of 14/14
OUTSTANDING LOCAL NEWSPAPER For Five Consecutive Years St. Peter Baptist Catholic Mass Media Awards www.bikolreport.blogspot.com e-mail: [email protected] REGIONAL EXPONENT FOR PROGRESS (Turn to page 14) 3rd floor, GeRONiMO blDG., bARliN sT., NAGA CiTY • TelefAX: (054) 475-62-62 • CP 0921-3183720 / 0919-2822901 / 0920-5337766 Old banknotes up for demonetization in 2016 VOL. XXIII, NO. 10 BICOL, THE PHILIPPINES DECEMBER 20-26, 2015 P5.00 Season's Greetings! SALES & SERVICES Barangay San Felipe, Naga City By ANA-LIZA S. MACATANGAY NAGA CITY --- With only a few days re- maining before 2015 ends, Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) has intensified its campaign to remind the public that the old banknote se- ries can no longer be used either for procure- ment or as change from the purchase effective January 2016. The said process is called demonetization, the process of removing the monetary value of a legal tender currency by the issuing authority, losing the power of the currency to pay for goods and services. BSP Naga Branch Currency Operations Of- ficer Bobby Almeda and Research Specialist Keith Eduard Hidalgo served as resource per- sons during the [email protected] spearheaded DEMONETIZATION OF OLD CURRENCY Banko Sentral ng Pilipinas Naga Branch Currency Operations Officer Bobby Almeda (left) and Research Specialist Keith Eduart Hidalgo, resource persons during the [email protected] Hidalgo said that they are demonetizing the New Design Series (NDS) released 30 years ago in 1985, and will be replaced by the New Generation Currency (NGC) series launched in 2010. Mayor ROSAL 20 Legazpi villages cited for solid waste programs LEGAZPI CITY -- Twenty barangays (vil- lages) here have received awards for exemplary performance in the sol- id waste management (SWM) practice this year. Mayor Noel Rosal said the successful implementa- tion of the SWM has made Legazpi City as one of the livable cities in the country. Rosal handed the cita- tions as well as cash re- wards to the awardees dur- ing the Christmas party of all the eco-managers, eco- aides and scavengers at the Familia Sagrada function hall in Barangay Bogtong here last Thursday afternoon. The top three villag- es namely: Gogon, Puro, and Bigaa each received Php50,000 under the large barangay category while the top three under small baran- gay category -- Tamaoyan, Maoyod and Cabangan East, also got Php50,000 each. The awardee-barangays were adjudged best in eco- logical solid waste man- agement, a yearly search organized by the city's en- vironment and natural re- sources to encourage local communities to practice SWM. Rosal urged all the city’s (Turn to page 15)

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Bikol Reporter - local newspaper, Naga CityCamSur, Bicol Philippineswww.bikolreport.blogspot.come-mail: [email protected]

Text of Bikol Reporter December 20 - 26, 2015 Issue

  • outstandinGlocal neWspaperFor Five Consecutive YearsSt. peter Baptist CatholicMass Media Awards

    www.bikolreport.blogspot.come-mail: [email protected]

    reGional eXponent For proGress

    (Turn to page 14)

    3rd floor, GeRONiMO blDG., bARliN sT., NAGA CiTY TelefAX: (054) 475-62-62 CP 0921-3183720 / 0919-2822901 / 0920-5337766

    Old banknotes up for demonetization in 2016

    Vol. XXiii, no. 10 bicol, the philippines december 20-26, 2015 p5.00

    Season's Greetings!

    SALES & SERVICESBarangay San Felipe, Naga City

    By AnA-lIZA S. MACATAngAY

    NAGA CITY --- With only a few days re-maining before 2015 ends, Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) has intensifi ed its campaign to remind the public that the old banknote se-ries can no longer be used either for procure-ment or as change from the purchase effective January 2016.

    The said process is called demonetization, the process of removing the monetary value of a legal tender currency by the issuing authority, losing the power of the currency to pay for goods and services.

    BSP Naga Branch Currency Operations Of-fi cer Bobby Almeda and Research Specialist Keith Eduard Hidalgo served as resource per-sons during the [email protected] spearheaded

    DEMONETIZATION OF OLD CURRENCYBanko Sentral ng Pilipinas Naga Branch Currency Operations Offi cer Bobby Almeda (left) and Research Specialist Keith Eduart Hidalgo, resource persons during the [email protected] Hidalgo said that they are demonetizing the New Design Series (NDS) released 30 years ago in 1985, and will be replaced by the New Generation Currency (NGC) series launched in 2010.

    Mayor ROSAL

    20 Legazpi villages citedfor solid waste programs

    LEGAZPI CITY -- Twenty barangays (vil-lages) here have received awards for exemplary performance in the sol-id waste management (SWM) practice this year.

    Mayor Noel Rosal said the successful implementa-tion of the SWM has made Legazpi City as one of the livable cities in the country.

    Rosal handed the cita-tions as well as cash re-wards to the awardees dur-ing the Christmas party of all the eco-managers, eco-aides and scavengers at the

    Familia Sagrada function hall in Barangay Bogtong here last Thursday afternoon.

    The top three villag-es namely: Gogon, Puro,

    and Bigaa each received Php50,000 under the large barangay category while the top three under small baran-gay category -- Tamaoyan, Maoyod and Cabangan East, also got Php50,000 each.

    The awardee-barangays were adjudged best in eco-logical solid waste man-agement, a yearly search organized by the city's en-vironment and natural re-sources to encourage local communities to practice SWM.

    Rosal urged all the citys (Turn to page 15)

  • bikol reporter2 december 20-26, 2015opinion

    The Paris Agreement, touted to be the most significant environmental pact this century and signed by 195 out of the 200 countries in attendance during the 21st Conference of Parties(COP21) is seen with much optimism by most leaders who signed it.

    U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry for instance, hailed it as a victory for all of the planet and for future generations.

    While some countries disagree with some of the provisions of the agreement, the COP21 he said has pointed towards a new direction.

    The world has come together around an agreement that empowers us to chart a new path for our planet, he said.

    China, initially seen as resistant to any talks about reduction in carbon emission, surprisingly expressed the same optimism.

    Its representative said that the agreements success is critical to the global future in response to climate change and the achievement of a sustainable future.

    Among the key provisions of the agreement is the cap to global temperature rise to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, recognizing that this would significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change.

    It also included human rights as a foundational principle, ecosystem integrity, and the commitment on financial and technological support.

    DENR Secretary Ramon J. Paje however decried the lack of concrete provisions on the matter of financial commitments.

    "The Philippine delegation is seriously concerned about the fact that there is not enough provision in the draft Paris agreement that provides adaptation finance for the developing countries most vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change, Paje said during a high-level meeting held in Le Bourget on December 8.

    He said that there was no reference to the amount of finance needed for adaptation in Article 6, covering the element of finance in the new climate deal.

    He added that there should be a collective target for adaptation with a solid quantitative goal, or a particular amount for adaptation finance that should be reviewed every five years.

    Absent that, as observers noted, the pact will remain but just promises.

    editorialPact with nothing but promises, promises?

    lee G. dullesco iiHead, Advertising Associates

    0920-533-7766

    02082606

    Tel. No. (054) 475-6262

    ed G. yuEditor

    0939-604-3144

    opinionsunlimited

    Atty. TONY (APA) ACYATANThere are Bicol politicians who predict

    that Leni - the lady solon from Camarines Sur will win the vice presidential votes from the region, beating the Sorsogon senator. They ascribe this prediction from the say-so of his own district voters that while Chiz is nationally popular, he has not done much for his own district or province. These stalwarts say their respect for the late father of Sen. Escudero is way above that which they now have for the son.

    AGRICULTURE: Comparative agri-productions among Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia and the Philippines always show our disadvantages as far as costs and yield efficiency are concerned. It is now turning out that what puts our neighbors farmers ahead of our staple producers is the sustained material support from their governments. They receive subsidies from their own agriculture ministries, kept secret because these are against our ASEAN free trade agreement.

    As a result - rice, corn and sugar produced from Philippine farms end up costlier than imported ones. Imports of these products are paid in precious foreign

    (Atty. APA chairs Acyatan & Co., CPAs-DFK International is past chair of ASEAN Federation of CPAs, PICPA past president and Hall-of-Famer, and ACPAPP Lifetime Achievement Awardee).

    FAVORING: Binay supporters flaunt his Robin Hood achievements of helping the poor and needy Makati residents. Pro-Grace Poe allies claim she is a fresh face with a mission, heiress to the popularity of her adoptive father. Duterte campaigners say the strong hand of the mayor will instill discipline and curb criminality in the country. Mar Roxas clean record in public service and his achievements as DILG boss are there for everyone to recognize.

    COUNTER: The wealthy Nognog failed to face his detractors to defend himself of the graft and corruption charges filed against him. Grace lacks sincerity and is NOT a natural-born citizen; she did not comply with the residency norm for senator and as presidential candidate. The Davao mayor personally admits his own violations of human rights, even as he taunted the revered leader of the Catholic Church. Mar is unable to divorce himself from the influence of P-Noy, thus appearing unable to stand on his own!

    ESCUDERO: It has now surfaced that the great influence on Sen. Graces decision to join the presidential derby is that of Sen. Chiz. It seems that the ladys gratitude for Francis services as campaign manager for FPJ and for her own senatorial stint is everlasting. Many political watchers are afraid that if and when the presidential pair succeeds, it will be the gentleman from Sorsogon who will be the real power behind the Malacaang throne.

    Presidentiables Pro-Conscurrency which reduces our gross international reserves thereby lowering our peso exchange value. Opinions Unlimited believes that instead of financing the livelihood of our poor with cash grants, it is better to support our farmers to improve our staple supply and keep prices at affordable levels.

    BUY PILIPINO: Philippine exports continue to drop on period to period level. This is the aftermath of the current economic slowdown among our trading partners US-Europe and China. Only Japan and Korea are still importing good volumes from us. Our government should announce to the public that otherwise exportable goods are still available for sale locally due to lack of demand in their usual destinations. Let us buy these export products to support our own producers.

