Model Project on Technical Textiles(Manufacturing of Coated fabric)
Table of Index
56 2 Over view of the Project
Process Flow chart
Technical TextilesProject on Manufacture of Coated Fabric 1.1.Introduction The Technical Textiles previously widely termed as "Industrial fabrics" has been now redefined and named as "Technical Textiles". The Technical Textiles offers a variety of technical and functional properties and has applications in the every field and walks of life. As per Experts Committee Report ,the technical textiles are defined as, Textile materials and products manufactured primarily for their technical performance and functional properties rather than their aesthetic or decorative characteristics.The technical textile is broadly grouped under the following 12 segments based on the functional applicability. Buildtech (building and construction) Agrotech (Agriculture, horticulture 1 2 and forestry) Cloth tech (technical components of Geotech (geotextiles, civil 3 4 shoes and clothing) engineering) Hometech (components of furniture, Indutech (filtration, cleaning and household textiles and floor other industrial) 5 6 coverings) Medtech (hygiene and medical) Mobiltech (automobiles, shipping, 7 8 railways and aerospace) Oekotech (environmental Pactech (packaging) 9 10 protection) Protech (personal and property Sportech (sport and leisure) 11 12 protection) 1.2.WHY MOVE ON TO TECHNICAL TEXTILES ? In view of globalization, the Govt. of India has launched the scheme of Technology Upgradation Fund (TUF) and other measures which are resulting into transformation of the industry from low - to high - technology industry. The traditional textiles are becoming more and more competitive and will have to face tough competition in exports from China and other neighbouring countries. Obviously many companies producing traditional textiles have to continuously struggle to survive in a highly competitive global market. In these circumstances, textile manufacturers need to consider some emerging factors and redefine their strategies for production and marketing. 1.3.THE BASIC REQUIREMENTS: Technical Textile markets are usually more application specific and demanding altogether different types of production strategies. The strict adherence to the product
Project on Manufacture of Coated Fabric.
specification and quality standards are the prime requirements to enter in this field. Usually, there is a need for special dialogue between the producers and the users. The user is products with specific performance and functional requirement. Therefore, the producers must peep into users requirements and translate the same in the products to the satisfaction of the user. 1.4.THE PRESENT POSITION : Under the circumstances, it is seen that Indian textile industry is yet to take a serious view on this field and this segment is in very nascent stage in India. After the long years of efforts and persuasion by the office of the Textile Commissioner through its Regional Offices, especially in the jurisdiction of R.O.Mumbai (Maharashtra & M.P). The importance of modernization and adherence of quality norms are increasingly being felt by the decentralized powerloom sector and there is remarkable response for modernization. More number of modern looms are being installed in these areas like Tarapur, Ichalkaranji, Bhiwandi, Indore, Malegaon, Solapur, etc., all by availing subsidy under TUF Scheme and other State Government Schemes. The state-of-art hi-tech powerloom parks with all the basic infrastructure facilities are also coming up in these areas. As the result, the decentralized powerloom sector is now in a position to take up the new challenges/experiments to excel in the various domestic/export markets and also to explore the new areas such as Technical Textiles. 1.5.THIS PROJECT MEANT TO WHOM? The R.O. of the Textile Commissioner, Mumbai had earlier prepared various project reports for decentralized powerloom sectors with various combinations and type of weaving machines and the same is widely been used by the powerloom industry, industrial development organizations and TRAs etc for preparation of specific bankable projects. In this series a new project report on the production of canvas fabrics meant for various coated fabrics, tarpaulins etc. is prepared to enable them to diverse their production capacity towards Technical Textiles. The product does not require any major change in the process and machines for the existing powerloom manufacturer who have modernized their looms. Because in this project the production of basic coating fabric will be undertaken by the unit and the coating process got carried out on the job work basis and by which heavy investment could be avoided in the initial stages and own coating plant also can be installed as II nd Phase expansion.. For
exclusive project on coated fabrics by undertaking coating process, the Expert Committee Report published by the office of the Textile Commissioner, Mumbai may be referred.
