Culture? Who cares?

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Culture? Who cares?. You should. Culture and values matter. If … the whole world had the productivity of the Swiss, the consumption habits of the Chinese, the egalitarian instincts of the Swedes and the social discipline of the Japanese, - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Culture? Who cares? You should

  • Culture and values matterIf the whole world had the productivity of the Swiss,the consumption habits of the Chinese,the egalitarian instincts of the Swedesand the social discipline of the Japanese,the planet could support many times its current population.

  • Culture and values matterOn the other hand, if the world had the productivity of Chad,the consumption habits of the USA,the egalitarian instincts of India,and the social discipline of Argentina,the planet could not support anywhere near its current numbers.Lester Thurow

  • What is culture?The water we swim in? The software of the mind?

  • When youre a kid, you dont have much variety of experienceYou live with your parents and thats all you know. You grow up thinking whatever they do is normal

  • The arts, science, education.

    The collective programming of the human mindTWO MEANINGS OF CULTURE

  • Programming of the Human Mind

  • Half of the group look at this

  • Half of the group look at this

  • Now tell me: what is this?

  • This is what you saw

  • ValuesRitualsHeroesSymbolsCULTURE

  • Why do the French complain about the quick, simple lunches the Dutch offer their guests?

  • Why are the curtains in many Dutch houses left open during the evenings?

  • Dutch employees dont like strict appraisal systems. Why?

  • Paradoxes in Dutch cultureegalitarian yet individualisticdirect & critical yet conformistpragmatic yet money-mindedmoralistic yet permissivetolerant yet indifferent?local yet international

  • How deep-rooted is culture will differences eventually disappear?

  • Value differences between countries can be explained by five dimensions of national culture

    Power Distance (PDI) Individualism (IDV) Masculinity (MAS) Uncertainty Avoidance (UAI) Confucian Dynamism (CDI)THE 5-D MODEL

  • The extent to which the less powerfulmembers of institutions and organizations accept that power is distributed unequallyPOWER DISTANCE

  • Which countrys culture scores highest on

    POWER DISTANCE ?FRANCEGERMANYPOLANDPORTUGALSPAIN

  • Which countrys culture scores highest on

    POWER DISTANCE ?6835506340FRANCEGERMANYPOLANDPORTUGALSPAIN

  • Which countrys culture scores lowest on

    POWER DISTANCE ?NETHERLANDSNORTH SWEDENUKUSAITALY

  • Which countrys culture scores lowest on

    POWER DISTANCE ?3850313540NETHERLANDSNORTHSWEDENUKUSA ITALY

  • If a boss in a country with high power distance doesnt check regularly on subordinates, what will they think?

  • IndividualismPeople look after themselves and their immediate family only

    CollectivismPeople belong to groups, which look after them in exchange for loyaltyINDIVIDUALISM VERSUS COLLECTIVISM

  • Which countrys culture scores highest on

    INDIVIDUALISM ?FRANCEGERMANYNETHERLANDSUKUSA

  • Which countrys culture scores highest on

    INDIVIDUALISM ?7167808991FRANCEGERMANYNETHERLANDSUKUSA

  • Which countrys culture scores lowest on

    INDIVIDUALISM, i.e. is most COLLECTIVISTJAPAN POLAND CHINA RUSSIASWEDEN

  • Which countrys culture scores lowest on

    INDIVIDUALISM, i.e. is most COLLECTIVIST4660154771JAPANPOLAND CHINA RUSSIASWEDEN

  • Foreigners working under Dutch management are often surprised about the degree of freedom they are given

  • MasculinityThe dominant values in society are achievement and success

    FemininityThe dominant values in society are caring for others and quality of lifeMASCULINITY VERSUS FEMININITY

  • Which countrys culture scores highest on

    MASCULINITY ?GERMANYITALYSPAINUKUSA

  • Which countrys culture scores highest on

    MASCULINITY ?6670426662GERMANYITALYSPAINUKUSA

  • Which countrys culture scores lowest on

    MASCULINITY, i.e. is most FEMININEFRANCENETHERLANDSPOLANDPORTUGALSWEDEN

  • Which countrys culture scores lowest on

    MASCULINITY, i.e. is most FEMININE431470315FRANCENETHERLANDSPOLANDPORTUGALSWEDEN

  • The extent to which people feel threatened by ambiguous situations and create rules and institutionsin an attempt to avoid themUNCERTAINTY AVOIDANCE

  • Which countrys culture scores lowest on

    UNCERTAINTY AVOIDANCE ?NETHERLANDS HONG KONG UK SPOREUSA

  • Which countrys culture scores lowest on

    UNCERTAINTY AVOIDANCE ?53 29 35 846NETHERLANDSHONG KONG UK SPORE USA

  • Which countrys culture scores highest on

    UNCERTAINTY AVOIDANCE ?FRANCEGERMANYPOLANDRUSSIAFINLAND

  • Which countrys culture scores highest on

    UNCERTAINTY AVOIDANCE ?8665607559FRANCEGERMANYPOLANDRUSSIAFINLAND

  • The extent to which people take a morepragmatic, future-orientated perspective as opposed to a normative, historical or short-term point of viewCONFUCIAN DYNAMISM ( CDI )

  • The Japanese don't ask the question why? Why is that?

  • The Chinese find Westerners naive because we believe what people say

  • An Scotsman flying with Singapore Airlines asks a stewardess whether they have all brands of liquor. When she says yes, he asks for a type of whiskyhes sure they wont have in stock. The stewardess fails to reappear in the cabin. Why?

  • The relative position of a numberof countries in the 5-D modelFranceUKPortugalAustriaPDI IDV MAS UAI CDIRussia USA Japan Greece ChinaDenmark

  • Golden Rules

    Feedback page of New Scientist (13 JuIy 2002)