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Phonological Awareness Phonics Spelling. Melinda Carrillo. Best Predictors of Reading Success. Letter Knowledge Phonological Awareness Knowledge About Print. Terminology. Phonological Awareness Phonemic Awareness Phoneme Phonics Morpheme. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Phonological Awareness Phonics Spelling

  • Phonological Awareness


    SpellingMelinda Carrillo

  • Best Predictors of Reading SuccessLetter Knowledge

    Phonological Awareness

    Knowledge About Print

  • TerminologyPhonological Awareness

    Phonemic Awareness



    MorphemeThe awareness of and the ability to manipulate language.The understanding that speech is composed of individual sounds and the ability to manipulate those sounds.The smallest unit of sound.A system of teaching reading and spelling through sound-symbol relationships.The smallest meaningful unit of language.

  • Letter KnowledgeA child who can recognize most letters with thorough confidence will have an easier time learning about letter sounds and word spellings than a child who also has to work at distinguishing the individual letters.Adams, 1990

  • Phonemic AwarenessPhonemic awareness is more highly related to learning to read than are tests of general intelligence, reading readiness, and listening comprehension.

    Stanovich, 1993

  • Phonemic AwarenessIt is unlikely that children lacking phonemic awareness can benefit fully from phonics instruction since they do not understand what letters and spellings are suppose to represent.

    Juel, Griffith, & Gough, 1986

  • Phonological Awareness ActivitiesRhymingPhoneme BlendingPhoneme CountingSyllable CountingPhoneme DeletionPhoneme SegmentationPhoneme Change

  • RhymingRead AloudsNursery RhymesSentence CompletionI see a frog,sitting on a ____.

  • Phoneme BlendingAll Oral

    Put the sounds together/c/ /a/ /t/=cat

  • Phoneme SegmentationAll Oral

    Break the sounds apartCat = /c/ /a/ /t/Lake = /l/ /a/ /k/

  • Phoneme DeletionAll OralDrop a soundSay cat.Now drop the /c/.What do you have?

  • Phoneme ChangeAll OralDrop a sound and add a sound.Say dog.Drop the /d/ and add a /l/.Drop the /g/ and add a /t/.

  • 5 Tasks of Phonemic AwarenessKnowledge of nursery rhymesCompare and contrast soundsOrally blend wordsOrally segment wordsPhonemic manipulation tasks

  • Knowledge About PrintHow books work.

    Text flows from left to rightRead the page top to bottomLine sweepConcept of word

  • Phonics and Decoding

  • English Language44 Phonemes (sounds)25 Consonant Phonemes19 Vowel PhonemesOver 200 ways to spell 44 sounds!

  • DecodingPoorly developed word recognition skills are the most pervasive and debilitating source of reading difficulty.

    Adams, 1990

  • Phonics Instruction ShouldBe dailyBe completed by the end of 2nd gradeBe built on a foundation of phonemic awarenessBe systematic and explicitBe focusedProvide practice with decodable textsInclude regular assessmentProvide for intervention

  • Systematic Explicit Phonics InstructionPhonemic warm-upTeach sound/symbolPractice blendingApply to decodable textDictation and spellingWord work

  • 4 Ways To Read WordsDecoding Reading words that are unfamiliar in print

    Analogy Recognizing how spelling is similar to known words

    Prediction Guess what the word might be

    Sight Using memory to read words that have been read before

  • Types of Literature forBeginning ReadersDecodable Text

    High Quality Trade Books

    Predictable Texts

  • Instructional Modifications for English LearnersDecodables with visual supportpreceded by ELDcommon vocabularyStudent/Teacher Generated Textpractice sound/symbolreinforce phonicsHigh Quality Trade Booksbuild academic language

  • What To Do If They Dont Get It?

    Re-teach 3 years of phonics?

    Focus on exactly what they need to learn and teach it!

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