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Phonics & Spelling Curriculum Evening

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  • Phonics & Spelling Curriculum Evening

    Tuesday 4th October 2016

  • Key Stage One

  • Why teach Phonics and Spelling?

    The ability to read and write well is a vital skill for all children, paving the way for an enjoyable and successful school experience.

    What does Phonics consist of?

  • 26 letters in the English language 44 unique sounds 144 different ways to put letters together to represent the sounds

  • Definitions used

  • A phoneme you hear

    (smallest unit of sound)

    A grapheme you see

    (letter that represent phoneme)

    A word always has the same number of phonemes and graphemes!

    cat shout

  • Digraphs: 2 letters that make 1 sound ll ss zz oa ai

    Trigraphs: 3 letters that make 1 sound igh dge

    Blending: Recognising the letter sounds in a written word, for example c-u-p and merging or blending them in the order in which they are written to pronounce the word cup

    Segmenting: Opposite of blending. Identifying the individual sounds in a spoken word (e.g. h-i-m , s-t-or-k) and writing down letters for each sound (phoneme) to form the word him and stork

    Tricky Words: Words that are not phonically decodeable e.g. was, the, I.

  • Audience Participation

  • Letters and Sounds In Phonics, we use a scheme called Letters and Sounds as our teaching resource.

    In each year group, phonic lessons follow the same format:

    1. Revise: The children will revise previous learning.

    2. Teach: New phonemes/high frequency/tricky words will be taught.

    3. Practice: The children will practise the new learning by reading and/or writing the words.

    4. Apply: The children will apply their new learning by reading or writing sentences.

    Daily for Reception and Year 1 4 sessions per week for Year 2

  • Phase 1 (Nursery): 6 aspects to help get ready for phonics.

    Phase 2 (Reception): Learning phonemes to read and write simple words

    Letters and Sounds

  • Audience Participation

    Phase 2 Activity

  • How many Words? (KS1 Activity 1)

    Make as many CVC & VC words as you can!

    Challenge: What is the longest word you can make?

    s a t p i n m d

  • Phase 3 (Reception): Learning the long vowel phonemes

    Phase 4 (Reception): Introducing consonant clusters: reading and spelling words with four or more phonemes e.g. green, tent, twist

    Letters and Sounds

  • Phase 5 (Year 1 28 weeks)

    1. Teach new graphemes for reading

    2. Learn alternative pronunciations of graphemes (the same grapheme can represent more than one phoneme): Fin/find, hot/cold, eat/bread.

    3. Split digraphs are introduced: When a digraph is split by a consonant it becomes a split digraph. For example: wrote the 'oe' here make one sound.

  • Letters and Sounds

  • Same phoneme represented in different ways

    (KS1 Activity 2)

    Long I igh i ie i-e y

    night bicycle fried website July

    What other words can you think of to add to the correct column?

  • Examples

    Long I igh i ie i-e y

    Night Delight

    High Tight Fright Sigh Right Slight Height Fight

    Bicycle Island Wild Tiger

    Spider Rhino

    Climate Friday Idea Iron

    Fried Cried Pie Tie Die

    Spied Lied Tied Tried Untie

    Website Ice

    Smile White Stripe Prize Slime Scribe Dive pine

    July By My Cry Try Why Sky

    Cycle Butterfly

    lying

  • Phase 6 (Year 2 24 weeks)

    Phase 6 focuses on spellings and learning rules for spelling alternatives.

    Children look at syllables, base words, analogy and mnemonics

    Children might learn about past tense

    Rules for adding ing, -ed, -s/es/ies, -ful, -er, -est, -ly, -ment, -ness, -y, -less, -en

    Irregular verbs

  • Audience Participation

  • Adding ed suffix (KS1 Activity 3)

  • How did you do?

  • Assessing KS1 Phonics On-going: daily assessments, termly

    trackers, feedback at parents evening

    High frequency/Common Exception Words

    Year 1 Phonics Screen (Summer term)

    Year 2 SATs (Spelling Test)

  • Phonics Screen National screening to monitor the development of

    phonics skills to be completed in the summer term of year 1 (40 words: 20 real/20 pseudo)

    Pupils who can read pseudo words should have the skills to decode almost any unfamiliar word.

