Constitution day - Who Cares?

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By law, schools and colleges in the United States are required to observe Constitution Day each September 17. If you and/or your students wonder why, you need to view these slides.

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<ul><li> 1. September 17 Its Constitution Day! So, who cares? Bill Chapman from the League of Women Voters Berkeley, Albany, Emeryville http://lwvbae.org/civics.htm says it should be you </li></ul><p> 2. Why September 17?WhySeptember17? 3. Why September 17?WhySeptember17? TheanswerliesintheConstitutionitself 4. WhyConstitutionDay? 5. WhyConstitutionDay?SenatorRobertC.Byrd,aWestVirginiaDemocratandtheUnitedStatesCongress unofficialConstitutionalscholar,believesthatAmericanelementary,highschool, collegeanduniversitystudentslacktheConstitutionalknowledgetheyneedinorder f f lltofunctionsuccessfullyascitizens. InDecember2004,SenatorByrdofferedanamendment intendedtoincrease Constitutional knowledge The bill was passed by both the United States House ofConstitutionalknowledge.ThebillwaspassedbyboththeUnitedStatesHouseof RepresentativesandtheUnitedStatesSenate,andwassignedintolawbythe President.Itwentintoeffectin2005. Thelegislationrequiresthatalleducationalinstitutionsthatreceivefederalfunds teachsomethingrelatingtotheUnitedStatesConstitutiononSeptember17ofeach year. September17thwasselectedasthedateforcelebrationbecauseitwason S t b 17 1787 th t th d l t t th C tit ti l C ti t f thSeptember17,1787,thatthedelegatestotheConstitutionalConventionmetforthe lasttimetosigntheUnitedStatesConstitutionandpresentedittotheAmerican publicandtothestatesforratification. TeachingabouttheUnitedStatesConstitutionprovidesstudentswithanincreased awarenessof,andanappreciationfor,thismostimportantdocumentoffreedom. 6. Butwhatdifferencedoesitmakewhetheror not we know anything about the Constitution?notweknowanythingabouttheConstitution? 7. Butwhatdifferencedoesitmakewhetheror not we know anything about the Constitution?notweknowanythingabouttheConstitution? TheConstitutionestablishesasystemofrepresentativegovernmentthat depends on the informed participation of citizens if it is to work as intendeddependsontheinformedparticipationofcitizensifitistoworkasintended. 8. Butwhatdifferencedoesitmakewhetheror not we know anything about the Constitution?notweknowanythingabouttheConstitution? TheConstitutionestablishesasystemofrepresentativegovernmentthat depends on the informed participation of citizens if it is to work as intendeddependsontheinformedparticipationofcitizensifitistoworkasintended. Ifcitizensdonotunderstandhowthegovernmentissupposedtowork,ordonot care enough to stay informed, discuss issues facing the community, votecareenoughtostayinformed,discussissuesfacingthecommunity,vote thoughtfullyandkeepaneyeonwhattheirrepresentativesaredoing;thenthe governmentdesignedbytheframerswillnotfunctionintheinterestsofthe citizens. 9. Butwhatdifferencedoesitmakewhetheror not we know anything about the Constitution?notweknowanythingabouttheConstitution? TheConstitutionestablishesasystemofrepresentativegovernmentthat depends on the informed participation of citizens if it is to work as intendeddependsontheinformedparticipationofcitizensifitistoworkasintended. Ifcitizensdonotunderstandhowthegovernmentissupposedtowork,ordonot care enough to stay informed, discuss issues facing the community, votecareenoughtostayinformed,discussissuesfacingthecommunity,vote thoughtfullyandkeepaneyeonwhattheirrepresentativesaredoing;thenthe governmentdesignedbytheframerswillnotfunctionintheinterestsofthe citizens. AftertheConstitutionwasfinished,andashewasleavingIndependenceHall, BenjaminFranklinisreportedtohavebeenasked,Well,Doctor,whathavewe gotaRepublicoraMonarchy?Hisreply,ARepublic,ifyoucankeepit. 