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DAFTAR ISI - Isi_1.pdf · PDF file xi DAFTAR TABEL Tabel 4.1. Proses seleksi sampel penelitian..... 31 Tabel 4.2. Karakteristik umum sampel penelitian berdasarkan kelompok

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  • vii

    DAFTAR ISI

    HALAMAN JUDUL........................................................................................ i

    HALAMAN PENGESAHAN.......................................................................... ii

    SURAT PERNYATAAN................................................................................. iii

    PERNYATAAN PERSETUJUAN PUBLIKASI KARYA ILMIAH ............. iv

    PRAKATA....................................................................................................... v

    DAFTAR ISI.................................................................................................... vii

    DAFTAR TABEL............................................................................................ xi

    DAFTAR LAMPIRAN.................................................................................... xii

    DAFTAR SINGKATAN ................................................................................. xiii

    INTISARI......................................................................................................... xiv

    BAB I PENDAHULUAN........................................................................... 1

    1.1 Latar Belakang.......................................................................... 1

    1.2 Rumusan Masalah .................................................................... 3

    1.3 Tujuan....................................................................................... 3

    1.3.1 Tujuan Umum............................................................... 3

    1.3.2 Tujuan Khusus .............................................................. 3

    1.4 Manfaat Penelitian.................................................................... 4

    1.4.1 Manfaat teoritis............................................................. 4

    1.4.2 Manfaat praktis ............................................................ 4

    BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA.................................................................. 5

    2.1 Laringitis Kronik ...................................................................... 5

    2.1.1 Definisi ......................................................................... 5

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    2.1.2 Klasifikasi ..................................................................... 7

    2.1.3 Faktor Resiko................................................................ 10

    2.1.4 Patofisiologi.................................................................. 12

    2.1.5 Terapi............................................................................ 13

    2.2 Perilaku Merokok ..................................................................... 15

    2.2.1 Definisi ......................................................................... 15

    2.2.2 Komposisi Rokok ......................................................... 16

    2.2.2.1 Karbon Monoksida (CO)................................ 16

    2.2.2.2 Nikotin............................................................ 16

    2.2.2.3 Tar................................................................... 17

    2.2.2.4 HCN/ Asam Sianida ....................................... 17

    2.2.2.5 Nitrous Oxide ................................................. 17

    2.2.2.6 Fenol ............................................................... 17

    2.2.2.7 Asetol.............................................................. 18

    2.2.2.8 Asam Sulfida (H2S) ....................................... 18

    2.2.2.9 Metanol........................................................... 18

    2.2.2.10 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH).... 18

    2.2.2.11 N-Nitrosamine ................................................ 19

    2.3 Derajat Berat Merokok ............................................................. 19

    2.4 Hubungan Perilaku Merokok Terhadap Kejadian Laringitis

    Kronik....................................................................................... 19

    2.5 Kerangka Teori ......................................................................... 22

    2.6 Kerangka Konsep ..................................................................... 23

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    2.7 Hipotesis ................................................................................... 23

    BAB III METODE PENELITIAN ................................................................ 24

    3.1 Jenis Penelitian dan Rancangan Penelitian............................... 24

    3.2 Variabel dan Definisi Operasional ........................................... 24

    3.1.1 Variabel......................................................................... 24

    3.1.2 Definisi Operasional ..................................................... 24

    3.1.2.1 Derajat Merokok............................................. 24

    3.1.2.2 Laringitis Kronik ............................................ 25

    3.3 Populasi dan Sampel................................................................. 25

    3.3.1 Populasi ........................................................................ 25

    3.3.1.1 Populasi Target ............................................... 25

    3.3.1.2 Populasi Terjangkau ....................................... 25

    3.3.2 Sampel .......................................................................... 25

    3.3.2.1 Kriteria Inklusi................................................ 25

    3.3.2.2 Kriteria Eksklusi ............................................. 25

    3.4 Instrumen Penelitian................................................................. 27

    3.5 Cara Penelitian.......................................................................... 27

    3.5.1 Perencanaan .................................................................. 27

    3.5.2 Pengambilan Sampel .................................................... 27

    3.5.3 Pengumpulan Data........................................................ 28

    3.5.4 Pengolahan Data ........................................................... 28

    3.6 Tempat dan Waktu Penelitian .................................................. 29

    3.6.1 Tempat Penelitian ......................................................... 29

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    3.6.2 Waktu Penelitian........................................................... 29

    3.7 Analisis Hasil............................................................................ 29

    3.8 Alur penelitian .......................................................................... 30

    BAB IV HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN ........................................................ 31

    4.1 Hasil Penelitian......................................................................... 31

    4.2 Pembahasan .............................................................................. 36

    BAB V KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN ....................................................... 39

    5.1 Kesimpulan............................................................................... 39

    5.2 Saran ......................................................................................... 39

    DAFTAR PUSTAKA ...................................................................................... 40

    LAMPIRAN..................................................................................................... 42

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    DAFTAR TABEL

    Tabel 4.1. Proses seleksi sampel penelitian................................................... 31

    Tabel 4.2. Karakteristik umum sampel penelitian berdasarkan kelompok

    usia................................................................................................ 32

    Tabel 4.3. Karakteristik umum sampel berdasarkan jenis kelamin ............... 32

    Tabel 4.4. Karakteristik sampel berdasarkan jenis pekerjaan........................ 33

    Tabel 4.5. Karakteristik sampel berdasarkan Indeks Brinkman .................... 33

    Tabel 4. 6. Kejadian laringitis kronik ............................................................. 34

    Tabel 4.7. Kejadian laringitis kronik berdasarkan karakteristik sampel

    penelitian ...................................................................................... 34

    Tabel 4.8. Kejadian laringitis kronik berdasarkan derajat merokok yang

    diukur dengan indeks brinkman ................................................... 35

    Tabel 4.9. Hasil uji fisher exact hubungan derajat merokok terhadap

    kejadian laringitis kronik .............................................................. 36

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    DAFTAR LAMPIRAN

    Lampiran 1. Lembar Informasi Tertulis Kepada Responden........................ 42

    Lampiran 2. Lembar Informed Consent ........................................................ 43

    Lampiran 3. Surat Keterangan telah Melakukan Penelitian ........................ 44

    Lampiran 4. Lembar Informasi Tertulis Kepada Responden........................ 45

    Lampiran 5. Lembar Informed Consent ........................................................ 46

    Lampiran 6. Kuesioner Penelitian Hubungan Derajat Merokok Terhadap

    Kejadian Laringitis Kronik....................................................... 47

    Lampiran 7. Data Penelitian.......................................................................... 49

    Lampiran 8. Hasil Uji Statistik ..................................................................... 52

    .

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