Peer Assisted Learning Strategies. Intervention is. Focused instruction which is based on : A students response to instruction As measured by assessment data (the assessment can be formal or informal). What does intervention look like?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Peer Assisted Learning Strategies
Peer Assisted Learning StrategiesIntervention isFocused instruction which is based on:
A students response to instructionAs measured by assessment data(the assessment can be formal or informal)2What does intervention look like?Intervention is not a mini-comprehensive reading lesson:Intervention:Gives time for extra opportunities for mastery of concepts and skillsGroup size is smallerFocused on one or two areas of instruction3Effective Intervention Design 44Trainer Notes:Big Idea: There are 3 essential considerations for an effective intervention design.
These 3 factors need to be considered when planning intervention. These critical factors impact how we design our intervention cycles. We will go into more detail in the next sequence of slides.
Time, Intensity and InstructionTime: How much time?
Intensity: How many students in a group?
Instruction: What will be the focus of instruction?5What is PALS?A whole-class, tier II targeted interventionPlease read Overview SectionProcessThe key to this program is successfully teaching the routines.Teachers will need to directly teach routines and new games/sounds/wordsContinual reinforcement of correct procedures.Students will work in pairs.The teacher moves around the room spot-checking procedures and content.How do I set up PALS?SchedulingPairing StudentsPreparing MaterialsTeaching RoutinesMonitoring Students and Awarding PointsScheduling
Once Routines are established, PALS should Happens three days a week K-PALS - 20 minutes for 20 weeksPALS First Grade - 30 minutes for 16 weeksYou will need to carve out this precious chunk of timeInitial organization is the key to success!!!Pairing StudentsRank students in terms of reading skillDivide the list in halfPair strongest reader in top half with the strongest reader in the lower halfContinue this process until all students have a partner (KPALS 9, PALS 24)Pairing Coaches and ReadersUtilizing DIBELS ranking for Phoneme Segmentation (kinder) OR Nonsense Word (First) for Midyear.Print your reportCut at the midpointPairs are then side-by-sideIf the majority of your kinder class is proficient in or better in Phoneme Seg., follow the same procedure with the Nonsense Word ReportIdeas for ManagementHandling AbsenteesMoving Students to and from PartnersMonitoring and Awarding PointsTriadsKPALS 9-11, PALS 24-27Important DetailsThe Coach corrects all errors immediatelyCorrection ProcedureThe Reader must demonstrate masteryMaster before moving on!The higher performing student is always the coach first!Demonstrate your preference for positive and constructive behavior statementsActively encourage positive interactions KPALS 12, PALS 28Types of LessonsKPALSTeacher Games ( 5 min)Student Games (15 min)PALSSounds and Words (15 min)Story Sharing (15 min)
KPALS Teacher gamesIntroduce Letters (weeks 1-5, 7-10, 12-20)Point to new letter in box, tell name, students repeatSound Blending (weeks 3-7)Say word slowly, hold up finger for each sound, ask students what wordLast Sound (weeks 8-12)Say word, ask What is the last sound?Segmenting Words (weeks 13-17)Students learn how to say words slowly (sound by sound) holding up a finger for each wordLetter-Sound Correspondence (weeks 13-20)Learn sound-symbol correspondencesSounding Out Words (weeks 16-20)Learn how to blend sound symbols to decode wordsKPALS Student Activities KPALS pg 20Name Game (wks 1-20)Played 2X, name letters, 3-4 minutes, Switch RolesRhyme Time (wks 1-5)Paired pictures, Rhyme ID, 3-4 minutes, Switch RolesFirst Sound (wks 1-10)Pictures, Initial Sound ID, 3-4 minutes, Switch RolesSay the Word (wks 6-15)Pictures, Phoneme Blending, 3-4 minutes, DO NOT Switch RolesLast Sound (wks 11-20)Pictures, Final Sound ID, 3-4 minutes, Switch RolesStretch It (wks 16-20)Pictures, Phoneme Segmentation, 3-4 minutes, Switch RolesEach Game is worth 5 points!
KPALS Student GamesGame SheetsWeeks PlayedGames Played1-151-5Name GameRhyme TimeFirst Sound16-306-10Name GameSay the WordFirst Sounds31-4511-15Name GameSay the WordLast Sound46-6016-20Name GameStretch ItLast SoundPALS Student Activities Sounds and words (pg 10-22)New sound and word is introduced by teacher, then pairs start (15 min)Letter Sounds Coach points, reader names soundHearing SoundsCoach reads word, reader stretches itSounding OutCoach prompts, reader sounds out word slowly and then reads itSentences and StoriesBefore reading sentences/stories, coach direct reader to practice sight words Read ItThen coach prompts read to read sentences/storiesEach Game is worth 5 points!Students Complete Entire Sheet before Switching Roles!
PALS Student Activities Story Sharing (pg 10-22)Using books from the coachs book bags, students read in pairs (15 min)Pretend-ReadPicture walk, coach prompts reader to predict story from pictures, 2 minutesRead AloudCoach reads a sentence, reader reads the same sentence, Pairs complete this routine 2X, 12 minutesIf Pair is done before 12 minutes has passed, switch roles and reader reads each sentence first (can be a book from readers book bag)RetellCoach prompts What did you learn first?, What did you learn next?, etc, 1 minuteEach Reading o f the story is worth 5 points!
Correction ProceeduresTELLCoach tells reader correct responseThat letters sound is /sss/.ASKCoach asks reader to repeat correct responseWhat sound?START AGAINCoach asks reader to repeat the row again (correctly)Start again.Starting PointsKPALS All students start at same placePALS Two entry pointsGame Sheet 4Game Sheet 15Based on Sounds and Words placement test (in Teachers Materials)Start by teaching RoutinesStudent Training LessonsKPALS starts on page 25Focused on roles of coach and reader, earning and marking points, KPALS rules, and partner behavior
PALS Starts on page 31First Lessons focused on roles of coach and reader, earning and marking points, KPALS rules, and partner behaviorNext lessons focused on Story Sharing Routine and Sounds and Words Activity
How will I know if PALS is working?Through careful analysis of My progress monitoring dataStudent reading in guided reading and conferencesStudent writing samplesObservation of partnerships