10. Butwhatdifferencedoesitmakewhetheror not we know anything about the Constitution?notweknowanythingabouttheConstitution? TheConstitutionestablishesasystemofrepresentativegovernmentthat depends on the informed participation of citizens if it is to work as intendeddependsontheinformedparticipationofcitizensifitistoworkasintended. Ifcitizensdonotunderstandhowthegovernmentissupposedtowork,ordonot care enough to stay informed, discuss issues facing the community, votecareenoughtostayinformed,discussissuesfacingthecommunity,vote thoughtfullyandkeepaneyeonwhattheirrepresentativesaredoing;thenthe governmentdesignedbytheframerswillnotfunctionintheinterestsofthe citizens. AftertheConstitutionwasfinished,andashewasleavingIndependenceHall, BenjaminFranklinisreportedtohavebeenasked,Well,Doctor,whathavewe gotaRepublicoraMonarchy?Hisreply,ARepublic,ifyoucankeepit. 221yearslater,weinthisroom,aswellasourfellowcitizensacrossthelandstill f B j i F kli h ll C k it?faceBenjaminFranklinschallenge:Canwekeepit? 11. So Can We Keep It?So,CanWeKeepIt? DoAmericanslackbasicknowledgeg abouttheConstitution? 12. So Can We Keep It?So,CanWeKeepIt? DoAmericanslackbasicknowledgeg abouttheConstitution? Dostudentsatthisschool? 13. So Can We Keep It?So,CanWeKeepIt? DoAmericanslackbasicknowledgeg abouttheConstitution? Dostudentsatthisschool? Do you? Doyou? 14. So Can We Keep It?So,CanWeKeepIt? DoAmericanslackbasicknowledgeg abouttheConstitution? Dostudentsatthisschool? Do you? Doyou? Ifso,whocares?, 15. So Can We Keep It?So,CanWeKeepIt? DoAmericanslackbasicknowledgeg abouttheConstitution? Dostudentsatthisschool? Do you? Doyou? Ifso,whocares?, Wewillspendthenextfew minutesinanattempttofindout. 16. What is wrong with this?Whatiswrongwiththis? 17. What is wrong with this?Whatiswrongwiththis? 1. ThomasJeffersonwrote,Allmenarecreatedequal,notAllmenare crematedequal. 18. What is wrong with this?Whatiswrongwiththis? 1. ThomasJeffersonwrote,Allmenarecreatedequal,notAllmenare crematedequal. 2. Jeffersonwrote,AllmenarecreatedequalaspartoftheDeclarationof Independence(1776).ThatphrasedoesnotappearintheBillofRights. 19. U.S.Constitutionvs.PopCulture AsurveyreleasedbytheNationalConstitutionCenterin1998illustrateshowlittlemostofusknowaboutthe Constitution.ItshowedthatstudentsknowmuchmoreaboutpopculturethantheydoabouttheUnitedStates Constitution.Sixhundredstudentsrespondedtothesurvey. Key findings from the survey include:Keyfindingsfromthesurveyinclude: 25.5%ofrespondentsknowthenameofthecitywheretheConstitutionwaswrittencomparedto75.2%whoknow thecityassociatedwiththezipcode90210.Whatisthenameofeachcity? 20. U.S.Constitutionvs.PopCulture AsurveyreleasedbytheNationalConstitutionCenterin1998illustrateshowlittlemostofusknowaboutthe Constitution.ItshowedthatstudentsknowmuchmoreaboutpopculturethantheydoabouttheUnitedStates Constitution.Sixhundredstudentsrespondedtothesurvey. Key findings from the survey include:Keyfindingsfromthesurveyinclude: 25.5%ofrespondentsknowthenameofthecitywheretheConstitutionwaswrittencomparedto75.2%whoknow thecityassociatedwiththezipcode90210.Whatisthenameofeachcity? TheframersinPhiladelphia,Sept.17,1787 21. U.S.Constitutionvs.PopCulture AsurveyreleasedbytheNationalConstitutionCenterin1998illustrateshowlittlemostofusknowaboutthe Constitution.ItshowedthatstudentsknowmuchmoreaboutpopculturethantheydoabouttheUnitedStates Constitution.Sixhundredstudentsrespondedtothesurvey. Key findings from the survey include:Keyfindingsfromthesurveyinclude: 25.5%ofrespondentsknowthatPhiladelphiaisthecitywheretheConstitutionwaswrittencomparedto75.2%who knowBeverlyHillsisthecityassociatedwiththezipcode90210. 21.2%ofrespondentsknowhowmanysenatorsserveintheU.S.Senatecomparedto81.2%whoknowhowmany membersthereareinthemusicgroupHanson.Howmanyareineachgroup? 