soap investigatory project

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THE ACCEPTABILITY OF SWIETENIA MACROPHYLLA SEED AS AN ADDITIVE IN MAKING SOAP

Research planResearcher:Xyrah RabanilloCluster: 1Category: Physical ScienceSchool: Alaminos City National High SchoolFair Level: SchoolSchool Address: San Jose drive Alaminos City, Pangasinan 2404Tel.No: (075) - 552 7185Title Project: The Acceptability of SwieteniamacrophyllaSeedas an additive in making soapProject Adviser: Mrs .Vivian R. Camba

A. Statement of the ProblemThis research investigation will seek to evaluate the effectiveness of Swieteniamacrophylla Seed as an additive in making soapSpecifically it aims to answer the following questions:1. Is there any constituent of Swieteniamacrophylla seed that is good for skin?2. Is there any significant differences between the three treatments in terms of texture, scent and soap suds? 3. Is it possible to use Swieteniamacrophylla seed as an additive in making soap?B. Statement of HypothesesThis study will be directed by the following hypotheses:

Null Hypothesis1. There is no constituent of Swieteniamacrophylla seed that is good for skin.2. There is no significant difference between the three treatments in terms of texture, scent and soap suds.3. It is not possible to use Swieteniamacrophylla seed as an additive in making soap.Alternative Hypothesis1. Theres a constituent of Swieteniamacrophylla seed that is good for skin.2. There is a significant difference between the three treatments in terms of texture, scent and soap suds.3. It is possible to use Swieteniamacrophylla seed as an additive in making soap.C. Significance of the studyGenerally, this study gives information about the acceptability of SwieteniaMacrophylla seed as an additive in making soap. This study is significant in many ways:To the community, this study will give them idea that Swieteniamacrophylla Seed have many medical benefits.To the dermatologists, this study will give them ideas that SwieteniaMacrophylla seed can be an additive in making soap. This will help them to make this study better.To the researchers, the result of this study can help them develop better studies in terms of soap production.

D. Scope and limitation of the studyThis study only uses the seed of the Mahogany which was collected in the researchers backyard and it is ground into a fine powder. Only the powdered mahogany seed will be used for experimenting. It is limited only to use simple techniques and crude materials at home.I have studied a few things to support our idea of making a Swietenia Marophylla soap. My study covers the content of Swietenia Macrophylla seed. This serves as proof that my idea could be possibly made but it does not mean that it is proven effective. Lastly, I have to examine the ways of making soaps in order to create my very own recipe of Swietenia Macrophylla soap.E. MethodologyA. MaterialsThe materials needed in the study includes the following:1. Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) - Sodium hydroxide is a powerful chemical. Sodium hydroxide is often the active agent in cleaning solutions.2. Swieteniamacrophylla seed powder3. Lavender scent it is used to add some scent in the soap4. Containers it is used in making the soap. It is where the mixture has done.5. Pan it is used to heat the coconut oil.6. Spoon it is used for stirring the mixture.7. Soap molder it is where the soap poured when he mixture is done8. Coconut oil it is used because of the incredible lather it produces, the hardness it adds to the soap, and, when used in moderation, its great moisturizing abilities.9. Measuring cup it is used to measure the treatments10. Gloves it is used for protection.B. Preparation for the powdered swieteniamacrophylla seedThe swieteniamacrophylla seed was collected in the researchers backyard. Then using a hammer broke down the seed and then ground into a fine powder. After that, put aside the powdered swieteniamacrophylla seed. C. Preparation of the TreatmentsThe powdered swieteniamacrophylla seed will be measured based on their mass to identify the proportions needed for the study. The first treatment is composed of 55 grams of NaOH, 20 ml of lavender scent and 25 grams of powdered swieteniamacrophylla seed. The second treatment is composed of 55 grams of NaOH, 10 ml of lavender scent and 35 grams of powdered swieteniamacrophylla seed. The third treatment is composed of 55 grams of NaOH, 15 ml of lavender scent and 30 grams of powdered swieteniamacrophylla seed.D. Making of the soapAfter preparing the treatments. Put your gloves on and put two hundred milliliters of water in three containers labeled as T1, T2 and T3, then put 55 grams of NaOH in each container. Mixed it until the mixtures cloudy appearance disappears. And while the NaOH is almost ready, put six hundred milliliters of coconut oil in a pot to heat because the temperature of the oil needs to be at least five to ten Celsius apart from the temperature of the lye and if not, it can also react and burn. When the oil was heated, slowly put each container with two hundred milliliters of coconut oil. Mixed it very vigorously for about one and a half hour. As you mixed it, the mixture becomes dark. Then put the powdered swieteniamacrophylla seed into the mixture. For the container with a label of T1 put 25 grams of powdered swieteniamacrophylla seed and in T2 put 35 grams of powdered swieteniamacrophylla seed and in T3 put 30 grams of powdered swieteniamacrophylla seed. After that, we stirred it again with a spoon just until it became one whole liquid base. It had an unpleasing smell to it so add a Lavender scentto the mixture. For T1 put 20 ml of lavender scent, in T2 put 10 ml of lavender scent and in T3 put 15 ml of lavender scent. Then finally poured it into the molders and set it aside with a cloth on top of the molds so that it absorb the substances that it will release and help the increase the speed of hardening the soap. After a few days, the soap hardened enough for us to be able to take them out of their molds so we took them out of their molds then set it in a dry place to let the soap cure for about two months so it can finally be used.E. Procedure for Testing the Mahogany seed Extract Soap To compare the scent, texture and soap suds among the treatments, 15 respondents will be used to test the soap. The test subjects will apply the said soap in their hands. They will use the soap twice a day for three days. F. Data GatheringTo compare the scent, texture and soap suds among the treatments, 15 respondents will be used to test the soap. The following Likert scale will be use:5- Very Good4- Good3- Mildly Good2- Slightly Good1- Not good at allEach respondents will have to test the three treatments.G. Statistical DesignAfter the test, the researcher will use the Friedman Test for Randomized Block Designs to determine if there is a significant difference among the treatments, LSD-fishermans Test to determine where the variation exists. The results will base on the 0.05 level of significance.Region IAlaminos City DivisionAlaminos City National High SchoolAlaminos City, Pangasinan

