Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. Shivani Patel. The Photosynthesis Equation. Cellular Respiration Equation. Notice Anything?. The photosynthesis equation is the cellular respiration equation, but backwards. Photosynthesis makes the sugar. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis and Cellular RespirationShivani PatelThe
Cellular Respiration Equation
Notice Anything?The photosynthesis equation is the cellular
respiration equation, but backwards. Photosynthesis makes the
sugar. Through cellular respiration, we turn in into energy. All
living things contain a form of glucose also known as sweet sugar.
Glu means sweet Cose means sugarLight Light is important. Very
important. Light is a form of electromagnetic energy. Green light
is reflected. Red and blue are mainly absorbed. Primary colors are
green, red, and blue. NOT yellow, magenta (red), and cyan
Chloroplast and Chlorophyll Chloroplast has an important role.
It has chlorophyll that captures the suns rays.Inside chloroplasts
are thylakoids that are disc-like. They trap the suns rays.
Chlorophyll is a chemical found inside the chloroplast giving its
Process of Photosynthesis It doesnt happen overnight. There are
2 main steps.First- light dependent reaction (Calvin cycle) It
turns light into ATP Second- light independent reaction it doesnt
necessarily mean that it happens at night. It happens when ATP is
turned into glucose.
7Cellular Respiration How living organisms turn glucose into
energy There are byproducts like water and carbon dioxide. Carbon
dioxide is a waste. CO2 mixes with water helping maintaining the
bloods pH (around 7.5). Too much carbon dioxide causes to pH to
lower, so CO2 has to leave on a continuous
process.FootnotesGlucose: A simple, 6 carbon sugar that serves as
the primary energy source ATP(Adenosine triphosphate): The major
energy currency of the cell. NADH and FADH2: High energy electron
carrier used to transport electrons generated in Glycolysis and
Krebs Cycle to the Electron Transport Chain.
Stages of Cellular Respiration GlycolysisFermentation (ONLY FOR
ANAEROBIC CELLULAR RESPIRATION) Krebs's Cycle A.K.A. Citric Acid
Cycle Electron Transport ChainGlycolysisThe first stage is
glycolysis in aerobic and anaerobic cellular respiration. An easy
way to think about it is splitting sugars. It occurs in the
cytoplasm. It breaks glucose down to two pyruvic acid or pyruvate.
This stage doesnt require oxygen. This stage requires 2 ATP and
produces 4 ATP.FermentationAerobic? Anaerobic?Fermentation takes
NADH to produce NAD+. This stage makes nothing, no energy or
Krebs's Cycle A.K.A. Citric Acid CycleThis step uses the pyruvic
made in the glycolysis stage.It produces ATP and several molecules
of NADH AND FADH2. This stage produces 2 ATP.
Electron Transport ChainThe chain is made using FADH2 AND NADH
(made in the previous cycles). The electron transport chain makes a
proton gradient that makes the production of 34 ATP. It takes place
in the mitochondria matrix.
ReviewBy the way, Cellular Respiration produces a total of 38