22. U.S.Constitutionvs.PopCulture AsurveyreleasedbytheNationalConstitutionCenterin1998illustrateshowlittlemostofusknowaboutthe Constitution.ItshowedthatstudentsknowmuchmoreaboutpopculturethantheydoabouttheUnitedStates Constitution.Sixhundredstudentsrespondedtothesurvey. Key findings from the survey include:Keyfindingsfromthesurveyinclude: 25.5%ofrespondentsknowthatPhiladelphiaisthecitywheretheConstitutionwaswrittencomparedto75.2%who knowBeverlyHillsisthecityassociatedwiththezipcode90210. 21.2%ofrespondentsknowhowmanysenatorsserveintheU.S.Senatecomparedto81.2%whoknowhowmany membersthereareinthemusicgroupHanson.Howmanyareineachgroup? 50states*2senatorseach=100senators 23. U.S.Constitutionvs.PopCulture AsurveyreleasedbytheNationalConstitutionCenterin1998illustrateshowlittlemostofusknowaboutthe Constitution.ItshowedthatstudentsknowmuchmoreaboutpopculturethantheydoabouttheUnitedStates Constitution.Sixhundredstudentsrespondedtothesurvey. Key findings from the survey include:Keyfindingsfromthesurveyinclude: 25.5%ofrespondentsknowthatPhiladelphiaisthecitywheretheConstitutionwaswrittencomparedto75.2%who knowBeverlyHillsisthecityassociatedwiththezipcode90210. 21.2%ofrespondentsknowthat100senatorsserveintheU.S.Senatecomparedto81.2%whoknowthatthree brothersmakeupthemusicgroupHanson. 35.5%ofrespondentsknowthefirstthreewordsoftheConstitutioncomparedto71.2%whoknowthefirstthree letters of most Web site addresses. What are each?lettersofmostWebsiteaddresses.Whatareeach? 24. U.S.Constitutionvs.PopCulture AsurveyreleasedbytheNationalConstitutionCenterin1998illustrateshowlittlemostofusknowaboutthe Constitution.ItshowedthatstudentsknowmuchmoreaboutpopculturethantheydoabouttheUnitedStates Constitution.Sixhundredstudentsrespondedtothesurvey. Key findings from the survey include:Keyfindingsfromthesurveyinclude: 25.5%ofrespondentsknowthatPhiladelphiaisthecitywheretheConstitutionwaswrittencomparedto75.2%who knowBeverlyHillsisthecityassociatedwiththezipcode90210. 21.2%ofrespondentsknowthat100senatorsserveintheU.S.Senatecomparedto81.2%whoknowthatthree brothersmakeupthemusicgroupHanson. 35.5%ofrespondentsknowthefirstthreewordsoftheConstitutioncomparedto71.2%whoknowthefirstthree letters of most Web site addresses. What are each?lettersofmostWebsiteaddresses.Whatareeach? htt // tit ti d /http://www.constitutionday.com/ 25. U.S.Constitutionvs.PopCulture AsurveyreleasedbytheNationalConstitutionCenterin1998illustrateshowlittlemostofusknowaboutthe Constitution.ItshowedthatstudentsknowmuchmoreaboutpopculturethantheydoabouttheUnitedStates Constitution.Sixhundredstudentsrespondedtothesurvey. Key findings from the survey include:Keyfindingsfromthesurveyinclude: 25.5%ofrespondentsknowthatPhiladelphiaisthecitywheretheConstitutionwaswrittencomparedto75.2%who knowBeverlyHillsisthecityassociatedwiththezipcode90210. 21.2%ofrespondentsknowthat100senatorsserveintheU.S.Senatecomparedto81.2%whoknowthatthree brothersmakeupthemusicgroupHanson. 35.5%ofrespondentsknowthatthephraseWethePeoplebeginstheConstitutioncomparedto71.2%whoknow that WWW are the first three letters of most Web site addressesthatWWWarethefirstthreelettersofmostWebsiteaddresses. 1.8%ofrespondentsknowthenameofthemanconsideredthefatheroftheU.S.Constitutioncomparedto58.3% whoknowthenameofthefounderofMicrosoft.Whoareeach? 26. U.S.Constitutionvs.PopCulture AsurveyreleasedbytheNationalConstitutionCenterin1998illustrateshowlittlemostofusknowaboutthe Constitution.ItshowedthatstudentsknowmuchmoreaboutpopculturethantheydoabouttheUnitedStates Constitution.Sixhundredstudentsrespondedtothesurvey. Key findings from the survey include:Keyfindingsfromthesurveyinclude: 1.8%ofrespondentsknowthenameofthemanconsideredthefatheroftheU.S.Constitutioncomparedto58.3% whoknowthenameofthefounderofMicrosoft.Whoareeach? JamesMadison BillGates 27. U.S.Constitutionvs.PopCulture AsurveyreleasedbytheNationalConstitutionCenterin1998illustrateshowlittlemostofusknowaboutthe Constitution.ItshowedthatstudentsknowmuchmoreaboutpopculturethantheydoabouttheUnitedStates Constitution.Sixhundredstudentsrespondedtothesurvey. Key findings from the survey include:Keyfindingsfromthesurveyinclude: 25.5%ofrespondentsknowthatPhiladelphiaisthecitywheretheConstitutionwaswrittencomparedto75.2%who knowBeverlyHillsisthecityassociatedwiththezipcode90210. 