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  • FIS ANTI-DOPING RULES

    COMPILED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE WORLD ANTI-DOPING CODE

    EDITION 2016

  • FIS Anti-Doping Rules page 3 Edition 2016

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................... 7

    PREFACE ................................................................................................................ 7

    FUNDAMENTAL RATIONALE FOR THE CODE AND FIS'S ANTI-DOPING RULES .......... 7

    DESCRIPTION OF FIS ANTI-DOPING ACTIVITIES ....................................................... 8

    SCOPE .................................................................................................................... 9

    ARTICLE 1 DEFINITION OF DOPING ...................................................................... 10

    ARTICLE 2 ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS ......................................................... 10

    2.1 PRESENCE OF A PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE OR ITS METABOLITES OR MARKERS IN AN ATHLETES

    SAMPLE ................................................................................................................... 10

    2.2 USE OR ATTEMPTED USE BY AN ATHLETE OF A PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE OR A PROHIBITED

    METHOD ................................................................................................................. 11

    2.3 EVADING, REFUSING OR FAILING TO SUBMIT TO SAMPLE COLLECTION ............................. 11

    2.4 WHEREABOUTS FAILURES ...................................................................................... 12

    2.5 TAMPERING OR ATTEMPTED TAMPERING WITH ANY PART OF DOPING CONTROL ................. 12

    2.6 POSSESSION OF A PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE OR A PROHIBITED METHOD ............................ 12

    2.7 TRAFFICKING OR ATTEMPTED TRAFFICKING IN ANY PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE OR PROHIBITED

    METHOD ................................................................................................................. 13

    2.8 ADMINISTRATION OR ATTEMPTED ADMINISTRATION TO ANY ATHLETE IN-COMPETITION OF ANY

    PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE OR PROHIBITED METHOD, OR ADMINISTRATION OR ATTEMPTED

    ADMINISTRATION TO ANY ATHLETE OUT-OF-COMPETITION OF ANY PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE OR ANY

    PROHIBITED METHOD THAT IS PROHIBITED OUT-OF-COMPETITION ........................................ 13

    ARTICLE 3 PROOF OF DOPING .............................................................................. 14

    3.1 BURDENS AND STANDARDS OF PROOF ...................................................................... 14

    3.2 METHODS OF ESTABLISHING FACTS AND PRESUMPTIONS .............................................. 15

    ARTICLE 4 THE PROHIBITED LIST .......................................................................... 16

    4.1 INCORPORATION OF THE PROHIBITED LIST ................................................................. 16

    4.2 PROHIBITED SUBSTANCES AND PROHIBITED METHODS IDENTIFIED ON THE PROHIBITED LIST .. 16

    4.3 WADAS DETERMINATION OF THE PROHIBITED LIST ................................................... 17

    4.4 THERAPEUTIC USE EXEMPTIONS (TUES) ................................................................ 17

    ARTICLE 5 TESTING AND INVESTIGATIONS ........................................................... 20

    5.1 PURPOSE OF TESTING AND INVESTIGATIONS ............................................................... 20

    5.2 AUTHORITY TO CONDUCT TESTING ........................................................................... 21

    5.3 EVENT TESTING ................................................................................................... 21

    5.4 TEST DISTRIBUTION PLANNING ............................................................................... 22

    5.5 COORDINATION OF TESTING ................................................................................... 22

    5.6 ATHLETE WHEREABOUTS INFORMATION ................................................................... 22

  • FIS Anti-Doping Rules page 4 Edition 2016

    5.7 RETIRED ATHLETES RETURNING TO COMPETITION ....................................................... 23

    5.8 SELECTION OF ATHLETES TO BE TESTED ..................................................................... 24

    5.9 INDEPENDENT OBSERVER PROGRAMME .................................................................... 24

    ARTICLE 6 ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES ........................................................................ 24

    6.1 USE OF ACCREDITED AND APPROVED LABORATORIES ................................................... 24

    6.2 PURPOSE OF ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES ......................................................................... 25

    6.3 RESEARCH ON SAMPLES ........................................................................................ 25

    6.4 STANDARDS FOR SAMPLE ANALYSIS AND REPORTING ................................................... 25

    6.5 FURTHER ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES ............................................................................. 26