    Buying Filipino products will help Pinoy producers even as it preserves our foreign exchange reserves and bolsters our peso exchange value. We should teach food product preservation techniques to our people so that excess supply can be kept longer. This pertains to such products as tomatoes, mangoes and other fruits, and more so, bananas. Buying products of our SMEs will surely improve the finances of our families and upgrade their buying power. Lets be patriotic in our buying habits!

    MERRY CHRISTMAS! LETS THANK JESUS WE ARE ALIVE TO CELEBRATE HIS BIRTH.

    PROVERBS: He who gets wisdom loves his own soul; he who cherishes understanding will surely prosper.

    the other.Whole foodsgo for natural and

    unadulterated. This means fresh greens and fruits. If a certain food is available, for example, an apple, dont go for the canned version. Or, instead of french fries, eat baked potato instead.

    Complex carbohydratesthey can help you lose weight. Include the following in your diet: salad, vegetables, onions, carrots, garlic, fruits, rice (brown, red, purple, black), and beans.

    Proteinkeep it lean, and not too frequent. Eat one low-protein meal a day, if you cannot be a vegetarian once a day.

    Give your heart a breakHeart foodnutrition is the single most

    important component for heart disease prevention. Julian Whitaker, M.D., author of Is Heart Surgery Necessary? strongly emphasizes this fact.

    If you go vegetarian twice a week, your kidneys will be less burdened. In short, you are giving them a break.

    Water flushdrink 10-15 glasses of water daily. The best would be two glasses upon waking up, one glass between meals, two glasses 30 minutes before lunch, three glasses between lunch and dinner, one glass 30 minutes before dinner, and one to two glasses one hour after dinner.

    Butterwhile it is high in cholesterol and saturated fats, it is better than

    margarine. Why? Because margarine is hydrogenated, raises your LDL (bad cholesterol) and lowers HDL (good cholesterol). Hydrogenation is the process of converting a vegetable oil into solid form by introducing a hydrogen atom, which changes the fat molecule. Use cooking oil sparingly.

    Best oilflaxseed oils rank highest in omega 3 at 57 percent.

    Go fishmake the fatty fish from the sea your main meal. Supplement with omega 3 or flax oil capsules to ensure heart protection. Include coenzyme Q10 in your daily multi-vitamins and minerals regimen.

    3) Stay calmmaintain an attitude of calmness in every way despite the stress of rush shopping, drawing up gift lists, the chaos of delivering these gifts, kitchen preparationsall these while having to appear in charge and in control.

    4) Quiet t imegive yoursel f adequate me time. Sitting quietly in a corner to reflect on the blessings of your life is enough to lift your spirits.

    5) Giveif you give with no expectations of receiving, your pleasant surprises will grow a thousandfold. Give, if only to see a smile on the face of the recipient.

    6) Drink moderatelywhat is moderate to one could be lethal to another. Use your common sense. Drink to feel good but not up to the point of drunkenness.

    7) Exerciseif you dont have time to hit the gym, brisk walk for 24 minutes or jump 100 times on a rebounder. Go biking, you can enjoy it as a group or lone sport.

    8) Change your sceneryexchange the asphalt jungle for a real forest or seashore. A change of surroundings guarantees cleaner air and a more relaxed you.

    This weeks affirmation: I am a great giver.

    Let me share with you the following column of Cory Quirino, a wellness guru, published in the Daily Inquirer dated December 15, 2015 as it maybe useful for our health.

    The general notion is that the holidays mean feasting and merrymaking, plus the unwanted calories, added weight, and heart or high blood sugar problems.

    Lets focus on your heart, because if you keep it strong, everything else will follow. A point of reference: the No. 1 cause of death in the Philippines is heart attack, and the greatest predisposing factor is stress.

    Unless and until it is urgently needed, most would-be heart patients fear having heart by-pass surgery. There have been many cases of successful heart surgeries but many people also experience side effects like changes in mood and personality, partial memory loss and disorientation.

    Contrary to common belief, Christmas is the most stressful time of the year. According to Dr. Chris Enriquez, a cardiologist from the Yale School of Medicine and head of the Philippine-based Rapha Health (tel. no. 7573335), a lot of people are not merry, and instead are depressed.

    The alarming revelation is that depression is the top cause of suicide worldwide. Medical emergencies during this season include heart attack, stroke, bleeding (from physical injuries caused by accidents), and allergic reactions to food or drugs.

    So, how does one manage to celebrate Christmas minus the downside?

    Balanced meal1) Family and friendsbonding time

    is important, especially being surrounded by those who love you.

    2) Eat r ightdont forget your greens. You may eat your favorite dishes, whether they are dripping in fat or notbut always have a balanced meal. Never have one kind of dish more than

    Have a hearlthy heart for the holidays contrary to common belief, Christmas is the most stressful time of the year

    NeNiTA fueNTebellA-PeONes

    frommy

    window

  • bikol reporter 3december 20-26, 2015

    Use tech program: DOST urges Bicol entrepsBy DANNY O. CALLEJA

    LEGAZPI CITY -- The Department of Science and Technology (DOST) in Bi-col is enticing local entre-preneurs into availing of the assistance it provides for the advancement of the micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) un-der the Small Enterpris-es Technology Program (SETUP).

    DOST Bicol Regional Director Tomas Brias said here over the weekend the SETUP is a longstanding enterprise development and technology transfer initiative of the agency in response to President Benigno Aquinos call for more focused pro-grams of assistance to reduce poverty by encouraging and assisting MSMEs enhance operational effi ciency and boost productivity and com-petitiveness.

    Ultimately, it is a develop-ment program to empower the MSMEs create a conducive business environment to im-prove their productivity and increase effi ciency through the infusion of appropriate technologies and funding, ac-cording to Brias.

    In Bicol, he said, the program has so far assisted about 30 MSMEs distributed among the regions six prov-inces which were provided with a total funding support amounting to over PhP 20 million in their individual business projects.

    These projects passed through the evaluative and learning lenses of an ex-ternal Review and Techni-cal Evaluation Committee (RTEC) composed mostly of local experts from state universities and colleges and fi nancial and private institu-tions in the region.

    Through the DOST-SET-UP, these value-adding ini-tiatives did not only benefi t the MSMEs, particularly on their product upgrading and income, but also provided economic stimulus liveli-hood opportunities to peo-ple in the community such as backward/forward labor complementation, derived demand and others, accord-ing to Brias.

    The priority sectors cov-ered by the SETUP are food processing, housewares, fur-

    COMMITMENT SIGNINGParties to the signing ceremonies included (left to right): Gabriela Salvador Senior Director for Microfi nance and Health Protection Program, FFH, Dr. Jaime Aristotle Alip, Founder and Managing Director, CARD MRI, Dolores Torres, President/CEO, CARD Bank, Inc., Larry Reed, Director for Microcredit Summit Campaign.

    niture, gift and decorative items; agricultural, marine, aquaculture commodities; metals and engineering; information and commu-nication technology; and pharmaceuticals and health products.

    Brias said that in Bicol, an agricultural economy, most projects assisted are in support to commercializa-tion of the regions banner ethnic food products such as pili and pinangat that are already making waves in the export market.

    In metals and engineer-ing, he said, two projects such as the upgrading of a venture in the fabrication of muffl ers and exhaust system for motorcycles and cars and a metal shop in Camarines Norte province have been approved for funding assis-tance in terms of interest-free loans worth PhP 625,800 and PhP 753,500, respectively.

    These are apart from the fi ve other projects in the province that are being processed for approval and funding this year under SET-UPs assistance that include the provision of technology, product testing, packaging and labeling design and ex-ecution.

    The DOST regional chief said individual fi rms based in the Philippines and majority owned by Filipino citizens or any MSME outfi t classi-fi ed under the identifi ed pri-ority sectors as well as indi-vidual fi rms or cooperatives willing to apply technologi-cal improvements in their operations can apply to the program, that is why we are encouraging more Bicolanos to take advantage of it.

    On the average nation-wide, he said, the DOST-SETUP program assists some 3,000 MSMEs every year.

    For the fi rst semester of this year alone, a total of 1,236 fi rms have been given assistance and the ripple effect of the program resonates to the creation of nearly 21,000 new jobs, said Brias, who added that from 2010, when the Aquino Ad-ministration began, up to end of the second quarter of this year, a total of 115,445 new jobs were already created.

    The program uses a ho-listic approach to enterprise

    development by covering all aspects of operating and managing a businesses in order to improve their prod-ucts, services and/or opera-tions.

    The DOST intervention through SETUP, Brias said, includes human resource training; technical assistance and consultancy services; design of functional pack-ages and labels; and assis-tance in the establishment of product standards, including testing, database manage-ment system and technology acquisition.

    Firms assisted with tech-nologies are better prepared and become more produc-tive, competitive locally and globally and bankable, thus, empowering more MSMEs as they participate into the mainstream of business ac-tivity, he said.

    DOST Secretary Mario Montejo, in an earlier state-ment, said that the SETUP is the only government pro-gram assisting MSMEs that gives back refunds to the Bureau of Treasury.

    To ensure a high rate of refund by benefi ciaries and to uphold transparency and professionalism, SETUP proposals are strictly evalu-ated by the Regional Tech-nical Evaluation Committee composed of a battery of experts from industry, uni-versities and professional organizations.

    They asses the manage-rial, technical and fi nancial capability and viability of the proponents to take on science and technology (S&T) interventions for sus-tainability.

    DOST regional offi ces ensure that funds released to proponents are used for the purpose for which the proj-ect was approved and con-ducts regular due diligence to secure the viability of the project, Montejo said.

    He said the DOST re-gional offi ces release the fund directly to the supplier when equipment have been procured while in other in-stances, the release of funds is done through the bank which, in turn, releases it only to the proponent when the required equipment to be procured is already available for delivery.

    There are also measures

    in place to address the risk in such transaction and the programs monitoring sys-tem follows strict guidelines to ensure compliance by proponents and allow the en-forcement of the provisions stated in the memorandum of agreement they sign be-fore assistance is given.

