Kelompok 1 (Retno Palupi .W.C.S & Sa'Idatin)

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KELOMPOK 1 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

IntroductionKalimat dibagi menjadi 2:1. Verbal adalah kalimat yang predikatnya kata kerja aslie.g: He calls me every night2. Nominal adalah kalimat yang predikatnya menggunakan kata kerja (to be) seperti is, am, are, etc.e.g: I am happy (adjective)He is a policeman (noun)You are at home (adverb of place)

Whats Present Tense?Present artinya sekarangsuatu bentuk kata kerja untuk menyatakan fakta, kebiasaan, dan kejadian yang terjadi pada saat sekarang ini.

PATTERN3C (3 Complement)AdverbNounAdjective

(+) S+V1+s/es+O(-) S+Do/Does+Not+V1+O(?)Do/Does+S+V1+O? Yes, S+ S+do/does(-?)Dont/Doesnt + S+V1+O? No,S+ dont/doesnt (+) S+Tobe (is,am.are) + 3C(-) S+Tobe (is,am.are) + Not+3C (?) Tobe (is,am.are)+ S+3CYes,S+is,am,are(-?) Tobe (is,am.are)+ S+Not+ 3CNo, S+isnt,arentVERBALNOMINALExamplesVerbal

1. (+)We often study together (-) We do not often study together Dont (?)Do we often study together?Yes, we do(-?) Dont we often study together?No, we dont

2. (+) She catches a butterfly(-) She does not catch a butterfly doesnt(?) Does she catch a butterfly?Yes, she does(-?) Doesnt she catch a butterfly?No, she doesnt

Note: Setelah (+) verb kembali ke bentuk semulaOrg ke-3 jamak(e.g. Ana & Ani)

Org ke-3 tunggal(e.g. Nama orang spti Ana, our father, My friend)SUBJEKKalimatVerbalNominal(+)(-,?,-?)IDOAmYouAreTheyWeHeS/esDOESISShe It

6Usage of Simple Present1. Menyatakan habitual action atau kegiatan yang berulang-ulang dan sudah menjadi kebiasaanex : -he visits me every night - We go to campus every day2.Menyatakan general truth atau kebenaran umumex : -the earth is round -Water boils at 100 degres celcius3.Menyatakan kecakapan, kemampuan, watak, atau sifat seseorangEx : -He speaks English fluently -She is very kind4. Untuk menyatakan perintah atau permintaan (utk org ke-2)e.g: - Read you book, please! - Move on!

NOMINAL

1.(+) You are diligent boy(-)You are not diligent boy arent(?) Are you diligent boy?Yes, I are(-?) Arent you diligent boy?No, I arent

2.(+) John is a smoker(-) John is not a smoker isnt(?) Is John a smoker?Yes, John is(-?) Isnt John a smoker?No, John isnt

ExerciseZahras daily activity Zahra is a student. She studies in State Islamic University, one of Islamic Campus in Yogyakarta. She usually gets up at 04.30 every morning and then she prays with her friend. She takes a bath at 06.00 and breakfast. At 06.50 she goes to campus on foot because his dormitory is near from campus. In the afternoon she usually plays badminton with her friends until 17.00. Zahra often goes picnic with her friends to Parangtritis beach, she enjoys her acitivity everyday.

ReferencesAgustin, Risa and Rina Tofani, Cara Cepat Menguasai Tenses & Grammar Praktis dan Sistematis, Serba Jaya, Surabaya.Azar, Betty Scrampfer, 1993, Understanding and Using English Grammar, 2nd Edition. Binarupa Aksara & Prentice-Hall, Jakarta.Mahesa Institute Team, 2008,Grammar for GEC 1 Handbook. Mahesa Institute. Pare-Kediri.Warib, Sam.S, Tenses 16 Bentuk Waktu, Apollo, SurabayaWijaya, Fitrah Book, Pelangwot Laren Lamongan.

THANK YOU

5.Digunakan pada headline (judul berita utama) dalam surat kabar atau majalahex : Tommy escapes from the prisonThe earthquake occurs in Yogya6.Menyatakan future condition atau sesuatu yang terjadi di masa yang akan datang dan sudah terjadwal sebelumnya.ex : The plane arrives at 10 oclock tomorrow7.Pengganti present continous untuk kata kerja non progresiveex : -I have money now (S.pr) bukan I am having money now (Pr.Cont) -He needs a pen right now - I dont recognize that man