English Workbook Gr3

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English Workbook Grade 3

Text of English Workbook Gr3

  • Illustrations Elizabeth Allen: 91, 93, 101, 109, 1 1 1, 1 15; Winifred Barnum-Newman: 85; Burgandy Beam: 124, 131 ; Linda Howard Bittner: 45; Donna Catanese: 1 18; Eldon Doty: 27, 59; Larry Frederick: 55; Patti Goodnow: 60; April Hartmann: 22; Seitu I-tayden: 2, 41 ; Jean Helmer: 1 13; Reggie Holladay: 1 29, 138; Toni Hormann: 73; CD Hullinger: 64; Tim Jones: 32; Victor Kennedy: 51, 74; Gary Krejca: 20, 43, 87; Dean Lindberg: 83, "17; Richard Lo: 105; Ginna Magee: 62, 88, 99; Robert Masheris: 17, 37, 1 17, 130, 150; Tom McKee: 1, 10, 70, 135; Dawn Marie Pavlowski: 26, "11 ; Bill Petersen: 6, 35, 78, 81, 148; Phyllis Pollerna-Cahill: "i, 72, 125; Wendy Rasmussen: 37,53, 120, 139; Bart Rivers: 97; Doug Roy: 30, 34; Slug Signorino: 68; Stan Tusan: 90; George Ulrich: 8, 14, 39

    Photographs O Joe Atlas: 100; O Cornstock, Inc.: 57, 134; O CORBIS: 25, 52, 71, 136; Corel Corporation: 66; O Digital Vision: 36; EyeWire, Inc.: 63; Images provided by MetaTools: 5, 108; Courtesy NASA: 46; O PhotoDisc, Inc.: 9, 11, 33, 50, 79, 96, 1 16, "1 9, 123, 128, 140, 142; Ryan McVaylPhotoDisc, Inc.: 102; O Clement MoWPic"creQuest: 61 Copyright O by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

    Permission is hereby granted to teachers to reprint or photocopy in classroom quantities the pages or sheets in this work that carry a Houghton Mifflin Company copyright notice. These pages are designed to be reproduced by teachers for use in their classes with accompanying Houghton Mifflin material, provided each copy made shows the copyright notice. Such copies may not be sold and further distribution is expressly prohibited. Except as authorized above, prior written permission must be obtained from Houghton Mifflin Company t o reproduce or transmit this work or portions thereof in any form or by any other electronic or mechanical means, including any information storage or retrieval system, unless expressly permitted by federal copyright law. Address inquiries to School Permissions, Houghton Mifflin Company, 222 Berkeley Street, Boston, MA 021 16.

    Printed in the U.S.A.

    ISBN: 0-61 8-09070-3

    Califorrlia e Colorado * Georgia Illiilois NewJersey 0 Texas

  • e of Contents Unit 4 Adjectives and Advevbs

    i 1 What Are Adjectives? 6 1 i 2 More Adjectives 63

    Unit 1 The Sentence 1 What Is a Sentence? b Revising Strategies: Sentence Fluency

    Writing Good Sentences 2 Statements and Questions 3 Commands and Exclamations 4 The Subject of a Sentence 5 The Predicate of a Sentence 6 Correcting Run-on Sentences b Revising Strategies: Sentence Fluency

    Writing Good Sentences

    Unit 2 Nouns 1 What Are Nouns? 2 Common and Proper Nouns 3 Nouns in the Subject P Revising Strategies: Sentence Fluency

    Writing with Nouns 4 Singular and Plural Nouns 5 Plural Nouns with -es 6 More Plural Nouns with -es 7 Special Plural Nouns 8 Singular Possessive Nouns 9 Plural Possessive Nouns B Revising Strategies: Vocabulary

    Using Exact Nouns

    Unit 3 Verbs 1 What Are Verbs? 2 Verbs in the Present 3 More Verbs in the Present 4 Verbs in the Past 5 More Verbs in the Past 6 Verbs in the Future b, Revising Strategies: Sentence Fluency

    Writing with Verbs 7 The Special Verb be 8 Helping Verbs 9 Irregular Verbs

    10 More Irregular Verbs 11 Contractions with not b Revising Strategies: Vocabulary

    Using Exact Verbs

    b Revising Strategies: Sentence Fluency Writing with Adjectives

    3 Using a, an, and the 4 Comparing with Adjectives 5 What Are Adverbs? 6 Other Kinds of Adverbs b Revising Strategies: Sentence Fluency

    Writing with Adverbs 7 Using to, two, and too b Revising Strategies: Vocabulary

    Using Exact Adjectives

    Unit 5 Capitalization and Punctuation 1 Correct Sentences 80 b Revising Strategies: Sentence Fluency

    Writing Good Sentences 82 2 Capitalizing Proper Nouns 84 3 Capitalizing Other Nouns 86 4 Abbreviations 88 5 Book Titles 90 6 Introductory Words 91 7 Commas in a Series 92 b Revising Strategies: Sentence Fluency

    Writing Good Sentences 94 8 Quotation Marks 96 9 More About Quotation Marks 98

    i Unit 6 Pronouns : 1 Subject Pronouns

    36 2 Pronouns and Verbs 38 i 3 Object Pronouns

    ! b Revising Strategies: Sentence Fluency 42 i Writinq with Pronouns 44 4 Using ;and me 46 i 5 Possessive Pronouns

    i 6 Contractions i 7 Using there. theii, and they're i F Revising Strategies: Vocabulary

