Plagiarism is an ongoing concern in this day of obtaining information immediately from the internet . 'Cut and paste' is an easy alternative when overloaded with information and under utilised with time. 'Digital citizenship' awareness and authentic task setting are the major tools in combating this education event.
- 1. Plagiarismwho cares?Access to computers and the internethas become a basic need for education in our society Kent Conrad-US Senator: September 29, 2004...so does that make cut and paste ofonline text OK? Image: Clipart from Clipartheaven.com1
2. Definition of Plagiarism. to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as ones own. use (a created production) without crediting the source. to commit literary theft. present as new and original an idea or product derived from anexisting source. Websters New Collegiate Dictionary 9th ed, (Springfield, Ma: Merriam 1981, p. 870)as sighted on www.plagiarism.org. All of the following are considered plagiarism:turning in someone elses work as your owncopying words or ideas from someone else without giving creditfailing to put a quotation in quotation marksgiving incorrect information about the source of a quotationchanging words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving creditcopying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or not.http://www.plagiarism.org/plag_article_what_is_plagiarism.html Image: http://i794.photobucket.com/albums/yy228/jade95_2010/BLONDE%20MOMENTS/confusd.gif 2 3. Why students plagiarise.Deadlines comearound morequickly thanexpected andstudents feelpressured.Assignments canThe boundaries offeel overwhelmingplagiarism anddue to the sheer research can be grey and confusing foramount ofstudents who areinformation andalreadyoverwhelmedexpectation in an with information andassignment.knowledge.Image: http://educationaljargonschs.wikispaces.com/Constructivism 3 4. Is plagiarism immoral?Absolutely! Plagiarism puts honest kids at a disadvantage.http://www.facultyfocus.com/articles/teaching-and-learning/a-lesson-in-academic-integrity-as-students-feel-the-injustice-of-plagiarism/ Copying another persons work is lazyand doesnt assist the student to develop thinking and writing skills of their own. Plagiarism IS stealing. No one would think of walking out of a store with a product under their arm without payment. Image:http://i232.photobucket.com/albums/ee87/Onefineusername/plagiarism.jpg4 5. Is plagiarism illegal?Plagiarism isnt illegal.WHAT????? BUTit is illegal to use someones creativework without their permission oracknowledgement. This is copyright infringement.Image: http://media.photobucket.com/image/burglar/korry_2006/burglar.jpg?o=15Exercise of exclusive rights The copyright in any work or other subject-matter isinfringed when any act which the copyright owner has the exclusive right to do is doneby a person in Australia who is not the copyright owner (or his or her licensee).Examples include when a work is published, reproduced or performed in publicwithout the copyright owners permission. This general rule is subject to a number ofspecific exceptions in the Copyright Act. http://www.ag.gov.au/Copyright/Pages/Wheniscopyrightinfringed.aspx5 6. How will anyone know?Guess what????Teachers KNOW their students. Run a Google search. Plagiarism monitors: Turnitin and iThenticate. The Plagiarism Checker. There is also anti-plagiarism software available such as Wcopyfind and EduTie.comImage: http://media.photobucket.com/ image/plagiarismjudeann03/PlagiarismMonitor.jpg?o=156 7. Alternatives to plagiarism.Talk to students oftenabout the benefits ofModel correct note- good research andEncourage even verytaking skills and give coming up with youryoung students to opportunity toown ideas. Also talkcreate a bibliographypractice the skill. to them about to acknowledge where informationstealing, in has come from. general, and apply the same guidelinesto stealing words and ideas. Develop stategies to address digital citizenship across Were all the entire schoolin this communitytogether.Image: Annie Madden 7 8. Alternatives to plagiarism Appropriate task-setting encouragesnew construction of meaning. 8 9. Alternatives to plagiarism. Authentic tasks:An assignment given to students designed to assess their ability toWell structured Authentic Tasks are/have:apply standard-driven knowledge have real-world relevanceand skills to real-world challenges are ill-defined are complex, sustained tasks have multiple perspectives are collaborative are value (personal values) laden are interdisciplinary are authentically assessed have authentic products have multiple possible outcomes(Adapted from Reeves, T. C., Herrington, J., & Oliver, R. (2002). Authentic activity as a model for web-based learning. 2002Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, LA, USA.)Image: http://www.ioxassessment.com/index.php?cPath=37 9 10. Conclusion Schools need to be at theSound development of Plagiarism achieves little. It forefront in raising awareness authentic tasks aimed atvalue adds to neither the about plagiarism, and tend to developing skills for life longplagiariser or the information providing the skills required learning is key to plagiarismwealth of the community.for individuals to avoid the becoming irrelevent. pitfalls of plagiarising.Image: http://i87.photobucket.com/albums/k154/actrices/plagiarism-2006.jpg 10 11. Discussion questions Do you ever suspect a student of plagiarism? Do you know your studentsabilities, style, language and skill development well enough to detect possibleplagiarism? What action do schools need to take to support Digital Citizenship awareness,and therefore, combat plagiarism before it becomes an entrenched practice. Authentic tasks and authentic assessmentare key to promoting creative and uniqueresponses to genuine and realistic situations.What adjustments can be made to tasks andassessments set for your students thatencourages unique and creative responsesand, therefore, diminish opportunity toplagiarise?Image: http://educationaljargonschs.wikispaces.com/Digital+Citizenship 11 12. Recommended readings Burke, K. (2009). How to assess authentic learning. Moorabin, Vic: HawkerBrownlow Education. Kolk, M. (2012). Writing a great authentic task. Retrieved 23 April 2012,fromhttp://creativeeducator.tech4learning.com/v01/articles/Writing_a_Great_Authentic_Task Kuhlthau, C., Maniotes, L., & Caspari, A. (2007). Guided inquiry- Learning inthe 21st Century. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited. plagiarismadvice.org. (2012). Designing out plagiarism. Retrieved 12 April2012, from http://www.plagiarismadvice.org/designing-out-plagiarism Plagiarism.org. (2012). What is plagiarism? Retrieved April 14, 2012 fromhttp://www.plagiarism.org/ 12