Rámec strategie konkurenceschopnosti NERV 2011

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Rámec strategie konkurenceschopnosti NERV 2011, Národní ekonomická rada vlády.

Text of Rámec strategie konkurenceschopnosti NERV 2011

  • Inovace Sofistikovan podnikn

    Efektivnosttrhu

    prce

    Vy vzdln a vcvik

    Technologi-ck

    pipravenost

    Efektivita trhu

    se zbom a slubami

    Rovojfinannho

    trhu Velikost trhu

    Zdrav a zkladn vzdln Instituce

    Makroekonomickprosted Infrastruktura

    PrahaBezen 2011

    RMEC STRATEGIEKONKURENCESCHOPNOSTI

    NRODNEKONOMICKRADA VLDY

    Michal Mejstk (editor) a kolektiv NERV

  • RMEC STRATEGIEKONKURENCESCHOPNOSTI

    NRODN EKONOMICK RADA VLDY

    Michal Mejstk (editor) a kolektiv NERV

  • Rmec Strategie konkurenceschopnosti a vchoz nmty NERVu(Zvren zprva podskupin Nrodn ekonomick rady vldy

    pro konkurenceschopnost a podporu podnikn)

    Vedouc autorskho kolektivu a editor: Michal Mejstk

    Kapitola 1: vodMichal Mejstk (garant), Jana Chvalkovsk, Petr Jansk, Ale Michl, Martin Pospil

    Kapitola 2: InstituceJana Chvalkovsk, Lubomr Lzal (garanti), David Anto, Anna Bajzkov, Ivona Hruov,

    Petr Jansk, Michal MejstkKapitola 3: Vzdlanost

    Daniel Mnich (garant), Jan Frber, Jchym Hercher, Jan Indrek, Dagmar Katreniakov, Josef Stejkoza, Jan Straka, Marek korpil, Ji Voek

    Kapitola 4: Trh prce a zbo daov strukturaMiroslav Zmenk (garant), Kateina Klubkov, Hana Hejlov, Tom Vakrman,

    Petr FilipecKapitola 5: Rozvoj fi nannch trh

    Jan Prochzka (garant), Martin Hanzlk, Oldich Koza, Michael Princ, Svatopluk SvobodaKapitola 6: Technologick pipravenost

    Ji Voek (garant), Tom Laboutka, Ota Novotn, Ji Skuhrovec, Kapitola 7: Zkvalitovn charakteristik podnikn

    Michal Mejstk (garant), Jana Chvalkovsk, Petr Jansk, Oldich Koza, Michael Princ, Vclav Vislous

    Kapitola 8: InovaceLubomr Lzal (garant), Daniel Munich, Martin Srholec

    Tajemnk skupin NERVu: David Havlek

    Recenzenti:Milan k, Anton Marcinin, Zuzana Murgaov (zejmna 4. kapitola),

    Daniel Trnka (s drazem na 2. kapitolu)

    1. vydn ad vldy esk republiky, Nrodn ekonomick rada vldy (NERV)

    Praha, 2011 2011 Michal Mejstk (ed.) a kolektiv NERV

    ISBN 978-80-7440-050-6

  • Obsah:

    Kapitola I vod1.1 vodem ....................................................................................................................31.2 vod: Konkurenceschopnost v mal oteven ekonomice ................................... 141.3 vod: Pro a kde ztrcme cenovou konkurenceschopnost? Modelovn relnho efektivnho mnovho kursu REER ................................... 291.4 vod: Necenov konkurenceschopnost a jej faktory ............................................ 41