    Besides, Montejo said, DOSTs regional and pro-vincial offi cers and staff regularly visit the projects and monitor its progress as to the proper utilization of S&T interventions, and cor-respondingly make the nec-essary improvements, when needed, in systems or in the use of the equipment or the technology to obtain the de-sired productivity.

    I believe that there is no other program in the coun-try that focuses on improv-ing productivity of MSMEs through technology interven-tion. Overall, our refund rate runs at about 85%; but we dont give up on MSMEs that encounter diffi culties to ensure higher compliance, he said.

    POST-NONA VISITThe coastal barangays of Punta Tarawal and Bonot Sta. Rosa, both in Calabanga, were immediately visited by Rep. Leni Robredo after typhoon Nona left the countrys area of responsibility.

    Federizon namedMnWd general manager

    The Board of Directors of the Metropolitan Naga Water District(MNWD) has announced its appoint-ment of Cesar H. Federizon as the new general manager of the MNWD, a press statement of the water utility said.

    Ateneo studes draw up rural tourism plan

    NAGA CITY Aware of the need to have a sus-tained and collaborative ef-forts that will push for the development and promotion of Tourism in CamSur in partnership with the LGUs, Turismo Para Sa CamSur Movement was founded af-ter the fi rst airport forum in October 2013 organized by the Ateneo tourism students.

    The commitment to serve the interests of the people of Camarines Sur through lobbying and initiating tour-ism-related projects in the province emerged after the tourism students realized the need to have an upgraded airport and tourism plans and offi ces in several munici-palities of the province itself. Through the foundation of the movement, with the as-sistance of the Tourismo Ate-neo, the offi cial organization of the tourism students of the Ateneo, the 2nd Airport forum was organized last February of 2014.

    This December 2015, in pursuit of its advocacy and commitment, 2nd and 3rd

    year Ateneo tourism students held a consultative meeting with the Barangay offi cials, representatives from differ-ent sectors, and prominent families in Hamoraon, Mi-nalabac, Camarines Sur.

    As a result of this con-sultative meeting, the need for the students to conduct a survey of the community de-mographic profi le, livelihood sources, status of infrastruc-ture, potential tourist attrac-tions, and over all environ-mental scanning of Barangay Hamoraon of Minalabac came up.

    Mr. Jun Olin, a represen-tative of the PILIpinas move-ment, was also invited as resource speaker to share the opportunities of growing Pili trees in the community as an-

    other form of livelihood.This meeting inspired the

    students to come up with a comprehensive Agri-Tour-ism plan for Hamoraon with the aim of creating aware-ness in the community of the benefi ts of developing tour-ism in the area that can be a source of employment and livelihood opportunities for the barangay folks.

    At the closing, the initial site visit served as a critical tool for the students to vali-date classroom theoretical discussions and be aware of the needs of the community through their discipline De-velopment Tourism Manage-ment. DTMM322 Tourism Organization &Development Class, Executive Committee 3rd year

    In few cases of propo-nents falling short of expec-tation, the DOST-SETUP implements a restructuring program, just like ordinary banks, of their refund sched-ules within the allowable time period.

    From 2010 to June 2015, the DOST-SETUP has already recorded a total funding assis-tance of Php2.2 billion with 29,401 technology interven-tions provided to MSMEs in different regions of the coun-try, Montejo added. -PNA

    It said that Federizon was the unanimous choice of the majority of the mem-bers who decided that the general manager should come from the water dis-trict itself.

    It added that Federizon vowed to continue pro-viding efficient service to the consumers by put-ting up additional pump-ing stations, including the utilization of natural springs as additional wa-ter sources.

    He also promised to ob-serve transparency as he re-iterated that the local media will always be welcome to look into the operations of the water utility.

  • bikol reporter4 december 20-26, 2015HALo-HALo

    jokee BOTOR-REYES

    pell-mell

    Discovering Iriga with Rachel, a new found friend

    I feel humiliated when a new found friend took me for a ride to the far fl ung mountain ba-rangays situated by the slope of Mount Iriga. An Iriguena like me she had, however, not stayed in Iriga for some time but she amazed me because she has practically seen and gone to the farthest barangays in Iriga. Was I shamed! I was born and raised in Iriga but moved to Manila for my stud-ies and later for work where I spent over thirty years coming home to visit my folks for a few days. But I should have seen Iriga before I ventured on seeing other places even out of the country.

    The branch head of Philippine Business Bank which opened in Iriga just a few months ago has a very adventurous branch head, Rachel Pellas-Rull, who has her hands full with her bank duties but she still has all the time to discover the Iriga, many Iriguenos have not discovered. (Too bad). Rachel, her intimate friends call her Bambi, is some kind of a lady, very energetic, bub-bling with life, practically indefatigable. She adores the green of nature and hopes to explore Mount Apo, given the time.

    Incidentally, Philippine Business Bank in Iriga is already mak-ing waves. Clients have availed of the banks numerous services, not surprising because its lady manager counts of professional expertise in the fi eld of banking supervision and marketing as well as strategic planning and budget and fi nancial management as well as auditing, being an accountancy graduate. She also counts experiences with Security Bank, Banco de Oro, Univer-sal Bank and China Banking Corporation among others.

    Today, its Philippine Business Bank she is busy which she heads and it is getting to be a very familiar landmark in the city.

    Our trip after a light lunch gave me a glimpse of the beau-tiful sights by the slope of Mount Iriga. The road going to the mountain barangays which is the Sagrada area of Sto. Nino, San Pedro, Sta. Teresita is marvelous. With nary a traffi c and with paved roads, there was no stopping us from a wonderful ride. We did not meet a single vehicle except for one motorized tricycle.. No fear of a wild Montero, hehe.. What made the ride even more wonderful was the fact that Mount Iriga was very vis-ible, the weather was very fi ne. Rachel and I both felt we were there since we were just a few meters away. The sight was awe-some and the corn and rice fi elds showed the promise of a good harvest. The barangays were well kept. The morning was simply something to cherish.

    Then we were back in the city and Rachel was back in her seat in the bank. It was Friday and Rachel was looking forward to be with her children, Dave Andrews and Kaira Shanaia. And I was bound for home. I felt the mountaineer in me and .even without climbing the mountain, looked like we we did. Mount Iriga aka Asog, Sumagang was just a kilometer away. I discov-ered another part of my hometown.

    Rachel Pellas-Rull, you are a wonder. When are we going to another part of Iriga? Just asking.

    Tano ta mayong kantang Christmas na Bikol?

    dis*Karte*Kusyon*Kurso

    fRANK PeonES Jr.

    Kristiyano sa pasyon, sa sakit, sa penitensya. Kaya ngani siguro kadaklan kan mga kantang Bikolnon mamumundo. Baka nangangaipo man ini nin pagbirik nin paghiling na an kamundagan ni Kristo kapinunan man kan satong pagtubod. Ini an punto na an verbo nanitawo. An mga kantang Krismas maogma, asin kulang kita kan siring na mga kanta.

    Ika-tolo iyo siguro na may kapabayaan man an mga kompositor na mga Bikolnon. Dai ninda dapat halaton na magkaigwa nin paradangog. Kaipuhan ngona ninda na magkomposo. Sabi ngani sa pelikula kadto ni Kevin Costner, if you build it, they will come.

    Kun kanta, may makanta.

    Igwa daa. Sabi ni Mon Olano kan Sumaro Bikolnon. Alagad, an boot kong sabihon kan mayo iyo na na dai ini nadadangog o ordinaryong kinakanta kan mga Bikolnon pag-abot kan pasko. Boot sabihon, kun bako ining popular, garo man lang ini mayo.

    Sa hiling ko may nagkakaperang rason kaini.

    An saro iyo na an mga kanta, siring sa ibang produktong kultural, saro man na produktong para sa merkado. Boot sabihon, sa irarom ini kan ley o pwersa kan merkado. Kun mayong parabakal, mayong mayong produkto. Kun mayong madangog, mayong makomposo. Alagad, aram tang pwede man ining baligtadon: kun may makomposo, pwedeng may magdangog. Malinaw

    ngonyan na parehong totoo na mayong nagkokomposo nin mga kantang pangKrismas na Bikol kaya mayo man paradangog asin kaya mayong paradangog ta mayo man dadangogon.

    An ika-duwa iyo siguro an orog na atensyon kan satong pagtubod

    RACHEL P. RULL

    TechnologicBy FRANCIA M. SOLARES, Teacher III

    Iriga Central School

    Technology is one of the greatest gifts our intellect has be-stowed upon ourselves. It is the proof of our superior intelli-gence that prolonged our survival. Technology is the result of effort to adapt and make our lives more convenient and ef-fi cient. From simple tools to space rockets, from the caves to the moon, from stones to smartphones, we have sped things up in a push of a button; we pushed the boundary and changed society and life in general.

    It has become so pragmatic we use it to all aspects of our life. In education, it has change the way we do things. Informa-tion became instantaneous. The internet has replaced the en-cyclopaedia or even the library itself. It made knowledge more free and accessible. For teachers, teaching has become more effi cient and fun. However, the use of technology or perhaps more appropriately, the user of technology at one point mis-used it in many areas.

    The trouble with it is that there are many who tend to be very dependent on it, especially the young ones. Their over reliance on and misuse of technology is becoming very trou-blesome. They easily believe everything they fi nd over the in-ternet without validating the information whether it is fact or not. Too much googling and their reliance on the easy ac-cess to it seem to turn their memory into rust by slow degrees. Too much video gaming has also distracted these children that even in school they would play instead of studying. The danger

    Sa pasakit na dara kan El Nio sa mga tawo- lalo na sa mga parauma - dai kaipu-han magmundo nin huli ta dati nang may mga paagi sa pagtipon nin tubig uran.

    Apwera kan pagsalod kaini pasiring sa mga dar-akulang dulay o bubon sa kataid o irarom kan harong, dapat makaaram pa kita nin ibang solusyon.

    Sa Systems Rice Inten-sifi cation, naitutukdo an Alternate Wetting and Dry-ing, gamit an sarong tubo na may sukol kan tamang tubig na dapat pabuluson. Base sa mga pag-adal, dai man dapat baha nin tubig ang oma ta an paroy bako arog kan water-lily na makitubig.

