PEER ASSISTED LEARNING STRATEGIES
What is PALS? Who will benefit from PALS?
PALS-Reading is a scientifically research-based practice that helps teachers boost the reading performance of low-, average-, and high-achieving students, as well as those with special needs.
PALS is designed to supplement a teachers existing reading program.
PALS BenefitsIncrease the proportion of instructional time that all students engage in academic behaviors
Provides students with feedback, immediate error correction, and high mastery levels
Can support content coverage
Supports the development of mental models what Ruby Payne calls the shared understandings of thepurposes, structures, and patterns in information.
What skills are reinforced?
First Grade:Letter-sound correspondencePhonemic awarenessEarly decoding and word identification,Reading in context (Sentences and Short Stories)Fluency-building activities.
Supplies you needThe First Grade Peer-Assisted Literacy Strategies Curriculum PackageA First Grade Peer-Assisted Literacy Strategies Teachers Manual Sounds and Words Preparation Exercises Visual Presentation Sheets Sounds and Words Placement Test First Grade PALS Rules First Grade PALS Partner Assignments Chart Sounding Out Practice Sheet All available at http://kc.vanderbilt.edu/pals/ordering/
Everyone Has a Job to Do!
Large Group Instruction:Procedure Lessons (All)Introduce and Model Sound and Word Reading Activities (K-1st) Partner Reading (1st)Introduce and Model Through Training Lessons (2nd-5th) Partner Reading Retelling Paragraph Shrinking Prediction Relay
Monitoring Partner Work:Listen to pairs of students read daily Notice fluency developmentNotice the main idea statement developmentProvide students with feedbackMonitor proceduresTimekeeper
Peer Assisted Learning StrategiesPeerAssistedLearning Strategies.A strategy is a plan to get something important done.Peer Assisted Learning Strategies means everyone is working with a partner to practice reading to become a better reader.
All Students Have Two Big JobsCoachLike a tutor - helps their partnerReaderReads and answers questions
Each student will do both jobs.Jobs will be switched when the teacher gives a signal.
Pairing Students for Partner WorkList of class according to reading ability, high to low.
11121314151617181920Partners: 1 and 11 2 and 13 3 and 13
Being a Good Sport
Rules for Moving to Your PartnerLeave your chair/desk when you move.Move quickly and quietly.Take your PALS materials with you.Quietly move the chair/desk beside your partner
Review the RulesTalk only to your _____ and only about ____.Keep your voice ___.Cooperate with your_____.Try your ____.
Review for StudentsWe learned that the reason for PALS is to help you become better readers.We learned how to move and stay. Each of you now knows where you will sit during PALS and who needs to move.We learned that there are rules we must follow to make PALS work.
PALS RulesTalk only to your _____ and only about ____.Keep your voice ___.Cooperate with your_____.Try your ____.
Lets get startedIf possible you will want to scan your pals notebook into your computer. It will make it easier for your students if you can project it.Print off a copy of each page, one set for each partner pair.PALS LESSON BOOKLETTHINGS YOU WANT TO DO TO PREPARE
Divide your students into their partners. They sit right next to each other with the paper on the desk between them, allowing both partners to see it clearly.PALS partners PALS LESSON 1
How it worksCoach points to the first letter and asks, What sound?Partner response, with the letter sound.If the player is wrong, the coach says STOP what is the sound?The player then tries again. If they are right the coach response, Good, read the line again. The line is always started over when a mistake is made.
Continued...If the player is wrong at this point the coach will tell them the correct sound. No, the sounds is _. They will then repeat the sound. The coach response, Good read the line again.They start the line over.This will be the same when they read words and stories. Each PALS worksheet has a coachs script in the right hand column.
LESSON 1Coach points to the first letter and asks, What sound?Partner response, with the letter sound.If the player is wrong, the coach says STOP what is the sounds?The player then tries again. If they are right the coach response, Good, read the line again. The line is always started over when a mistake is made.
Watch Students: PALS Lesson 2Watch these 1st grade students complete Lesson 2 in PALS. They are working with their PALS partners. Watch as they take turns being a coach and a reader.
Stop, Write and ReflectWhat concept from PALS really squares with your thinking?Name three facts about PALS that you learned today.What question is still rolling around in your head?
Learning for All StudentsPeople develop feelings that they are liked, wanted, acceptable, and able from having been liked, wanted, accepted, and from having been successful. (Combs, 1982)
Throughout the centuries, there were men and women who took first steps down new roads armed with nothing but their own vision. -Ayn Rand
K and 1 are specific to those grade levels.2-5 can be differentiated according to the text students read.
Can be used as an intervention.**14 min10 min10 min*There roles carry through all the activitesHigher student is the reader firstmodelsCoach for Errors/Corrections
*Lesson 1, page 34 grades 2-5**Move around and find a new friend; share your answers to these questions.
45 Minutes so far?*Social and cognitive experiencesbuild mental models*It is important that there is a commitment to take the first steps. There will be bumps, twists and turn that you will problem solve as a team. Your plan is cohesive, with opportunities to reflect on data, and make adjustments.
Can go observe at Independence schoolswhere they begin right away.*