FIS ANTI-DOPING RULES FIS is strongly committed to the fight against doping, in order to offer to all

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  • FIS ANTI-DOPING RULES

    COMPILED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE WORLD ANTI-DOPING CODE

    EDITION 2016, Update July 2016

  • FIS Anti-Doping Rules page 3 Edition 2016/Update July 2016

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................................................... 6

    PREFACE ..................................................................................................................................................................... 6

    FUNDAMENTAL RATIONALE FOR THE CODE AND FIS'S ANTI-DOPING RULES .............................................................. 6

    DESCRIPTION OF FIS ANTI-DOPING ACTIVITIES ........................................................................................................... 7

    SCOPE ......................................................................................................................................................................... 8

    ARTICLE 1 DEFINITION OF DOPING ...................................................................................................................... 9

    ARTICLE 2 ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS......................................................................................................... 9

    2.1 PRESENCE OF A PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE OR ITS METABOLITES OR MARKERS IN AN ATHLETE’S SAMPLE ...................................... 9

    2.2 USE OR ATTEMPTED USE BY AN ATHLETE OF A PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE OR A PROHIBITED METHOD ........................................ 10

    2.3 EVADING, REFUSING OR FAILING TO SUBMIT TO SAMPLE COLLECTION ............................................................................... 10

    2.4 WHEREABOUTS FAILURES ......................................................................................................................................... 11

    2.5 TAMPERING OR ATTEMPTED TAMPERING WITH ANY PART OF DOPING CONTROL .................................................................. 11

    2.6 POSSESSION OF A PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE OR A PROHIBITED METHOD .............................................................................. 11

    2.7 TRAFFICKING OR ATTEMPTED TRAFFICKING IN ANY PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE OR PROHIBITED METHOD ..................................... 12

    2.8 ADMINISTRATION OR ATTEMPTED ADMINISTRATION TO ANY ATHLETE IN-COMPETITION OF ANY PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE OR

    PROHIBITED METHOD, OR ADMINISTRATION OR ATTEMPTED ADMINISTRATION TO ANY ATHLETE OUT-OF-COMPETITION OF ANY

    PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE OR ANY PROHIBITED METHOD THAT IS PROHIBITED OUT-OF-COMPETITION ....................................... 12

    2.9 COMPLICITY ............................................................................................................................................................ 12

    2.10 PROHIBITED ASSOCIATION ......................................................................................................................................... 12

    2.11 DOPING-RELATED MISCONDUCT BY ATHLETES AND ATHLETE SUPPORT PERSONNEL .............................................................. 13

    2.12 PROHIBITED SCIENTIFIC AND MEDICAL EQUIPMENT AT FIS EVENTS .................................................................................... 13

    ARTICLE 3 PROOF OF DOPING ............................................................................................................................ 14

    3.1 BURDENS AND STANDARDS OF PROOF ......................................................................................................................... 14

    3.2 METHODS OF ESTABLISHING FACTS AND PRESUMPTIONS ................................................................................................ 14

    ARTICLE 4 THE PROHIBITED LIST ........................................................................................................................ 15

    4.1 INCORPORATION OF THE PROHIBITED LIST .................................................................................................................... 15

    4.2 PROHIBITED SUBSTANCES AND PROHIBITED METHODS IDENTIFIED ON THE PROHIBITED LIST .................................................. 16

    4.3 WADA’S DETERMINATION OF THE PROHIBITED LIST ...................................................................................................... 16

    4.4 THERAPEUTIC USE EXEMPTIONS (“TUES”) ................................................................................................................... 16

    ARTICLE 5 TESTING AND INVESTIGATIONS ......................................................................................................... 19

    5.1 PURPOSE OF TESTING AND INVESTIGATIONS .................................................................................................................. 19

    5.2 AUTHORITY TO CONDUCT TESTING .............................................................................................................................. 20

    5.3 EVENT TESTING ....................................................................................................................................................... 21

    5.4 TEST DISTRIBUTION PLANNING ................................................................................................................................... 21

    5.5 COORDINATION OF TESTING ...................................................................................................................................... 21

    5.6 ATHLETE WHEREABOUTS INFORMATION ...................................................................................................................... 22

    5.7 RETIRED ATHLETES RETURNING TO COMPETITION .......................................................................................................... 22

    5.8 SELECTION OF ATHLETES TO BE TESTED ........................................................................................................................ 23

    5.9 INDEPENDENT OBSERVER PROGRAMME ....................................................................................................................... 24

    ARTICLE 6 ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES ...................................................................................................................... 24

    6.1 USE OF ACCREDITED AND APPROVED LABORATORIES ...................................................................................................... 24

    6.2 PURPOSE OF ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES ............................................................................................................................ 24

    6.3 RESEARCH ON SAMPLES ............................................................................................................................................ 24

    6.4 STANDARDS FOR SAMPLE ANALYSIS AND REPORTING ...................................................................................................... 25

    6.5 FURTHER ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES ................................................................................................................................. 25

    ARTICLE 7 RESULTS MANAGEMENT ................................................................................................................... 25

    7.1 RESPONSIBILITY FOR CONDUCTING RESULTS MANAGEMENT ............................................................................................ 25

    7.2 REVIEW OF ADVERSE ANALYTICAL FINDINGS FROM TESTS INITIATED BY FIS ........................................................................ 26

    7.3 NOTIFICATION AFTER REVIEW REGARDING ADVERSE ANALYTICAL FINDINGS ....................................................................... 26

  • FIS Anti-Doping Rules page 4 Edition 2016/Update July 2016

    7.4 REVIEW OF ATYPICAL FINDINGS .................................................................................................................................. 27

    7.5 REVIEW OF ATYPICAL PASSPORT FINDINGS AND ADVERSE PASSPORT FINDINGS ................................................................... 28

    7.6 REVIEW OF WHEREABOUTS FAILURES .......................................................................................................................... 28

    7.7 REVIEW OF OTHER ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS NOT COVERED BY ARTICLES 7.2–7.6 .................................................... 29

    7.8 IDENTIFICATION OF PRIOR ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS ............................................................................................. 29

    7.9 PROVISIONAL SUSPENSIONS ....................................................................................................................................... 29

    7.10 RESOLUTION WITHOUT A HEARING ............................................................................................................................ 30

    7.11 NOTIFICATION OF RESULTS MANAGEMENT DECISIONS .................................................................................................... 31

    7.12 RETIREMENT FROM SPORT ......................................................................................................................................... 31

    ARTICLE 8 RIGHT TO A FAIR HEARING ................................................................................................................ 31

    8.1 PRINCIPLES FOR A FAIR HEARING ..........