    An mga uhot o doot dai dapat sinusulo, arug kan natudan kan mga paraoma. Sa paagi kan mulching, ini itinatahob sa mga paligid kan pananum para pirming mayumo o basa ang daga. Pinupugol pa kaini an water run-off o pagkasayang kan tubig-uran na dai nairarom sa daga para makadagdag sa nakatagong natural na tipunan nin tubig o water table.

    Epektibo an mulching sa pag- ekonomiya nin tubig. Ginigibo na ini kan ibang paraoma na naglalatag kan mga uhot sa mga oma nin-da bago magtarok. Garu ini espongha na nasagum.

    An paglaag man nin mga mga kali-kali(ridges)o mga o sadit na bubon(semi-circular bunds) sa kataid kan panan-um, nakakapugol kan pag-dahilig kan uran dangan na-kakatabang magpasagum.

    Pwede man maggibo nin mga tipunan- retention ditch or swales. Ginigiyahan an tubig sa paagi nin haba-bang kudal nin gapo (perme-able rock dams with contour stone bund). Epektibo ini lalo sa mga kalangkawan.

    An Chauka system sa India sarong paagi na na-

    Pagsaray sa Tubig Uran - saro sa simbag sa El Nioni EDEN D. ELIZAN-VELARDE

    konserbar kan tubig-uran ta dai kayang tupagon an mga tipunan.

    An mga garatak na daga na dai matanuman, nangan-gahulugan sana nin pagk-agutom dagus labi-labing pagkapaha kan mga tawo, hayop sagkod pananum. Makatakot paghurup-hu-ropon an mga pwedeng mangyari nin huli ta mayo man kitang maasahan na dakul na tabang hali sa gobyerno.

    Sa pagdalan ko nin Break-through: Water Apocalypse sa National Geographic Channel kasubanggi, nahi-ling ko ang sobra kasopis-takadong mga paagi- arug kan water fi ltration system na sinasara ang tubig hali sa mga kasilyasan para maging inumon o pagsara kan tubig-askad.

    Sa Pilipinas na mayo nin kakayahan magbug-tak kan mga magastos na proyektong ini, may saro duman sa nadalan ko na pwedeng magibo lalo na sa mga nakaistar sa mga bulod-bulod o haralangkaw na lugar.

    Ang WarkaWater Tower na imbento ni Arturo Vitto-rio, sarong Italyanong de-signer, naggagamit sana nin kawayan, lubid, sagkod fish net.

    An fishnet na nakapali-bot sa tower,nagdadakop nin ambon na pinapada-lihig sa sarong pangtipon nin tubig sa ibaba kan is-traktura. Nakakatipon nin bente singkong galon an kada bamboo tower.

    Simple lang an paggibo kaini na pwedeng pagtara-bangan kan komunidad. Enot na pinatindug an is-traktura sa Ethiopia -sarong

    komunidad na harus anum na oras an binabaklay kan mga babae para makasak-do sa dai ngani siguradong malinig na sapa.

    Sa Pilipinas na dakul an kawayan sagkod abakang panlubid, makusog na duros lang ang pwedeng makapa-tumba kan mga istrakturang ini. Alagad, madali man in-ing maribayan nin huli ta barato man sana an mga materyales.

    Nabasa ko man an ma-nungod sa mahihiwas na fi shnet o fog collector na pansalo nin ambon sa Ata-cama Desert sa Chile. Pina-padalihig man an tubig pasir-ing sa darakulang baldeng may takop. Dai namantiner an nasabing proyekto ta mas gusto kan mga tawo duman ang magtugdok nin pipeline hale sa salug kan Los Choros ( na 20 kilo-metro an rayo) an gobyerno sa gastos na US$ 1 Million. Nagtutubod pa sinda na an pagsakdo nin sadiring tubig, sarong makasupog na tra-baho.

    Herak nin Diyos ipapada-gus an proyekto sa Central Chile, Haiti, Nepal sagkod iba pang lugar. Pig-aadalan na marhay an pagkainbuwel-to kan tawo na may tunay na pagmakulog sa proyekto.

    Mawot kutang buhayon

    ang disyerto duman sa paa-gi kan drip irrigation.

    Madali man gibuhon an drip irrigation. Nakat-akud an mga plastic na tubong may mga labot, sa dram, sagkod nakalatag ini kataraid kan mga tanom. Makakabubo, na dai na ma-pagal magbuhat nin balde-baldeng tubig.

    Pwede man magtalbong

    nin mga may labot na lata o plastic na bote sa kataid kan mga tanum -para luhay na mabubo ini -maski may-ong tawo.

    Mga paagi ini para maen-ganyo an mga tawo na mag-tanom na dai magastos o maekonomiya an natipon na tubig-uran.

    Importante na malinig an tubig-uran kung iinumon. Base sa mga adal, dai man magbasang mag-inom kaini. Aramun an mga paagi ngu-na.

    Sa Tamil Nadu sagkod Pune sa India, may ley na dapat magtipon nin tubig uran an mga bagong is-traktura, sagkod housing projects. Siring man sa Bermuda sagkod US Vir-gin Islands. May panahon man sa Colorado kan Es-tados Unidos na dai pwe-deng maglaag nin salud uran sa atop. Kakasuhan ka nin paghabon ta dai na-kadalihig an tubig sa sapa.

    Sa United Kingdom, an gobyerno nag-eenganyo sa mga tawo na maglaag nin mga tangke sa mga harong para sa tubig-uran base sa Code For Sustainable Homes ninda. Nakamenos sinda nin 50 porsyento sa paggamit kan tubig.

    Harayo pa kita sa gini-gibo sa ibang nasyon na nakakatanum nin paroy, mga gulay o kahoy sa mga atop kan mga istrak-tura.Pareho kan mga roof gardens sa mga mayaya-man na nasyon. May ka-mahalan an mga matery-ales para pusog an atop na tatanuman. Saro man ining paagi para mapaki-nabangan an sobrang uran dangan makapapresko kan paligid.

    Sana sa mga paaging nasambit mas mapakina-bangan ta an libreng re-sources na ini.

    Giromdomon ta lang na grasya an tubig-uran na nasasayang lang, ta dai pinagmamakulugan na sarayon tultol kan tawo.

    An PVC pipe na pansukol tubig sa oma

    An Chauka system sa India

    An Warka Water tower

    Mga ehemplo nin drip Irrigation

    Roof Garden sa Singapore(Turn to page 13)

  • bikol reporter 5december 20-26, 2015

    Dont play with firecrackersDecember is Firecracker

    Injury Prevention Month. The anti-firecracker cam-paign is being stepped up during the holidays aiming at zero casualties. Govern-ment strictly enforces the ban on sale and use of harm-ful firecrackers and other pyrotechnics to protect the public, especially children from firecracker-related in-jury, and injury to hands, feet and face.

    Republic Act (RA) 7183,

    the Firecrackers Law, regu-lates the sale, manufacture, distribution and use of fire-crackers and other pyrotech-nic devices. Firecrackers are harmful to peoples health because of chemicals which may get into the lungs and may cause respiratory prob-lems. Ingestion of firecrackers like watusi calls for prompt medical attention.

    Most injuries involve young people, says the Depart-ment of Health (DoH). Cases

    reach their peak on December 31 and January 1 during the New Year revelry. Filipinos believe that firecracker noise will drive away bad luck and bad spirits from homes and businesses. Instead of using illegal firecrackers, revelers are advised to come up with alternative noise-making ac-tivities like flaring of vehicle horns, pounding on cans, pots and pans, and radio music. Or they can watch holiday fire-works displays outside large

    malls.Local chief executives

    from governors to barangay officials nationwide, desig-nate areas every year for fire-workers, ideally in locations with adequate buffer zones to avoid injury to individuals and prevent fires and accidents.

    Police and fire agencies inspect firecracker and pyro-technic stores and factories, particularly in Bulacan to ensure product safety. Under

    (Turn to page 12)

  • bikol reporter6 december 20-26, 2015

    This is how the birth of Jesus Christ came about. When his mother Mary was betrothed to Joseph, but be-fore they lived together, she was found with child through the Holy Spirit. Joseph her husband, since he was a righ-teous man, yet unwilling to expose her to shame, decid-ed to divorce her quietly. Such was his intention when, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary your wife into your home. For it is through the Holy Spirit that this child has been conceived in her. She will bear a son and you are to name him Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins. All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet:/ Be-hold, the virgin shall be with child and bear a son,/ and they shall name him Emmanuel,/ which means, God is with us. When Joseph awoke, he did as the angel of the Lord had commanded him and took his wife into his home. He had no relations with her until she bore a son, and he named him Jesus.

    REFLECTIONTO FULFILL WHAT THE LORD HAD SAID. Matthew

    continues Jesus genealogy by declaring that Jesus is miraculously conceived in the womb of Mary through the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit is the agent in the birth of Je-sus. And the birth of Jesus is the fulfillment of the proph-ecy in Is 7:14. Throughout his gospel, Matthew argues that Jesus is indeed the fulfillment of the Old Testament promises (cf Mt 2:6,15,17, 23; 4:14; 8:17; 13:35). Joseph does not understand this until an angel of the Lord ap-pears to him in a dream and explains to him the nature of the child (v 20) and his mission (v 21). There are events in our life that are difficult to understand. Faith in Gods loving guidance can help us see the brighter side of life. God has sent us Jesus to save us from damnation. Let us trust him at all times.

    ADVERTISINGIn times past, God spoke to our ancestors through

    the prophets; in these last days, he spoke to us through a son. Heb 1:1-2

    The Birth of JesusMatthew 1:18-25

    Simple Strategiesin Teaching Mathematics

    By ROLANDO M. MANAOG, Master Teacher IIriga Central School, Iriga City

    It takes a good and understanding Math teacher to teach elementary Math effectively. No subject is deemed difficult by the pupils when the teacher understands his pupils. A teacher cannot just claim he is an effective Math teacher because he has the best knowledge of the subject. He can only claim he is an effective Math teacher if he succeeds in making his pupils learn because he knows how to teach them. This is an accept-ed crucial role of a teacher in whatever subject he teaches.