    52 i Homophones 54 i so i 58 i

  • a ! Section 3 Expressing and Influencing

    Section 1 Narrating and Entertaining i unit Writing to Express an Opinion Getting Started: Narrative Paragraphs i Choosing Strong Reasons 140

    Supporting Sentences 117 : i Elaborating Your Reasons 141 Unit 7 Writing a Personal Narrative I Good Openings and Closings 142

    : Revising an Opinion Essay 143 Organizing Your Narrative i The Writing Process: Revising Strategies Good Beginnings 119 i Elaborating: Word Choice 144 Writing with Voice 120 i GOO^ Endings 121 Unit 12 Writing to Persuade Revising a Personal Narrative Supporting Your Reasons 145 The Writing Process: Revising Strategies : Organizing Your Essay 146

    Sentence Fluency 123 1 Good Openings and Closings 147 Unit 8 Writing a Story writ ingwith voice 148

    : Revising a Persuasive Essay 149 Characters and Setting 1 The Writing Process: Revising Strategies Planning the Plot 125 i Sentence Fluency 150 Developing the Plot 126 i Revising a Story 127 i The Writing Process: Revising Strategies

    Sentence Fluency 128 i

    Getting Started: Informational Paragraphs Supporting Sentences 129 i

    Unit 9 Writing lnstructions Organizing Your Instructions 130 i Using Details 131 i Good Beginnings and Endings 132 i Revising Instructions 133 i The Writing Process: Revising Strategies

    Elaborating: Word Choice 134 i Unit "8 Writing a Research Report i

    Gathering Facts 135 i Good Openings and Closings 136 i Revising a Research Report 137 i The Writing Process: Revising Strategies

    Elaborating: Details 138 i

  • Name

    at Is a Sentence?

    0 Read the t w o groups o f words after each number. Underline the group o f words that is a sentence. 1. The first automobiles amazed people.

    /-

    Rode on horses or bicycles.

    2. A strange sight on the roads.

    Very few people had cars.

    3. Inventors from different countries.

    Some cars had steam engines.

    4. The Stanley twins built a steam car.

    The most famous of all the steam automobiles.

    0 Wri te sentence if the group o f words is a sentence. Write not a sentence if it i s not a sentence. 5. Stearn cars made so much noise. 6. They were hard to start. 7. Frightened horses.

    8. Accidents and angry words. 9. Electric cars were quieter.

    10. Liked electric cars.

    1 "8 Could not travel fast or far.

    12. Cars have clianged since "Em.

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    1 mat IS a Sentence? (continued from page 1)

    I ' Drive the car to the garage. Only take roads with groups of words I

    You have invented an invisible car. Write a story that describes an adventure you had with this car. Write at least five sentences. Remember that each sentence inust tell who or what and what happened.

  • Name

    Writing Oood Sentences .. . . . . . . . . . .

    - - I- .- - ;, $;j i;xa ;,=; p 0,: ,=.,; - , c , : , . .

    . . ~- .- Pyramids are tall. , , i : And very big.

    ... . .

    ,,. .- .. \:, .. .

    : ~ : ~ , l ~ ~ l ~ , ~ , ~ i , : . ~ . . .ji,&

  • Name

    Writing Good Sentences (continued from page 3) Are very large.

    1 Pyramids are very large. - - 1

    Writing Complete Sentences 6-10. Fix each incomplete sentence from this book about pyramids by adding a word that tells who or what or by adding the incomplete sentence to a complete sentence. Write the new sentences on the lines below.

    the land. Workers dug up the

    hen the builders had all the aterials, they would grind the raw and the rocks together. Water

    the marshes. Was gathered into ixture, like cake batter. Was bundles and carried to the rmed into blocks and then dried

    the sun. Then the blocks were from the granite stones. That were sed to build the pyramid.

    incomplete sentences by adding them to complete sentences.

  • Name

    Statements and Questions A

    0 Write statement if the sentence tells something. , Write question if the sentence asks something. il

    "1 Another country ruled our land.

    2. Many people wanted their freedom.

    3. Was George Washington one of them?

    4. Some men wrote an important paper. 1 5. What did that paper say? 6 . Would our country become free?

    7. When would our country become free?

    8. Our new country had 13 states.

    0 9-14. This story has two missing capital letters and four missing or incorrect end marks. Use proofreading marks to correct each sentence.

    6,

    Example: - our country is very special$. - -

    Happy Birthday, USA!

    Everybody has a birthday Countries have

    biradays too. do you know the birthday of our country It is

    celebraked each year on the Fourth of July. on that day in 1776

    our leaders toid the world we were free? Bow do you celebrate

    (continued) Grade 3: U n i t ' i The Sentence (Use with pupil book pages 36-37.) VJOmBQOK PLUS

    Skill: Students will identify and iiiiili punctuate statements sand questions. Aa

  • Name

    2 statements and Questions (continued from page 9

    1. The boy with the flag asks a question. Write the question.

    2. The girl wearing boots maltes a statement. Write the statement.

    3. The girl with the drum asks a question. Write the question.

    4. The boy with the horn makes a statement. Write the sta