The Acceptability ofSwietenia Macrophylla SeedAs an Additive in Making SoapA requirement in Research II2015-2016Submitted by:Xyrah RabanilloSubmitted to:Mrs. Vivian Camba

AcknowledgementFirst and foremost, the researcher would like to thank the God Almighty for the wisdom and strength He has given throughout the experiment making this study possible.To the researchers family, a deepest gratitude is given for their continuous love and support;To Mrs. Vivian R. Camba, the Researcher Adviser, for her assistance and supervision in the conduct of the study;To Mr. Jose RamilSibun, Science Head Teacher III, for extending his help and technical assistance to the project;To Mrs. Cecilia M. Nisperos, our Principal, for giving her the encouragement and support in the conduct of the study;

Chapter IIntroductionSoap is widely used to clean our body. Soap is the oldest cleanser around. Different kinds of soaps are made using a variety of different oils. Both animals and plants oils can be used in the soap making process, each adding different qualities to the soap. While there is nothing new about handmade soap, its popularity is growing rapidly. The sales of handmade soap continue to grow as part of societys movement toward buying products that are healthy and good for the environment.By general definition, wed probably all agree that soap is a substance that cleans off dirt when used in the presence of water. In its most common forms, it will produce bubbles, feel slippery, and remove oils, odors, and smudges from our skin. It leaves us feeling clean and often smells nice to boot. Pretty good stuff. Specifically, how people would classify soap would depend on what its made of. Most commercially available soap is more accurately detergent, but that is a discussion for another time. For now, well collectively consider anything commonly used for washing hands, whether liquid or bar, commercially produced or home-made, to be soap.With the ongoing research of other herbs and fruits as soap additives.Swieteniamacrophylla King a tall, lofty, evergreen tree found in tropical vicinities of the world. Its fruit is colloquially known as sky fruit as it appears to point toward the sky. Various parts of Swieteniamacrophylla have been used to treat a great array of ailments in various traditional and folk-lore systems of medicine. Swieteniamacrophylla has been reported to possess hypoglycaemic, antimicrobial, antimalarialand antiviral activities. Swieteniamacrophylla is a good source of bioactive tetranorterpenoids, phargmalin-type limonoids.In Malaysia, the raw seeds have been used as a folk-lore medicine for the treatment of hypertension and diabetes. Despite the wide use of raw Swieteniamacrophylla seeds in folk-lore medicine, there were no data on the safety of consuming its raw seeds for these claims.The main goal of this study is to create