    Kapitola II Instituce1 Pil I - Instituce ......................................................................................................31.1 Mezinrodn srovnn .............................................................................................31.1.1 Pozice R ......................................................................................................... ....... 31.1.2 Pouen z pstup rznch zem ........................................................................... 51.2 Analza souasnho stavu v esk republice .........................................................61.2.1 Klov problmy konkurenceschopnosti v dan oblasti ........................................61.2.2 Cle zven konkurenceschopnosti v oblasti instituc ........................................ 101.3 Podrobnji k vybranm opatenm a doporuen een ..................................... 111.3.1 Boj s nadmrnou a neefektivn regulac RIA a CIA, Rozpotov rada vldy a transparentn lobbying ................................................. 111.3.2 Reforma veejn instituce produktivn a vstcn k podnikn ........................ 201.3.3 Vymhn prva ................................................................................................... 341.3.4 Konkurenceschopn esk republika na mezinrodn rovni ............................ 361.3.5 Dl opaten k diskuzi ....................................................................................... 391.4 Systematika navrhovanch opaten .................................................................... 421.4.1 Analytick a koordinan opaten ....................................................................... 421.4.2 Systematick opaten .......................................................................................... 421.4.3 Komunikan opaten a oteven vldnut .......................................................... 431.4.4 sporn opaten .................................................................................................. 431.4.5 Podrobnj rozpracovn cl .............................................................................. 441.4.6 Pehled vech hodnocench variant a strun shrnut jejich pnos a nklad .. 481.5 Pesah do opaten ostatnch skupin NERV......................................................... 64

    Kapitola III Vzdlanost vod Motivace ................................................................................................... 31.1 Mezinrodn srovnn a esk stav....................................................................... 4 Situace a doporuovan opaten ......................................................................... 21 Pedkoln vzdlvn .......................................................................................... 21 Zkladn a stedokolsk vzdlvn (regionln kolstv) ..................................24 Tercirn vzdlvn ........................................................................................ ... 40

  • Kapitola IV Trh prce a zbo daov struktura Porovnn daov struktury v zemch OECD a mon zmny daov struktury v R ................................................................. 3 Shrnut ...................................................................................................................12

    Kapitola V Rozboj fi nannch trh Pil VIII Rozvoj fi nannch trh .........................................................................31.1 Mezinrodn srovnn .............................................................................................31.2 Benchmarking lessons to be learned ...................................................................41.3 Analza souasnho stavu v esk republice .........................................................51.3.1 Klov okruhy problm .......................................................................................51.3.2 Cle ......................................................................................................................... 91.3.3 Nvrhy jednotlivch variant een a strun shrnut jejich pnos a nklad .... 111.3.4 Bli nstin jednotlivch opaten + tabulky a grafy .......................................... 15

    Kapitola VI Technologick pipravenost6 Pil Technologick pipravenost ..........................................................................36.1 vod ........................................................................................................................ 36.2 Mezinrodn srovnn ..............................................................................................46.2.1 Svtov trendy a pozice R .....................................................................................46.2.2 Pouen z pstup jinch zem ................................................................................66.3 Analza souasnho stavu v R a nvrhy opaten na zven konkurenceschopnosti ..............................................76.3.1 Klov problmy konkurenceschopnosti v dan oblasti .........................................76.3.2 Cle zven konkurenceschopnosti v dan oblasti .............................................. 106.3.3 Nvrhy opaten pro zven konkurenceschopnosti a strun shrnut jejich pnos a nklad ........................................................... 126.4 Pesah do opaten ostatnch skupin NERV.......................................................... 226.4.1 Vazby na pil Instituce ......................................................................................... 226.4.2 Vazby na pil kolstv a trnink .......................................................................... 226.4.3 Vazby na pil Pracovn trh ................................................................................... 226.4.4 Vazby na pil Inovace .......................................................................................... 226.5 Detailnj informace k pili Technologie ........................................................... 246.5.1 Pstupy jinch zem pi een pile .................................................................... 246.5.2 Regenerativn medicna ........................................................................................ 31

  • 6.5.3 Nanotechnologie ................................................................................................... 346.5.4 Kosmick technologie ........................................................................................... 366.5.5 Katalog slueb veejn sprvy .............................................................................. 416.5.6 Centra sdlench slueb a centralizace zdroj sloucch pro poskytovn veejnch slueb ........................................................ 416.5.7 Vlastnosti loit digitalizovanch dokument veejn moci............................. 436.5.8 Cloud computing ................................................................................................... 44

    Kapitola VII7 Pil XI Zkvalitovn charakteristik podnikn .................................................37.1 Mezinrodn srovnn .............................................................................................37.1.1 Orientan pozice R ..............................................................................................37.1.2 Pouen z pstup rznch zem ............................................................................57.2 Analza souasnho stavu v esk republice .........

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