    Mathematics is a subject many pupils do not find easy. Many of them struggle to grasp. This is one subject that requires ex-tra attention on the part of the teacher and an equally extra attention on the part of the pupils. But how a Math teacher get his pupils attention when pupils differ among themselves?

    It takes a lot of innovativeness for a Math teacher to be able to make his pupils learn

    These are simple strategies:. Visuals are very important but these should accompany text

    in order for the concept to come across. The teacher must also be personalized in his learning approaches. In this time of digi-talization, the e-reader and tablet computer come very useful. No pupil does not know what e-reader and tablet computer are. Doubtless, pupils are more conversant with the comput-ers than do teachers. These computer tools could assist the pupils in their learning.

    Pupils must likewise be made to learn on their own pace. They shouldnt be rushed to move onto a concept unless they are ready.

    Many a veteran and effective Math teacher recommends verbalized thinking. The students must be encouraged to ver-balize step-by-step how they were able to solve a particular problem. This way, others will benefit from what has been verbalized. There are many pupils who are hesitant to raise their hand to ask or answer questions afraid that they might be

    The Teacher FactorBy AnnABelle lAgdAAn

    Iriga Central School

    They have many names; sensei, senpai, guru, guro, mae-stro, magister, maester, proffeseur, lehrer, teacher. Along with the many names are the many attributions about a teacher. Teachers are the archetype of knowledge, responsibility and nobility. They are the harbinger of the next generations to come. They prepare the students, train and equip them to become functioning, productive and responsible citizens. They are the maker and shaper of civilization. That is a lot and with that kind or romantic description, teachers are looked up to highly.

    The job of the teacher is multitude; she is a facilitator, in-structor, a parent, and she becomes whatever she needs to become to manage the class. She does her best in delivering the knowledge to her students. The competence of the teacher is not the only important factor. The teachers mere presence is a very crucial element. She is a role model that students look up to and admire. Her words resonate to the ears of the students marking something in their mind and heart. She in-spires students whether deliberate or not, whether she knows it or not.

    Unlike other profession where the demand of the job is left at the workplace when they leave the premises, the demand of the job of teacher goes with them even if they are no longer the work place. Everything goes with the title. It is a symbol. The teacher is an avatar.

    However, the teacher as a person is just like everyone, they have needs just like everyone else, they pay their bills, maintain relationships, and finds problems from time to time. Personal reasons sometimes may affect the teachers professionalism; her personal life, financial problems, and familial concerns may rise as an issue, and may compromise the teachers profes-sional standing. That is why her self-concept as a teacher, and as a person must meet in a convergence. Actions must go with words.

    This is one of the challenges for them. That is why it is im-portant that the needs of the teachers must be met so that when they are inside the classroom their heart and mind are also within the class and not somewhere worrying about some-thing else.

    To maintain that fortitude on professionalism, a teacher must also compose herself the way a parent might treat their children and that is with utmost concern, compassion, empa-thy, and love. She must be conscious of that. She must be conscious of the fact that her mere presence create ripples of effects, how much more her direct actions. She must be con-scious on how it affects her students. She can only do these if she is passionate of being a teacher.

    They say there are no boring subjects, only boring teach-ers. True enough that in order for the teacher to achieve total command of the students attention, she must be resilient, fluid, adaptive and creative. All these things boil down to the fact that teachers are facilitator and not just instructor. They are manag-ers, and their presence is the beginning of the class.

    Science encompasses a broad world of phenomena and events such as weather, the solar system, animal and plant life.

    A professor of the California State came up with what ap-pears as a very striking statement. He claimed that people in general dont like science and elementary school teachers are no different from the rest of the general public. But this is not to be taken seriously. In the Philippine educational system, sci-ence is one subject that appears most interesting to children, whether in the elementary grades or in the secondary level. All public schools in the country have one or two special science classes in both elementary and secondary levels and these are handled by fully equipped science teachers. Students enrolled in the special science class pride themselves members of a select group. This could be a manifestation that science is a not like subject. It is a most like subject.

    Teaching science should be taken as a very interesting subject. It is not just a knowledge for its own sake. It is a

    The Wholly Bully By JULIE V. VILLANLANCA, Teacher II

    Iriga Central School

    It is not big to make someone feel small. It seems a mystery to see people knowing that phrase and yet they do it anyway. It seems to make them feel larger than life to see other people around them shrinking. It can start as early as childhood years and most of the time, you would see these emanating from their behavior through simple name-calling, passing notes about some-one, posting negative comments on someones back, and many other acts that merits the term bullying.

    Bullying is intimidating someone physically or psychologically using power or influence to make the victim do whatever they want them to and make them feel inferior and weak. Nowadays it comes in many forms. There is even a new way of using technol-ogy to humiliate a victim via the internet. The school is usually the most common place for it to manifest although even the adult realm of the workplace can still be a breeding ground for bullies.

    The common problem with bullying is that most of the time people turn a blind eye from this because they think this is normal; a usual human interaction where a display of dominance is nec-essary to develop a sense of self and with the false assumption that it is natural for kids to behave disruptively because they lack self-control and their moral judgment is still undergoing develop-ment. These kinds of thinking is what proliferates bullying among kids, because we seem to accept it already not unless the one being bullied is your child or worst, it is the parents who bullies the child.

    One must understand the bully to fully grasp the psychology of bullying. We often denounce the bully without looking at the rea-son why the bully behaved in such a way. That is why in dealing with one must have the know-how in dealing with such students in the school. Teachers must deal with them multi-dimensionally. That is why a teacher must have a background on the nature of bullying, the bully and the bullied. That way, proper actions can be conducted.

    However, among public elementary schools there is no guid-ance counselor, usually there is only the guidance coordinator, and most of the time, the guidance coordinator is a teacher, and not really someone who is adept in dealing with such student be-havioral problems, who has a vast knowledge on guidance and counseling, and intervention approaches specifically for bullying cases.

    Another issue is that the ones being bullied must undergo coun-seling so that they can cope from the emotional stress they feel from being victimized by bullies. The bully also must be helped so that they do not repeat the act. They too must be understood, usu-ally bullies become one because they have issues at home. They could also be bullied by an older family relative and they have no outlet, hence the anger transference to someone who is an easy prey, usually a classmate. It may also be a form of attention seek-ing behavior. The school through the guidance coordinator must create a program that will inhibit the frequency of bullying and that will educate the students also about it, so that they will not be bul-lied into silence and do something against bullying instead.

    Teaching Science in the Elementary GradesBy JUDITH L. OSEA, Master Teacher II

    Iriga Central School, Iriga City

    means to become thoughtful citizens who can weigh on scien-tific matters that directly affect society.

    In science, teachers would do well to allow pupils to ob-serve and analyze a particular phenomenon while at the same time getting the pupils entertained out of it. Encouraging pu-pils to experiment scientifically on a problem, hypothesis and evaluating them can make them come up with conclusions by formulating their own personal opinions.

    Many things can be done in as science class. One very in-teresting activity for pupils is to hold a mini science fair right in their own classroom. Putting up a diorama can be of great interest to them as this will challenge their creativity as well as make them bond together. Parents can be asked to help in put-ting up a project center.

    The teacher can use many ways to teach science with ease like identifying questions that can be answered through scien-tific investigations, designing and conducting a scientific in-vestigation, using appropriate tools and techniques to gather, analyzing and interpreting data, think critically and logically to relate evidence and explanation, use evidence to develop descriptions, explanations, predictions and models, recognize an analyze alternate explanations and predictions, communi-cate scientific procedures and explanations and use math in all aspect of scientific inquiry.

    Outdoor class can be arranged, like field trip to an ice plant where it is near the school location. They can likewise follow the process of maturity from a tadpole to a frog by watching over the process right in the schoolroom.

    The science teachers can use the cognitive strategy which means a reflective assessment by asking the pupils do a rubric or making a framework. The inquiry process which can take many forms like describing objects and events, systematiz-ing, inventiveness, careful reasoning, application of the tools of research, and teamwork communication are practices used by science teachers. These are ways of promoting deep knowl-edge.

    Am evaluation of the pupils knowledge of the lesson, it could mean that they can ask questions about objects, opin-ions, events on the environment, plan and conduct an simple investigation, employ simple experiment and tools to gather data, use data to construct a reasonable explanation, and communicate investigation and explanation.

    mistaken as just plain stupid. The teacher must encourage his pupils to raise questions so they can be assisted. It is possible that the difficulty of one pupil is the difficulty of many others. .

    It would be wise for the teacher to present his pupils op-portunities to correct their answers and see what errors they made. It is downright wrong for a teacher to say a pupil is wrong. In its stead, the teacher must use this chance to help his pupil get to the right answer. This will need a lot of patience on the part of the teacher but the bottom line is, the pupils get to learn and know the correct answer to a problem. The pupils are therefore guided in the right direction and they can now figure out for themselves.

    Mathematics has its own magic. The teacher can provide the thrill to his pupils and in the end, both of them enjoythe teacher in his teaching and the pupils in their learning activity Music can be taught with fun and thrill. For example, the teach-er can formulate questions using local situations and the pupils will relate easily since this will make them very comfortable.

    Mathematics is something no pupil can get away from. It is the same subject that many other pupils find the best time of their life in school.

    Math teachers and math pupils they can go together in school with both of them comfortable with each other.

  • bikol reporter 7december 20-26, 2015 bikol reporter 7december 20-26, 2015Republic of the PhilippinesProvince of Camarines Sur

    Municipality of CARAMOAN-oOo-

    Office of the Sangguniang Bayan EXCERPTS FROM THE MINUTES OF THE REGULAR SESSION OF THE 9th SANGGUNIANG

    BAYAN OF CARAMOAN, CAMARINES SUR HELD ON OCTOBER 12, 2015 AT THE SESSION HALL, MUNICIPAL MAIN BUILDING, CARAMOAN, CAMARINES SUR.