  • How can you help? Sing an alphabet song together

    Play I spy

    Magnetic letters, using some two grapheme (letter) combinations, eg: r-ai-n = rain blending for reading rain = r-ai-n segmenting for spelling

    Praise your child for trying out words

    Look at tricky words/CEW

    Play pairs with words and pictures

    Take KS1 hand-out at the end of evening with websites/44 desktop sounds etc.

  • Key Stage Two

  • Why change how we teach spelling?

    Learning to spell is cumulative.

    Most children need explicit systematic teaching that is continually practiced and reinforced until it is embedded in long term memory.

    English has the most complex alphabetic code in the world.

    Sound based writing system .

    Why is it important because it has an impact on writing

    e.g. The big dog barked at me.

    The ferocious dog lathered and snarled at me as I darted past.

  • Mis- spelt words from more able writers

    These children would get full marks in spelling test but in their work would write

    Desusing ( discussing)

    Peiring

    Struggerling

    Sufficating

    Negitive

    Weather ( whether)

    Forrest

    Dissapered, Frightend, Furosiously

  • Spelling Test I am going to say 8 words exactly how we would do it in

    school.

    Please write them on your sheet

    Please work independently

  • Session Activities

    1 Speed spell Spelling Zone Dots and Dashes

    2 Rapid Recap Word changes

    3 Words to log and learn Dictation

    4 Four in a row Choose the right word

    5 Team teach Jumping/orange /red words

    Weekly Structure- 15/20 mins daily

    Read Write Spell

  • Audience Participation

    Can you match the phonemes

    ( sounds) to the graphemes( letters?

  • Session Activities

    1 Speed spell Spelling Zone Dots and Dashes

    2 Rapid Recap Word changes

    3 Words to log and learn Dictation

    4 Four in a row Choose the right word

    5 Team teach Jumping/orange /red words

    Weekly Structure- 15/20 mins daily

    Read Write Spell

  • Activities for ible suffixes

  • Dots and Dashes

  • Dots and Dashes

  • Words to log and learn

  • Session Activities

    1 Speed spell Spelling Zone Dots and Dashes

    2 Rapid Recap Word changes

    3 Words to log and learn Dictation

    4 Four in a row Choose the right word

    5 Team teach Jumping/orange /red words

    Weekly Structure- 15/20 mins daily

    Read Write Spell

  • Audience Participation

    Team Teach

  • Team Teach

    Ways to help remember spellings Mnemonics drop it and run right home or

    else accident . diarrhoea Say it as it works science, knock Word in a word legible - leg Sticky letter restaurant Rap it L- E-G-I B- L -E

  • Special focus words ough ending

    Can be pronounced eight different ways

    Have a go

  • Audience Participation

    ough endings

  • Special focus words

  • National Curriculum words (orange words)

    In years 3 and 4 there are 17 patterns to learn which include prefixes, suffixes, homophones.

    In year 5/6 a further 10 patterns plus revision of everything gone before.

  • National Curriculum exception words

  • National Curriculum exception words

  • Assessment

    Year 6 assessment will be on everything learnt in KS2.

    A spelling test, within a childs writing and a grammar test.

    Age related expectations now incorporate being able to spell accurately on a consistent basis.

  • How can you help?

    READ, READ and READ

    Help them learn the words in their log book and the pattern.

    primarygamesarena.com/Topics/Spelling

    www.topmarks.co.uk/english-games/7-11-years/spelling-and-grammar.

    Take a KS2 handout.

    http://www.topmarks.co.uk/english-games/7-11-years/spelling-and-grammarhttp://www.topmarks.co.uk/english-games/7-11-years/spelling-and-grammarhttp://www.topmarks.co.uk/english-games/7-11-years/spelling-and-grammarhttp://www.topmarks.co.uk/english-games/7-11-years/spelling-and-grammarhttp://www.topmarks.co.uk/english-games/7-11-years/spelling-and-grammarhttp://www.topmarks.co.uk/english-games/7-11-years/spelling-and-grammarhttp://www.topmarks.co.uk/english-games/7-11-years/spelling-and-grammarhttp://www.topmarks.co.uk/english-games/7-11-years/spelling-and-grammarhttp://www.topmarks.co.uk/english-games/7-11-years/spelling-and-grammarhttp://www.topmarks.co.uk/english-games/7-11-years/spelling-and-grammarhttp://www.topmarks.co.uk/english-games/7-11-years/spelling-and-grammar

  • Any questions?

    Thank you very much for your

    time and participation.