Project on Manufacture of Coated Fabric
1.6.THE PROCESS SPECIFICATIONS: The base canvass cloth used for coated fabrics are made from hard-twisted cotton yarns in 125 to 700 gsm. Low weight fabric of 125-225 gsm is used for the manufacture of shoes, medium weight fabric of 125 to 400 gsm for school bags and medium to high weight fabric from 225 to 700 gsm for the production of tarpaulins for tents and protective coverings. The details of the process flow has been shown in the figure 1.1. 1.7.TECHNOLOGY : In the field of Technical Textiles, coated fabrics form one of the most important segments. Coating operation (also Lamination and Impregnation) is carried out to impart certain characteristics and desirable properties for the end-use application of the product. Manufacturing of coated fabrics is a technology intensive process with more than 35 different types of manufacturing (coating heads) available for use. The most popular coating methods are Roller systems, knife coating, Rotary Screen printing, Dipping coating system. 1.8. BASIC MATERIALS 1.8.1.Cloth: For the manufacturing of coated fabrics, woven fabrics of cotton, nylon, In India, cotton fabrics are
polyester, polypropelene, acrylic, rayon, wool, jute etc. are being used.
widely used as basic fabric for coated cloth. Cotton fabrics are resistant to strong alkali, organic solvents, bleaches and heat. Cotton is suitable for blending with other materials to achieve unique combinations not found in other materials alone. 1.8.2.Coating materials: The chemicals used for coating are PVC (Vinyl), Polyurethane
(PU), Acrylic, Rubber etc. PVC is the most widely used coating material because of its low cost, versatility and performance properties. It is strong, durable abrasion and moisture resistant, and electrically non-conductive. Vinyl can be produced in almost any colour, with the end products ranging from opaque to crystal clear.
1.9. APPLICATIONS OF COATED FABRICS:
Tarpaulins find use in wide variety of applications for protecting goods from rain, sun, dust and wind. Some of the major applications are: truck and tempo covers; wagon covers; boat covers; industrial/machinery coverings; warehousing and food storage; fumigation covers; agricultural ground sheets; swimming pool covers; construction covers; temporary shelters (tents); lining of pond, reservoir, effluent tank/aqua farm.Project on Manufacture of Coated Fabric
1.10. MAJOR APPLICATIONS AND END USAGES: 1 2 3 4 5 6 Hoardings and Signages, Soft Luggage material (Nylon/Polyester), Awnings and Canopies Fire Retardant textiles (Coated) Scaffoldings nets, Tarpaulins, Tents, Umbrella fabrics, Airbags, Parachute fabrics etc.
1.11. MARKETING SIZE AND TRENDS: The demand for coated fabrics in the Asia Pacific region (including Japan) was estimated to be 425 million square yards (22% market share) in 2000 and is expected to reflect much higher growth rates with China and India emerging as the target markets. Non Rubber coated fabrics (PVC, PU and Acrylic) accounted for more than 80% of the total sales in 2002. (PVC (Vinyl) will continue to be the dominant coating material since Vinyl coated fabrics offer good performance at a modest price in variety of applications. Taking a long term view the market for tarpaulins is expected to grow at a moderate rate and accordingly, the market potential is estimated at Rs.1100 crore in 2003-04 and Rs.1300 crore in 200708. The demand and market potential of technical textiles are on incline and is bound to grow in our country as well as in the international market estimated at 140 lack tons valued at 110 billion dollars. The Indian technical textiles -the value added coated fabric market segment which is at a take off stage has the potential for the manufacturing base to meet the growing domestic market and also emerge as an exporter to developing countries. The over view of the project comprising major components of the project are shown in the table No. 1 and the detailed workings of the project could be seen on various table Nos. 1 to 15. The
entrepreneur can use this project as a base for preparing the bankable projects with their own data and details.
2.Project Over viewProject components & S.NO. specifications Land Details &Data
1250 sq. mts.
720 Sq mts.
Plant & Machinery
Total Project Cost
12 New Rapier Looms