    PRESENT: HON. IRENE R. BREIS - Municipal Vice-Mayor/Presiding Officer

    MEMBERS HON. EDUARDO B. BONITA HON. MANOLO A. PINEDA, JR. HON. FRANCIS R. BENEMERITO HON. CARLOS B. CHAVEZ HON. JUANITA P. BELLEZA HON. GETULIO A. FERNANDO, JR. HON. RAUL F. VILLARETE HON. DICK H. CORDIAL

    LIGA President (Ex-Officio Member)ABSenT: HON. LYDIA C. OBIAS - Municipal Councilor ________________________________________________________________________

    RESOLUTION NO. 176Series of 2015

    RESOLUTION ENACTING AN ORDINANCE PROHIBITING STRAY DOGS IN PUBLIC PLACES IN CARAMOAN TO ENHANCE SAFETY AND SANITATION, FOR THE BENEFIT OF RESIDENTS AND TOURISTS ALIKE, PROVIDING MECHANICS FOR EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION, AND PROVIDING PENALTIES FOR VIOLATIONS THEREFOF

    WHEREAS, Section 16 of the LGC provides: Every local government unit within their respective territorial jurisdictions shall promote health and safety, enhance the right of the people to a balanced ecology, and preserve the comfort and convenience of their inhabitants;

    WHEREAS, It is the declared policy of the State to protect and promote the right to health of the people. Towards this end, a system for the control, prevention of the spread, and eventual eradication of human and animal Rabies shall be provided and the need for responsible pet ownership established. (REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9482 Anti-Rabies Act of 2007);

    WHEREAS, the said law further mandates that LGUs , in their respective localities, Strictly enforce Dog Impounding activities and field control to eliminate Stray Dog and that said LGUs shall ensure that dogs are leashed or confined within the premises of the owners house or owners fenced surroundings;

    WHEREAS, there is an alarming increase in stray dogs roaming public places in Caramoan, and many biting incidents and motorcycle accidents have been attributed to stray dogs, not to mention the dangers and fears faced by residents and tourists from these un-attended animals;

    WHEREAS, on a daily basis, garbage and litter are scattered by stray dogs especially in the town proper and population centers, posing dangers to public health, making garbage collection more difficult, and making the affected streets unsightly;

    WHEREAS, the increasing number of stray dogs calls for firm action to control the dog population, particularly those roaming in the streets, in order to prevent imminent danger to the life and limb of human beings;

    WHEREAS, there is an apparent disregard by some dog owners of public safety, allowing their dogs to roam freely in the streets and other public places, necessitating affirmative action from those in the frontline of delivery of field services;

    WHEREAS, Sangguniang Bayan Resolution No. 53, series of 2014 was designed to address the problems of stray dogs, among others, but it appears that there is poor implementation due to absence sanctions.

    WHEREFORE, the foregoing premises considered, on motion of Hon. Juanita P. Belleza, duly seconded by Hon. Manolo A. Pineda, Jr., be it

    RESOLVED, by the Sangguniang Bayan of Caramoan, Camarines Sur, to enact the following ordinance, to wit;

    MUNICIPAL ORDINANCE NO. 04Series of 2015

    AN ORDINANCE PROHIBITING STRAY DOGS IN PUBLIC PLACES IN CARAMOAN TO ENHANCE SAFETY AND SANITATION, FOR THE BENEFIT OF RESIDENTS AND TOURISTS ALIKE, PROVIDING MECHANICS FOR EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION, AND PROVIDING PENALTIES FOR VIOLATIONS THEREFOF

    BE IT ORDAINED, by the Sangguniang Bayan of Caramoan, in session assembled:

    SECTION 1. DEFINITION OF TERMS

    A. Stray Dog - Dog leaving its owners place or premise and no longer under the effective control of the Owner. Effective control means the dog being held or in cage; or with leash, rope, or chain of not more than 2 meters and the other end securely tied in a fixed structure or hand held by the owner or immediate family who must be of legal age;

    Even a dog dragging a leash or rope shall be considered a stray dog.

    SECTION 2. DOG REGISTRATION1. Mandatory dog shall registration be undertaken annually by the barangays LGUs, and the

    dog registry shall be furnished the MLGU through the Office of the Municipal Agriculturist not later than June 30 of each year, and initially within 2 months from effectivity of this Ordinance.

    The Punong Barangay shall see to it that he/she has assigned a responsible officer in the barangay to undertake this activity, such assignment shall be in writing, copy furnished the MLGOO and the Municipal Agriculturist, within 30 days from effectivity of this Ordinance;

    Such assigned person and the Punong Barangay shall be jointly responsible for complying with the dog registration. The registration form shall be available at the Office of the Municipal Agriculturist within 15 days from effectivity of this Ordinance.

    SECTION 2. DOG TAGGINGA. All dog owners are required to immediately put durable collars in the necks of their dogs,

    which may be owner-fabricated leather, nylon, twine or similar material which a dog, on its own effort, cannot remove. On the said collars must be securely attached a plastic card, cut from any durable empty plastic container or similar material, not less than 2 inches by 3 inches, which a dog on its own cannot remove, wherein the following information will be embossed/ etched/ marked, using heated wire or other similar marking instrument, the purpose of which is to prevent erasure/fading in a long time, containing the following information:

    a. Name of Owner b. Address of Owner c. Contact Number of Owner d. Name of Dog e. Color and Age of Dog f. Date Tag was attachedAny dog without the markings cited above shall subject to Impounding activities and field control

    to eliminate Stray Dogs as provided under RA 9482.

    SECTION 3. DOG IMPOUNDINGA. Dog impounding activities shall be immediately undertaken by BLGUs, through the Barangay

    Tanods or any other persons authorized by the Barangay Council, and assistance may be requested from the MLGU and/or PNP during dog impounding activity, provided the BLGU will be the lead team;

    The Punong Barangay shall see to it that he/she has assigned the responsible officers in the barangay to undertake this activity, such assignment shall be in writing, copy furnished the MLGOO and the Municipal Agriculturist, within 15 days of effectivity this ordinance;

    Such assigned persons and the Punong Barangay shall be jointly responsible for complying with the dog impounding activities.

    B. In order to put more teeth to our Anti-Rabies Measures, the provision of RA 9482 providing that An impounded Dog shall be released to its Owner upon payment of a fine of not less than Five hundred pesos (P500.00) but not more than One thousand pesos (P1,000.00). shall be used as guide, and the penalty is hereby pegged at the maximum of P1,000.00 per dog per incident;

    a. The fine collected for the release of dogs to owners within the 3-day cut off period shall be prorated as follows:i. If the dog was impounded by barangay officials/tanods, 75% of the fine accruing per

    month shall be released by the MTO to the concerned barangay local government unit thru check payment within 30 days of the succeeding month.

    ii. If the dog was impounded by MLGU enforcers with active physical support from the concerned barangay official/tanods, 50% of the fine accruing per month shall be released by the MTO to the concerned barangay local government unit thru check payment within 30 days of the succeeding month.

    iii. If the dog was impounded solely by MLGU enforcers, all fines will accrue to the MLGU.

    C. The MLGU will maintain a Dog Pound, and all dogs delivered to the Pound which remain unclaimed and unpaid after three (3) days will be euthanized or shot by law enforcers , the Municipal Agriculturist and Municipal Agricultural Officer using licensed guns, and deputized by the Bureau of Animal Industry.

    D. All euthanized/eliminated dogs shall be disposed through burial in places designated for the purpose by the Municipal Mayor or Municipal Agriculturist.

    SECTION 4. STRAY DOG ELIMINATIONA. After a one-month information campaign, stray dog elimination shall be undertaken.B. All stray dogs shall be eliminated using all methods allowed under the law.C. Disposal of eliminated stray dogs shall be by burial, fully documented, and witnessed by

    either a regular staff of the Office of the Municipal Agriculturist or a PNP Officer, or a Barangay Official or a Tanod of the Barangay where disposal is done.

    SECTION 5. AUTHORIZED OFFICERS FOR STRAY DOG ELIMINATIONA. Euthanasia using chemicals/ drugs shall be undertaken by Veterinarians or Doctor deputized/

    authorized by the Bureau of Animal Industry and the MLGU;B. Euthanasia and stray dog elimination by gun shot shall only be undertaken only by uniformed

    members of the PNP, Philippine Army, Municipal Agriculturist and Municipal Agricultural Officer or other government law enforcers with regular appointment, using licensed guns, and deputized by the Bureau of Animal Industry.

    Due efforts must be exerted that such elimination shall be undertaken away from public view, and with public safety as a primary consideration.

    SECTION 6. THREE STRIKE POLICY ON STRAY DOGSA. Any responsible barangay official mandated under this ordinance to undertake dog registration

    and dog impounding shall be liable as follows:a. First Offense- Warning, with documentation included in his/her Official Personnel File/201

    File, and the MA and DILG records.b. Second Offense- Suspension from 30 days to 60 days, after administrative hearing;c. Third Office- Filing of case for Negligence of Duty and/or other applicable criminal or

    higher administrative charge than the second office;B. For violation of Dog registration requirements, evidence shall consist of certification from the

    Municipal Agriculturist that the required report was not submitted as herein required;C. For violation of Dog Impounding requirements, pictures and sworn statements showing stray

    dogs in the Barangay may be submitted by either the PNP, Office of the MA, or any concerned citizen.

    SECTION 7. PENALTIESA. Any private person who violates any of the provision of this Ordinance for the first time

    shall, upon conviction, be punished by imprisonment of not less than 10 days but not more than 6 months, or a fine of not less than 1,000 to not more than 2,500, or both, at the discretion of the court;

    B. Repeat offenders, even if the first offense is still pending in court when the second offense was committed, shall always be meted the penalty of imprisonment;

    C. Subject to supervision of the Prosecutor, complaints for violations may be initiated either by the PNP or the Municipal Agriculturist or Municipal Agricultural Officer.

    D. If the violator is a public official, he/she may be prosecuted administratively without prejudice to criminal and civil liabilities, either under Section 6 or Section 7 hereof.