    ARTICLE 7 RESULTS MANAGEMENT ..................................................................... 26

    7.1 RESPONSIBILITY FOR CONDUCTING RESULTS MANAGEMENT .......................................... 26

    7.2 REVIEW OF ADVERSE ANALYTICAL FINDINGS FROM TESTS INITIATED BY FIS ....................... 26

    7.3 NOTIFICATION AFTER REVIEW REGARDING ADVERSE ANALYTICAL FINDINGS ...................... 27

    7.4 REVIEW OF ATYPICAL FINDINGS .............................................................................. 28

    7.5 REVIEW OF ATYPICAL PASSPORT FINDINGS AND ADVERSE PASSPORT FINDINGS .................. 29

    7.6 REVIEW OF WHEREABOUTS FAILURES....................................................................... 29

    7.7 REVIEW OF OTHER ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS NOT COVERED BY ARTICLES 7.27.6 ... 29

    7.8 IDENTIFICATION OF PRIOR ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS .......................................... 29

    7.9 PROVISIONAL SUSPENSIONS ................................................................................... 29

    7.10 RESOLUTION WITHOUT A HEARING ...................................................................... 31

    7.11 NOTIFICATION OF RESULTS MANAGEMENT DECISIONS .............................................. 31

    7.12 RETIREMENT FROM SPORT ................................................................................. 32

    ARTICLE 8 RIGHT TO A FAIR HEARING .................................................................. 32

    8.1 PRINCIPLES FOR A FAIR HEARING ............................................................................. 32

    8.2 DECISIONS ......................................................................................................... 33

    8.3 SINGLE HEARING BEFORE CAS ............................................................................... 34

    ARTICLE 9 AUTOMATIC DISQUALIFICATION OF INDIVIDUAL RESULTS ................... 34

    ARTICLE 10SANCTIONS ON INDIVIDUALS ............................................................. 34

    10.1 DISQUALIFICATION OF RESULTS IN THE EVENT DURING WHICH AN ANTI-DOPING RULE

    VIOLATION OCCURS .................................................................................................... 34

    10.2 INELIGIBILITY FOR PRESENCE, USE OR ATTEMPTED USE, OR POSSESSION OF A PROHIBITED

    SUBSTANCE OR PROHIBITED METHOD ............................................................................. 35

    10.3 INELIGIBILITY FOR OTHER ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS ........................................ 36

    10.4 ELIMINATION OF THE PERIOD OF INELIGIBILITY WHERE THERE IS NO FAULT OR NEGLIGENCE 37

    10.5 REDUCTION OF THE PERIOD OF INELIGIBILITY BASED ON NO SIGNIFICANT FAULT OR

    NEGLIGENCE ............................................................................................................. 37

    10.6 ELIMINATION, REDUCTION, OR SUSPENSION OF PERIOD OF INELIGIBILITY OR OTHER

    CONSEQUENCES FOR REASONS OTHER THAN FAULT ........................................................... 38

    10.7 MULTIPLE VIOLATIONS ...................................................................................... 40

  • FIS Anti-Doping Rules page 5 Edition 2016

    10.8 DISQUALIFICATION OF RESULTS IN COMPETITIONS SUBSEQUENT TO SAMPLE COLLECTION OR

    COMMISSION OF AN ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATION .......................................................... 41

    10.9 ALLOCATION OF CAS COST AWARDS AND FORFEITED PRIZE MONEY ............................ 42

    10.10 FINANCIAL CONSEQUENCES ................................................................................ 42

    10.11 COMMENCEMENT OF INELIGIBILITY PERIOD ............................................................ 42

    10.12 STATUS DURING INELIGIBILITY ............................................................................. 43

    10.13 AUTOMATIC PUBLICATION OF SANCTION ............................................................... 45

    ARTICLE 11 CONSEQUENCES TO TEAMS ................................................................ 45

    11.1 TESTING OF TEAMS ........................................................................................... 45

    11.2 CONSEQUENCES FOR TEAMS ............................................................................... 45

    ARTICLE 12 SANCTIONS AND COSTS ASSESSED AGAINST SPORTING BODIES ........ 46

    ARTICLE 13 APPEALS ............................................................................................ 47

    13.1 DECISIONS SUBJECT TO APPEAL ........................