Peer assisted learning

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Slides for the presentation by Sue Warnock & Bryan Scant (Bournemouth University) at LILAC10.

Text of Peer assisted learning

  • 1. Peer Assisted Learning UKCLECONFERENCE2010
    SUE WARNOCK & BRYAN SCANT

2. supporting the first yearand second experience
through the development of a PAL Leader
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Peer Assisted Learning (PAL)
3. Overview of PAL
Student experience of PAL & PALMentoring
Initial challenges
Open forum
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Suggested workshop format
4. PAL started at Bournemouth in 2001 - funded through FDTL3
Student-to-student support scheme which draws ideas from a US scheme called Supplemental Instruction
PAL fosters cross-year support between students studying on the same course
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Overview of PAL at Bournemouth
5. Our purpose was to develop a scheme which:
enhanced the level of support and advice available to first year undergraduate students
encouraged students to become more actively involved in discussing the subject matter of their course
aided retention of first year students
provided an environment in which PAL Leaders could practise and develop their personal and professional skills
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What is PAL?
6. PAL is intended to help students:
adjust quickly to university life
acquire a clear view of course direction and expectations
develop their independent learning and study skills to meet requirements of HE
enhance their understanding of the subject matter of their course through collaborative group discussion
prepare better for assessed work and examinations
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5 intended outcomes of PAL
7. Embedded: PAL sessions are timetabled sessions and run weekly
Uses existing groups: PAL group is the same as the students normal seminar group
Supports learning: emphasis on small group discussions and co-operative learning
Supplemental to teaching: subject content drawn from existing course materials (lecture notes, workbooks, textbooks, etc)
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How PAL operates
8. Among first year students (e-survey - 252 responses):
59% indicated that PAL helped them integrate more quickly into University life;The activities at the start made the group bond better.
I felt less isolated. PAL acted like a buffer and made the first year seem much less daunting.
61% PAL helped develop their study & learning skills
Having someone that could help you prepare essay plans, especially for the first few essays.Also having an explanation of the use of footnotes and how to cite cases was helpful.
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Student experience of PAL:
9. 66%PAL helped their understanding of the subject matter of their course through group discussions
I found it helpful to learn and relearn information in teams
PAL helped clarify matters which our seminars left unclear
77% PAL helped them prepare better for assessed course work and examinations
PAL has encouraged everyone in our class to share ideas
There were a lot of exam tips and assignment advice
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Student experience of PAL:Survey results 2005/6
10. 82% indicated that PAL helped them gain a clearer understanding of course direction & expectations;
Our PAL Leader talked about her experiences from the first year and passed on her own knowledge of how best to approach things
PAL helped me settle into the kind of work I have to tackle, the amount of work I need to do, etc
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Student experience of PAL:Survey results 2005/6
11. Leadership and group management
Ive improved my ability to facilitate a discussion
(and not take over) and be able to work within a
group of people
Through PAL Ive improved my leadership and organisational skills
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PAL Leader perspective: professional skills
12. Team working
Im now much more patient, approachable and
willing to help others
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PAL Leader perspective: professional skills
13. Interpersonal communication
PAL improved my CV and is a great thing to
talk about at job interviews
After my experience as a PAL Leader I am
more confident givingpresentations
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PAL Leader perspective: professional skills
14. Self confidence
Feeling important and developing the confidence
to stand in front of people sharing experiences
I became aware of better ways to learn and study,
I got a huge confidence boost
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PAL Leader perspective: personal skills
15. The role of the PAL Leader Mentor
Liaising with PAL Tutor
Liaising with PAL Leaders
Supporting Role
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PAL Leader perspective: professional skills
16. Organising meetings
Minutes ofmeetings
Liaising where necessary with Unit Tutors
PAL Leader for 2nd Year Students
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PAL Leader perspective: professional skills
17. Organising and prioritising skills
Im much more organised with regard to my
preparation.When you know youve got people
depending on you it definitely encourages you to
get focused
My organisational skills have improved a lot.
I now organise my work more efficiently which
has helped me in my degree
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PAL Leader perspective: personal skills
18. Review lecture content and improve lecture notes
Practise presentations and analyse what makes for a good presentation
Analyse essay questions, identify main issues to cover, use of supporting evidence, discuss essay structure, etc.
Share exam revision techniques, plan outline answers to questions in past papers, etc.
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Examples of activities that happen in PAL sessions
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Model of PAL session types
Meaning-oriented (understanding)
PAL Leader re-explaining course subject matter
Class discussion of course subject matter
Discursive
Didactic
PAL Leader advising students how to achieve
Class discussion on how to achieve
Strategic-oriented (assessment)
20. Something new - culture change
Staff - uncertain of purpose, threat, inappropriate expectations
Recruitment of PAL Leaders
PAL Leader training
Timetabling PAL sessions
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Initial challenges
21. Sue Warnock:swarnock@bournemouth.ac.uk
Bryan Scant
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Contact