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Technical English 2 Workbook

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  • TechnicalEnglish

    Workbook

  • TechnicalH,nglish

    Workbook

  • Pearson Education Limited

    Edinburgh GateHarlowEssex CM20 ZJEEngland

    and Associated Companies throughout the world.

    www.pearsonlongman.com

    @ Pearson Education Limited 2008

    The right of Christopher Jacques to be identified as authorof this Work has been asserted by him in accordance withthe Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

    All rights reserved; no part of this publication may bereproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmittedin any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,photocopying, recording, or otherwise without the priorwritten permission of the Publishers

    First published 2008

    ISBN-I 3: 97&14058-4557-l (book)ISBN-I3: 97&1405&96542 @ook for pack)

    Set in Adobe Type Library fonts

    Printed in Spain by Graficas Estella

    Acknowledgements

    We would like to dedicate this book to the memory ofDavid Riley, whose tireless professionalism contributedso much to its creation and success.

    The publishers and author would like to thank thefollowing for their invaluable feedback, comments andsuggestions, all of which played an important part in thedevelopment of the course: Eleanor Kenny (College of theNorth Atlantic, Qatar), Julian Collinson, Daniel ZeytounMillie and Terry Sutcliffe (all from the Higher Colleges ofTechnology, UAE), Dr Saleh Al-Busaidi (Sultan QaboosUniversity, oman), Francis McNeice, QFoRo France),Michaela Miiller (Germany), Magorzata ossowska-Neumann (Gdynia Maritime University, Poland), GordonKite (British Council, ltaly), Wolfgang Ridder (VHSder Stadt Bielefeld, Germany), Stella Jehanno (Centred'Etude des Langues/ Centre de Formation Suprieured'Apprentis, Chambre de Commerce et d'lndustrie deI'lndre, France) and Nick Jones (Germany).

    Illustrated by HL Studios

    The publisher would like to thank the following for theirkind permission to reproduce their photographs:

    (Key: b-bottom; c-centre; l-left; r-right; t-top)

    Alamy Images: Dex Images 50; Kenslens 49bl; MartinJenkinson 46; Niall Cotton 54; Rene Paik 49tl; SandraBaker 25tc; Art Directors and TRIP photo Library:Helene Rogers 14; Combisafe International Ltd:Combisafe International Ltd 9; Corbis: Arcaid 25tr; CarCulture l2; David Woods 45; Massimo Listri l6; NeilRabinowitz 62; Onne van der Wal l5; Patrice Latron 4;Sscan 49b; Wolfran Schroll/Zefa 49c; Yuriko Nakao/Reuters 49t; iStockphoto: 25; David Pedre 25tl; StenaFerries: Stena Ferries 56

    Cover image: ^ Fronf: iStock Photo: fuistian Stensoenes

    All other images @ Pearson Education

    Picture Research by: Alison Prior

    Every effort has been made to trace the copyrightholders and we apologise in advance for anyunintentional omissions. We would be pleased to insertthe appropriate acknowledgement in any subsequentedition of this publication.

    Designed by HL Studios, Long Hanborough

    Cover design by Designers Collective

    Project managed by David Riley

  • .-,

    Unit 1 Action1.1 TeamworkMaintenance equipmentGiving instructionsDescribing a series of actionslmoerativesPresent simple't.2 TrainingRepoing Iobs in progress/comp|etedPresent continuous and present peectJust a minute, Hang on.1.3 MethodDescribing how things workAsking questions about a robotMethod: by + gerund

    Unit 2 Work2.1 BoutinesDescribing routines and current actionsTa|king about an organisation chaPresent simple and present continuous2.2 PlansStating plans and intentionsFormulae in emailsFuture: Present continuous and going to2.3 New jobReading and updating a CVRevision of tensesWord stress

    Review Unit A

    Unit 3 Comparison!' :.]aat!35rs arrnension limitsj.:n;ra::i e adjectivesRevision: 4m wide: a width of 4m3.2 ProductsAsking, offering and checkingSpecifying requirementsModals: would, could, shallPronouns: one, ones, Which one?3.3 EquipmentComparing three or more itemsComparatives and superlativesthe -st of; the mostlleast + adjective

    Unit 4 Processes4.1 lnfrastructureTalking about an infrastructure proiectDescribing a processPresent simple passive + linkers: flrst4.2 ManufacturingDescribing a manufacturing processPresent simple passive + linkers:simultaneously4.3 CommunicationsDescription of a communications satelliteNarrating events in space explorationRelative clauses (non-defining): which, who

    Review Unit B

    Unit 5 Descptions24 5.1 Uses

    Describing uses or functions of commonobjectsGerund: (used) for + verb + -inglnfinitive: (designed) to + infinitiveact as + noun: it acts as a propeller

    25 5.2 AppearanceDescribing the shape and appearances ofbui ld ingsln the shape of two-lthree-dimensionaladjectives: circular, conical

    26 5.3 DefinitionsGiving a definitionDefining refative clauses + wholwhichlthatType nouns: device, system

    Unit 6 Procedures6.1 SafetyDescribing safety hazards, regulations andproceduresModals + passive: must be removed6.2 EmergencyRecommending emergency actionDescribing necessityRevision of zero conditionalModafs + passive: should be freedthey / the m lth e i rl thei rs6.3 DirectionsFollowing and giving directionsDirection phrases: Go straight ahead.

