assist

    Stop Start with Regen. Braking

    Diesel

    Light Weighting

    Stop Start

    Variable Valve Actuation

    Hybrid

    Low Rolling Resistance Tires

    Direct Injection/Lean Burn

    Turbo/ Supercharging

    Electric Steering

    Electric Power Hydraulic Steering

    Reduced Mech. Friction Comp.

    T e c h

    n o

    lo g

    y f

    o r i m

    p r o

    v e d

    e ff

    ic ie

    n y a

    n d

    e m

    is s io

    n s

    %CO2 Reduction / $100

    (Electric Cars,Deutche Bank 2008)

    HOW to achieve Emissions & Efficieny?

    Enviroment Population growth &

    urbanization Ageing Polarization Mobility

    Safety & Individualiza

    tion

  • Safety

    • Demanding customers and regulations

    • Safety level required by customers, always higher than regulations

    İnnovative solutions

    • Enhanced solutions for active and passive security

    • ABS, airbags are industry standarts, night vision systems, EBD, EBS are yet to be in the standart package

    • Following sedans, hatchbacks and SUV’s , there are crossover vehicles

    • Infotainment will be highlighted

    Tires

    •Improved wet grip without sacrificing ‘’Rolling Resistance’’

    •Cut resistant sidewalls

    •Self Sealing tires

    •Run Flat Tires

    •TPMS

    •Colored tire

    Enviroment Population

    growth Ageing

    Urbanization & Mobility

    Polarization Safety &

    Individualization

    Regions Robustness Wet grip Road

    holding Longevity Fuel

    efficiency Comfort noise

    EU * *** *** ** ** *

    NA ** * * *** * **

    Japan * * * * *** ***

    Asia *** * * ** * **

    S.A. *** ** * *** * *

    MEA *** * * *** * *

    Tire customer diverse demands

  • Application Areas

    Carcass and Cap Ply are major ‘Tire Textile

    Reinforcing Material’’.

    A Typical

    Passenger

    Tire Cross

    Section

  • Name of components

    Functions Material

    Cord-rubber

    composite carcass

    plies

    Light tire components - functions

    To provide the strength to contain the

    tire's inflation pressure-performance

    • Carries the vehicle load-integrity

    • To provide sidewall impact

    resistance –integrity

    • Manufacturing precision -process

    Key component of a tire

    Minimum

    carcass plies

    /textile cord

    •modulus stability in service

    •tenacity

    •adhesion to rubber

    •fatigue resistance

    •thermal Stability (flat spotting/SWI)

    Thermal shrinkage

    Maximun

  • Name of components

    Functions Material

    Cord-rubber composite

    Cap ply (overlay) • Stabilize belt package especially

    at high speeds-performance

    •To reduce the propensity of tire

    failures–integrity, by reducing:

    -Interlaminar shear (belt edge

    separation)

    -Carcass cord compression -Tire

    growth

    •Manufacturing procesicion-

    process

    Key component of a tire

    Minimum

    cap plies/

    textile cord

    • modulus for high deformation in service

    • modulus stability in service

    • thermal stability (flat spotting)

    • compound adhesion

    Modulus for low

    deformation

    Maximum

    Light tire components - functions

  • HP and UHP tires are in growth trend, these segments will always use

    CAP PLY due to its positive effects for ’’Low Rolling Resistance’’ .

    Light tires- Rolling Resistance

  • Light Tires Conclusions

    • Globally speed ratings and tire sizes are shifting one step upward.

    • Polyester offering more Dimensional stability and modulus which are

    highlights for tire performance. Hot issue for HP/UHP tires.

    • From Material standpoint Kevlar and Carbon fiber are tried to be positioned

    in light tires.

    • Although Tire Rolling Resistance is more related with hysterisis of rubber;

    without cap plies Rolling Resistance would be increased due to belt edge

    shear.

    • Rolling Resistance and weight is critical for Hybrid Vehicles, so less amount

    of material ( 1 Polyester carcass, 1 Layer Cap Ply ) will be popular.

    • Run Flat Tires are remained to be only the ‘’Original Equipment’’ of ‘’A’’

    segment cars. Polyester is replacing polyester as carcass material.

    • Use of Cap plies in NY 6.6 will be continous, whereas hybrid cord usage

    will be limited for UHP and ’’ Very Low Rolling Resistance’’ tires.

  • Kordsa New Products & Mobiltech Applications

    Strictly Confidential

    http://twixtra.com/ http://www.monolyx.com/ http://www.capmax.com.tr/

    http://twixtra.com/ http://www.monolyx.com/ http://www.capmax.com.tr/

  • http://twixtra.com/

    Applications

    http://twixtra.com/

  • http://www.monolyx.com/

    Applications

    http://www.monolyx.com/

  • http://www.capmax.com.tr/

    Cap Ply

    Applications

    http://www.capmax.com.tr/

  • Kordsa Global Wins Two Environment Awards with Its New Products - Capmax™ & Twixtra® At the Istanbul Chamber of Industry’s 13th Annual Environment Awards Ceremony - Feb 2013

    In the category of Innovative Environmental Friendly Products, Capmax™ is the winner. Engineered as a replacement for