Demography 11

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  • 7/27/2019 Demography 11



    This railway network is ably supported by an ever-expanding network of city buses.

    The overall length of the bus network of Madrid's Municipal Transport Corporation

    (Empresa Municipal de Transportes, or EMT) at yearclose 2008, when 426 millionpassengers were transported, stood at 3,690 kilometres, marking a 31% increase over

    the last eight years. These routes are serviced by a growing fleet of over 2,000 vehicles,

    while the network as a whole is undergoing a continuous improvement process with a

    view to attaining the utmost standards of speed, quality and sustainability.


    Main article: Highways in Spain

    Madrid's motorway hub network.

    Madrid is the most important hub of Spain's motorway network and is surrounded by

    fourorbital motorways: M30, M40,M45 and M50. M30 circles the central districts and

    is the inner ring motorway of Madrid. Significant portions ofM30 runs underground

    and its urban motorway tunnels have sections of more than 6 km (3.73 mi) in length and

    3 to 6 lanes in each direction, between the south entry of the Avenida de Portugal tunnel

    and the north exit of the M-30 south by-pass there are close to 10 km (6.21 mi) of

    continuous tunnels. M40 is a ring motorway which borders Madrid at a mean distance

    of 10.07 kilometres (6.26 mi) and it has a total length of 63.3 km (39.33 mi). M45 is a

    partial ring around the city serving the metropolitan area of Madrid. It was built to help

    alleviate the congestion of the M40 from the southern to the north-eastern, runs between

    the M40 and the M50 where the two ring motorways are more separated. M50 is the

    outer of the Madrid orbital motorways and has a total length of 85 km (52.82 mi). It

    services mainly the metropolitan area at a mean distance of 13.5 km (8.39 mi).

    The most important radial autovas of Madrid are:


    alDenomination Itinerary

    A-1Autova del


    Madrid Aranda de Duero Burgos Miranda de Ebro

    Vitoria San SebastinA-2 Autova del Madrid Guadalajara Zaragoza Lrida Barcelona,_Castile-La_Mancha,_Castile-La_Mancha
  • 7/27/2019 Demography 11



    A-3Autova del

    EsteMadrid Valencia

    A-4 Autova del Sur Madrid Crdoba Sevilla Jerez Cdiz

    A-5Autova delSuroeste

    Madrid Talavera de la Reina Navalmoral de la Mata Mrida Badajoz Portugal

    A-6Autova delNoroeste

    Madrid Medina del Campo Benavente Astorga Ponferrada Lugo La Corua



    Autova deToledo

    Madrid Illescas Toledo

    Radial tolled autopistas (named R-n instead of A-n) form a new system of accesses tothe capital that merges with theirautova counterparts far from Madrid. The main

    advantage to these roads is that they allow true fast travel from the first kilometer.



    R-2AutopistaRadial 2

    Madrid (M-40)M-50Guadalajara (A-2)


    Radial 3Madrid (M-30)Arganda del Rey (A-3)

    R-4AutopistaRadial 4

    Madrid (M-50)AranjuezOcaa (A-4/A-40/AP-36)

    R-5AutopistaRadial 5

    Madrid (M-40)Navalcarnero (A-5)

    M-12 Eje aeropuertoMadrid (M-40)M-11Airport terminal 4A-1

    International relations

    See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Spain

    Twin towns and sister cities

    List of twin towns, sister cities and partner cities:[127]

    Abu Dhabi,United ArabEmirates

    Lima, Peru


    Rabat, Morocco

    Rio de Janeiro,,_Spain,_Spain,_Spain,_Zamora,_Toledo,_Spain,_Spain,_Spain,_Spain,_Spain

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