    Review Unit C

    Unlt 7 Services34 7.1 Technical support

    Diagnosing causesSuggesting solutionsTa|king about ceainty and possibiIiCeainty/possibiIity: You mustlmay havechecked ...Suggestions: Try doing ...

    35 7.2 Beporting to clientsRepoing on work doneLaying out a business letterPast simple passive: A lift was installedRevision: expressing purpose + to

    36 7.3 Dealing with complaintsSympathising' apo|ogising, offeng a so|utionRepoing damage/fau|tsDescribing damage: bent, crushed, crackedFormulae in letters: P/ease do not hesitate ...

    Unit I Energy8.1 Wave powerDescribing movement and motionPresenting technical information orallyrotary linear...8.2 EnginesDescribing the operation of an engineDescribing a hybrid carReference and cohesion: whlch referring toa pnrase8.3 Cooling and heatingNoun families: reactor/reactionDescribing a flow cycleRevision of physical changes: melt, freeze

    Review Unit D

    Unit 9 Measurement44 9.1 Sports data

    Describing the purpose of measuringinstrumentsUsing a service scheduleA thermometer measures temperaturelisused for measuring temperatureDescribing frequency: every 24 months

    9.2 SensorsTalking about safety data for carsExplaining forcesSafety ratings: marginal, acceptableForces: bending forces9.3 PositioningExplaining a lidar speed gunDescribing a radar control system.f ndircct Mr- questions: how fast tlrey arc flingDiscourse markers: ln other words

    Unit 10 Forces10.'l PropertiesStating obiectivesDescbing propeies of materia|sf ndirect YeslNo questions: The aim is tofind out if the plastic bends.10.2 ResistanceResistance to forcesMarking stages of a presentationProper suffixes: -ableDiscourse markers: Let's move on to10.3 ResultsExplaining resultsDescribing a manufacturing processResuft markers:' thereforeCausative verbs: harden

    Review Unit E

    Unit 1' l Design11.1 Working robotsDescribing robots in industryRobotics terms:'feach-a nd- repeat'11.2 Eco-friendly planesDescribing aeronauticsDescribing an aeronautical proiectCause and effect + present simpleNeeds anafysis + toolenough11.3 Free-flying sailsMarking stages of a presentationAdvantages and disadvantagesDiscourse markers: The aim of this talk isto . . .Formulae and questions in a presentation

    Unit l2Innovation12.'l Zerc emissionExplaining needs, problems and solutionsReduced re|ative c|ause: pa of the powerproduced by the engine1 2.2 Technological changeDescribing simple machinesDescribing a historical processDefining refative clauses + that, which12.3 Vehicle safetyDescribing safety systems and sensorsPresent simple active

    Review Unit F

    64 Audioscript

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    1 5

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    1 9

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    70 Answer key

  • 1 Teamwork

    Look at the pictures and complete the crossword puzzle. What is thevertical word?

    2 Number the steps for refuelling a plane in the best order.

    ! S*it.t on the pump.

    ! eusn the nozzle into the fuel socket.

    I Drirr" the fuel tanker to the plane.

    ! eurnp fuel into the plane's fuel tanks.

    ! Cl"utt any spilled fuel off the plane.

    ! S*it.fr off the pump.

    ! Close the fuel flap.

    ! Ru.on" the fuel nozzle.

    ! Op".t the fuel flap under the wing.

    3 Give these sentences the opposite meaning. Use words from 2, Section 1 onCourse Book pages 5.

    1 The car enters the pit lane.I The car leavee the pit lane,

    2 The driver opens the fuel flap.

    3 Thev loosen the wheel nuts.

    4 They raise the car off the ground.

    5 Someone switches on the fuel pump.

    6 They take off the old wheels.

    They take away the old wheels.,7

  • 2 Training

    A trainee is phoning.the companytechnician. He needs to changethe ink cartridges on his printer.Complete the dialogue.A: Switch on the printer.B: I've awitched it on,A: Now lift up the lid.B: I'm liftinq it up now.A: Take out the old cartridges.B: I've themA: Now put in the new cartridges.B: I'm themA: Push the cartridges in firmly.B: I've themA: Now put down the lid and press 'Return'.

    B: I've 'Return'.

    A: Now wait. The printer will now do the ink charging.B: I'm I'm still -!Ah! I think it's finished.A: Good!Nowyoucan off the printer, or print a document.

    Write dialogues between a supervisor (S) and some trainees (I). Use thewords in brackets and the checklists below.I S: @ow / get on?) How are you qettinq on?

    T: (minute / alarm) Juat a minute, I've taken apartthe alarm.S: (check I yer?) Oood. Have youT: (not yet / do). No, notyet. l'm atill

    2 S: @ow / work I go?) How ia tha work qoinq?T: @ang