    SECTION 34 REPEALING CLAUSE. All ordinances or parts thereof which are inconsistent with any provisions of this ordinance are hereby repealed or modified accordingly.

    SECTION 35 SEPARABILITY CLAUSE. If, for any reasons, any provisions, or parts hereof shall be held to be unconstitutional or invalid, other parts or provisions hereof which are not affected thereby shall continue to be in full force and effect.

    SECTION 36 - EFFECTIVITY. This ordinance shall take effect upon its approval and publication in a newspaper of local circulation.

    _________________________________________________________________________

    WE HEREBY CERTIFY to the correctness of this foregoing resolution embodying Municipal Ordinance No. 04, Series of 2015.

    (Sgd.) CAMILO R. ALVAREZ Acting Secretary to the Sangguniang Bayan

    ATTESTED:

    (Sgd.) IRENE R. BREIS Municipal Vice-Mayor

    CONCURRED:

    (Sgd.) EDUARDO B. BONITA (Sgd.) MANOLO A. PINEDA, JR. Municipal Councilor Municipal Councilor

    (Sgd.) FRANCIS R. BENEMERITO (Sgd.) CARLOS B. CHAVEZ Municipal Councilor Municipal Councilor

    (Sgd.) JUANITA P. BELLEZA (Sgd.) GETULIO A. FERNANDO, JR. Municipal Councilor Municipal Councilor

    (Sgd.) RAUL F. VILLARETE (Sgd.) DICK H. CORDIAL Municipal Councilor LIGA President (Ex-Officio Member)

    APPROVED:

    (Sgd.) ENGR. CONSTANTINO H. CORDIAL, JR. Municipal Mayor

  • bikol reporter8 december 20-26, 2015bikol reporter8 december 20-26, 2015Republic of the PhilippinesProvince of Camarines Sur

    Municipality of CARAMOAN-oOo-

    Office of the Sangguniang Bayan EXCERPTS FROM THE MINUTES OF THE REGULAR SESSION OF THE 9th SANGGUNIANG

    BAYAN OF CARAMOAN, CAMARINES SUR HELD ON OCTOBER 12, 2015 AT THE SESSION HALL, MUNICIPAL MAIN BUILDING, CARAMOAN, CAMARINES SUR.

    PRESENT: HON. IRENE R. BREIS - Municipal Vice-Mayor/Presiding Officer

    MEMBERS HON. EDUARDO B. BONITA HON. MANOLO A. PINEDA, JR. HON. FRANCIS R. BENEMERITO HON. CARLOS B. CHAVEZ HON. JUANITA P. BELLEZA HON. GETULIO A. FERNANDO, JR. HON. RAUL F. VILLARETE HON. DICK H. CORDIAL

    LIGA President (Ex-Officio Member)ABSenT: HON. LYDIA C. OBIAS - Municipal Councilor ________________________________________________________________________

    RESOLUTION NO. 177Series of 2015

    RESOLUTION ENACTING AN ORDINANCE ESTABLISHING FOUR (4) ADDITIONAL THE SANCTUARY PLUS MANAGED ACCESS AREAS IN CARAMOAN, ADOPTING A COMMUNITY DEMAND-DRIVEN APPROACH TO THEIR PARTICIPATION WITHIN THE CARAMOAN PRIDE MPA NETWORK, PRESCRIBING MECHANICS OF IMPLEMENTATION, AND FOR OTHER RELATED PURPOSES.

    WHEREAS, Republic Act. 8550 otherwise known as The Philippine Fisheries Code of 1998 mandates the local government units to develop, manage, protect, and conserve all fishery/aquatic resources within their respective municipal waters, enforce all fishery laws and ordinances, prohibit destructive gear, and mandates the municipal council to grant preferential fishery rights to municipal fishers;

    WHEREAS, the Municipality of Caramoan owns vast coastal and fisheries resources and habitats, from where its residents depend on subsistence and livelihood, which are threatened by overfishing due to open access, destructive fishing practices, poor compliance of fishery laws and regulations, and degradation of critical habitats, including spawning and nursing grounds, such as coral reefs, mangroves and sea grass beds;

    WHEREAS , the successes and lessons gained from the implementation of fish sanctuaries under the Caramoan Pride Campaign has provided information and learnings to control the negative effects of open access, and has generated a demand for scaling up and replication of fish sanctuaries in other areas; To be more effective, selected sanctuaries must be complemented by other fishery management systems in which fishers and/or communities are granted exclusive permission to fish in a defined area. In return, fishers must agree to be accountable to fisheries management controls that will ensure the sustainability of their resources in their managed access area;

    WHEREAS, in support of the above fisheries management strategy, resource generation will be facilitated through the user fee system established pursuant to Municipal Ordinance No. 03, Series 2014 covering the Sanctuaries of Gata, Oring and Daraga , and which hereafter shall be made applicable to the new sanctuaries and managed access areas being established under this Ordinance.

    WHEREFORE, the foregoing premises considered, on motion of Hon. Carlos B. Chavez, unanimously seconded, be it

    RESOLVED, by the Sangguniang Bayan of Caramoan, Camarines Sur, to enact the following ordinance, to wit;

    MUNICIPAL ORDINANCE NO. 05Series of 2015

    AN ORDINANCE APPROVING THE ESTABLISHMENT OF FOUR (4) ADDITIONAL THE SANCTUARY PLUS MANAGED ACCESS AREAS IN CARAMOAN, ADOPTING A COMMUNITY DEMAND-DRIVEN APPROACH TO THEIR IMPLEMENTATION WITHIN THE CARAMOAN PRIDE MPA NETWORK, PRESCRIBING MECHANICS OF IMPLEMENTATION, AND FOR OTHER RELATED PURPOSES.

    Article IGeneral Provisions

    SECTION 1. Short Title. This Ordinance shall be known as the CARAMOAN PRIDE SANCTUARIES AND MANAGED ACCESS AREAS ORDINANCE OF 2015 1

    SECTION 2. DECLARATION OF POLICY. It is hereby declared the policy and goals of the Municipality of Caramoan:

    1. To achieve food security and sustainable livelihood of its citizenry as major consideration in the utilization, management, development, conservation and protection of fisheries and aquatic resources within its municipal waters;

    2. To ensure the rational and sustainable utilization, management, development, conservation and protection of its fisheries and aquatic resources, and where practicable, localize the Territorial Use Rights in Fisheries and Reserve (TURF+Reserve) concept through the Sanctuary + Managed Access Areas strategy;

    3. To limit access to fisheries and aquatic resources within its municipal waters in for the exclusive use and enjoyment of registered and licensed fishers in Caramoan; and those who may be duly granted appropriate permits;

    4. To adopt and enforce the precautionary principle and manage fishery and aquatic resources, in a manner consistent with the concept of an ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management and integrated coastal area management, appropriately supported by research, technical services and guidance provided by partner national government agencies (NGAs), the academe, technical staff, and non-government organizations (NGOs); and

    5. To provide sufficient budgetary support and allocate human resources for the fishery sector, primarily for the municipal fisherfolks, including women and youth in the fishing communities, for their livelihood through appropriate technology, trainings, marketing assistance and other services.

    SECTION 3. OBJECTIVES. This Ordinance is hereby enacted for the following objectives: 1. To achieve food security and alleviate poverty in the fishery sector;2. To make conservation, protection and management of the fishery and aquatic resources,

    including the coastal and fishery laws enforcement, a shared responsibility and accountability between the Municipal and Barangay Local Government Units (M/BLGU) of Caramoan, the fisherfolks and their organizations, in their respective localities;

    3. To grant gratuitous exclusive fishery privileges as incentives to registered and licensed fisherfolks and/or their organizations for their role in management and protection of the Sanctuaries + Managed Access Areas.

    4. To implement harvest regulations, catch monitoring and reporting, and adopt administrative sanctions in cases of violations thereof;

    5. To improve the productivity of fisheries in Caramoan within its ecological limits.

    SECTION 4. SCOPE OF APPLICATION.This Ordinance will be applied within the territorial jurisdiction of Caramoan, particularly its

    municipal waters, coastal zones, and inland waters where applicable.

    Article IIRules of Interpretation and Definition of Terms

    SECTION 5. RULES OF INTERPRETATION. In the interpretation of this Ordinance, the following rules shall apply:_______________________

    1This Ordinance draws heavily from the concepts and materials from the Fish Forever Program of the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF), Rare, and the SFG of the University of Sta. Barbara, and the pilot sites in the Philippines.

    1. Words and phrases embodied in this Ordinance but not specifically defined shall have the same meaning as in RA 8550, as amended by RA 10654, and in Fisheries Administrative Orders issued by the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Office (BFAR);

    2. In the resolution of controversies that may arise in the enforcement of this Ordinance where no legal provision or jurisprudence squarely applies, resort may be had to customs and traditions in the Municipality;

    3. In case of doubt in the course of implementation of this Ordinance as regards the priorities in the grant of privileges under this Ordinance, all doubts shall be resolved in favor of the marginal fisherfolks; and

    SECTION 6. DEFINITION OF TERMS. As used in this Ordinance, the following terms and phrases shall mean as follows:

    1) Aquatic resources all aquatic flora and fauna including, but not restricted to, fish, algae, seaweeds, coelenterates, mollusks, crustaceans, echinoderms and cetaceans.

    2) Carrying capacity is the ability of a designated area of water to sustain that volume of catch or number of fishing operation, or such number of boats, fish cages or fish pens, without causing deterioration to the environment and damage to its ecosystems.

    3) Coastal Zone - is a band of dry and adjacent ocean space (water and submerged land) in which terrestrial processes and uses, and vice versa, its geographic extent may include area within a landmark limit of one (1) kilometer from the shoreline at high tide to include mangrove swamps, brackish water ponds, nipa swamps, estuarine rivers, sandy beaches and other areas within a seaward limit of 200 meters isobaths to include coral reefs, algal flats, sea grass beds and other soft-bottom areas.

    4) Fisherfolk men or women indirectly and directly engaged in taking and/or culturing, processing, and vending of fishery and/or aquatic resources..

