Bellringer Define the following: –Genocide –Holocaust

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  • BellringerDefine the following:GenocideHolocaust

  • Created by Mr. HatawayJanuary 8, 2012

  • Today, I will learn . . .Examine Germanys policies toward Jews and how it developed into genocide.I will learn it by . . .Take notes using Cornell Notes Strategy; use listening skills; ask relevant questions.I have learned it when I can . . .Construct a web diagram citing examples of Germanys persecution of the Jews.Cornell Notes: Three Questions

  • Essential QuestionIn what ways did the Nazis persecute the Jews in the 1930s?

  • Genocide the systematic killing of all the people from a national, ethnic, or religious group.Holocaust the organized, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators.Define

  • After murdering Jews and other undesirables in extermination camps, Nazis took whatever articles of value the victims had, such as gold fillings from teeth and wedding rings.

  • Anti-Semitism: prejudice against Jews.For many centuries Christians in Europe discriminated against Jews.Christians blamed Jews for crucifying Jesus.In Middle Ages, Christian anti-Jewish preaching sought to prevent contact with Jews.Many believed that Jews were in league with the Devil.Historical Background

  • Historical Background

  • Adolf Hitlers book Mein Kampf (1926), blamed the plight of Germany on an international Jewish conspiracy.Historical Background

  • Hitler, De FurherEnabling Act of 1933made Adolf Hitler the dictator of GermanyWithin months of its passage, laws passed boycotting Jewish businesses;civil services laws forbid doctors and lawyers from serving Non-Aryans.April 1, 1933 - The Nazi boycott is underway as a dress shop in Berlin now has a sign on its window saying "Germans! Defend Yourselves! - Don't buy from Jews!" http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/triumph/tr-boycott.htm

  • Nazi Persecution of the JewsNuremberg Laws (September 1935)Took away Jews citizenshipBanned marriage between Jews and Germans.Forced to wear Yellow Star of David to identify oneself as a Jew.

  • Nazi Persecution of the JewsKristallnacht (November 9, 1938)night of broken glass Anti-Jewish violence erupted throughout Germany and Austria Ninety Jews died, hundreds badly injuredthousands of Jewish businesses destroyednearly 180 synagogues wrecked.

  • Morning After KristallnachtInterior of Fasanenstrasse SynagogueStore Front

  • Nazi Persecution of the JewsEscaping Nazi-Controlled GermanyBetween 1933 and 1939, about 350,000 Jews escaped.Many emigrated to the U.S.Sigmund Freud, Albert Einstein, Henry KissingerMillions of Jews remained trapped in Nazi-dominated Europe because they could not get visas.

  • The Final SolutionJan. 20, 1942, Nazi leaders decide on the final solution to the Jewish problem.Round up Jews; other undesirablestake them to concentration camps;elderly, sick, and young children were sent to extermination camps.

  • The Final SolutionTo hasten the final solution the Nazis built huge death camps equipped with gas chambers and crematoriums.Those who survived the Holocaust are forever haunted by its horrors.

  • The Nazis killed over 6 million Jews and millions of other people during the Holocaust.Persecuted anyone who opposed them, the disabled, Gypsies, homosexuals, and Slavic peoples.The Nazis strongest hatred was aimed at Jews.The Final Solution

  • Geography and HistoryThe map below shows Nazi concentration and extermination camps. Study the map and answer the questions on the following slides.

  • Interpreting Maps In which two countries were most of the concentration and extermination camps located?Most of the concentration and extermination camps were located in Germany and Poland.Geography and History (cont.)

  • Checking for Understanding__ 1.a camp where prisoners were sent to be executed__ 2.name given to the mass slaughter of Jews and other groups by the Nazis during World War II__ 3.a camp where persons are detained or confinedA.HolocaustB.concentration campC.extermination campDefine Match the terms on the right with their definitions on the left.ABC

  • Directions: Construct a web diagram citing examples of German persecution of the Jews.

  • Liberation of Nazi Death Camps Quickwrite. Write your response on a sheet of paper. Title this paper Liberation of the Nazi Death Camps. Turn in when finished, you have 5 min.Pretend that you are an American soldier. You have been order to visit one of the Nazi concentration camps that had recently been liberated by the Allies. Describe your reaction as you enter the camp. What do you see, hear, smell?

  • Thats all folks!!!

    *The Holocaust*The Holocaust*The Holocaust*The Holocaust*The Holocaust*The Holocaust

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