21.2%ofrespondentsknowthat100senatorsserveintheU.S.Senatecomparedto81.2%whoknowthatthree brothersmakeupthemusicgroupHanson. 35.5%ofrespondentsknowthatthephraseWethePeoplebeginstheConstitutioncomparedto71.2%whoknow that WWW are the first three letters of most Web site addressesthatWWWarethefirstthreelettersofmostWebsiteaddresses. 1.8%ofrespondentsknowthatJamesMadisonisconsideredthefatheroftheU.S.Constitutioncomparedto58.3% whoknowthatBillGatesisthefatherofMicrosoft. 25% f d k hi h C i i l A d i d bl j d / lf25%ofrespondentsknowwhichConstitutionalAmendmentprotectsagainstdoublejeopardy/self incrimination/righttoagrandjury/dueprocess/compensationforprivatepropertytakenforpublicusecomparedto 63.7%whoknowthenameofthedevicethatprotectsagainstcartheft.WhichConstitutionalAmendmentandwhich devicearethecorrectanswers? 28. U.S.Constitutionvs.PopCulture Keyfindingsfromthesurveyinclude: 25%ofrespondentsknowwhichConstitutionalAmendmentprotectsagainstdoublejeopardy/self incrimination/righttoagrandjury/dueprocess/compensationforprivatepropertytakenforpublicusecomparedto 63 7% who know the name of the device that protects against car theft Which Constitutional Amendment and which63.7%whoknowthenameofthedevicethatprotectsagainstcartheft.WhichConstitutionalAmendmentandwhich devicearethecorrectanswers? Youhavetherighttoremainsilent.Anythingyousaycanandwillbeused againstyouinacourtoflaw.Youhavetherighttospeaktoanattorney, and to have an attorney present during any questioning If you cannotandtohaveanattorneypresentduringanyquestioning.Ifyoucannot affordalawyer,onewillbeprovidedforyouatgovernmentexpense. 5th Amendment Nopersonshallbeheldtoanswerforacapital,or otherwise infamous crime unless on a presentment orotherwiseinfamouscrime,unlessonapresentmentor indictmentofaGrandJury,exceptincasesarisinginthe landornavalforces,orintheMilitia,wheninactual serviceintimeofWarorpublicdanger;norshallany personbesubjectforthesameoffensetobetwiceput injeopardyoflifeorlimb;norshallbecompelledinany criminalcasetobeawitnessagainsthimself,norbe deprived of life liberty or property without due processdeprivedoflife,liberty,orproperty,withoutdueprocess oflaw;norshallprivatepropertybetakenforpublicuse, withoutjustcompensation. theClub 29. U.S.Constitutionvs.PopCulture AsurveyreleasedbytheNationalConstitutionCenterin1998illustrateshowlittlemostofusknowaboutthe Constitution.ItshowedthatstudentsknowmuchmoreaboutpopculturethantheydoabouttheUnitedStates Constitution.Sixhundredstudentsrespondedtothesurvey. Key findings from the survey include:Keyfindingsfromthesurveyinclude: 25.5%ofrespondentsknowthatPhiladelphiaisthecitywheretheConstitutionwaswrittencomparedto75.2%who knowBeverlyHillsisthecityassociatedwiththezipcode90210. 21.2%ofrespondentsknowthat100senatorsserveintheU.S.Senatecomparedto81.2%whoknowthatthree brothersmakeupthemusicgroupHanson. 35.5%ofrespondentsknowthatthephraseWethePeoplebeginstheConstitutioncomparedto71.2%whoknow that WWW are the first three letters of most Web site addressesthatWWWarethefirstthreelettersofmostWebsiteaddresses. 1.8%ofrespondentsknowthatJamesMadisonisconsideredthefatheroftheU.S.Constitutioncomparedto58.3% whoknowthatBillGatesisthefatherofMicrosoft. 25% f d k h h Fif h A d i d bl j d / lf i i i i / i h25%ofrespondentsknowthattheFifthAmendmentprotectsagainstdoublejeo...</p>