    5) Fisherfolk organization an organized group, association, federation, alliance or an institution of fisherfolk which has at least fifteen (15) members, a set of officers, a constitution and by-laws, an organizational structure and a program of action, accredited by the LGU and registered by an authorized agency.

    6) Fisheries refer to all activities relating to the act or business of fishing, culturing, preserving, processing, marketing, developing, conserving and managing aquatic resources and the fishery areas, including the privilege to fish or take aquatic resource thereof.

    7) Fishery management area (FMA) A bay, gulf or any other fishery area that may be delineated for fishery resource management purposes.

    8) Fishery/aquatic products include finfish, mollusks, crustaceans, echinoderms, algae, seaweeds, marine mammals and all other flora and fauna.

    9) Fishery operator one who owns and provides the means including land, labor, capital, fishing gear and vessel, but does not personally engaged in fishery and aquaculture activities.

    10) Fishing the taking of fish and other aquatic species from their wild state or habitat, with or without the use of fishing vessels.

    11) Fishing boat/Gear license a permit to operate specific types of fishing boat/gear for specific duration in areas within the municipal waters of Caramoan .

    12) Fishing gear any instrument or device and its accessories utilized or which facilitate taking fish and other fishery species.

    13) Active fishing gear is a fishing device characterized by the pursuit of the target species by towing, pushing the gears, surrounding, covering, dredging, and scaring the target species to impoundments; such as, but not limited to, trawl, purse seines, Danish seines, paaling and drift gill net or palutang;

    14) Passive fishing gear is characterized by the absence of pursuit of the target species; such as, but not limited to, hook and line, fishpots, traps and gill nets set across the path of the fish.

    15) Foreshore area is a strip of land fringing a body of water or the part of seashore between the low-water line usually at the seaward margin of a low tide terrace and the upper limit of wave wash at high tide, usually marked by a beach/scarp or berm.

    16) Gill Net (sapaw/pamante/pukot-patuloy) is a curtain-like net in which the fish is entangled in the actual meshes of the net.

    17) Grievance is a written or verbal complaint concerning disputes between, among, or involving fisherfolks and their organization respecting the interpretation, application or compliance of the rules and regulations set in this ordinance.

    18) Hook and line (bingwit) fishing gear using hook, line, with or without swivel and sinker.19) Jigger a fishing gear used in catching squid by entanglement.20) Limited access A fishery policy by which a system of equitable resource use and allocation

    is established by law through fishery rights granting and licensing procedures.21) Local Government Unit or LGU refers to the Municipal Government of Caramoan,

    Camarines Sur unless it is used to mean other specific local government unit.22) Management zone is a defined area within the municipal waters delineated for specific

    management objectives.23) Mangroves - are communities of salt tolerant inter- tidal plants along the coasts and

    swamplands.24) Marginal fisherfolks - refer to people engaged in any fishery activity for livelihood utilizing

    primitive or conventional method of fishing activities with gross income below the poverty threshold as declared by the authorized national agency of a given year.

    25) Marine Protected Area (MPA) means a defined area of the sea established and set aside side by law or ordinance in order to conserve and protect a part or entire enclosed environment through the establishment of management guidelines. It is considered a generic term that includes all declared areas governed by specific rules or guidelines in order to protect and manage activities within the enclosed area.

    26) Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY) is the largest average quantity of fish that can be harvested from a fish stock/ resource within a given period of time on a sustainable basis under existing environmental conditions.

    27) Monitoring, control and surveillance:a. Monitoring the requirement of continuously observing: (1) fishing efforts which can be

    expressed by the number of days or hours of fishing, number of fishing gears and number of fisherfolk; (2) characteristics of fishery resources; and (3) resource yields (catch).

    b. Control the regulatory condition (legal framework) under which the exploitation, utilization and disposition of the resources may be conducted; and

    c. Surveillance the degree and types of observations required to maintain compliance with regulations.

    28) Municipal Waters include not only streams, lakes, inland bodies of water and tidal waters within the municipality which are not included within the protected areas as defined under Republic Act No. 7586 (The NIPAS Law), public forest, timber lands, forest reserves or fishery reserves, but also marine waters included between two (2) lines drawn perpendicular to the general coastline from points where the boundary lines of the municipality touch the sea at low tide and a third line parallel with the general coastline including offshore islands and fifteen (15) kilometers from such coastline.

    29) Multiple handline a single vertical line with a series of small baited hooks attached to its spreaders at regular intervals.

    30) Non-Government Organization (NGO) an agency, institution, a foundation or a group of persons whose purpose is to assist peoples organizations/associations in various ways including but not limited to organizing,

    31) No take zone or NTZ is a defined area of the municipal waters declared by ordinance and known as a Marine Reserve, or Core Zone of a Fish Sanctuary/MPA whereby no fishing is allowed and access thereto is strictly limited to research, assessment and for law enforcement.

    32) Penalties sanctions imposed to those found violating this ordinance.33) Peoples organization a bona fide association of citizens with demonstrated capacity to

    promote public interest and with identifiable leadership, membership and structure. Its members belong to a sector and who voluntarily bond themselves together to work for and by themselves for their own upliftment, development and greater good.

    34) Person natural or juridical entity such as individuals, associations, partnership, cooperatives or corporations.

    35) Rights-based Management is fishery management strategy anchored on the promotion and strengthening of the preferential use rights of marginal fisherfolks over near shore fisheries commonly known as municipal waters.

    36) The Sanctuary + Managed Access Area (MAA) -is a fishery management approach that positions fishers at the center of the management structure, empowering them to take care of and make decisions about the future of their fishery. By prohibiting fishing and other extractive activities, sanctuaries conserve ecosystems, provide sanctuaries for marine species, and allow species to grow larger and produce more offspring that can move outside the sanctuary (also known as spillover). In return for the exclusive fishing privilege in the MAA, fishers agree to be accountable to fisheries management controls that will help ensure the sustainability of their resources.

    37) Special Fisheries Management Area (SFMA) refers to the municipal waters set aside by an ordinance in order to conserve and protect the habitat and species against destructive,

  • bikol reporter 9december 20-26, 2015 bikol reporter 9december 20-26, 2015exhaustive and other unsustainable fishing activities through the establishment of specific rules and guidelines for Sanctuary+MAAs.

    38) Sustainable Capture Fisheries Zone or SCFZ is a defined zone within the declared Managed Access Area where fishing is allowed to registered and licensed marginal fisherfolks subject to specific rules and regulations on harvest control, catch monitoring and reporting and their involvement in coastal and fishery law enforcement.

    39) Troll Line (kitang) a line with hooks and bait attractants or jiggers being towed by a boat.40) Territorial Use Rights in Fisheries and Reserve (TURF+Reserve) strategy refers to a

    grant of exclusive fishery privileges to a community or association of fishers by ordinance, to fish within a designated special fisheries management area, with an undertaking to be responsible for the conservation and protection of fisheries and aquatic resources and to comply with the harvest regulations, fish catch monitoring and reporting, and participate in coastal and fishery law enforcement.

    ARTICLE IIIDelineation of Municipal Waters of Caramoan

    SECTION 7. DELINEATION OF MUNICIPAL WATERS . The municipal waters of Caramoan shall be comprised of all lakes, rivers, streams, and inland bodies of water enclosed within the territorial jurisdiction thereof, including marine waters enclosed within two (2) lines drawn perpendicular to the general coastline from points where the boundary lines of the municipality touch the sea at low tide and a third line parallel to the general coastline including offshore islands, and fifteen kilometers from such coastline.

    The Marine Municipal Waters are those within the Geographic Coordinates in Article III, Section 5, of the Revised Municipal Ordinance of 2012, which particular provisions are adopted as an integral part of this Ordinance.

    ARTICLE IVSanctuaries + Managed Access Areas as a Fishery Management Approach

    and Relation to the Tourism Sector

    SECTION 8. Sanctuary + Managed Access Area (MAA)- There is hereby established Sanctuary plus Managed Access Areas (MAA) in selected barangays where the fishers/community manifested support for fish sanctuaries, and that have been assessed by technical personnel of BFAR , DENR and other technical offices.

    The Sanctuary + Managed Access Area (MAA) - have two basic components: 1. Marine Sanctuary (Sanctuary) A Marine Sanctuary is a defined area where no fishing is

    allowed. The marine sanctuary will be located within the MAA or next to it. By prohibiting fishing and other extractive activities, sanctuaries conserve ecosystems, provide sanctuaries for marine species, and allow species to grow larger and produce more offspring that can move outside the sanctuary (also known as spillover).

    2. Managed Access Area (MAA) In an MAA, a designated community or group of fishers is granted exclusive permission to fish in a certain area. As the only community/group permitted to fish in the area, it is in their best interest to ensure the long-term health of their resources. In return for the exclusive fishing privilege, they agree to be accountable to fisheries management controls that will help ensure the sustainability of their resources in the MAA.

    The combination of exclusively-held MAAs and marine sanctuaries (Sanctuary + Managed Access Area when combined) result in a system where fishers become responsible for the planning and management of their resources. By setting and respecting fisheries management controls in the MAA, following the rules of the sanctuary, and protecting their area from illegal activity, fishers can ensure they will have fish to catch in the future.

    SECTION 9. Sanctuary + Managed Access Area (MAA) viz-aviz the Tourism SectorBoth the Fisheries and Tourism Sectors support the livelihood of fisherfolks and a significant

    portion of the residents in Caramoan, hence the need to ensure that both sectors complement each other.

    The Sanctuary + MAA Management Plan will endeavour that this complementation is maintained. The plan preparation process shall include key stakeholders in the tourism industry in Caramoan including, but not limited to, Sangguniang Bayan members, tour boat/facilities/resort operators, tour guides, and government tourism offices of the municipal, provincial and regional levels.

    ARTICLE VGeneral Conditions Governing the Sanctuary + Managed Access Areas

    SECTION 10. VESSEL/ BOAT PASSAGE A. Existing regular passenger boats based on record/information from concerned barangays

    and those vessels registered for passenger use by the MARINA/DOTC, or other relevant government shall be allowed to pass through Sanctuaries and Managed Access Areas dur